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Here is a sentence taken from Die Grammatik von Duden:

Sätze und satzwertige Infinitivphrasen können Gegenstand von Ausklammerung ins Nachfeld sein.

I cannot quite make sense of the English translation of the given sentence. Is it like

Sentences and sentence-worthy infinitive phrases can be subjects of exclusion in the Nachfeld.

Please correct me if I'm wrong.

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  • A translation request should identify a specific problem, see german.meta.stackexchange.com/q/628. You say you cannot make sense of the English translation; can you make sense of the original?
    – David Vogt
    Nov 21, 2023 at 12:54
  • @DavidVogt: How any more "specific" than a certain sentence and its translation could it possibly be, hm?
    – bakunin
    Nov 21, 2023 at 13:02
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    Specific would mean identifying a phrase or word or structure that causes the problem, but also telling us what you do already understand. All explained in the linked post.
    – David Vogt
    Nov 21, 2023 at 13:06

2 Answers 2

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You rightly complain concerning the awful style.

Referring Wikipedia: Feldermodell I see, that Ausklammerung is moving from within the Satzklammer/Mittelfeld towards the Nachfeld. (Note, that ins translates to towards, not to in.)

A simpler translation would be

Sentences and sentence-worthy structures may be moved into the Nachfeld.

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"Sentence-worthy" strikes me as odd, I would propose:

Infinitival clauses may undergo extraposition to the Nachfeld, (or: may undergo rightward shift into the Nachfeld.)

"Satzwertiger Infinitiv" is a term from a traditional analysis which maintained that all "clauses" (or sentences), including subordinate clauses, had to contain a finite verb. Therefore, an infinitival construction could not be called a clause. Instead, such infinitivals were dubbed not "Satz" but "satz-wertig" = roughly: "clause-equivalent". This view is outdated, but the term has remained. I would simply call it "infiniter Nebensatz".

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