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Die zunehmende Urbanisierung der Industrienationen, also der Trend, dass immer mehr Menschen meist auf der Suche nach einer besseren Zukunft d(ie) ländlichen Reg(ionen) eines Landes verlassen und sich in Städten ansiedeln, ...

Die Tradition des klassichen Handwerks, Gesellen nach Abschluss ihrer Ausbildung für mehrere Jahre auf Wanderschaft zu schicken, um in anderen Regi(onen) des Landes oder im Ausland Beruserfahrung zu sammeln und sich später als "Meister" zu qualifizieren,...

The text had the bracketted part deleted, and we had to fill it in. In both cases, I assumed it should be "Region" but the answer was actually the plural. Could someone explain why?

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It's die Region, hence feminine.

d(ie) ländlichen Reg(ionen)

If you made Region singular, it must also be ländliche, as the feminine singular accusative weak adjective ending is -e, not -en.

in anderen Regi(onen)

This must be plural simply for the reason that you needed an article or similar determiner if it was singular. This is from the semantics in your context which doesn't treat die Region as a concept.

But you can also tell it from the adjective declination. This is a location so it must be dative. But the dative singular feminine strong adjective ending is -er, not -en. So this can't be singular.

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  • "This is from the semantics in your context which doesn't treat die Region as a concept." could you explain this?
    – Babu
    Aug 27, 2023 at 19:01
  • You need an article or similar determiner to mark a noun as singular. If you don't do that, it's either plural, or a mass noun, or a concept. For example: Lernen macht Spaß. treats both das Lernen and der Spaß as concepts.
    – Janka
    Aug 27, 2023 at 19:14
  • What do you mean by a "mass noun"?
    – Babu
    Aug 27, 2023 at 19:16
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    For example der Staub is a mass noun. You don't count but measure it.
    – Janka
    Aug 27, 2023 at 19:19
  • My mind is blown.
    – Babu
    Aug 27, 2023 at 19:19

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