Questions tagged [modal-verbs]

Modalverben – Questions on special auxiliary verbs ‘dürfen’, ‘können’, ‘mögen’, ‘müssen’, ‘sollen’, ‘wollen’

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2
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1answer
250 views

Why should I use preterite in the past tense of “wollen”?

My boyfriend who is native German explained to me that “ich habe gewollt” just sounds wrong to him, he can’t explain why because he doesn’t know the rules he is just a native speaker. I am curious if ...
3
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1answer
670 views

German modal verbs in perfect tense - two ways?

So when using a modal verb in the perfect tense, I've notice two different types of constructions: 1) Ich habe arbeiten müssen. 2) Ich muss gearbeitet haben. It seems like the first means "I ...
-2
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1answer
198 views

Model verb with multiple objects sentence structure

I want to translate the English sentence: You must drink water outside the room. Where would one place the object water in the modal verb sentence structure? What would be the rule for placing ...
0
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2answers
312 views

What does ‘es soll’ in this sentence mean? [closed]

Loftus Hall – ein jahrhundertealter Herrschaftsitz in dem es spuken soll. I take it to mean ‘it is supposed to be haunted’. Is my interpretation of the meaning of es soll in this context correct?
3
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1answer
631 views

“zu” + Infinitiv — Warum wird “zu” trotz Modalverb verwendet?

Warum wird in den folgenden zwei Sätzen trotz Modalverb "zu" verwendet? Sie hat darum gebeten, nach Hause gehen zu dürfen. Ihr seid früh ins Bett gegangen, um ausschlafen zu können.
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2answers
131 views

Is there an altenative way of saying »habe sein dürfen«?

I came across the following sentence in Der Spiegel: Speziell wandte sich [Hillary] Clinton auch an ihre Unterstützerinnen: Ihnen sagte Clinton, sie sollten wissen, dass sie nichts stolzer mache, ...
2
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1answer
623 views

Modal verbs plus infinitive with/without »zu«

Which of the following is correct and why? I have seen both of these examples used. Was möchten Sie essen? Was möchten Sie zu essen? Thanks!
2
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2answers
188 views

normal translation for “to need to do something”

I've read in several places that it's ok to use brauchen when you want to say it isn't necessary to do something, e.g. Er braucht nicht die Bücher zu lesen. But I'm struggling to find a ...
3
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3answers
174 views

Stimmt es, dass in Nebensätzen das Hilfs- oder Modalverb immer an letzter Stelle steht?

Ich habe beobachtet, dass in Sätzen wie Sie hat am Gymnasium weiter Deutsch gelernt, weil ihr Deutsch Spaß gemacht hat. das Modal- oder Hilfsverb nach dem Hauptverb an letzter Stelle steht. Ist ...
4
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1answer
218 views

What’s the difference between subjuctive and indicative mood for modal verbs, when expressing possibility?

It seems that both the following expressions are possible: Sie könnte im Büro sein. Sie kann im Büro sein. Der Täter dürfte nach etwas gesucht haben, was für ihn sehr wichtig ist. Der ...
6
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1answer
177 views

Can you use »müssen« to express an assumption?

In English, I might say something like "You must be sad" to someone whose friend had died, which means something more like "I assume you are sad", rather than "You have to be sad". Does the same work ...
3
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2answers
466 views

Explain the difference between “sollen” and “müssen” to a native Belarusian

I have a friend from Belarus with whom I speak German. However, she always mixes up sollen and müssen and says things like Ich soll das prüfen. instead of Ich muss das prüfen. Is there a ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “könne” und “konnte”?

Is there any difference between the sentences below? Sie denkt, sie könne schwimmen. Sie denkt, sie konnte schwimmen. If there is, what is it?
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2answers
3k views

»mit nach Hause nehmen« – grammatikalische Analyse

Als Muttersprachler habe ich kein Problem mit dem Satz Das will ich mit nach Hause nehmen. Eine Bekannte, die Deutsch lernt, hat mich nun gefragt, warum dieser Satz richtig ist, und nicht etwa ...
8
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2answers
1k views

When can the second verb be omitted when there is a modal verb?

It came to my attention in this question that I had an incorrect notion that the second verb could always be omitted when the sentence had a modal verb. For example: Ich will nach Hause. Ich muss ...
2
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2answers
495 views

Past participle of modal verbs [duplicate]

I have a question about this sentence: Der Rasenmäher ist kaputtgegangen, darum habe ich den Rasen nicht mähen können. Is the verb form können right? I think it is supposed to be gekonnt.
4
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1answer
201 views

When does one use the past participle of modal verbs?

I recently learned that the perfect form for modal verbs uses the infinitive rather than the past participle, for example: Ich habe lernen müssen. My question is when does one use the past ...
6
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2answers
473 views

machen sollen werden soll?

Obwohl ich ein deutscher Muttersprachler bin, habe ich mit der Formulierung von Pflichten, die erst in der Zukunft entstehen, manchmal Probleme. Ein ganz konkretes Beispiel: Eine Kundin möchte, dass ...
5
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2answers
109 views

Tensed verb preceding infinitive verb in modal relative clauses?

In the recent Ohrwurm "Geiles Leben" by Glasperlenspiel, the following verses can be heard (at 0:24): Was du heute kannst besorgen Das schiebst du ganz entspannt auf morgen (cf. songtexte....
5
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2answers
119 views

»aufweichen« vs. »aufweichen lassen«

Gibt es einen prinzipiellen Unterschied zwischen: aufweichen und aufweichen lassen; auftauen und auftauen lassen. (Es geht mir dabei um den Einfluss von lassen und nicht um den Unterschied zwischen ...
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2answers
3k views

wollen + Passiv

Zum Beispiel: Mein Kreditkonto will aus meinem Giro kompensiert werden. Was ich damit sagen will: Eine Absicht, das Giro aus dem Kredit zu kompensieren existiert, aber ich habe das Subjekt dieser ...
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0answers
130 views

Which verbs use the Präteritum in spoken language(Northern Germany)? [duplicate]

I would like to know which verbs(besides sein, haben, and the modals) are commonly spoken in the Präteritum in Northern Germany, specifically Berlin(state). This question was answered partially here ...
3
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2answers
154 views

Stative passive with ‘vertreten’

I read this sentence: Auf der Hochzeit war jedes Alter vertreten. This seemed odd to me, because I would have said wurde vertreten instead. A German-speaking friend said that wurde would sound ...
2
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2answers
6k views

Using modal verbs with the Perfekt tense

How do I use a modal verb (e.g. sollen) in the perfect tense? As the perfect tense already changes the word order, does the modal push the haben/sein to the back of the sentence? i.e. Ich solle es ...
5
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1answer
199 views

Idiomatic usage of “müssen”

I’m watching “Deutschland 83”, and one of the characters said “Du musst geh nach Berlin”, which confused me because I had always learned that modal verbs always kicked the second verb to the end of ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Modal and separable verb [closed]

Suppose I am building a modal sentence with a separable/trenbare verb. Does the verb at the end of the sentence still get separated ? Is it "Ich muss gehen zurück" Or "Ich muss zurückgehen" ?
2
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1answer
1k views

How do we say “The house must have already been bought! We should have come earlier.” in German?

In English, we often use the ‘must + have + p.p’ to draw a conclusion about a particular situation we are witnessing. For instance, arriving at the gate of an house which has been on sale for a while, ...
2
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1answer
790 views

What is the word order for a sentence with with Modal Verbs in Futur II (Future Perfect)? [closed]

I am trying to summarise word order in sentences of different tenses and moods using the following table: +-----------------+-----------+--------+--------------+---------------+-----------+ | ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Difference between “etwas zu trinken” and “etwas trinken”

I would like to know the difference between the following two sentences: Ich möchte etwas zu trinken. Ich möchte etwas trinken.
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2answers
563 views

Do I have to state “am Wochenende” in my answer?

So if I am asked the question: Was sollen Sie am Wochenende alles tun? I respond with: Ich soll schwimmen gehen. Where can I put Wochenende in my answer, or don't I need to?
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1answer
677 views

“I can speak three languages” [closed]

I want to say the following in German: I can speak three languages. I am wondering if what I came up with is correct: Ich kann drei Sprachen sprechen.
2
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2answers
210 views

Ungewöhnliche Kombination der Perfekt-Form und der Modalverben

This question also has an answer here (in German): Different meanings / usages of Konjunktiv II in combination with the past form Was ich gelernt habe: Modalverbe gehen nicht mit Perfekt. Ein ...
2
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3answers
800 views

How to answer the following question “Was mögen Sie alles nicht?”

The question is basically saying what you never like to do, right? So, I will answer Ich mag nicht so viel fernsehen. I basically want to say I don't like watching a lot of TV. Are the position ...
1
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3answers
370 views

How “So was brauchst du dem Herrn doch nicht zu erzählen” means what it means

In Camus's The Stranger, there is a passage in which the caretaker of the nursing home compares, for the benefit of the bereaved young Meursault, how long a body may be left above ground in the hot ...
4
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3answers
806 views

Simple past vs. Subjunctive of 'sollen' and 'wollen'?

I'm having difficulties working out how you would identify the meaning of a sentence such as: Manni sollte die Tasche nicht vergessen Is that the indicative simple past for "Manni was not supposed ...
6
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1answer
182 views

why have they used “müssen” instead of “sollen” here?

I've read through this post on the differences between müssen and sollen: Difference between “sollen” and “müssen” I was trying to decide how to say "you should have told him" (e.g. that jumping ...
1
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1answer
172 views

How do you go from “wollen” in Konjunktiv II in indirect speech to direct speech?

Consider the use of wollen in these passages. A: Da erzählte er [der Königssohn] ihr, er wäre von einer bösen Hexe verwünscht worden, und niemand hätte ihn aus dem Brunnen erlösen können als sie ...
1
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2answers
377 views

Can you use “wollen” in Konjunktiv II simply to mean what will happen (no volition)?

In Der Gevatter Tod, Death instructs his godson, the doctor, to say certain things when making a call, as follows. Wenn du [der Arzt] zu einem Kranken gerufen wirst, so will ich [der Gevatter Tod] ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Does “wollen” ever function like English “will” to signal a future event (no volition)

Question Does "wollen" ever function like English "will" (or "be going to" if in the past tense) to signal a future event without any element of volition? Question Explained I came to have the ...
4
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1answer
895 views

The position of a modal verb when not adjacent to the finite verb

Are these grammatically well formed German sentences? A: Er wird{0}* es erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. B: Sie sagt, dass er es werde{0} erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. (*Bracketed numbers ...
3
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2answers
194 views

Perfect + modal verb + list – how do I expand this?

The question is on the highlighted verb in this quote from Rotkäppchen. Es wird auch erzählt, dass einmal, als Rotkäppchen der alten Grossmutter wieder Gebackenes brachte, ein anderer Wolf es ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Is “lassen” a modal verb?

In a lot of sentences lassen has the same grammar structure of modal verbs for example: Kundenanfragen lassen sich schneller und effizienter bearbeiten. If it’s a modal verb, when should we use it ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
19
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2answers
677 views

Is putting an adverbial after the non-finite verb okay?

Roman muss zurückfahren nach Basel. Blinder Passagier, Andrea Maria Wagner Aren’t verbs combined with modal verbs supposed to be placed at the very end of the clause? I would have said Roman muss ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Konjunktiv 2 mit Modalverben

Haben die zwei folgende Sätze die gleiche Bedeutung? Wenn Mark den Bus nicht verpasst hätte, hätte er nicht den ganzen Weg laufen müssen. Wenn Mark den Bus nicht verpasst hätte, müsste er ...
0
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1answer
163 views

Wortreihenfolge im Perfekt von Modalverben

Ist es korrekt zu sagen Ich habe gewollt das zu lernen. (vielleicht ohne zu?) Ich ahne, dass es seltsam klingt, auch wenn es korrekt ist. Aber ist es korrekt oder muss man sagen: Ich habe das ...
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2answers
460 views

“hat arbeitet müssen” or “hat arbeiten müssen”?

He claims that he [had to]/[has had to] work on this book for 3 years. 1) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre hat arbeitet müssen. 2) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre ...
1
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2answers
210 views

Modal verb used for probability in german

"Mag er mich?" is translated as " Does he like me?" My question is does "Mögen" is used also for probability... so my sentence about it I am confused "May she missunderstand me by that? " is ...
8
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1answer
524 views

Different meanings / usages of Konjunktiv II in combination with the past form

This question also has an answer here (in German): Ungewöhnliche Kombination der Perfekt-Form und der Modalverben I am having difficulties of grasping the different usages of Konjunkitiv II in ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Which is the conjugated form for “müssen” in the present tense? Is it “ich muss” or “ich muß”?

I learned it from my German teacher as muß. But I'm reading a lot of notes on the Internet that say it's muss and others that it's muß. Has there been an official change in the German language ...