Questions tagged [grammatical-case]

grammatikalischer Fall – Questions relating to the grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive)

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4
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1answer
1k views

Does case carry into an appositive?

I'll ask this question in English, because I'm not sure I could articulate it well enough in German. So this question too is about my essay. The relevant part of the original sentence was «...die ...
6
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2answers
27k views

When to use “ins”?

I'm a little confused with the preposition contraction ins. As far as I know, it means in das, but I don't understand why it is used in this sentence: Sie fahren ins Theater. It feels like the ...
3
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2answers
349 views

Case confusion: “der ausgefüllten Dokumente” or “die ausgefüllten Dokumente”

I would like to reply to an email in formal context. I have doubts regarding the German counterpart of the English phrase: Please find attached the completed documents. Is the German phrase ...
5
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2answers
557 views

Which of these two is the correct translation for “Silly me”?

Me is nominative here. So what it should be? Bin ich dumm! or Dumm ich!
1
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1answer
221 views

Why is it “den zwei Autos” and not “die zwei Autos”?

I've come across the sentence Ich stehe zwischen den zwei Autos Google also gives me much more results when searching den zwei Autos than when searching for die zwei Autos. I've also found lots ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Schwarzer Kaffee vs schwarzen Kaffee

I need to know why do we say "schwarzen Kaffee, bitte" and not "schwarzer Kaffee, bitte". To me, it should be "schwarzer Kaffee", however, I am being told it is the other way around.
4
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2answers
123 views

Confusion in the usage of a case in a book sentence

I read this sentence in a book I'm using for exercises: Jener Mann war kein Dieb, und man setze ihn daher in Freiheit; sofort gab man seiner Frau die frohe Kunde seiner Unschuld. I don't ...
1
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0answers
57 views

What case for time expressions? [duplicate]

What is the appropriate case for time expressions that don't involve a preposition? Letzten Monat sah ich ihn. (accusative) Letzter Monat sah ich ihn. (nominative)
8
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2answers
1k views

Welchen Fall benutzt man mit Phrasen wie “last year”?

Zum Beispiel im englischen Satz "Last year I visited Germany.", welchen Fall benutzt man? Letztes Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Letztem Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Ich glaube ...
0
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1answer
879 views

Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater?

Please explain what are the cases (accusative, dative) here and why exactly those. Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater? I assume that schreibst is a verb, ein Brief is a subject the same as ...
8
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2answers
948 views

Declination of adjectives after einigen

I learned that after words like "einige, mehrere, etc." the following adjectives also have the same declination. However, I got corrected when I said "mit einigen meinen Freunde" to "einigen meiner ...
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4answers
5k views

Relative pronouns: der/die/das vs dass

I think understand the use of der/die/das and dass however I don't when to use which. For example, what is the correct translation of 'the apple I'm eating is tasty:' Das Apfel, dass ich esse, ist ...
5
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5answers
322 views

Are there non-trivial examples of sentences where the use of one case, instead of other, changes the meaning?

Are there examples of German sentences where the use of one case instead of other alters the meaning, but still being the sentence grammatically correct? Edit: I'm after sentences in which only the ...
4
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2answers
294 views

Is it “einige vor den Kopf stoßen” or “einigen vor den Kopf stoßen”?

The whole sentence is: Mit dem Glauben an einen hinsichtlich der Präzision und Allmächtigkeit abgeschwächten Laplace'schen Dämon scheint man immer wieder einige(n?) Leuten vor den Kopf zu stoßen I'...
0
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1answer
6k views

Which one is correct: “dir” or “dich”? Dative or Accusative? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why isn’t “Ich danke dir” “Ich danke dich?” If when I'm talking with a German, and I want to thank him/her which one is correct? Ich danke dich is correct or Ich danke dir? ...
12
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2answers
5k views

Was soll ich nach “in” benutzen: Dativ oder Akkusativ?

Ich weiß nicht welchen Fall ich benutzen soll. Manchmal sehe ich es mit Dativ Ich bin in der Küche. aber manchmal ich sehe es auch mit Akkusativ. Kann mir das bitte jemand erklären?
8
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2answers
4k views

Why Akkusativ in “dieses Jahr”, “diesen Sommer”?

"Dieses Jahr", "diese Woche", "diesen Sommer" are all answers to the question "When?". According to the rules one should use dative to answer (for example "diesER Woche"), however accusative is used. ...
8
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3answers
410 views

Question about the dative case

I am studying using the book "Klipp und Klar" and in the lesson fifteen about the dative case there is a sentence that I didn't understand. The sentence is: Das Mädchen ist krank und den Frauen ist ...
19
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5answers
14k views

Why is 'Guten Tag' accusative?

Is it just an idiom, or is it a general rule? I'm wishing a good day to someone, so I guess there is some kind of metaphorical motion involved. Would it be similar if I wanted to say "vielen Spaß"?
8
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4answers
14k views

Welcher Fall wird nach “wie [z.B.]” verwendet?

Verlangt "wie" (im Sinne von "wie zum Beispiel") einen speziellen Fall oder wird der gleiche Fall wie beim vorangegangenen Objekt verwendet? Was ist z.B. korrekt: "Bedingt durch Faktoren wie [der/dem/...
4
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2answers
443 views

“Kindern”, dative plural - What other words reflect that flexion in the plural form

I practice German cases sentences to learn by heart, but I have stumbled across a form that I don't think it is so common. Ich sprach mit den kleinen Kindern. In this sentence, the plural form of ...
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6answers
1k views

Struggling with case concept (the entire concept) [closed]

I've been learning German since 7th grade. It's been 4 years since I've graduated 12th grade. Though I can guess which words and what forms of the words to use, I can't figure out the case charts. ...
12
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1answer
238 views

Welchen Fall verwendet man mit “wert” im Sinne von “worth something”?

Die Beispiele die ich im Wörterbuch gefunden habe, scheinen unterschiedliche Fälle zu verwenden, z.B. Es ist nicht der Rede wert. (Genitiv) oder Es ist das Geld wert. Es ist einen Besuch wert. ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How does “wem”, “wen” and “wer” help to recognise the appropriate case?

I'm told a way to recognize the appropriate case is the following: Ich gab Ihm einen Kuss = Dativ; wem gab ich einen Kuss= Ihm I'm having a hard time understanding how this helps. It actually ...
1
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2answers
759 views

“without me” in German

I got confused while making a German sentence meaning: How you can enjoy your time without me? How can I translate the without me part? Does it depend on the case, like "wie"? For example: Ich ...
6
votes
2answers
788 views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
6
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1answer
704 views

Explaining case and usage of “Richtung”

Just curious. How would you explain to someone the proper use and appropriate case of Richtung as a directional indicator, in simple terms? whether showing movement or simple location or direction (...
6
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1answer
501 views

Deklination bei Nomen die auf -er enden

Wird bei Nomen die auf -er enden, bei einer Verwendung eines Dativs oder Akkusativs in der Mehrzahl immer ein "n" hinten angehängt? Ein Beispiel wäre folgender Satz: Viel Spaß mit deinen neuen ...
4
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3answers
214 views

die Rechtstruktur in den/dem Katalog einbauen?

I know that I should say: Ich wohne in der Stadt. and Ich fahre in die Stadt. Because direction is involved in the second verb. However, should I say: Muss die Rechtstruktur im Katalog ...
6
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2answers
169 views

Koppel's gender in “In der Eckerkoppel”

In Hamburg there is a street called Eckerkoppel. According to dict.leo.org, Koppel is a neuter noun. So if a German writes "Sein Haus ist in der Eckerkoppel", is the street name treated as a ...
2
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3answers
452 views

Unknown gender, known case, best guess for article would be? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I learn noun genders better? I have a habit of saying "dem" when I know something is dative but am not entirely sure of the gender. Would that be a good guess? Based ...