Linked Questions

1
vote
1answer
5k views

What is the difference between 'ist gewesen' and 'war' [duplicate]

My German tandem partner told me that a friend of him was for a half year in Brazil. He said: Er ist ein halbes Jahr in Brasilien gewesen What's the difference to Er war ein halbes Jahr in ...
1
vote
1answer
744 views

Exact meaning of present perfect in German [duplicate]

In English present perfect is used to show that something happened in the past which has an effect that still remains till now (present). Now let's take a look at a simple Present Perfekt sentence in ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

When to use German Auxilary Verbs [duplicate]

I understand the meaning of each auxilary verb (and their grammatical usages) but when do you use each in practice. For example: “Sie ist gestern nicht mitgekommen.” I get that “mitkommen” is an ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

What is the difference in the meaning between “etwas werden” and “etwas geworden sein”? [duplicate]

What is the difference in the meaning of these two sentences? Ich wurde Arzt. Ich bin Arzt geworden. Especially wurden means became.
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Wann benutzt man Perfekt, wann Präteritum? [duplicate]

Jetzt lerne ich B1 in Deutsch. Meine Professorin hat uns nie gesagt, wann man das Präteritum und wann das Perfekt benutzt. Wo liegt der Unterschied?
16
votes
5answers
5k views

Usage of Perfekt and Präteritum in the spoken language

I have read the question When to use Perfekt and Präteritum? but it doesn’t answer my question. I am looking for a rule for beginner/intermediate level learners which tells when to use perfect (...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

What is the origin of the two past tenses in German?

In my German class, we learned that there are two past tenses, which we referred to as the "narrative" and "conversational," the former only being used for writing, and the other used exclusively for ...
12
votes
6answers
5k views

Difference between Austrian and German

Die Österreicher haben im Vergleich zu uns (Hoch-)Deutschen ein paar lustige Wörter und eine etwas andere (wie ich finde netter klingende) Aussprache (wobei das natürlich von Person zu Person variiert)...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

“used to [verb]”

How would one say "used to", as in I used to live in Kiev. Previously, I was told you would use früher: Früher lebte ich in Kiew. But upon looking it up just again, dict.cc says you'd use ...
4
votes
5answers
10k views

How do you communicate in German a continuous action in the past?

Things like: I used to go to that library over there. I was playing my guitar when she entered the room. I've done a bit of research, and it looks like the German Perfekt is used for one-off events, ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Wann wird Präteritum in Bayern verwendet?

Ich habe gehört, dass das Präteritum in Bayern sehr unüblich ist. Wann wird es da verwendet? Ich meine hier den Bairisch-beeinflussten deutschen Dialekt, der in Bayern gesprochen wird.
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Modal verbs: preterite or perfect?

I was told that while speaking people generally use perfect instead of preterite. Is it also common for modal verbs? Which is used in which cases? Ich konnte ... or Ich habe gekonnt ...
0
votes
3answers
84 views

Question regarding the general use of Präteritum/Perfekt in German

I have seen people write like this: Bist du der Junge, der meine Tasche gestohlen hat? but also Warst du der Junge, der meine Tasche gestohlen hat? Das war mein Vortrag, vielen Dank für Ihre ...