Questions tagged [grammatical-case]

grammatikalischer Fall – Questions relating to the grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive)

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3
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2answers
1k views

Why do these sentences have different case despite being otherwise identical?

Consider the following German sentences, both of which my German teacher says are correct. Elmar (13) ist nicht gut in Englisch. A: Der Vater will dem Jungen helfen. B: Der Vater will den Jungen ...
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3answers
87 views

“Kein Kandidat” oder “keinen Kandidaten”

Ich möchte in einer Bemerkung hinzufügen, dass es noch kein(en) Kandidat(en) gibt. Sage ich Es gibt noch kein Kandidat. oder Es gibt noch keinen Kandidaten. ?
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1answer
79 views

Translation of “according to a recent study”

While reading this Wikipedia article on the German language, I came across the following sentence: Die deutsche Gegenwartssprache umfasst einer neueren Untersuchung nach mehr als fünf Millionen ...
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1answer
86 views

The Blue Danube, by Johann Strauss [closed]

This may be a silly question, I'm just a beginner. I read that the title in German of the work 'On the beautiful Blue Danube' is 'An der schönen, blauen Donau'. I'm not sure what is the article ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Dativ und Genitiv genau umgekehrt verwendet

Die Genitiv-Flexion von "amerikanisch" ist "amerikanischen", die Dativ-Flexion ist "amerikanischem", siehe hier. Aber man sagt z.B. "Wissenschaftler in amerikanischem Dienst", oder "Dieses Gebäude ...
2
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1answer
95 views

(Einer Sache / einem Umstand) Rechnung tragen

While doing my translation exercises, I came across this use of Rechnung tragen on page 12 of this annual report: Während die Zahl der Bankstellen bundesweit rückläufig ist, hat die Mainzer ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Genitiv nach “entledigen”

Ich habe gerade in der deutschen Übersetzung von The Remains of the Day (zu Deutsch: Was vom Tage übrigblieb) folgenden Satz gelesen: "Aber ich muss gestehen, dass dieser scherzhafte Umgangston zu ...
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4answers
484 views

Dual preposition should be dative not accusative

It is correct to say, “Ich warte auf ihn“. “Auf“ is a dual preposition. However, no change of place or direction is expressed by the verb. Why is “ihm“ not correct?
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1answer
88 views

Why isn't “der Bibliothek” in Dativ here? [closed]

My professor asked us to formulate the phrase using this: Ich - geben - zurück - sie (die Bücher) - Der Bibliothek I wrote: Ich gebe sie dem Bibliothek zurück But he shows the answer as Ich ...
4
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2answers
271 views

Participle as adjective

I have learned that one uses the Partizip I when the action is not yet completed or in an active sentence and the Partizip II if the action is completed or in a passive sentence. But this sentence ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Doch in Corona-Zeiten erleben viele von uns eine Art Entschleunigung

Simple question. Is the word "Entschleunigung" in the genitive case? So the genitive case does not require -s or -es when not accompanied by a definite or indefinite article?
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0answers
81 views

Would “this summer” in German be in the genitive case? [duplicate]

If I were to say "Sie haben einen großen Teil in Ihre eigene Sicherheit [this] Sommer", would I be correct in assuming that the correct German word for "this" in this case is the Genitive "dieses"? ...
3
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1answer
254 views

What is the correct form? Is it “in den Zeiten” or “in der Zeiten”?

Why "in den Zeiten", like in the translation of the title "Die Liebe in den Zeiten der Cholera "? Why not "in der Zeiten"?
3
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1answer
183 views

“mitten in” or “mitten auf”?

To say "in the middle of (something)" - when should one use "mitten IN" and when should one use "mitten AUF" ? Also, is this always used with dative or is it different sometimes ? For instance: 1) ...
2
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2answers
103 views

Sometimes the Accusative case article is skipped while sometimes not. Why?

I have some sentences which have a simple structure of a Subject, Object and Indirect Object. Ich hole dem Hund das Futter. Er kauft der Frau die Karte. Here Futter and Karte are in accusative case ...
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2answers
135 views

Adjective ending -e with the noun Möbel

Normally the adjective ending for "nullartikel" takes the ending that the definite article would have taken, had there been one. For instance: Ich esse gern frisches Brot. Recently I saw this ...
1
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1answer
166 views

list of attributes necessary to learn when learning a new noun in German

What are all the attributes necessary to remember, when learning a new noun in German? Here is my idea of it: its grammatical gender whether it is an adjectival noun or not its plural form ending in ...
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1answer
251 views

Bedeutungsnuance zwischen “sich verlieren in + Dativ” und “sich verlieren in + Akkusativ”?

Bis jetzt ging ich davon aus, man würde den Akkusativ oder den Dativ verwenden je nachdem, ob das Subjekt schon am Anfang innerhalb des Rahmens der Präpositional-Ergänzung war. Wenn diese erste ...
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2answers
60 views

Grammatik, Verwendung und Kasus? - “Der unnötige Begegnung vermeidet, hilft allen, …”

An excerpt from Angela Merkel's televised speech regarding Covid-19, I'm trying to figure out the grammatical structure of the first clause: what are the cases used and could you provide another ...
2
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2answers
153 views

Ihre Arbeit versteht sie gut - Is that correct?

I have this sentence in my workbook: Ihre Arbeit versteht sie sehr gut. Shouldn't it be the following? Ihrer Arbeit versteht sie sehr gut. To me it appears as the third case – dative.
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1answer
60 views

Case of reflexive verbs with Akkusativergänzungen [duplicate]

I got this wrong on my German homework: Ich bereite mir auf den Tag an der Uni vor. since our German book states: Reflexivpronomen stehen normalerweise im Akkusativ. Gibt es eine ...
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2answers
83 views

Understand use of dative in a construction containing “voraus”

I translate the following Andere Verkehrsträger sind in Sachen Innovation der Eisenbahn voraus. as Other forms of transport are more innovative than the railway. I think that "die Eisenbahn" ...
0
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1answer
83 views

“ab 10 Jahre” or “ab 10 Jahren”? [duplicate]

I'm creating a flyer for an event that may be interesting for children from a certain age. How do I express this correctly? Is the event „geeignet für Kinder ab 10 Jahre“ or „geeignet für Kinder ab ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Genitive of demonstrative pronouns in the genitive case [duplicate]

What is the correct change of the following expression alle Fakten, deren Auswirkungen und die ergriffenen Maßnahmen into the genitive case Beschreibung aller Fakten, der?? Auswirkungen und der ...
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2answers
244 views

Case question regarding some text from Brahms' “Ein deutsches Requiem”

I am a choral singer who is slowly trying to learn German. I have a question about why the dative case is being used in some text from Johannes Brahms' Ein deutsches Requiem. In particular, there ...
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4answers
484 views

Auf den oder auf die Entscheidungen?

Ich schreibe gerade eine Arbeit und möchte meine Design-Entscheidungen begründen und versuche einen einleitenden Satz zu bauen. Der Satz: Als erstes wird die graphische Oberfläche erläutert. Hier ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Personal pronouns: Why is this instance in the accusative case?

I have come across this sentence in a German language textbook: Welchen meinst du denn? Den mit der Sonnenbrille oder den daneben? I assume that the accusative is used because of the "welchen" in ...
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4answers
469 views

Dative instead of genitive

I don't understand why dative case is used here rather than genitive case: Es ist Tradition, dass die Frauen den Männern die Krawatten abschneiden, als Symbol der Macht. Shouldn't it be: Es ...
3
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3answers
1k views

The two-way preposition “auf” in the accusative and dative case

I'm struggling to decide as to choose between accusative and dative case while using auf. When I think dative should be used, it's accusative and vice versa. I know that with two-way preposition you ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Using the preposition “in” with gehen in a dative case? [duplicate]

I got a bit confused when I read this sentence: Nach der Apfelweinkneipe sind Christa und ich in der Frankfurter Altstadt spazieren gegangen. Since the noun Altstadt is feminine and we'...
4
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3answers
485 views

Hat dir der Film gefallen? Why “der Film” and not “den Film”? [duplicate]

I came across this exercise and I don't understand why is it not "hat dir den Film gefallen?" since it should be accusative asking the question "what did you like". Am I wrong and why?
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3answers
360 views

“Natascha hat Peter früher sehr gut gefallen” Wer gefällt wem?

Who likes whom in that sentence, elaboration would be appreciated for the verb gefallen.
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2answers
164 views

How are the verbs kosten and lehren used with 2 accusatives in these sentences?

So I am reading Hammer's German Grammar and it says: Kosten and lehren are normally used with two accusatives: Der Flug hat meinen Vater 5000 Euro gekostet The flight cost my father 5000 ...
0
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1answer
174 views

Must what precedes the colon be a complete sentence?

I learned from English that the words preceding the colon should form a complete sentence: Between independent clauses when the second explains or illustrates the first The colon is used to separate ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Reflexive verb, accusative object

I have learnt that "If there is more than one object in the sentence, the reflexive pronoun is used in the dative case." So why in the following sentence is the relexive pronoun in the accusative ...
4
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2answers
779 views

Ein Paar Fragen or Ein paar Fragen [duplicate]

I am studying B2 German in the VHS. Today the teacher corrected the sentence: "Ich habe ein Paar Fragen" to: "Ich habe ein paar Fragen" But he couldn't explain why if "paar" isn't a noun (...
0
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1answer
167 views

Is there a general rule-of-thumb when to use Dativ and when to use Akkusativ? [closed]

My girlfriend is in the process of learning german grammar at the moment, and she struggles a little with learning when to use which case. For Nominativ and Genitiv, we found simple rules when to use ...
0
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2answers
223 views

Wortart/Wortform von "*nächsten Freitag* habe ich einen Termin*

Nehmen wir das Beispiel Nächsten Freitag kann ich nicht. Da habe ich einen Arzttermin. Wie würde man Freitag qualifizieren? Es könnte kurz für "am (nächsten) Freitag" sein. Das sieht man auch ...
2
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5answers
218 views

“Wen nannte man den eisernen Kanzler” - Warum “wen”?

I am having trouble understanding why is Wen used in this question instead of Wer. Wen nannte man den eisernen Kanzler? Wen is used to ask for a direct object (accusative), but it looks to me in ...
1
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1answer
103 views

Transitive and intransitive verbs

I am having difficulty understanding transitive and intransitive verbs. Most explanations say that a transitive verb takes a "direct object" and an intransitive verb takes an "indirect object" such as ...
3
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2answers
285 views

“Zu” without dative case

I think the declination of the adjective in the following example is correct. Es wird uns ein großer Aufwand Using the preposition "zu" usually requires the dative case. So why doesn't it here?: ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Grammatical case of 'sich niederlassen auf + obj.'

Good day, I am quite new to German. What would be the correct way to say: They settle down in the seat. Is it Sie lassen auf den Sessel nieder. or Sie lassen auf dem Sessel nieder. ...
7
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3answers
703 views

Die Polizei folgt dem Täter: why is Täter in the dative case?

In the sentence "Die Polizei folgt dem Täter," it seems like Täter should be in the accusative case since it seems to be receiving the action of the verb "folgt." Why is it instead in the dative case?...
1
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0answers
45 views

Konjunktiv 2 der Vergangenheit von Modalverben [duplicate]

Laut meinem Buch, gibt es nur eine Form des Konjunktivs 2 der Vergangenheit, und es ist dieselbe für Präteritum und Perfekt. Zum Beispiel, der Satz, „Sie klingelten“ wird zu „Sie hätten geklingelt“. ...
11
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7answers
5k views

Why “alle Tale” and not “alle Täler”?

One German translation of Handel's Messiah has an aria that features the line: Alle Tale macht hoch und erhaben, und senkt die Berge und Hügel vor ihm, macht eb’ne Bahn, und, was rauh ist, ...
9
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4answers
141 views

einen unserer köstlichen Nachtische versuchen wollen

In this piece of dialog: Kunde: Ich möchte um 22 Uhr essen. Kellner: Die Küche schließt in der Woche um 22 Uhr 30. Und das is schade, wenn Sie einen unserer köstlichen Nachtische versuchen wollen. ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

What is the case of “einem” in this context? [duplicate]

Man hat so Dinge im Kopf, die einem wichtig vorkommen. Aber was im Endeffekt das Wichtigste ist, finde ich interessant zu sehen. I can't analyze the case of "einem wichtig" in the above sentence. I ...
1
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1answer
134 views

What is the case of ''Eigen'' in the following sentence

If it is genitive then can we conclude that if a possessive adjective is in genitive than the following other adjectives will also be in the same case. Das größte Risiko ist das Treffen in den vier ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

jmdn. ärgern in a sentence

I've recently seen the sentence with the verb ärgern while learning relative clauses with wer and was. The sentence is as follows: Manche kommen spät zur Arbeit, was der Chef sehr ärgert. As you ...
4
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1answer
190 views

der Meinung / der Ansicht sein: What is the case in these examples?

Ich bin der Meinung, dass ... . Ich bin der Ansicht, dass ... . What is the case in the above examples?

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