Questions tagged [grammatical-case]

grammatikalischer Fall – Questions relating to the grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
15 votes
3 answers
3k views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with a dative object and when with accusative one?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with a dative object and when with an accusative one, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces *accusative or dative? If ...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 30.7k
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

Nominative or Accusative case "Sie ist meine Mutter"

In the phrase: Sie ist meine Mutter. 'meine Mutter' is the nominative case although I don't understand why this is so since I naturally think that it should be the accusative case as it receives the ...
inquisitor's user avatar
28 votes
5 answers
4k views

"Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod": is German really losing Genitiv? (evolutionary viewpoint)

Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod is an interesting German phrase which originates this question. I’m interested in knowing how true is it/will it be. Has German always had four cases? Or were some ...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 30.7k
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Welchen Fall benutzt man mit Phrasen wie "last year"?

Zum Beispiel im englischen Satz "Last year I visited Germany.", welchen Fall benutzt man? Letztes Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Letztem Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Ich glaube ...
StrixVaria's user avatar
  • 2,099
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Der Unterschied zwischen Dativ und Akkusativ bei Ortsangaben

Warum heißt es: Ich sitze in der Schweiz. aber Ich gehe in die Schweiz. und Ich gehe in die Schule. und Ich gehe in der Schule.
aziz's user avatar
  • 69
24 votes
7 answers
4k views

Accusative vs Dative: "Schau in der/die Schublade!"

What is correct? Q: "Wo sind meine Socken?" A: "Schau in der Schublade" vs "Schau in die Schublade" As a Swiss German speaker not very adept at proper German grammar I feel that both are somehow ...
RafiK's user avatar
  • 343
11 votes
3 answers
9k views

Accusative or dative for verbs of movement

My doubt is with respect to this sentence (in perfect) Er ist zum Büro gegangen. My teacher taught me that we have to use the verb sein as helping verb whenever there is a movement. However, why ...
thandasoru's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
7k views

Why Akkusativ in "dieses Jahr", "diesen Sommer"?

"Dieses Jahr", "diese Woche", "diesen Sommer" are all answers to the question "When?". According to the rules one should use dative to answer (for example "diesER Woche"), however accusative is used. ...
Roman Byshko's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
868 views

Why do some German dictionaries list the genitive case ending?

I recently read that some German dictionaries list the genitive case ending for an entry but no explanation was given as to why some publishers choose to do this. Anyone happen to know?
Lisa's user avatar
  • 557
4 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why is "den" used in "am Montag, den 10. August''?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Am Samstag, dem/den It's more logical to me to be "am Montag, dem 10. August" since without specifying Monday, I would say "am 10. August" ...
Jim O'Neil's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
348 views

Can you say "Ich wurde (etwas) gegeben"?

I wrote a quick email to my doctor yesterday and hastily wrote the sentence below. "Nach der Untersuchung wurde ich eine CD mit den Befunden gegeben" Then I was wondering, When you use ...
Henry Firth's user avatar
  • 1,429
32 votes
5 answers
30k views

Why it is “Eines Tages” and not simply “ein Tag”?

In a story I read recently, there was a sentence: Eines Tages fand Peter eine Schatzkarte! And I wonder why it is eines Tages and not ein Tag, because ein Tag is what I would say normally. Is ...
Gigili's user avatar
  • 2,146
23 votes
5 answers
20k views

Why is 'Guten Tag' accusative?

Is it just an idiom, or is it a general rule? I'm wishing a good day to someone, so I guess there is some kind of metaphorical motion involved. Would it be similar if I wanted to say "vielen Spaß"?
StrixVaria's user avatar
  • 2,099
18 votes
5 answers
38k views

Why isn't "Ich danke dir" "Ich danke dich?"

I believe that in the sentence Ich danke 'du/dir/dich' that: ich = subject danke = verb du = direct object. Wouldn't that mean that it would be "Ich danke dich"? I hear people say "Ich ...
Darkenor's user avatar
  • 397
17 votes
2 answers
868 views

Numbering cases

Sometimes I see a case referred to by number instead of by name. Now that's fine if there's an official, definite order. But while I see in tables mostly the order Nominativ Akkusativ ...
stevenvh's user avatar
  • 1,495
15 votes
3 answers
11k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
mihirjoshi's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Temporal complement and its correct case

I'm confused about the correct case to use in a temporal complement: do you need the accusative? I'm asking about the expression of a well determined time (that does not continue). Examples may be: ...
martina.physics's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
781 views

Hat dir der Film gefallen? oder Hat du der Film gefallen? [duplicate]

Hat dir der Film gefallen? oder Hat du der Film gefallen? I know first one is true but I do not understand why? Can anyone explain?
J.Smith's user avatar
  • 177
58 votes
10 answers
80k views

Ist "wegen dir" falsch und nur "deinetwegen" richtig?

Ich habe Widersprüchliches darüber gelesen, ob die Verwendung der Präposition wegen + Pronomen im Dativ richtig oder falsch ist. wegen mir, wegen dir, wegen ihm, wegen ihr usw. Viele Leute ...
splattne's user avatar
  • 39.1k
36 votes
1 answer
190k views

»Karlsruhe, den 29. Juli 2012« – warum »den«?

Wenn man in einem Schriftstück den Ort und das Datum schreibt, dann kenne ich das so: [Ort], den [Datum] also z.B.: Karlsruhe, den 29. Juli 2012 Warum schreibt man den? Warum nicht der wie in ...
Martin Thoma's user avatar
  • 2,073
26 votes
1 answer
4k views

Woher kommt der Dativ in »Wie dem auch sei«?

Ich verstehe nicht, was der Dativ in diesen bekannten Konstrukten zu suchen hat: Wie dem auch sei, … Dem ist nicht so. Folgende Alternativen ergäben für mich Sinn: Wie es auch sein mag, … Dies ist ...
John Smithers's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
57k views

Die Frage „Wem oder wen?“. Auf welche Weise hilft sie mir?

Als ich mit dem Deutschlernen angefangen habe, ist ein typisches Gespräch zwischen mir und meiner Deutschlehrerin ungefähr wie folgt gelaufen: Ich: „Der Ball gehört mich.“ Lehrerin: „Hoppla, nicht so ...
Stovner's user avatar
  • 2,599
14 votes
4 answers
626 views

Dual preposition should be dative not accusative

It is correct to say, “Ich warte auf ihn“. “Auf“ is a dual preposition. However, no change of place or direction is expressed by the verb. Why is “ihm“ not correct?
Gordon Linn's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
90k views

Welchen Fall verwendet man mit Präposition "ohne"?

Ich habe bemerkt, dass man bei uns zwar ohne dich (seltener und vermutlich falsch auch ohne dir) sagt, allerdings wird es mit Nomen anscheinend in Dativ formuliert, also z. B. ohne der Sache. Gibt es ...
Thomas Wanner's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
5k views

Was soll ich nach "in" benutzen: Dativ oder Akkusativ?

Ich weiß nicht welchen Fall ich benutzen soll. Manchmal sehe ich es mit Dativ Ich bin in der Küche. aber manchmal ich sehe es auch mit Akkusativ. Kann mir das bitte jemand erklären?
José Leal's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
25k views

Welcher Fall wird nach „wie (z. B.)“ verwendet?

Verlangt wie (im Sinne von zum Beispiel) einen speziellen Fall, oder wird der gleiche Fall wie beim vorangegangenen Objekt verwendet? Was ist z. B. korrekt: Bedingt durch Faktoren wie [der/...
Jan Pöschko's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

"ein paar" or "einem paar" in dative

When using a preposition that requires the usage of dative, does the dative also apply to "ein paar" in this case. So is it Ich werde mit ein paar Kindern wohnen. or Ich werde mit einem paar ...
intoo's user avatar
  • 183
7 votes
1 answer
16k views

»Von jemand anderen« oder »von jemand anderem«?

Auf Facebook bin ich gerade auf eine Frage gestoßen, die ich nicht eindeutig beantworten konnte. Sie lautet: Was ist richtig? »anderer« nach »von jemand« im Dativ: Das ist die Sache ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
5k views

Ist "was für" Nominativ oder Akkusativ?

I was wondering whether the sentence using "was für" would be Nominativ or Akkusativ for example: Was für ein warmer Winter! Was für einen warmen Winter!
user5105's user avatar
  • 4,066
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

A list of verbs that take only dative objects

It appears that there must be dozens of verbs in German that take dative objects but never take accusative objects. "Helfen" and "folgen" are frequently seen examples. I just came across "nachgehen". ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
598 views

Why is the accusative used in “Einen Augenblick!”?

When someone says “Einen Augenblick!”, like the English “Just a moment!”, why is the accusative used and not the nominative case?
Fishie's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to determine the case of a dual prepositions apart from movement

I know that when a preposition can take both accusative and dative cases and there is movement, we will ask wo/wohin to determine the case. I also know that you will use accusative when you can ask ...
Luis Sep's user avatar
  • 960
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Usage concerning "mir/mich"

I saw a sentence in a German textbook: Aber wenn ich Geburtstag habe, dann darf ich mir ein Essen aussuchen. I would like to ask why we should use "mir" here? I saw it somewhere else a sentence ...
Dennis's user avatar
  • 909
0 votes
1 answer
389 views

Why is "Tisch" in "Der Apfel liegt auf dem Tisch" in dative instead of accusative case? [duplicate]

Der Apfel liegt auf dem Tisch. Can someone explain me why Tisch is in dative case and not in akkusative?
user36322's user avatar
19 votes
4 answers
59k views

When would one use "im" and "am" rather than "in dem" and "an dem?

I'm new to German and I get a bit confused about when it's "dem" or "im" or "den" rather than "in der" or "in dem" and so on.
germannewbie's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers
13k views

Recommended ways to learn the cases?

My German tutor recently told me that the only real way to learn the cases – accusative/dative/nominative/genitive – is just to memorize which verbs are which. She suggests memorizing the dative and ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 291
11 votes
1 answer
619 views

Repetitive use of genitive (Genitivkette)

How many times one can use genitive to refer to an object? German sentences like: Das Fenster des Hauses der Mutter meiner Freundin u.s.w. are, in my opinion, strange and stylistically ...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 30.7k
10 votes
4 answers
21k views

How to know Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive Verbs in German?

I am learning German, perhaps I am A1 level but I really wish to raise my level to B1 and as far as my experience goes, the verbs are quite important to know and for not only verb but for grammatical ...
Anirudh's user avatar
  • 203
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
Matt H's user avatar
  • 239
9 votes
3 answers
13k views

Accusative after "sein"

I’m lost with the verb sein. I read on multiple websites and according to what I have learned, sein is always followed by nominative. Examples: Er ist der Mann. Er ist ein großer Mann. not ...
Spun a's user avatar
  • 93
8 votes
3 answers
297 views

Why is the adjective ending of the accusative case used in this sentence after »als«?

The below sentence appears in the article “Treffen von Trump und Merkel. Muss halt.” from Der Spiegel: Trump lobt Deutschland länglich als wichtigen Partner im Kampf gegen den Terror und erinnert ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
  • 6,042
8 votes
1 answer
470 views

What case is being used in a sentence like "Kaltes Bier!" or "Guten Morgen!"?

I know the ending is the same in both nominative and accusative for feminine, neuter and plural, but I'd like to know which case I'm using because the ending changes in the masculine. For example: If ...
nachocab's user avatar
  • 185
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Aufzählung: Numerus und Kasus

Es geht um folgenden Satz: Was ich habe, ist Mut, Entschlossenheit und der Drang, nicht auf die Nase zu fallen. Die "ist"-oder-"sind"-Frage. Ich habe mich des folgenden Threads bedient: Singular/...
shabushabu's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

How to say “one’s” or “someone’s” in German?

For example: It’s a necessary stage in one’s development. Should it be: Es ist eine notwendige Stufe jemander Entwicklung? Or Es ist eine notwendige Stufe jemandes Entwicklung? I thought it ...
user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

What are the syntactical parts of “Ich bin ein Berliner”?

Are these the correct syntactical parts of the sentence “ich bin ein Berliner”? Ich — subject; bin — verb; ein Berliner — direct object. But if they are, shouldn’t ein Berliner have declination, ...
ANeves's user avatar
  • 179
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

General rule/s for finding out whether an object is accusative or dative

I wanted to know whether there are some general rules or hunches in the German mind that hints at whether an object has accusative or dative case. For example there are some rules to determine the ...
osolmaz's user avatar
  • 163
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

What are cases used for?

Whenever I search “what are the use of cases”, the most common answer I find is that cases allow us to know the thematic role of a word in a sentence: the nominative case indicates who/what does the ...
Agustin G.'s user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Difference between "accusative" and "direct object"

I always thought accusative case is used for the direct objects of a verb, until a few minutes ago when I found in German grammar in a nutshell, that Can you please explain the subtle difference ...
MAKZ's user avatar
  • 800
5 votes
2 answers
680 views

Genitiv der literarischen Werke

Wenn man den Genitiv eines literarischen Werks benutzen möchte, soll man z.B. "der Autor des Zauberbergs" oder "der Autor des Zauberberg" schreiben ?
th.mann's user avatar
  • 53
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why using of Dativ when specifying movement towards something?

Why is it used with Dativ here: "Wir gehen zusammen aus dem Haus." but not "Wir gehen zusammen aus das Haus"? Just like we should use Akkusativ in "Wir gehen in die Schule"(movement) and ...
cendahoang's user avatar