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Questions tagged [declension]

Deklination – Declension is the process of the inflection of nouns, pronouns, articles, adjectives and numerals: the changes of the ending or the stem in these word types to reflect grammatical case, gender and number. Use [conjugation] for the inflection of verbs.

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Viel und wenig plus Adjektiv

Viel und wenig können vor unzählbaren Nomen stehen. Sie haben dann keine Endung. Wenn ein Adjektiv hinzugefügt wird, wie wird das Adjektiv dekliniert? So wie viel sauberes Wasser und viel leckere ...
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Do the vowels of all monosyllabic adjectives change into »umlaut« in comparative / superlative form?

I've heard that the monosyllabic adjectives – that is: adjectives which only consist of one syllable – take an umlaut in their comparative and superlative forms. Is that true as a general rule?
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Why are adjectives declined in German?

This is a rather specific question not of language syntax but rather of its origin/history. I’m just trying to understand the specific reasons behind the need for adjective declension. I have read ...
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Declension: der/die Kranke (sick person)—why “Kranken” in “Alle Kranken brauchen Ruhe”?

The following sentence from a course quiz of mine deals with the adjectival noun "der/die Kranke" (sick person): Alle [...] (Krank-) brauchen Ruhe. Here is how I approached this: There is no ...
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Adjektivendung praktisch/künstlerisch …em oder …en deklinieren [duplicate]

Fordert der folgende Beispielsatz die Adjektivendung …em oder …en? […] eine spannende Arbeit mit hohem künstlerischem und praktischem Anspruch oder […] eine spannende Arbeit mit hohem ...
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War die n-Deklination im Akkusativ früher häufiger?

In »Der Glöckner von Notre-Dame« (Übersetzung: Helmuth Leonhardt) steht der folgende Satz: Die einfache Glasscheibe ersetzte das Kirchenfenster, der handwerkliche Steinhauer folgte auf den ...
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Relativpronomen beim Genitiv

Eine Mutter, deren Kind weinte, war auch sehr beunruhigt Ich habe diesen Satz bei einer Grammatikübung gefunden. Es sollte doch dessen, statt deren heissen?
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Adjective declension in a prepositional phrase

The following sentence is from a description of an ability in the video game, Pillars of Eternity 2. It is the first clause that concerns me here: Der Barbar schleudert eine große mit Wut erfüllte ...
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150 views

Trouble understanding why this sentence went to Dative

Here is a quote from Siddhartha from which I am having a little trouble understanding the declension of the article in bold: "Im Schatten des Hauses, in der Sonne des Flußufers bei den Booten, im ...
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The dative case - expressing the action of putting something on a table

On a course quiz of mine in an introductory-level German class, we had the following question about correctly identifying the accusative case: What confuses me is that this question doesn't seem ...
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Why is is the dative “den” used in “Sieh den Tatsachen ins Gesicht”?

I'm pretty sure the accusative is used with sehen as in "ich sehe dich". So why do we use the dative form for the plural definite article in this sentence? Am I missing something?
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Den Männern vs Die Männer

So I am reading a grammar book, and there are a couple of tables which seem to contradict. One table states: "The plural forms of the definite article are the same for all genders," and proceeds to ...
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Cases of attributive adjectives describing units of time (Month, weekdays, etc)

Treffen wir uns nächsten Freitag in demselben Cafe? Is the reason for "nächsten" taking the weak dative ending because it is the short versrion of "Am nächsten Freitag"?
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Warum “von Mensch zu Mensch” anstatt “von Menschen zu Menschen”

Das Wort "Mensch" gehört zur n-Deklination. Warum sagt man dann "von Mensch zu Mensch" und nicht "von Menschen zu Menschen"?
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Can “mit” take the accusative?

I came across these two phrases in my book: mit dem Kopf nicken mit den Kopf schütteln Why is the second one in accusative? Or is it just a mistake?
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Zu + adjective + noun, gender endings sometimes ignored?

I tried to translate these 2 phrases into German: too big a desk - zu großer Schreibtisch. too little time - zu wenig Zeit So, "Schreibtisch" is masculine so the ending of the adjective before it ...
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368 views

The strong, weak and mixed declension of nouns in German [closed]

Can anyone help with the rules on the strong, weak, and mixed declension of nouns in German? I am particularly interested in those not mentioned in most textbooks. Also, most people say that there ...
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What is going on with this declension situation? “Ich bekomme gute Noten” but [duplicate]

When I google translate the sentence I get good grades I get Ich bekomme gute Noten, which is fine since the e ending denotes an accusative plural case, as far as I can tell. However, if I try I don'...
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Using “der eine” and “der andere” to refer to sisters

In an example sentence for the adjective "verschieden", I have Die Geschwister sind sehr verschieden: der eine ist fröhlich, der andere sehr ruhig. Now, as I understand it, both "der eine" and "...
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Should proper nouns be declined in german?

Recently I came across a text referring to an article on the newspaper "Der Spiegel" as "Ein Artikel aus dem Spiegel". This had me confused. Being under the impression that "Der Spiegel" is simply the ...
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Deklinieren von Titeln von Büchern und Filmen [duplicate]

Ist Deklinieren von Titeln von Büchern und Filmen im Deutschen üblich? Denn in meiner Sprache würde ich einen Titel deklinieren, wenn das möglich ist. Zum Beispiel im Quizduell vom 9. März (Das Erste,...
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Er tut immer so, als bräuchte er keine Hilfe

The verb "brauchen" is in the Konjunktiv II, however, I can not see this declension of the verb http://konjugator.reverso.net/konjugation-deutsch-verb-brauchen.html
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Meine nette/netten Freunde [closed]

Diese Leute sind meine nette Freunde Or Diese Leute sind meine netten Freunde And why?
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“Einer von ihnen lachte.” Why “Einer”?

I'm familiar with the basics: case, gender, declensions, etc. The above sentence refers to one of two males, if that helps. My understanding (might be wrong): - "One of them laughed" so "One" is the ...
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Wie beugt man „Pentachoron”?

Ich denke, dass die Mehrzahl Pentachora lautet. Wie wäre es im Genitiv und Dativ? S P N -choron -chora G -chorons ? D -choron ? A -choron -chora So sicher wäre ich auch ...
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Warum ist es zur Rechten und nicht immer zum Recht/e?

In einer meiner Lesungen stieß ich auf Folgendes: zur Rechten was keinen Sinn ergibt für mich. Recht kann nur in ein Kasus sein: zum Recht(29 Beispiele) oder oder im seltenen Plural zu den Rechten ...
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Cases in “Augen sind die Fenster der Seele”

In the following sentence: Augen sind die Fenster der Seele What case is "die Fenster" and what case ist "der Seele"? I suspected that "der Seele" is in genitive, but the problem is that "der" is ...
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Declension rules about adjectives after “keiner/keine/keines”?

I have viewed another question: Adding -es to adjectives after “etwas” But I am still uncertain how the indefinite pronouns keiner/keine/keines (no one, nobody) affect the adjective after it. And ...
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Is there an offline ios app that gives the full declensions of german nouns? [closed]

I had an app that worked offline using the wiktionary database but ios 11 broke it. Thanks for anyone that knows of one.
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Indirect and direct confusion with adjective declension

I read today the following line. Vielleicht brauch ich ja dein blödes Geld auch gar nicht. Everything makes sense to me, other than the blödes. I feel dein Geld here is definite, rather than ...
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Declensions of adjectives - indefinite article vs no article

I am having a terrible time understanding an area of declensions for adjectives. Let me see if I can explain it: First let 's review the indefinite article. Masculine: Ein Hund Femenine : Eine Katze ...
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1answer
557 views

Viele oder vieles?

Was soll ich sagen... Hast du heute viele {oder} vieles geplant?
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Warum heißt der Film “Das radikal Böse” anstatt “Das radikale Böse”?

Es gibt einen Film, der Das radikal Böse heißt, und dieser Titel scheint mir falsch zu sein. Ich denke, dass "radikal" in diesem Fall ein Adjektiv ist, kein Adverb, und deshalb sollte es "radikale" ...
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What to do with two adjectives before a noun?

I was having a chat conversation with a German friend and was talking about where I'm from. I was describing the town I grew up in as "boring" and "American". This is what I literally wrote: Die ...
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»im Dunklen tappen« vs »im Dunkeln tappen«: What is the difference?

According to the inflection chart of the adjective dunkel, its neuter dative form for the weak inflection is dunklen. But both of the following phrases seem to be used. I wonder what is the difference ...
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Is “persönlichen” in “alle persönlichen Sachen” Schwache Flexion or Gemischte Flexion?

I'm having trouble understanding which flexion is used in this phrase starting with "alle". Should I consider "alle" to be the same as "the" or "ein"?
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Why is there no declension for the comparative adjective “weniger”?

Dadurch verbraucht dieses Auto weniger Sprit! {instead of}: Dadurch verbraucht dieses Auto wenigeren Sprit! [with Starke Flexion] I suppose this weniger is not an adverb, but an adjective ...
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“nach dem Agenten” or “nach dem Agent”, declension for singular masculine dative case?

Original phrase is Such in der Stadt nach dem Agenten namens Hendrik. Hendrik is surely 1 guy and that means this is singular, so why not : Such in der Stadt nach dem Agent namens Hendrik. Is ...
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If »Geld« is neuter, then why not »genuges Geld«?

Usually one would say Hast du genug Geld? But I was thinking, as Geld is neuter, then shouldn't one say Hast du genuges Geld? Can some one please explain what is wrong with my thinking?
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Is “gesunden” in “ein wenig gesunden Menschenverstand” starke or gemischte Flexion?

ein wenig gesunden Menschenverstand Should I consider this gesunden to be starke Flexion (ohne Artikel), or gemischte Flexion (mit ein)? In other words, should I consider ein wenig as an adverb and ...
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Why the need to say “solch” instead of “solche”?

Was treibt eine solch hübsche junge Dame dazu, mit einem Haufen Langweiler herumzuhängen? All the other words except solch (i.e. eine, hübsche, junge) take the feminine accusative form. So I'm not ...
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Why the need to say “Haufen Langweiler” instead of “Haufen Langweilern”?

Was treibt eine solch hübsche junge Dame dazu, mit einem Haufen Langweiler herumzuhängen? Considering that the preposition mit should be followed by a dative form, I would be tempted to say ...
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Why does the adjective “wenig” require declension in one instance, but not in another?

1st: Das wenige Geld muss ausreichen. 2nd: Ich hab genauso wenig Ahnung wie du. 3rd: Hier haben wir wenig Abwechslung. I’m not sure why in the second and third sentences, you do not need to say ...
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What is the construction in this headline: “Millionen syrische Kinder leiden unter psychischen Störungen”

I don't understand why this isn't ,,Millionen von syrischen Kindern......" or "Millionen syrischer Kinder...." instead of ,,Millionen syrische Kinder...", that is to say, either using dative or a more ...
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The apparently mismatched declension in the expression “über alle Maßen”

Sie ist über alle Maßen großzügig. In this idiomatic expression, I'm not sure why the Plural Dative form "Maßen" is coupled with the Plural Accusative form "alle" instead of the Plural Dative form "...
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1answer
516 views

What is the difference between “nächste” and “nächsten”? [closed]

As I checked in the the dictionary, both "nächste" and "nächsten" means "next" in English. So what is their difference? If I want to say "See you next time", should I use "Bis zum nächste Mal" or "Bis ...
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Why does “Bayreuther Festspielhaus” not inflect according to gender?

Why is it that, when a city is used as an adjective, the adjective ending is (in two out of three cases) not what I expect based on the gender of the succeeding noun? Some examples: Bayreuther ...
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1answer
549 views

Strong/Weak declension of adjectives with “alle” and “viele”

When do we use the "starke Deklination" and the "schwache Deklination" after "alle" and "viele"? For example 1: Besonders während des berühmten Oktoberfests sind auch alle teure/teuren(?) Hotels ...
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592 views

What is the rule for adding suffix “-er” to year numeral

I understand that German ordinal numerals have suffix "-te" (1-19) or "-ste"(> 20) and decline as adjectives, i.e. "in der vierten Klasse" I am confused by this suffix "-er", for example: Baustil ...
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Welche Deklination folgt auf „alles“?

Wie beugt man Substantive nach alles? Welche der folgenden ist korrekt Ich bin von alles Deutsche fasziniert Ich bin von alles Deutschem fasziniert Ich bin von allem Deutschen fasziniert