Questions tagged [mathematics]

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8
votes
1answer
334 views

Rules for naming fractions with non-trivial denominators

My son asks me and I've realized that I have no idea - I've never managed to use this layer of vocabulary since I've never been taught in German school. So, when it comes to fractions there's a clear ...
5
votes
3answers
117 views

Diese Gleichung hat nichttriviale Lösungen. Oder nicht triviale Lösungen? Oder nicht-triviale Lösungen?

Betrachten wir die Differenzialgleichung 𝑓'=𝑓. Die triviale Lösung davon ist die Nullfunktion. Nun, wie geht's weiter? Diese Gleichung hat auch nichttriviale Lösungen, etwa 𝑥 ↦ 2𝑒ˣ. Diese ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Need help to read Fraktur from a 18th century book

I am reading Euler's German translation of his work on differential calculus entitled Vollständige Anleitung zur Differentialrechnung (Complete instruction on Differential Calculus). I am struggling ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

How should I say “where”, as in a mathematical definitions?

I've been purusing several German books of logic and math to find some expression equivalent to "where" as in the following definition: Definition: Let P(A,B) = A - B, where A ⊂ U and A ⊄ B. Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

informal gesprochen vs. informell gesprochen

Let's consider the following passages: Informal gesprochen nennen wir A und B unabhängig, wenn die Kenntnis des Eintretens von B die Prognose für A nicht ändert. Formal (für P(B) > 0): A, B ...
6
votes
2answers
273 views

Konjunktiv I in der Mathematik

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/1756 In mathematischen Beweisen oder Definitionen wird häufig der Konjunktiv I verwendet, z.B.: ...
7
votes
1answer
483 views

Translating “beschränkt” in a mathematical/physical context

Wolfgang Paul (not Wolfgang Pauli, another Nobel Prize winner) wrote a three-page article which got him a Nobel prize in 1989: Ein neues Massenspektrometer ohne Magnetfeld. It contains the following ...
1
vote
4answers
167 views

The Object of the Verb “Heißen”

I have seen that when the object of heißen normally has a definite article, it is written with this article. An example is the sentence Dieser Satz heißen die Newton-Leibniz-Formel. Which case is ...
2
votes
3answers
65 views

Prepositional Phrases between an Article or a Demonstrative Adjective and its Noun

Is the sentence Sei f eine auf diesem Intervall Funktion. grammatically correct? If so, what are the rules that govern such constructions and is this sentence better than the following one?: ...
4
votes
2answers
154 views

Correctly translating “Assume” and “Suppose” to German in Mathematics

It is common in mathematics in English to use the words assume and suppose differently, that is, to use the word assume when dealing with a reduction or case, while using the word suppose when looking ...
6
votes
4answers
226 views

Modular arithmetic – How to translate “modulus/ moduli”?

The english Wikipedia states: In mathematics, modular arithmetic is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers "wrap around" upon reaching a certain value—the modulus (plural moduli). I ...
2
votes
4answers
247 views

Winkeltreu nur in Kartographie?

Ist der Begriff "winkeltreu" nur in der Kartographie gebräuchlich, oder kann ich ihn auch in der folgenden Situation benutzen? Es gibt Geometrieaufgaben bei denen man Winkel aus den gegebenen Längen ...
3
votes
1answer
250 views

Stochastic: Why are permutations (nPr) called variations in German?

First of all, you should be at least a little familiar with combinatorics to understand that question. Some often used calculator keys in stochastic are the nCr and nPr ones. Edit: Also posted on ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

Associativity and splitting of three compound names

Pre-question (answered here): Is there a compound word A|B with original components A and B that might be slit as A'|B' if A borrows some letters from B (or the other way around) to form A', and B' ...
8
votes
2answers
292 views

“5 minus 4 sind gleich 1”. Why plural?

I have just been watching a video about "Schriftliches Dividieren" and it has occured to me that, when referring to calculations, i.e: "5 minus 4 equals/is 1" the word "is" or "equals" has a ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

What does the abbreviation 'z. Bw.' mean?

What does the abbreviation 'z. Bw.' mean? To be precise, the context is Mathematics.
6
votes
1answer
129 views

Quader und Quadrat

Was ist die Wortherkunft dieser beiden Wörter? Ein 3-dimensionales Quadrat ist im Prinzip (sicherlich nicht mathematisch exakt) ein Würfel. Dahingegen ist ein 3-dimensionales Rechteck ein Quader. ...
1
vote
3answers
249 views

How “synthetic division” is called in Germany?

How is synthetic division called in Germany?
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Learning German mathematics-vocabulary?

What are some resources for speeding up learning of advanced German mathematics-vocabulary?
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Wie beugt man „Pentachoron”?

Ich denke, dass die Mehrzahl Pentachora lautet. Wie wäre es im Genitiv und Dativ? S P N -choron -chora G -chorons ? D -choron ? A -choron -chora So sicher wäre ich auch ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Bedeutung von “zwei Mal mehr” versus “drei Mal so viel”

Mir begegnet oft die Formulierung "zwei Mal mehr", die ich in den jeweiligen Kontexten für sachlich falsch halte. Für mein Verständnis bedeutet "zwei Mal mehr" ein dreifaches des Basiswertes (300 %),...
1
vote
3answers
125 views

Gebrochenrationale Funktion [closed]

Ich habe die Übersetzung von gebrochenrationale Funktion gesucht. Zwar finde ich auf diversen Seiten die Übersetzung broken-rational function , bei einer Rückwärtssuche, also der Eingabe von ...
3
votes
7answers
169 views

Passende Übersetzung für “to trace”

In einer App, die ich programmiere, soll ein Graph einer Funktion angezeigt werden. Nun soll der Nutzer zwei Aktionen zur Auswahl haben: den Graphen verschieben und hinein- und herauszoomen den ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why “Integrieren bis Unendlich” but not “bis Unendlichkeit”?

As far as I know, "unendlich" is an adverb/adjective. And after bis should come a noun. I found integrieren bis Unendlich while I expected integrieren bis Unendlichkeit How is the first ...
4
votes
2answers
472 views

Is it “Es seien” or “Es sei”?

Which one is grammatically correct? a) Es sei A eine Menge, n eine natürliche Zahl und q eine rationale Zahl. Dann gilt ... b) Es seien A eine Menge, n eine natürliche Zahl und q eine ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

“derart, dass” in Mathematik

While reading mathematics in German, I came upon the phrase "derart, dass." Does this mean something along the lines of "such that," and if so, does it differ from "so, dass?"
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Does this sentence from a German astronomy book contain an error? [closed]

I am working my way through Astronomie by A.F. Möbius, a (historical) introductory astronomy book by the great mathematician and astronomer Möbius written during the 19th century. I’ve made my way up ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Entscheidungsproblem and Unvollständigkeitssatz

This is a question about specialized vocabulary in mathematics/logic, and also in history of mathematics/logic. The first term is used by Hilbert in his 1928 work, but in Gödel's later work, the same ...
10
votes
3answers
251 views

“Intrinsic beauty” auf Deutsch?

Wie übersetzt man am besten den Begriff intrinsic beauty ins Deutsche? Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ob man dazu intrinsische Schönheit, innewohnende Schönheit oder etwas völlig anderes sagen sollte. Ein ...
9
votes
2answers
258 views

Was bedeuten die Wörter “über” und “auf” in der Mathematik?

Was bedeuten die Wörter "über" und "auf" in der Mathematik? Beispiele: Vektorraum über einem Körper Funktion/Relation auf einer Menge Zeichenkette über einem Alphabet Warum benutzt man diese Wörter ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

Plural des Worts „Magma” (in der Algebra)

In der Algebra ist ein Magma eine algebraische Struktur etc., und laut Duden ist Magmen der Plural von Magma. Allerdings lese ich hier (S. 33-40) Magmas und, wenn ich richtig verstanden habe, dass ...
7
votes
1answer
348 views

Colloquially, how is the verb for writing on LaTeX called?

I've heard getext (with the x sounding as [ç]) as participle (whereas, maybe, I should write geTeXt). So, there is, at least colloquially, a verb for typing a document in LaTeX. texen? (ich ...
8
votes
2answers
173 views

Wie sagt man »up to« in der Mathematik?

Der Begriff up to in der Mathematik ist ziemlich wichtig, so wichtig, dass er einen eigenen Wikipedia-Artikel hat. Leider gibt es kein deutsches Äquivalent (es gibt 7 andere Sprachen!). Wie drückt ...
7
votes
2answers
129 views

Relationssymbole (≥, ≤ u.a.) in Texten

In einem Text (auf einer Website in diesem Falle) möchte ich gerne (je nach Situation) eine der 3 folgenden Optionen, bei denen die Zahlenwerte jedoch variabel sind, angeben: „Die Bildhöhe muss ≥ 500 ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Learning German from scratch in order to read mathematics?

I heard that learning basics of French and German, especially in order to read mathematics, is not difficult. It's verified by my experience of learning French: it's much easier to read mathematics ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Endliche Anzahl

In a vaguely mathematical context, could the 'endlich' in 'endliche Anzahl' ever not mean finite but only something like 'limited', so as to maybe include some transfinite cardinalities?
7
votes
1answer
733 views

Writing mathematical texts in German

I am looking for something like an "encyclopedia" of practical guidelines on writing mathematical papers/texts in German (lists of common phrases in mathematics in German, common sentence ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

„Tail“ in der Statistik

Im Englischen gibt es tail für die beiden Enden einer Wahrscheinlichkeitsverteilung. Gibt es dafür eine Übersetzung? Z. B.: The probability distribution has a long tail. Wenn ich das wörtlich ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is n! called “n Fakultät”?

I’m trying to conciliate the noun Fakultät in its meaning of Fachbereich with its meaning of the function Faktorielle, n! (i.e. Γ(n+1)). Even easier, maybe as follows. On the second meaning, ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How to read in German these mathematical symbols (f′,f″,f‴,∘,ã ,â,…)?

How to read the mathematical notation of the small list below, say in a blackboard-talk. Notice that I'm not asking for the meaning, but the name of the symbol attached to "the letter" is what matters:...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What does the abbrevation “o.E.” stand for?

Reading a mathematical paper written in German, I can’t understand the following abbrevation: o.E. f(x) := 0 für x ∈ M, sonst löse … (proof of theorem 2.4.5 in this diploma thesis; page 57) It ...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

Wie übersetzt man “interventions”?

Der Kontext ist eine Akademie über Kausalität (Mathematik). Hier ein Auszug aus https://stat.ethz.ch/people/jopeters/index/edit/causalityHomepage/causality_files/scriptChapter1-4.pdf: Causal ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Meaning of a German idiomatic phrase in mathematics

Softball question here.... Does Dabei sollen G1 und G2 einen Winkel einschließen, der zum vollen Winkel 2π in einem irrationalen Verhältnis steht. mean the following? Thereby, (lines) G1 ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Descriptive purpose of 'absolut genommenen' when applied to line segments (translating a math paper)

The statement is Dann besteht zwischen den absolut genommenen Verbindungsstrecken dieser Punkte die Beziehung ... and then an inequality is presented (this is from a math paper by Wilhelm ...
12
votes
5answers
769 views

How do you say “handwavy proof” in German?

In English language there is a beautiful colloquial usage, which describes the way a proof is done ie a "handwavy proof". A handwavy proof is a kind of proof, in which you use no/very little ...
6
votes
1answer
372 views

How do you say “act on” in a quantum-mechanical context in German?

My German is pretty good but I know very little of the terminology in Quantum Mechanics. In Quantum Mechanics one often say something like the momentum operator p acts on the ket |ψ>. How would ...
4
votes
3answers
331 views

What is a good book for learning (introductory) logic in the German language?

I need a logic book in the German language, preferably introductory rather than a focus on symbolic logic. The book should show how one constructs different sentence structures and how one expresses ...
3
votes
3answers
475 views

Logic structure versus grammar rules

When it comes to the some words in a logic or math context, say implizieren and enthalten for sake of concreteness, the grammar rules and the logic structure do not always seem to peacefully coexist. ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Wie beugt man das Adjektiv „irreduzibel“?

Wie dekliniert man das Adjektiv irreduzibel? Die Endung -ble bei verschiedenen Fällen verwirrt mich. In etwa diesem Wikipedia-Artikel kann man sehen, worum es geht. Aus demselben Artikel lässt sich ...
3
votes
2answers
713 views

How to read “modulo” (Math) in German? About the preposition it induces

In English there exists the proposition modulo (see also the Wiktionary entry) or modulo the fact. Any of these, however, are not proper from English, but have their origin in mathematics, presumably ...