Why is "er" sometimes pronounced /e/ as in:

Er schläft

and sometimes pronounced /eːɐ/ as in:

Er ist gelb.

closed as unclear what you're asking by user unknown, boaten, Em1, Hubert Schölnast, fifaltra Dec 27 '14 at 3:46

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • 14
    They are not pronounced differently. – lejonet Jan 4 '14 at 18:37
  • 4
    The first pronounciation seems wrong. The "r" is said, not always clearly, but it is not completely ommited. – PMF Jan 4 '14 at 19:11
  • What gives you the idea that they are? – Emanuel Jan 4 '14 at 20:34
  • @Emanuel "Rosetta Stone" – Meysam Jan 4 '14 at 21:19
  • 2
    Then, the same phenomenon applies as described in the other answer... however, I would say that most people would at least pronounce a hint of an "a". it might be beyond what a student can hear, though or maybe we just hear it because we want to. – Emanuel Jan 4 '14 at 21:22

In some dialects or in colloquial German there are cases when er has different pronunciations, but not in "high German". There's actually no rule for that and you are fine pronouncing er as /eːɐ/ all the time.

One case where er could be pronounced differently is the following

A: Hat er das wirklich gesagt?? B: Ja, hat er.

In both cases, hat er could be pronounced like "hatä" or "hatär", but also like hat /eːɐ/.

Still, as I said, there's no rule, but from my feeling, the difference is that in one case (the high German pronunciation) both words are pronounced separately (hat er), while in the other case, both words are more or less pronounced like one word (hater, gehter, stehter, liegter, fragter).


The word "Er" is pronounced the same way in both cases.

  • Half-right. Both cases are pronounced the same, but the letter "R" is pronounced differently, with a weak "e" and a strong "r" (I can't write IPA). – Sentry Jan 10 '14 at 10:55
  • Confusingly, in standard German pronunciation, the r in Er (or at the end of most other words) is not pronounced like the letter itself, but as a schwa /ɐ/. – painfulenglish Dec 20 '14 at 8:32
  • Yeah, it's a bit different. The alphabet pronunciation emphasizes more the "r"-sound. But in general there's no big difference. However, I edited my answer. – Thorben Dec 25 '14 at 17:03

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.