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Das Brandenburger Tor in Berlin markiert den Standort eines früheren Stadttores entlang der Berliner Stadtmauer in Richtung Brandenburg und wurde 1791 erstmals geöffnet. Als Symbol des Kalten Krieges markierte es während der Teilung Deutschlands die deutlich sichtbare Grenze zwischen Ost und Westberlin. Seit der Wiedervereinigung 1991 jedoch fungiert das Brandenburger Tor eher als Wahrzeichen der Hauptstadt

In the above text, what do we call these objects having a sequence of nouns following an article?

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These are all different. “Brandenburg” is a place name. Here it works somewhat like an adjective, but if these are formed with an “-er” ending they are still capitalised. (And if it didn’t end with -er it probably still would be as in the next case.)

The “kalt” is “Kalter Krieg” is an adjective, but “Kalter Krieg” is capitalised as a fixed name.

In “die Teilung Deutschlands”, “Deutschlands” is a genitive. If it comes after the noun then it does not replace the article.

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  • "fixed name" could you explain
    – Babu
    Commented Jan 2 at 11:29
  • @trystwithfreedom I have added a link.
    – Carsten S
    Commented Jan 2 at 11:32

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