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Questions tagged [nouns]

Nomen – Questions on the grammar and usage of nouns IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific nouns.

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26
votes
13answers
9k views

How do Germans refer to people without caring about the gender

In German, a noun always has its own gender. However, there is a case I don't know. Suppose that there is a class with many students, both males and females, and then when I want to refer to all ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Nebensatz zu einer "Nominalgruppe"

Man kann sagen bezüglich der erforderlichen Mittel, die für den Neubau aufzubringen sind Kann man auch entsprechend sagen bezüglich der für den Neubau erforderlich aufzubringenden Mittel ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Was ist korrekt: "Der Haken schlagende Hase" oder "Der hakenschlagende Hase"

Finde bei der Suche keine klare Antwort bzw. unterschiedliche Verwendungsweisen
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

List of non-compound nouns by frequency

I am looking for a list of non-compound nouns by frequency (e.g. Haustür would not be there, but its occurrences will be included in the count of Tür). DeReWo does not provide this distinction as far ...
-2
votes
1answer
137 views

Are there any German nouns that change morphologically with declension apart from the genitive "+s"? [closed]

Most of the time German nouns remain the same in declension apart from the genitive exception of "+s". But are there any other exceptions? I'm thinking of something that would look like Volk ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

German uses a singular noun whereas english uses plural noun

Reading Hammer's grammar and usage 4th edition, Page 30. It's says that german uses a singular noun if more than one person is mentioned in the sense of items of clothing or parts of the body. Hammer ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

No umlaut in some plural nouns

Some masculine and neuter nouns don’t umlaut the last vowel in the stem of the word in the plural when it would be possible. What’s the historical reason for this?
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Nomen-Nomen-Konstruktionen

Wann können im Deutschen zwei Nomen/Substantive hintereinander stehen? Ich meine: durch die Satzstellung ("Hier können alle Hunde Spielzeug bekommen") durch Genitivkonstruktionen ("...
-4
votes
2answers
213 views

Ausdruckqualität oder Ausdrucksqualität im Sinne der Qualität eines von einem Drucker hergestellten Dokuments

Bei schlechter Ausdruckqualität sind die kleinen zentrierten Punkte · (U+00B7) womöglich nicht lesbar. Oder bei schlechter Ausdrucksqualität? Es geht hier also um die Güte der Ausgabe eines Printers,...
21
votes
4answers
11k views

Groß- und Kleinschreibung und Bindestrich bei Substantiv-Adjektiv-Zusammensetzungen (Adjektivierungen)

Werden zwei Substantive mit Bindestrich zusammengefügt, wie z. B. im Druck-Erzeugnis, werden beide großgeschrieben. Bei zwei Adjektiven, wie z. B. das deutsch-französische Wörterbuch, werden beide ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

When to use Spielzeug vs. Spielzeuge, plurals with other -zeug words

DeepL gives Ich gebe meinen Kindern Spielzeug. as a possible translation of "I'm giving toys to my children." This seems odd though since "toys: is plural in English but the translation ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the word "Unterlagen" masculine or feminine?

I am studying german online via youtube, and in a lecture video about basic sentences, there were 2 sentences that baffled me based on my novice german grammar knowledge. Das sind Unterlagen. These ...
-1
votes
1answer
159 views

What are "Lamellenspiesse"? [closed]

This meat product on a stick is called "Lamellspiess". What type of meat is it, and what is the English translation?
20
votes
6answers
64k views

List of 1000+ (most common) German nouns with plural form

Has anyone managed to find a list of this kind in a tabular form, possibly with articles? Something like this would be ideal: ---------------------------- das Kind | die Kinder | der Hund | ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

What type of declension is used for the nouns `Deutsche` and `Verwandte`?

When it comes to declension of nouns, plentiful references are available for the following two categories: strongly declined nouns (append -(e)s for masculine and neutral singular genitive, -n for ...
0
votes
3answers
105 views

Declension class for 'sprachbund'

I am only beginning to learn the German language and when encountering the word 'sprachbund' which means 'language alliance', I do not know which type of substantiv it belongs to (accusative, dative, ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Das Geschlecht der Wörter, die mit "Ge-" beginnen [duplicate]

Ich sehe, dass die meisten Wörter, die mit `Ge' beginnen, neutral sind, aber es gibt einige von ihnen wie Gefahr, die weiblich sind. Gibt es eine Regel oder ist es eine Ausnahme?
2
votes
3answers
237 views

gemischtes Geschlecht Mitbewohner

John ist mein Mitbewohner. Anna ist meine Mitbewohnerin. John and Jason sind meine Mitbewohner (?) John und Anna sind ??? Können Sie mir mit dem fehlenden Wort oder mit Korrekturen helfen?
-1
votes
2answers
395 views

Why does German use definite articles before nouns whereas in English, there wouldn't be?

I've noticed from titles of songs and poems, a definite article is used such as: 'An die Hoffnung' 'An die Freude' 'An die Musik' A few websites give examples of the use of definite ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Class of words including Gehörtes, Gesehenes, Gesprochenes

I recently came across the following sentence: Gehörtes oder Gelesenes kann man mit der direkten oder der indirekten Rede wiedergeben. The words Gehörtes and Gelesenes were new to me and after ...
172
votes
25answers
41k views

How can I better learn noun genders?

One of the things that I really liked about German, as I was studying it in college, was the very orderly grammar, which actually helped me to understand my native English better. As a non-native ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Meaning of "Apfelgrütz"

In dem berühmten Märchen Schneewittchen in der Fassung der Gebrüder Grimm (die es Sneewittchen nennen), wird die Szene, in der Schneewittchen schließlich aus ihrem todesgleichen Zustand erwacht, wie ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Parallel als Nomen oder Adjektiv

ich wollte einen Satz schreiben, aber kam ein Problem. Normalerweise schreibt man „die Widerstände sind in Reihe" aber „die Widerstände sind in parallel" Reihe ist ein Nomen, weil parallel ...
11
votes
7answers
3k views

Noun for a female bird?

When a teacher is a man, we call him "ein Lehrer", and when it is woman, we call her "eine Lehrerin". In German, "Vogel" is a masculine noun. When the bird is a female ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Add verb to the noun and create a new noun

Can we in German add the infinitive of a verb to the end of any noun and create new noun? I searched in a dictionary for examples. Some of the words I checked do exist, but some of them do not. I want ...
8
votes
2answers
982 views

Haar vs Haare. A different slant on a well-worn question

The question of whether to use das Haar or die Haare has been asked several times on this group, with a variety of different and informative answers. Here I want to ask about something that might be ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Nominalisierung von "abhärten sich" zu Person

Wie wird eine Person genannt, die Abhärtung praktiziert? EDIT: Ich meine kaltes Wasser.
14
votes
2answers
4k views

When, if at all, should I add an e to the end of a noun in the dative case?

In the past, when a noun was in the Dativ case, one would add an e at the end of the noun. This would be an example: Das habe ich zu dem Kinde gesagt. This is obviously not the case anymore, and the ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

Bedarf vs das Bedürfnis vs die Anforderung

I want to write as: One should buy as per the needs. (Here, by needs I mean useful and necessary things for personal, family, house or office things) Man sollte nur nach Bedarf kaufen. Is the ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Is there a rule for what the plural of a noun will be based on the noun?

Perhaps this is a very naive question — and it certainly seems to me to be, but I’ve found German to be a very rule-based, orderly language in many regards, so I just thought I’d make sure — but is ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Is there a grammatical term to refer to different German nouns with the same spelling but different genders?

Is there a grammatical term (in either German or English) to refer to different German nouns with the same spelling but different genders? In particular, I am referring to items on this list such as ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Instanziieren vs. instanzieren

Why has the German instanziieren two "i" in the word? To instantiate sth is the process of creating or deriving an object or instance from a template or a class. You often encounter this ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

Der oder Die 50 Prozent Rabatt?

Wie heißt es richtig? Der 50 Prozent Rabatt gilt nur im Zeitraum von... Die 50 Prozent Rabatt gelten nur im Zeitraum von...
8
votes
5answers
8k views

Unterschied zwischen "Klamotten" und "Kleider"?

Mein Lehrer sagte, dass Klamotten ein anderes Wort für Kleider ist - aber gibt es einen Unterschied? Wann kann ich das Wort Klamotten benutzen, aber nicht Kleider? Beispiele für Klamotten und Kleider ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Wann ist "Berufs-" und wann "beruflich" zu verwenden?

Wie kann man erkennen, ohne in einem Wörterbuch zu checken, ob es z.B. berufliche Erfahrung oder Berufserfahrung heißt? Das gleiche gilt für: Dreh- vs. drehbar Industrie- vs. industriell Allein- vs....
3
votes
3answers
404 views

Difference between Süd and Süden

What exactly is the difference between Süd and Süden, and when should one or other be used? Which is correct: "Ich komme aus dem Süd" or "Ich komme aus dem Süden"? And how exactly would you ...
3
votes
3answers
166 views

im Haus, in Berlin, im Duden

There are three sentences. Here is the first one: Laura ist in dem Haus. (Laura ist im Haus.) Das Haus has a neuter grammatical gender, dative case is used, so it is im. That is the rule. ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

list of attributes necessary to learn when learning a new noun in German

What are all the attributes necessary to remember, when learning a new noun in German? Here is my idea of it: its grammatical gender whether it is an adjectival noun or not its plural form ending in ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Schreibrecht vs. Schreiberecht

Jahrelang schreiben Computernetnutzer freudig und glücklich „Schreibrecht“. Beispiel: Schreiben – der User kann die Datei modifizieren. Das Schreibrecht für ein Verzeichnis bedeutet, dass der ...
-1
votes
1answer
133 views

Gender logic, if any

I'm a native speaker of Portuguese, know some English and have been studying German. I'm trying to understand the way the gender were assigned to nouns. I thought of this hypothetical situation: a ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there any German nouns that do not have a gender?

Today I came across a German noun that does not seem to have a gender. That’s the word Jura translated as law. Usage example: In Syrien hat sie Jura und Inneneinrichtung studiert. Are there any (...
4
votes
2answers
216 views

Wann müssen Nomen zusammengeschrieben werden?

Ich habe gelernt, dass ich auf Deutsch immer mehrere Nomen zusammenschreiben kann. Ich gebe das Beispiel Firmaprojekten: Der Mitarbeiter war für mehrere Firmaprojekte verantwortlich. Meine ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

masculine/neuter nouns in genitive singular

Die Farbe des Bus(ses) ist blau. From what I know either "s" or "es" is added at the end of a masculine/neuter noun in singular form in genitive. This seems to be a special case. Do you happen to ...
11
votes
2answers
236 views

Beispielnummer oder Beispielsnummer?

Im Netz steht beides (und da steht vieles). Der Kontext (aus dem Redakteuralltag) lautet wie folgt. Haupttext: Wie man leicht anhand des Beispiels 1.2.3.4 sieht, sind Krokodile unten lang und oben ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

German nouns' precise form of writing [closed]

Where can I find German dictionary which write words (nouns) with article and plural in this form — das Abitur, -e
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

Do you know any example of German noun that is Feminine Ends on ung Is not the result of taking the word stem of a verb and adding the suffix ung Or can you prove that such a word does not exist? ...
7
votes
2answers
277 views

Warum kriegt z.B. "Student" die Endung "-en" in dem casus obliquus?

der Student, des Studenten Woher kommt die Endung -en bei Wörtern für Personssubstantive lateinischen und griechischen Ursprungs (oder ist das nicht die Regel)? Es geht mir also nicht um die Endung -...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Inconsistent/stylistic genitive noun inflection

I understand that the genitive inflection of 'das Institut' may be either 'des Instituts' or 'des Institutes'. I have found an article where both forms are used, and I'd like to understand why they ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

der/die/das Titan

I am thinking about three different meanings of the word Titan: a moon of Saturn a chemical element a God/Goddess in the Greek mythology (maybe these exist only in the plural form) What are the ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

Deklination von „Variable“

Laut 8. Auflage von Duden 9 kann das Wort „Variable“ sowohl wie ein substantiviertes Adjektiv (Nominativ Plural: „zwei Variable“, siehe http://www.canoonet.eu/services/Controller?dispatch=inflection&...

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