Questions tagged [grammatical-case]

grammatikalischer Fall – Questions relating to the grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive)

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Adjjective ending with the noun Möbel

Normally the adjective ending for "nullartikel" takes the ending that the definite article would have taken, had there been one. For instance: Ich esse gern frisches Brot. Recently I saw this ...
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0answers
48 views

Indefinite pronouns in genitive [closed]

Could the indefinite pronouns in genitive (jeder, mehrere, mancher, niemand, kein, etc.) be used to express possession? Can these pronouns be used for making formal statements in genitive (like in the ...
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0answers
43 views

list of attributes necessary to learn when learning a new noun in German

What are all the attributes necessary to remember, when learning a new noun in German? Here is my idea of it: its grammatical gender whether it is an adjectival noun or not its plural form ending in ...
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1answer
63 views

Bedeutungsnuance zwischen “sich verlieren in + Dativ” und “sich verlieren in + Akkusativ”?

Bis jetzt ging ich davon aus, man würde den Akkusativ oder den Dativ verwenden je nachdem, ob das Subjekt schon am Anfang innerhalb des Rahmens der Präpositional-Ergänzung war. Wenn diese erste ...
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2answers
49 views

Grammatik, Verwendung und Kasus? - “Der unnötige Begegnung vermeidet, hilft allen, …”

An excerpt from Angela Merkel's televised speech regarding Covid-19, I'm trying to figure out the grammatical structure of the first clause: what are the cases used and could you provide another ...
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3answers
136 views

Ihre Arbeit versteht sie gut - Is that correct?

I have this sentence in my workbook: Ihre Arbeit versteht sie sehr gut. Shouldn't it be the following? Ihrer Arbeit versteht sie sehr gut. To me it appears as the third case – dative.
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1answer
43 views

Case of reflexive verbs with Akkusativergänzungen [duplicate]

I got this wrong on my German homework: Ich bereite mir auf den Tag an der Uni vor. since our German book states: Reflexivpronomen stehen normalerweise im Akkusativ. Gibt es eine ...
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2answers
68 views

Understand use of dative in a construction containing “voraus”

I translate the following Andere Verkehrsträger sind in Sachen Innovation der Eisenbahn voraus. as Other forms of transport are more innovative than the railway. I think that "die Eisenbahn" ...
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1answer
70 views

“ab 10 Jahre” or “ab 10 Jahren”? [duplicate]

I'm creating a flyer for an event that may be interesting for children from a certain age. How do I express this correctly? Is the event „geeignet für Kinder ab 10 Jahre“ or „geeignet für Kinder ab ...
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1answer
61 views

Genitive of demonstrative pronouns in the genitive case [duplicate]

What is the correct change of the following expression alle Fakten, deren Auswirkungen und die ergriffenen Maßnahmen into the genitive case Beschreibung aller Fakten, der?? Auswirkungen und der ...
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2answers
234 views

Case question regarding some text from Brahms' “Ein deutsches Requiem”

I am a choral singer who is slowly trying to learn German. I have a question about why the dative case is being used in some text from Johannes Brahms' Ein deutsches Requiem. In particular, there ...
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4answers
205 views

Auf den oder auf die Entscheidungen?

Ich schreibe gerade eine Arbeit und möchte meine Design-Entscheidungen begründen und versuche einen einleitenden Satz zu bauen. Der Satz: Als erstes wird die graphische Oberfläche erläutert. Hier ...
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1answer
48 views

Personal pronouns: Why is this instance in the accusative case?

I have come across this sentence in a German language textbook: Welchen meinst du denn? Den mit der Sonnenbrille oder den daneben? I assume that the accusative is used because of the "welchen" in ...
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4answers
387 views

Dative instead of genitive

I don't understand why dative case is used here rather than genitive case: Es ist Tradition, dass die Frauen den Männern die Krawatten abschneiden, als Symbol der Macht. Shouldn't it be: Es ...
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3answers
788 views

The two-way preposition “auf” in the accusative and dative case

I'm struggling to decide as to choose between accusative and dative case while using auf. When I think dative should be used, it's accusative and vice versa. I know that with two-way preposition you ...
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0answers
28 views

Using the preposition “in” with gehen in a dative case? [duplicate]

I got a bit confused when I read this sentence: Nach der Apfelweinkneipe sind Christa und ich in der Frankfurter Altstadt spazieren gegangen. Since the noun Altstadt is feminine and we'...
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3answers
177 views

Hat dir der Film gefallen? Why “der Film” and not “den Film”? [duplicate]

I came across this exercise and I don't understand why is it not "hat dir den Film gefallen?" since it should be accusative asking the question "what did you like". Am I wrong and why?
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3answers
321 views

“Natascha hat Peter früher sehr gut gefallen” Wer gefällt wem?

Who likes whom in that sentence, elaboration would be appreciated for the verb gefallen.
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2answers
106 views

How are the verbs kosten and lehren used with 2 accusatives in these sentences?

So I am reading Hammer's German Grammar and it says: Kosten and lehren are normally used with two accusatives: Der Flug hat meinen Vater 5000 Euro gekostet The flight cost my father 5000 ...
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1answer
85 views

Must what precedes the colon be a complete sentence?

I learned from English that the words preceding the colon should form a complete sentence: Between independent clauses when the second explains or illustrates the first The colon is used to ...
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1answer
60 views

Reflexive verb, accusative object

I have learnt that "If there is more than one object in the sentence, the reflexive pronoun is used in the dative case." So why in the following sentence is the relexive pronoun in the accusative ...
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2answers
228 views

Ein Paar Fragen or Ein paar Fragen [duplicate]

I am studying B2 German in the VHS. Today the teacher corrected the sentence: "Ich habe ein Paar Fragen" to: "Ich habe ein paar Fragen" But he couldn't explain why if "paar" isn't a noun (...
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1answer
96 views

Is there a general rule-of-thumb when to use Dativ and when to use Akkusativ? [closed]

My girlfriend is in the process of learning german grammar at the moment, and she struggles a little with learning when to use which case. For Nominativ and Genitiv, we found simple rules when to use ...
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2answers
108 views

Wortart/Wortform von "*nächsten Freitag* habe ich einen Termin*

Nehmen wir das Beispiel Nächsten Freitag kann ich nicht. Da habe ich einen Arzttermin. Wie würde man Freitag qualifizieren? Es könnte kurz für "am (nächsten) Freitag" sein. Das sieht man auch ...
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5answers
200 views

“Wen nannte man den eisernen Kanzler” - Warum “wen”?

I am having trouble understanding why is Wen used in this question instead of Wer. Wen nannte man den eisernen Kanzler? Wen is used to ask for a direct object (accusative), but it looks to me in ...
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1answer
54 views

Transitive and intransitive verbs

I am having difficulty understanding transitive and intransitive verbs. Most explanations say that a transitive verb takes a "direct object" and an intransitive verb takes an "indirect object" such as ...
3
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2answers
267 views

“Zu” without dative case

I think the declination of the adjective in the following example is correct. Es wird uns ein großer Aufwand Using the preposition "zu" usually requires the dative case. So why doesn't it here?: ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Grammatical case of 'sich niederlassen auf + obj.'

Good day, I am quite new to German. What would be the correct way to say: They settle down in the seat. Is it Sie lassen auf den Sessel nieder. or Sie lassen auf dem Sessel nieder. ...
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3answers
662 views

Die Polizei folgt dem Täter: why is Täter in the dative case?

In the sentence "Die Polizei folgt dem Täter," it seems like Täter should be in the accusative case since it seems to be receiving the action of the verb "folgt." Why is it instead in the dative case?...
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0answers
39 views

Konjunktiv 2 der Vergangenheit von Modalverben [duplicate]

Laut meinem Buch, gibt es nur eine Form des Konjunktivs 2 der Vergangenheit, und es ist dieselbe für Präteritum und Perfekt. Zum Beispiel, der Satz, „Sie klingelten“ wird zu „Sie hätten geklingelt“. ...
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7answers
5k views

Why “alle Tale” and not “alle Täler”?

One German translation of Handel's Messiah has an aria that features the line: Alle Tale macht hoch und erhaben, und senkt die Berge und Hügel vor ihm, macht eb’ne Bahn, und, was rauh ist, ...
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4answers
136 views

einen unserer köstlichen Nachtische versuchen wollen

In this piece of dialog: Kunde: Ich möchte um 22 Uhr essen. Kellner: Die Küche schließt in der Woche um 22 Uhr 30. Und das is schade, wenn Sie einen unserer köstlichen Nachtische versuchen ...
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2answers
98 views

What is the case of “einem” in this context? [duplicate]

Man hat so Dinge im Kopf, die einem wichtig vorkommen. Aber was im Endeffekt das Wichtigste ist, finde ich interessant zu sehen. I can't analyze the case of "einem wichtig" in the above sentence. I ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the case of ''Eigen'' in the following sentence

If it is genitive then can we conclude that if a possessive adjective is in genitive than the following other adjectives will also be in the same case. Das größte Risiko ist das Treffen in den vier ...
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1answer
88 views

jmdn. ärgern in a sentence

I've recently seen the sentence with the verb ärgern while learning relative clauses with wer and was. The sentence is as follows: Manche kommen spät zur Arbeit, was der Chef sehr ärgert. As you ...
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1answer
146 views

der Meinung / der Ansicht sein: What is the case in these examples?

Ich bin der Meinung, dass ... . Ich bin der Ansicht, dass ... . What is the case in the above examples?
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3answers
755 views

Different adjective endings within the same sentence. What am I missing?

Der Preis des glamourösen Luxus, feiner Holzarbeiten und würzig duftenden Leders liegt bei wenigstens 214 000 Euro. I came across this sentence and couldn't understand why the adjective feiner before ...
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1answer
53 views

N-Deklination von Namen in Genitive Singular

I am studying B2 grammar. In the book I am using (I don't know if I should name the actual book here) there is a bullet-point which reads: Name und Buchstabe gehören zur n-Delination, bekommen ...
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2answers
139 views

Nachdem always with plusquamperfekt?

I am studying B2 grammar. In the book I am using (I don't know if I should name the actual book here) there is a bullet-point which reads "Nachdem immer mit Plusquamperfect". Then there are some ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Welcher Satz ist richtig? “für jeden den” oder “für jeden der”

Ich weiß, dass der Akkusativ den Artikel verändert, das Adjektiv und manchmal auch den Namen. Aber ich bin mir unsicher über die Konjunktion, wenn wir schon ein Pronomen (z.B jeder) verändert haben. ...
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3answers
202 views

Is this example of “en” ending noun that I found in a book really true?

I can't understand according to which rule such nouns have been declined in this example: 1- An vielen kleinen Haltestellen gibt es nur einen Fahrkartenautomaten. I can't exactly comprehend why we ...
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2answers
187 views

Is there any case-gender analyzer?

Sometimes when I see or hear a German sentence I don't get why some words have the form they have based on gender-case status. Is there any website/application/etc where you can write a German ...
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2answers
102 views

“n” in genitive indefinite plural [duplicate]

What would be the explanation for additional "n" in indefinite genitive plural of noun Bild and Kraft? Singular Plural Nominativ eine Kraft Kräfte Genitiv einer Kraft ...
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3answers
60 views

The case for “article + adjective + noun” combination?

The fact that, concerning the same case as well as the same gender, articles and adjectives does not always follow the same pattern (i.e., don't get the same ending) is a bit hard to understand. I ...
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1answer
99 views

Exactly how much movement needs to be implied by a sentence for the accusative case to be used?

I was always taught that using a verb that implies movement automatically tiggers the accusative case for the direct object when used with certain prepositions. For example, Germans say Ich gehe ...
3
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4answers
256 views

Why using of Dativ when specifying movement towards something?

Why is it used with Dativ here: "Wir gehen zusammen aus dem Haus." but not "Wir gehen zusammen aus das Haus"? Just like we should use Akkusativ in "Wir gehen in die Schule"(movement) and ...
0
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2answers
119 views

Why is a clause introduced by an interrogative pronoun (wo+prep) called “weiterführender Nebensatz”?

Can anyone help to understand: why do we call this weiterführender Nebensatz? Beim Arbeiten werde ich ständig unterbrochen, worüber ich mich oft ärgere.
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2answers
109 views

Sinnieren korrekter Fall

Ich stolperte kürzlich über folgenden Satz: Ich sinnierte über eine Idee Ist das korrektes Deutsch? Muss es nicht heißen "über einer Idee"?
1
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1answer
84 views

Dativ und Akkusativ mit “dankbar”

Ist folgender Satz grammatikalisch korrekt? Peter, dem den Einkauf zu tragen ich dankbar war, lachte auf. Und ist tatsächlich zu verstehen, dass ich Peter (für) das Tragen dankbar bin?
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2answers
150 views

die Post - it is no more “das Amt”?

I would like to aks about the word "die Post". I would write: Ich bin auf der Post. Ich komme von der Post. ... because I thought, dass this is an institution. But now I have heared from one native ...

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