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How would you translate the sentence "Could you translate this into German?" into German?

(a) Könnten Sie das in Deutsch übersetzen?

(b) Könnten Sie das ins Deutsche übersetzen?

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b would be right. Man übersetzt ins <Sprache hier>. And your version would be the formal version. A more casual version would be something like:

Könntest du das ins Deutsche übersetzen?

And maybe an even more casual example:

Übersetz das doch mal ins Deutsche
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    Is using the imperative as in your second proposal to be considered "casual"? I'd take this as a different translation, as it is an order and the former version is a request. – alk Sep 16 '13 at 5:35
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    @alk: as the obligatory please is missing in the English source we may indeed assume this was an order rather than a request. This is quite nicely reflected by using imperative in German. – Takkat Sep 16 '13 at 6:31
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    More casual would be: "Was heißt das auf Deutsch?" or "Und jetzt mal in/auf Deutsch bitte." – Em1 Sep 16 '13 at 8:40
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    Why "ins Deutsche" and not "ins Deutsch"? – persson Sep 17 '13 at 9:50
  • @karoshi german.about.com/od/nounsandcases/a/Adjectives-As-Nouns.htm – user3014 Oct 26 '13 at 21:48

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