Which German words have a very interesting etymological history?
Welche deutschen Wörter haben eine besonders interessante etymologische Geschichte?
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The word "Neanderthaler" comes from the cave in the valley "Neanderthal".
The word "Neanderthal" comes from the word Tal=valley in old spelling and the name of Neander, a composer of church hymns who lived near this valley.
The name "Neander" was the Greek version of the Neander's original name "Neumann" (neu (german) =new ( english) = neo (Greek), mann (german) = man (english) = andr- (Greek) )
So, the word Neanderthaler actually comes from a name meaning "new man".