Questions tagged [noun]

Nomen – Questions on the grammar and usage of nouns IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific nouns.

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Es gibt Verspätung vs Es gibt eine Verspätung

I know that in German, unlike English, Verspätung (delay) is a quantifiable noun, meaning that the following sentence is grammatically incorrect: "Der Zug hat eine Verspätung" Instead, the ...
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3 votes
3 answers
158 views

How does one use a noun from a verb?

While translating a story, I came upon this sentence: "Will you help me catch the troll?" she asked. I translated it as: »Helfen Sie mir zum Fangen den Troll?« fragte sie. But 2 native ...
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3 votes
1 answer
129 views

How to tell the accusative and dative singular declensions of a masculine noun given the genitive singular declension?

So, I'm trying to create a flashcard list of nouns, and for each entry I want to have all the possible information about that noun. Since this is what most dictionaries do, I figured I would add: The ...
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3 votes
2 answers
288 views

Converting a noun into adjective

I learned of two similar meaning words: Umgebung (fem, noun): Surroundings (Source) umgebend (adj): Surrounding source Are there any relation between these two words? Similar to how we can turn ...
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0 votes
3 answers
92 views

"ist (passiv) erreichbar" zu "Erreichbarkeit" wie "kann (aktiv) erreichen" zu "???"

Ich suche ein Wort xyz (ein Nomen), das sich zu erreichend (im Sinne von A erreicht (aktiv) B und im Sinne von A kann einen Weg hin zu B zurücklegen) verhält wie Erreichbarkeit zu erreichbar. So etwas ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
143 views

Why are foot and feet both "Fuss" in German? [closed]

Foot is singular, feet is plural. Why does Google translator fail to distinguish the difference and return "Fuss" for both?
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0 votes
2 answers
110 views

Can "Abgewöhnen" be used with a noun not derived from a verb?

Is the following sentence correct (could you please suggest a better alternative): Ich will mir die Backwaren abgewöhnen. or Ich will mir die Gewohnheit des Essens von Backwaren abgewöhnen.
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0 votes
0 answers
83 views

Is "Fünfzigerjahremusik" a Determinativkompositum?

I am unsure about the correct spelling of "Fünfzigerjahremusik" - does this word fall under the category of Determinativkompositum? Or would you rather spell it as "Fünfzigerjahre-Musik&...
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-4 votes
2 answers
157 views

„Sprechein oder ausgabe”

Angenommen, man möchte „Sprecheingabe oder Sprechausgabe“ zu „Sprechein oder ausgabe“ abkürzen. Wohin setzt man in „Sprechein oder ausgabe“ die Bindestriche und welche Buchstaben schreibt man darin ...
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12 votes
2 answers
312 views

Hyperpluralfolgen

On page 77 in Topologische Differentialalgebra by U. Gebhardt et al. which I found on MathOverflow, there is this exercise that asks the reader to find sequences of consecutive singular/plural pairs: ...
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1 answer
197 views

Meaning of the word "Altleichen" [closed]

What does the word „Altleichen“ mean? It was used as „Es ist schon Altleichen“. Is it used in positive or negative way (considering the word Leichen)?
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1 vote
2 answers
63 views

Nebensatz zu einer "Nominalgruppe"

Man kann sagen bezüglich der erforderlichen Mittel, die für den Neubau aufzubringen sind Kann man auch entsprechend sagen bezüglich der für den Neubau erforderlich aufzubringenden Mittel ...
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3 votes
1 answer
127 views

Was ist korrekt: "Der Haken schlagende Hase" oder "Der hakenschlagende Hase"

Finde bei der Suche keine klare Antwort bzw. unterschiedliche Verwendungsweisen
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-1 votes
1 answer
105 views

List of non-compound nouns by frequency

I am looking for a list of non-compound nouns by frequency (e.g. Haustür would not be there, but its occurrences will be included in the count of Tür). DeReWo does not provide this distinction as far ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Are there any German nouns that change morphologically with declension apart from the genitive "+s"? [closed]

Most of the time German nouns remain the same in declension apart from the genitive exception of "+s". But are there any other exceptions? I'm thinking of something that would look like Volk ...
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  • 599
1 vote
1 answer
134 views

German uses a singular noun whereas english uses plural noun

Reading Hammer's grammar and usage 4th edition, Page 30. It's says that german uses a singular noun if more than one person is mentioned in the sense of items of clothing or parts of the body. Hammer ...
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  • 577
2 votes
2 answers
242 views

No umlaut in some plural nouns

Some masculine and neuter nouns don’t umlaut the last vowel in the stem of the word in the plural when it would be possible. What’s the historical reason for this?
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  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
101 views

Nomen-Nomen-Konstruktionen

Wann können im Deutschen zwei Nomen/Substantive hintereinander stehen? Ich meine: durch die Satzstellung ("Hier können alle Hunde Spielzeug bekommen") durch Genitivkonstruktionen ("...
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-4 votes
2 answers
234 views

Ausdruckqualität oder Ausdrucksqualität im Sinne der Qualität eines von einem Drucker hergestellten Dokuments

Bei schlechter Ausdruckqualität sind die kleinen zentrierten Punkte · (U+00B7) womöglich nicht lesbar. Oder bei schlechter Ausdrucksqualität? Es geht hier also um die Güte der Ausgabe eines Printers,...
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2 votes
2 answers
217 views

When to use Spielzeug vs. Spielzeuge, plurals with other -zeug words

DeepL gives Ich gebe meinen Kindern Spielzeug. as a possible translation of "I'm giving toys to my children." This seems odd though since "toys: is plural in English but the translation ...
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3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is the word "Unterlagen" masculine or feminine?

I am studying german online via youtube, and in a lecture video about basic sentences, there were 2 sentences that baffled me based on my novice german grammar knowledge. Das sind Unterlagen. These ...
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  • 425
-1 votes
1 answer
175 views

What are "Lamellenspiesse"? [closed]

This meat product on a stick is called "Lamellspiess". What type of meat is it, and what is the English translation?
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3 votes
2 answers
291 views

What type of declension is used for the nouns `Deutsche` and `Verwandte`?

When it comes to declension of nouns, plentiful references are available for the following two categories: strongly declined nouns (append -(e)s for masculine and neutral singular genitive, -n for ...
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  • 133
0 votes
3 answers
116 views

Declension class for 'sprachbund'

I am only beginning to learn the German language and when encountering the word 'sprachbund' which means 'language alliance', I do not know which type of substantiv it belongs to (accusative, dative, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Das Geschlecht der Wörter, die mit "Ge-" beginnen [duplicate]

Ich sehe, dass die meisten Wörter, die mit `Ge' beginnen, neutral sind, aber es gibt einige von ihnen wie Gefahr, die weiblich sind. Gibt es eine Regel oder ist es eine Ausnahme?
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3 votes
3 answers
439 views

gemischtes Geschlecht Mitbewohner

John ist mein Mitbewohner. Anna ist meine Mitbewohnerin. John und Jason sind meine Mitbewohner (?) John und Anna sind ??? Können Sie mir mit dem fehlenden Wort oder mit Korrekturen helfen?
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  • 63
3 votes
1 answer
82 views

Class of words including Gehörtes, Gesehenes, Gesprochenes

I recently came across the following sentence: Gehörtes oder Gelesenes kann man mit der direkten oder der indirekten Rede wiedergeben. The words Gehörtes and Gelesenes were new to me and after ...
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2 votes
2 answers
146 views

Meaning of "Apfelgrütz"

In dem berühmten Märchen Schneewittchen in der Fassung der Gebrüder Grimm (die es Sneewittchen nennen), wird die Szene, in der Schneewittchen schließlich aus ihrem todesgleichen Zustand erwacht, wie ...
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0 votes
1 answer
155 views

Parallel als Nomen oder Adjektiv

ich wollte einen Satz schreiben, aber kam ein Problem. Normalerweise schreibt man „die Widerstände sind in Reihe" aber „die Widerstände sind in parallel" Reihe ist ein Nomen, weil parallel ...
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11 votes
7 answers
3k views

Noun for a female bird?

When a teacher is a man, we call him "ein Lehrer", and when it is woman, we call her "eine Lehrerin". In German, "Vogel" is a masculine noun. When the bird is a female ...
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2 votes
2 answers
86 views

Add verb to the noun and create a new noun

Can we in German add the infinitive of a verb to the end of any noun and create new noun? I searched in a dictionary for examples. Some of the words I checked do exist, but some of them do not. I want ...
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Haar vs Haare. A different slant on a well-worn question

The question of whether to use das Haar or die Haare has been asked several times on this group, with a variety of different and informative answers. Here I want to ask about something that might be ...
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  • 1,407
0 votes
2 answers
76 views

Nominalisierung von "abhärten sich" zu Person

Wie wird eine Person genannt, die Abhärtung praktiziert? EDIT: Ich meine kaltes Wasser.
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  • 321
3 votes
2 answers
285 views

Bedarf vs das Bedürfnis vs die Anforderung

I want to write as: One should buy as per the needs. (Here, by needs I mean useful and necessary things for personal, family, house or office things) Man sollte nur nach Bedarf kaufen. Is the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
74 views

Is there a rule for what the plural of a noun will be based on the noun?

Perhaps this is a very naive question — and it certainly seems to me to be, but I’ve found German to be a very rule-based, orderly language in many regards, so I just thought I’d make sure — but is ...
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3 votes
1 answer
116 views

Is there a grammatical term to refer to different German nouns with the same spelling but different genders?

Is there a grammatical term (in either German or English) to refer to different German nouns with the same spelling but different genders? In particular, I am referring to items on this list such as ...
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5 votes
1 answer
208 views

Instanziieren vs. instanzieren

Why has the German instanziieren two "i" in the word? To instantiate sth is the process of creating or deriving an object or instance from a template or a class. You often encounter this ...
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6 votes
1 answer
193 views

Der oder Die 50 Prozent Rabatt?

Wie heißt es richtig? Der 50 Prozent Rabatt gilt nur im Zeitraum von... Die 50 Prozent Rabatt gelten nur im Zeitraum von...
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2 votes
1 answer
83 views

Wann ist "Berufs-" und wann "beruflich" zu verwenden?

Wie kann man erkennen, ohne in einem Wörterbuch zu checken, ob es z.B. berufliche Erfahrung oder Berufserfahrung heißt? Das gleiche gilt für: Dreh- vs. drehbar Industrie- vs. industriell Allein- vs....
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  • 385
3 votes
3 answers
564 views

Difference between Süd and Süden

What exactly is the difference between Süd and Süden, and when should one or other be used? Which is correct: "Ich komme aus dem Süd" or "Ich komme aus dem Süden"? And how exactly would you ...
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3 votes
3 answers
169 views

im Haus, in Berlin, im Duden

There are three sentences. Here is the first one: Laura ist in dem Haus. (Laura ist im Haus.) Das Haus has a neuter grammatical gender, dative case is used, so it is im. That is the rule. ...
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  • 132
-1 votes
1 answer
147 views

Gender logic, if any

I'm a native speaker of Portuguese, know some English and have been studying German. I'm trying to understand the way the gender were assigned to nouns. I thought of this hypothetical situation: a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
181 views

Schreibrecht vs. Schreiberecht

Jahrelang schreiben Computernetnutzer freudig und glücklich „Schreibrecht“. Beispiel: Schreiben – der User kann die Datei modifizieren. Das Schreibrecht für ein Verzeichnis bedeutet, dass der ...
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1 vote
1 answer
81 views

masculine/neuter nouns in genitive singular

Die Farbe des Bus(ses) ist blau. From what I know either "s" or "es" is added at the end of a masculine/neuter noun in singular form in genitive. This seems to be a special case. Do you happen to ...
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  • 429
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

German nouns' precise form of writing [closed]

Where can I find German dictionary which write words (nouns) with article and plural in this form — das Abitur, -e
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11 votes
2 answers
260 views

Beispielnummer oder Beispielsnummer?

Im Netz steht beides (und da steht vieles). Der Kontext (aus dem Redakteuralltag) lautet wie folgt. Haupttext: Wie man leicht anhand des Beispiels 1.2.3.4 sieht, sind Krokodile unten lang und oben ...
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19 votes
5 answers
3k views

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

Do you know any example of German noun that is Feminine Ends on ung Is not the result of taking the word stem of a verb and adding the suffix ung Or can you prove that such a word does not exist? ...
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  • 332
1 vote
1 answer
187 views

list of attributes necessary to learn when learning a new noun in German

What are all the attributes necessary to remember, when learning a new noun in German? Here is my idea of it: its grammatical gender whether it is an adjectival noun or not its plural form ending in ...
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  • 132
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Inconsistent/stylistic genitive noun inflection

I understand that the genitive inflection of 'das Institut' may be either 'des Instituts' or 'des Institutes'. I have found an article where both forms are used, and I'd like to understand why they ...
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0 votes
1 answer
140 views

der/die/das Titan

I am thinking about three different meanings of the word Titan: a moon of Saturn a chemical element a God/Goddess in the Greek mythology (maybe these exist only in the plural form) What are the ...
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