Is it possible to transform the phrase "braune Augen" into substantive or at least into adjective? How in that case a person with brown eyes could be called in one word?

What's the mechanism of transforming? How is it possible to form the other adjectives with the suffix -ig?

  • 2
    braunäugig as adjektive, with as substantive I have to surrender.
    – bummi
    Jul 22 '13 at 22:16
  • 1
    The noun 'Braunauge' is also possible to adress someone with brown eyes: "Hey, Braunauge." This is most commonly used in a rather romantic or flirty way.
    – bouscher
    Jul 23 '13 at 7:53

As bummi already commented, having brown eyes can be expressed as braunäugig. You can then use this adjective as a noun:

Der Braunäugige lächelte.

It’s a bit unusual to define someone by their eye colour, though. Also watch out for blauäugig: While originally meaning having blue eyes in the same way as above, it can also signify naïve or gullible.

Sie sind sehr blauäugig an die Sache herangegangen.

The noun Blauäugigkeit actually exclusively denotes naïveté. (See Why is "blauäugig" used with a negative connotation? for the origin of this change of meaning.)

Generally speaking, -ig is a productive suffix that can be used to derive adjectives from nouns, and often meaning having … or exhibiting …. Examples include:

Maß – mäßig, Wasser – wäßrig, Sonne – sonnig, Suff – süffig, Gewicht – gewichtig.

As you can see, unstressed e is sometimes dropped from the noun, and the suffix may cause umlaut, though not always.

Extensions to the noun can in some cases be packed into the adjective, too, as in braunäugig (braune Augen) or außerhäusig (außer Haus).


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