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Questions tagged [personal-pronouns]

Personalpronomen – Questions about pronouns for the grammatical persons, i.e., “ich”, “du”, “er”, “sie”, “es”, “wir”, “ihr”, and “Sie” (and their inflections)

3
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1answer
89 views

Pronomen bei “etwas bei sich haben”

Ich verstehe folgenden Sachverhalt nicht. Folgende Sätze sind m.E. richtig: Ich habe Schokolade bei mir. Du hast Schokolade bei dir. Er/sie hat Schokolade bei sich. Das fett markierte ...
6
votes
4answers
178 views

Wird es höflich, fremde, ältere Erwachsene zu duzen, auch in professionellem Umfeld?

In der deutschen Sprache gibt es neben der familiären Anrede »du« die höfliche Form »Sie«. Diese Antwort von 2011 erläutert den Gebrauch nach meinem Sprachgefühl sehr treffend. Ich (Mitte 30) bin in ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Hat dir der Film gefallen? oder Hat du der Film gefallen? [duplicate]

I know first one is true but I do not understand why? Can anyone explain? thanks in advance.
4
votes
3answers
277 views

Ist “Es weiß ich” gutes Deutsch?

I know Das weiß ich works And also Ich weiß es So what is the reason you can't start the sentence with the pronoun "es"?
11
votes
2answers
603 views

“für dich” or “dir”?

Would you say, for example, Bin ich dir zu laut? or Bin ich zu laut für dich? Relatedly, how do you know to use accusive vs. dative when it English it´s unclear such as 'That´s too late for ...
7
votes
1answer
96 views

“einschließlich” + Personalpronomen = welcher Fall?

Ich möchte den folgenden Satzteil Viele von uns, auch ich, sind ... unter Verwendung von "einschließlich" umformulieren: Viele von uns, einschließlich ___ selbst, sind ... Nun ist "...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Nouns in sentences [closed]

Which of the following ways is the right way to write this sentence?: Die offene Küche ist sehr geräumig und modern, obwohl sie unordentlich ist. OR Die offene Küche ist sehr geräumig und ...
20
votes
8answers
5k views

Is “Schmeckt es Sie?” correct?

Yesterday I was in a restaurant in Bonn, and the waiter (who sounded and looked local) asked me: Schmeckt es Sie? I only heard it with “Ihnen” before. Is it a local thing, did he just misspoke, or ...
24
votes
7answers
9k views

Why do Netflix German subtitles always make use of formal pronouns?

I am watching a lot of American and English movies on Netflix with the original sound and German subtitles. I've noticed that in the subtitles, when two people are talking, the formal pronouns are ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

when to use 'es' as pronoun?

See using 'es' for subjective masculine pronoun. I know we use for masculine 'er' or 'der' for neuter : 'es' or 'das' for female : 'sie' or 'die' Example) A : Passt Ihnen die Hose? B : Ja, ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

using 'es' for subjective masculine pronoun

A : Ist dein Tisch neu? B : (1) Ja, er ist neu. (2) Ja, es ist neu. (3) Ja, der ist neu. Tisch is masculine. So I know B-(1) is correct. But can we say B-(2) also? I think 'es' is for ...
3
votes
3answers
170 views

Why is “mit seinem” and not “sein” used?

I want to understand why mit seinem is used instead of just sein in the following example: English: He is starting his German course. German: Er fängt mit seinem Deutschkurs an.
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Was bedeutet “es” in “Was bedeutet es ?” [duplicate]

Diese Konstruktion taucht sehr oft auf in der deutschen Sprache, so wie :"Was bedeutet es für euch evangelisch zu sein ?" oder "Was bedeutet es für einen Personaldienstleister zu arbeiten?" Es gibt 3 ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Can “sie” be used as “it/this” in some cases?

I recently saw "Yes, it's working well." translated as "Ja, sie funktioniert gut.". Is this a correct translation? As far as I know, "sie" means "she" or "them", but not "it". So it looks as if it's ...
2
votes
3answers
189 views

'Die Benutztere'. What is this? Does it really exist?

I was trying to translate my English documentation into my own, wonderfully terrible, German when I noticed that this sentence: Der Benutzter muss nur einige Informationen über ... geben was being ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why the dative pronoun in “Ich wasche mir die Hände”?

I wanted to say "I am washing my hands" in German, so I looked it up on Google Translate, which gave me this in return. Ich wasche mir die Hände. This sentence makes total sense to me, except for ...
3
votes
4answers
182 views

(Es/Sie) sind starke Studenten

I was making my Duolingo course, and I found the following sentences: Es sind starke Studenten. Das sind die starken Katzen. Something here seems off. "The students" is clearly a plural, but ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

“sie” or “die” when referring to “they”

I am looking for a proper way of saying the following in German: Company X told us that they have received the documents. I have been using the following but I tend to think it is not right due to ...
5
votes
4answers
949 views

The correct ways to use Sie in nominative?

I am learning the German personal pronouns in nominative, but there's conflicting information about the formal "Sie". When Norwegians learn German, we go to the Ordnett site. They apperantly claim ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Possessivpronomen. Manchmal nur eine Geschmackssache?

Beispiel Sätze sind wie folgendes; Du hast alles in der Hand vs Du hast alles in deiner Hand Ich bewahre mir diese Bilder im Kopf vs Ich bewahre mir diese Bilder in meinem Kopf Was ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Gibt es einen Algorithmus zur grammatikalischen Analyse für “sie” versus “Sie”?

Ich vertippe mich ständig, dass ich das kleingeschriebene sie statt dem großgeschriebenen Sie verwende. Automatisch Tipps zu geben ist sicher schwer, aber vielleicht gibt es ja schon automatische ...
5
votes
4answers
376 views

Doubt about the gender of personal pronouns

I'm a bit confused about how to use personal pronouns properly. I understand that, if the noun I want to replace refers to a person, I just have to use "er" or "sie" depending on the gender. However, ...
1
vote
2answers
498 views

How to recognise whether it's “haben Sie” (“you”) or “haben sie” (“they”)?

If somebody says Haben sie Deutsch in der Schule gelernt? or Haben Sie Deutsch in der Schule gelernt?. how I can recognise whether it's you or they?
7
votes
5answers
598 views

»Lass mal McDonald's gehen.«

Ich habe heute in der Schule folgenden Satz gehört: Lass mal McDonald’s gehen. Ist der grammatikalisch korrekt? Müsste es nicht eigentlich heißen: Lass uns mal in den McDonald’s gehen.
8
votes
2answers
287 views

Ich/wir im Südtiroler Dialekt

Ich habe gestern im Fernsehen einen Krimi gesehen, der in Südtirol gespielt hat (ORF-Landkrimi Südtirol »Endabrechnung«). Im Film wird Südtiroler Dialekt gesprochen. In einer Szene wird die Hauptfigur,...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

Why the switch from “ihr” to “Sie” in the following speech from Band of Brothers?

Near the end of the TV mini-series Band of Brothers about World War II, a short speech is given by a German general to his subordinates. In the speech, he uses "ihr" and related pronouns "euch" and "...
1
vote
2answers
981 views

Why use “wir” and “uns” together?

Someone asked me the question Können wir uns heute treffen? Why did they use wir and uns together? Is "Können wir heute treffen?" still ok?
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Can we always use “Die” or “Sie” in the case of referring to 3rd person plural pronoun and even demonstrative pronoun? [duplicate]

Can we always use interchangeably "Die" or "Sie" in the case of referring to 3rd person plural either in written language and spoken language? Die haben einfach ihre Fotos auf das Auto geklebt. ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Would nuns address each other with ‘du’ only — even when speaking to their superiors?

I am learning German and I understand the general du versus Sie rules, but I had a question as it pertains to religion. I was watching the German language film Vision — From the life of Hildegard von ...
1
vote
2answers
703 views

»Wie ist« oder »Wie seid Ihr Name«?

Wieso sagt man »Wie ist Ihr Name?« anstatt »Wie seid Ihr Name?« Das Personalpronomen Sie (Höflichkeitsanrede) wird ja mit sind dekliniert. Aber hier wird ist benutzt. Auf welchen grammatischen Regel ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Dative personal pronouns

Quote from a native speaker: Gestern ist mein Pferd in einen neuen Stall gezogen. Und ich habe ihr dabei geholfen. Simple question: why ihr? Given that helfen expects the dative, I expected das ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Wurde mal „uns“ großgeschrieben?

Die Personalpronomen du und euch (zusätzlich zur Respektform Sie) wurden mal großgeschrieben. Wurde mal, auch wenn schon lange her, uns – dessen Anrede auch den Gesprächspartner einschließt – ...
4
votes
2answers
432 views

When can ‘dus’ be used in place of ‘du’?

Here are two usage examples of dus from dictionary.reverso.net: Wenn dus nicht besser machen kannst, dann mach es genauso. → If you can't beat them, join them. Wie hältst dus mit der Religion?...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

How did the polite form “Sie” evolve? [duplicate]

In the German language you address other people politely using the capitalised 3rd person plural personal pronoun "Sie", rather than the 2rd person plural "Ihr". The logic behind the medieval ...
13
votes
1answer
981 views

Why isn't plural ihr used for Formal instead of Sie?

In most of the Indo-European languages that I know of, The T-V distinction applies, that the second plural form (referring to many people, vous, Bы, and you in English) is used in the singular as a ...
22
votes
8answers
3k views

Would a computer use ‘du’ or ‘Sie’ for the user?

Would a computer use du or Sie for the user? Example: “You have unsaved changes.”
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Genitive relative pronoun vs. personal pronoun in this Kafka sentence

The question is on this sentence from Kafka's Der Prozess. »Was wäre denn zu sagen?«, antwortete K., der dessen müde war, die Augen des Fräulein Montag fortwährend auf seine Lippe gerichtet zu ...
11
votes
5answers
7k views

Gender specific pronouns for animals

I have a female dog, and in English I would refer to her as she. Is it common in German to say Hündin instead of Hund, and could I use Hund and sie in the same sentence to refer to her or must I use ...
1
vote
3answers
670 views

How to identify accusative and dative with personal pronouns?

How to identify accusative and dative cases with personal pronouns? For example: Fährst du wirklich im Juli mit ihm nach Griechenland? In this case I find it easy because mit goes always with ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Pronouns in Freud's Totem and Taboo

Question What is the reference of der and seiner as occurring in this passage from Freud's Totem and Taboo*; or, if the question cannot be answered to satisfaction, do we perhaps have a corrupted ...
10
votes
3answers
265 views

Genitive prepositions plus personal pronouns: Does it sound strange?

I'm aware that one says, say, meinetwegen instead of wegen meiner (and wegen mir). But with other prepositions accepting genitive I cannot judge, because I've never heard nor read anstelle ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

When do I use Der/Die/Das instead of Er/Sie/Es?

I know this has been asked earlier, but in the cases I read through, the answer didn’t, in my opinion, be quite about what I was after, as the discussion was mostly about relative pronouns, although ...
12
votes
2answers
708 views

Relative pronouns replace “ich” or “du”

I am learning German relative clauses and I got stuck on how to replace personal pronouns such as ich, du, etc. For example in the sentence: Der Mann war 25 Jahre alt. Der Mann war nicht im ...
5
votes
2answers
500 views

I thought “sie ist” always meant “she is” but here it means “they?”

This first sentence is for context and precedes the main sentence, the main sentence is the one that confuses me. Die Generalität ist ein Geschmeiß des deutschen Volkes! Sie ist ohne Ehre! What ...
4
votes
5answers
197 views

Where do personal pronouns in subsequent sentences refer to?

Consider the sentences Der Mann jagt den Hund. Er fällt in ein Loch. Who drops into the hole, the man or the dog? The personal pronoun "er" in the second sentence matches both the flexion of the ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

keiner/jeder vs niemand/alle

When I speak or write in German and need to say something with either no one/nobody or everyone/everybody I always translate it to niemand- or alle- respectively, but I spent 4 weeks in Germany this ...
0
votes
1answer
364 views

Use of personal pronouns (including the polite forms)

I need some help/sources for grammar exercises regarding personal pronouns. I don't know when to use Ihnen, ihr, ihrem, ihm and so on. For example: Ich habe Sie angerufen, um zu fragen, ob Sie ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

“Ihr” as second person singular

I'm reading "Der Hobbit" and in their first encounter Bilbo and Galdalf address each other as "Ihr". I learned that it's either "du" or "Sie". Is it common to use "Ihr", in literature for instance? ...
7
votes
2answers
271 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens einer, ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

How to pronounce “ich” [duplicate]

I've been learning German since October 2013. I know at some point I must decided how to pronounce "ich". Any opinions that might help me make this decision? Danke...