Greatest Hits

22 votes
6 answers

List of 1000+ (most common) German nouns with plural form

Has anyone managed to find a list of this kind in a tabular form, possibly with articles? Something like this would be ideal: ---------------------------- das Kind | die Kinder | der Hund | ...
29 votes
6 answers

Was ist die korrekte Anrede in E-Mails an Personen, die man nicht persönlich kennt?

Was ist die korrekte Anrede in E-Mails an Personen, die man nicht persönlich kennt? Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren oder Sehr geehrte Frau / Herr ... Beides klingt sehr formell, Hallo oder ...
  • 2,173
80 votes
17 answers

What’s the difference between “Ich habe dich lieb” and “Ich liebe dich”?

What’s the difference between Ich habe dich lieb and Ich liebe dich? Both are defined as “I love you” in many dictionaries, as I’ve checked.
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15 votes
4 answers

Wie drückt man auf Deutsch die Uhrzeit aus?

Wie nennt man auf Deutsch die Uhrzeit? Ich kenne die Varianten viertel nach zwei zwei Uhr fünfzehn viertel drei Gibt es eine offizielle "Zeitsprache"? How do you express the time of day in ...
  • 2,173
28 votes
3 answers

How to read years in German?

The year 1995 is read in English nineteen ninety-five. This means we read the first two digits as a single number and then the next two digits, with the same rule. Is this rule true in German? I ...
  • 1,197
19 votes
12 answers

What are informal ways to say "good bye"?

In German you may say Auf Wiedersehen or Guten Tag when leaving. Both seem rather formal and may be inappropriate in a non-formal context. What would be the alternatives? In what context can we use ...
75 votes
8 answers

What is the difference in usage between “vielen Dank” and “Danke schön”?

I know that they are both essentially polite and mean Thanks a lot, Many thanks etc. but I’ve always wondered if there is a specific difference between the two. Is there a specific context or ...
  • 1,111
29 votes
7 answers

How does a German say "Nice to meet you"?

In English it is common to reply with "Nice to meet you" when you were introduced to somebody. Likewise you say "Was nice to meet you" on leaving. Are there any similar phrases a German would use in ...
  • 69.8k
78 votes
10 answers

Difference between "weil" and "denn"

Both mean because. I know that denn does not change the sentence structure of the subordinate clause, but weil does, i.e. pushing the verb to the end. Other than that, is there a difference between ...
  • 935
41 votes
9 answers

Woher kommt "pfiat di"/"pfiat eich" als Abschiedsformel im bayerischen Raum?

Im südöstlichen deutschsprachigen Raum, genauer: im Bairischen Sprachraum (Bayern, Österreich {ausser Vorarlberg und Ausserfern/Reutte/Tirol} und Südtirol), teilweise noch in Bairisch-Schwaben ...
  • 2,229
8 votes
3 answers

How to express the condolence?

How to express the condolence to someone who lost somebody? Like for example a death of a husband or wife?
  • 1,305
38 votes
3 answers

Kommt vor "dass" ein Komma, wenn es zusammen mit einem Verbindungswort steht?

Wenn ein Nebensatz durch ein "dass" eingeleitet wird, muss bekanntlich ein Komma notiert werden: Ich finde es gut, dass ich groß bin. Was aber ist wenn vor dem "dass" noch ein Verbindungswort ...
  • 755
16 votes
2 answers

The difference between "mein" and "meine"

______ Hemden sind weiß. This was an exercise in the Duolingo app where you had to fill in the blank, and there were two options given: 1) Mein 2) Meine I selected Mein which I found to be ...
  • 263
13 votes
5 answers

What is an acceptable response to "wie geht's"?

If someone asks me how something is or how I am doing, for example if someone asks me "wie geht's?" Is it okay to respond with "alles gut" or should I say "Alles ist gut?"
  • 131
78 votes
3 answers

When to use "gern" vs. "gerne"

What is the difference between "gern" and "gerne"? When should each be used? An example I used in a previous question was: Ich esse gern Pizza is that better or worse than: Ich esse gerne ...
  • 2,308
19 votes
6 answers

What is the difference between “in” and “im”?

When do you use im and when do you use in? I’m taking introduction to German, and have seen both of them being used as in in English.
  • 309
35 votes
8 answers

Schlussformel für Beschwerdebrief?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: How to end a complaint letter in German Standardschlussformel für förmliche Briefe ist ja „Mit freundlichen Grüßen“. Wenn ich nun aber einen ...
  • 555
24 votes
17 answers

Wie schreibt man Umlaute und scharfes S auf nichtdeutschen Tastaturen?

How do you write Umlauts and ß on non-German keyboards? Wie schreibt man Umlaute und ß auf einer US-Tastatur?
  • 13.5k
68 votes
5 answers

When to use Perfekt and Präteritum?

What’s the guideline as to when to use Perfekt and Präteritum? I was always taught that the simplest rule is Präteritum (mostly) for written forms, and Perfekt is most common in spoken language. But ...
13 votes
5 answers

„Danke für Ihre Bemühungen/Mühe“ in Brief oder E-Mail

Die Frage zielt nicht auf formelle Brief-Gestaltung ab, sondern auf die Frage, ob ein Dank für „Bemühungen“ oder „Mühe“ das Falsche ausdrückt oder die richtige Konnotation transportiert. Während „...
  • 2,203
34 votes
31 answers

Gibt es andere Sätze wie "Wenn Fliegen hinter Fliegen fliegen, fliegen Fliegen Fliegen hinterher"?

Man muss die Grammatik richtig verstanden haben, um diesen Satz zu verstehen: (zwei Varianten) Wenn Fliegen hinter Fliegen fliegen, fliegen Fliegen Fliegen hinterher. Wenn hinter Fliegen Fliegen ...
36 votes
1 answer

»Karlsruhe, den 29. Juli 2012« – warum »den«?

Wenn man in einem Schriftstück den Ort und das Datum schreibt, dann kenne ich das so: [Ort], den [Datum] also z.B.: Karlsruhe, den 29. Juli 2012 Warum schreibt man den? Warum nicht der wie in ...
  • 2,083
4 votes
7 answers

How should I ask politely for a moment of someone's time?

How should I politely ask for someone's time to interrupt them, like in English: Do you have a minute? May I bother you for a moment even though you're quite busy?
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9 votes
4 answers

"Sehr geehrte Dame, Sehr geehrter Herr"; mit oder ohne Komma

Ich verfasse eine Spontanbewerbung an meine aktuelle Firma, wo ich im Sommer meine Ausbildung beende. Jetzt müssen alle Azubis eine Spontanbewerbung für die Firma schreiben. Weder für eine spezifische ...
23 votes
4 answers

When to use "gibt es" and "es gibt", respectively?

Being new to German, I am not properly affiliated with the correct grammatical use of gibt es and es gibt. All I know is that they both mean there is in English. So in what scenarios do I use each one ...
  • 355
10 votes
2 answers

When to use "der" or "den"?

Die Frau isst der Apfel. Die Frau isst den Apfel. Are these both the same?
55 votes
5 answers

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den Fragewörtern "wieso", "weshalb" und "warum"?

Wo liegt der Unterschied zwischen den Fragewörtern "wieso", "weshalb" und "warum"? Ist er regional, gibt es subtile Unterschiede in den Bedeutungen, oder gibt es noch einen anderen Grund für die ...
  • 11.3k
25 votes
6 answers

What is the difference between "wie" and "was" in a certain context?

When do you use wie and was in German? For example: What is your name? I understand you ask the question with wie instead of was.
  • 267
32 votes
11 answers

Aus vs. Von - What is the difference?

My confusion at the moment lies in the difference in the two prepositions, aus and von. Please note that is my main resource for words and phrases, and it shows the following: I’m fairly ...
  • 2,847
12 votes
2 answers

What do I need to know to pass the A1 or A2 exams from Goethe Institut?

Can someone share what I need to know to pass the A1 or A2 exams from Goethe Institut? For instance, do I need to know all cases (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive)? the past form of every ...
  • 129
8 votes
1 answer

Abkürzung für "Stunde" und "Minute"

Gibt es Abkürzungen für Stunde und Minute? Kann Dieser Film dauert 3 Stunden 5 Minuten kürzer geschrieben werden?
  • 183
40 votes
8 answers

Does "Jawohl" carry Nazi connotations?

Would answering "Jawohl" to an order or request be associated with Nazi Germany? What about "Jawohl, mein Kommandant"? Can it be used (jokingly) without people finding it tasteless?
  • 16.5k
35 votes
9 answers

How would you say, "I speak a little bit German"?

I put this into Google Translate, and it came up with, Ich spreche ein wenig Deutsch. Is this correct? I doubt so. When I look up wenig I find that it's an adjective, not an adverb, and obviously ...
  • 1,789
21 votes
4 answers

When to use "wenn" and when to use "als"?

I’d like to know the differences between als and wenn when I want to talk about an specific time. When should I use them? In what situations would one of them be nonsense?
  • 641
75 votes
11 answers

Why are German numbers backwards?

Latin languages, as well as English, speak numbers from left to right, in the same direction in which they are written, e.g. forty-two, quarante-deux, but in German, you write from left to right but ...
  • 1,081
13 votes
7 answers

What is the accurate translation of "Best Regards" to finish a letter?

To finish up a letter addressed to a client, I use Best Regards, followed by my signature. I've looked around for a direct translation, and came up with: ┌────────────────────────────────┬───────────...
  • 447
17 votes
1 answer

"Sich freuen auf" oder "über"?

Wann benutzt man auf oder über mit freuen? Zum Beispiel: Meine Tochter freut sich schon _ die Sommerferien.
  • 637
14 votes
4 answers

Usage differences of “obwohl” and “trotzdem”

I’m confused with obwohl and trotzdem usage practice. I do know their meaning (although and despite of, respectively) but what I don’t understand is when exactly I should use obwohl, when trotzdem and ...
  • 1,164
60 votes
4 answers

Word meaning "to use" – "verwenden", "anwenden", "benutzen", "nutzen", "gebrauchen"

I understand 5 words to roughly mean to use: verwenden anwenden benutzen nutzen gebrauchen When is one of these preferred to the others? I think that benutzen is the most commonly used of these, so ...
  • 2,457
174 votes
25 answers

How can I better learn noun genders?

One of the things that I really liked about German, as I was studying it in college, was the very orderly grammar, which actually helped me to understand my native English better. As a non-native ...
  • 2,055
12 votes
9 answers

How different is German handwriting from American's?

Here is a bulleted list of my specific questions in case you want to save time not reading what gave rise to them: Do German people use cursive writing often? Is it necessary for me to learn how to ...
41 votes
7 answers

Difference between "antworten" and "beantworten"

Is there any difference between "antworten" and "beantworten"? In which situations should I use one and in which another?
  • 721
20 votes
3 answers

Was sind direkte und indirekte Objekte?

Ich lese hier in Fragen immer wieder die Begriffe direktes Objekt indirektes Objekt Diese Begriffe werden, meiner Beobachtung nach, (fast) ausschließlich von Leuten verwendet, die Deutsch als ...
55 votes
2 answers

What is the German word for: "It only works when I try to show you how it does not work"?

In reading a web page on increasing word power, there was a German word with the definition that means: It only works when I try to show you how it does not work. Is there a single word in ...
  • 551
39 votes
11 answers

What's the difference between "genau" and "stimmt"?

When somebody agrees with a point made in conversation they often say "genau" or "stimmt" (often preceeded by "ja"). So what is the difference? Is one slang and the other standard? Or is one regional?...
  • 1,484
23 votes
13 answers

Wörter mit ungünstiger Silbentrennung

Gibt es noch andere Beispiele außer das klassische Wort "Urinstinkt", bei denen eine an und für sich korrekte Silbentrennung einen falschen Sinn suggeriert?
  • 13.5k
18 votes
4 answers

"gäbe" vs. "gebe" bei indirekter Rede

Ich komme hier jedes Mal durcheinander. Wenn ich Konjunktiv I verwende, soll das berichtend, also wertfrei sein. Konjunktiv II dagegen soll die Aussage in Zweifel ziehen. Wenn ich also keine eigene ...
44 votes
3 answers

Wann kann man "in Deutsch" und wann "auf Deutsch" verwenden?

Ich kenne die beiden Ausdrücke "auf Deutsch" und "in Deutsch" (oder "auf Englisch" und "in Englisch"). Sind die beiden Präpositionen in diesen Formen immer miteinander austauschbar? Kann das jemand ...
  • 38.9k
7 votes
4 answers

Conversion table for diacritics (e.g. "ü" → "ue")

I am looking for a table for converting German diacritics into their non-diacritic character combination equivalent. For instance that table would indicate that the umlaut ü may be converted to ue). ...
  • 181
47 votes
9 answers

Why is "Fräulein" considered offensive, as opposed to "Frau"?

Does Fräulein imply that the woman being addressed is not fully a Frau? Does it imply a lower class status?
  • 573