Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [phonetics]

relating to the study and systematic classification of speech sounds

2
votes
3answers
127 views

Is there a rule for realizing a-schwa before vowels as [r] at words boundaries?

I know that Standard German pronunciation is strictly governed by rules, i.e. the pronunciation of originally German words are to a large extent predicted. However, I don't know whether there is a ...
1
vote
4answers
176 views

Sounds change flavour depending on neighbours

Epenthesis phenomenon: an [i] sound within Ahornstraße 2, I hear the word as Ahorn[i]straße 2. When t followed by Gr as in: Ist da nicht Gräfinger?, I feel like the final t of nicht turns to a ...
5
votes
2answers
244 views

How far can I rely on 'Akzentverschiebung' rule?

From Intonationsforschungen book I quote: Die Akzentverschiebung verhindert, dass zwei stark betonte Silben zu nahe beieinander stehen. Das gilt für Wörter ebenso wie für Phrasen. And also: Im Wort ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

How is sentence stress in German different than in English?

Content words (i.e. verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs) are stressed in both German and English as opposed to function words (prepositions, pronouns, articles..). However, in English (at least in ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

How can I predict the stressed syllable in proper/brand/trademark/foreign nouns?

I often encounter nouns that I hear of for the first time, and I can not determine which syllable to stress. Unfortunately, I can not find most of these nouns in dictionaries to check the stressed ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Should I vocalize non-prevocalic /R/ after short vowels?

I happen to notice that non-prevocalic R could or could not be vocalized (realized as an a-schwa) after short vowels. Examples: wirken, lernen, hart, Ort, Furcht, durch Which way is better to ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

Which vowels can be reduced to schwas in informal German?

In American accent, almost all vowels in non-stressed syllables and non-diphthong containing syllables can be reduced to schwas in non-careful everyday speech. Example: In 'easier to understand', 'to' ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Is secondary stress important in German?

Almost every German phonetic book points out the presence of the secondary stress, yet unlike English I do not see most dictionaries including Duden, PONS, Oxford, Larousse among many others refer to ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Which word should I stress in a sentence?

It's said in phonetic books that some word classes are stressed (i.e. lexical words: nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs) and some are not (particles, conjunctions, prepositions, pronouns, auxiliary ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

German vowel charts with phonetic accuracy [closed]

German vowel charts used in the wikipedia article Standard German phonology do not locate vowels with great details. For example German [e] is a bit higher than the IPA [e] or tense vowel [e:] is not ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Should the vowel also become a bit more open before consonant cluster by conjugation? [closed]

segeln > segle lesen > lest Is the e changed from [e] to [ɛ]? the e in essen and gehen is different.
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Pronunciation of consonants at a word-border

How to pronounce "Was sind …" and other consequence when a final voiceless consonant meets an initial voiced consonant? When [t] and [z] meet: Wie alt sind Sie? nicht sehr (together as [tsʰ], [...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Automated conversion of German text to IPA

[IPA = Internationales Phonetisches Alphabet] Does anyone know of a tool like this one that supports German? For my purposes, the tool need not be free or web-based (though, if not web-based, it at ...
3
votes
6answers
224 views

How to remember umlauts? (ö and ü) [closed]

[NB: In this question, I use some of the terminology given here.] I can hear (and produce) the difference between ö and o, and between ü and u, but whatever part of my brain is responsible for ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Typing multiple layers of accents/umlauts [closed]

I'm currently building my own anki-deck for Swiss German based of the book by Viktor Schobinger "züritüütsche grundwortschatz". I like the way he distinguishes between different sound variants and ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

Gibt es in manchen Dialekte lange Nasale als Phonem?

Diese Frage ist praktisch ein Follow-Up auf diese Frage. Ich kenne mich einigermaßen mit Phonetik und Phonologie aus, und kann ein bisschen Finnisch (wo es Langkonsonanten gibt). Mit diesem Background ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Liste deutscher Minimalpaare

Welche Wort-Paare (und Wort-Gruppen) sind geeignet, die Unterschiedlichkeit von Laut-Paaren in der deutschen Sprache zu belegen? Definition: Minimalpaar Ein Minimalpaar ist ein Paar von zwei Wörtern ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Wie viele Vokale gibt es im Deutschen?

Wie viele verschiedene Vokale lassen sich im gesprochenen Deutsch voneinander unterscheiden? Ich habe nach der Anzahl der Vokale im gesprochenen Deutsch im Internet gesucht, und habe eine Liste ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Alveolar stops before a syllabic nasal

I’ve noticed that I’ve transferred the English tendency to glottalise a /t/ or /d/ before a syllabic /n/ (think Latin /ˈlat.ɪn/ or /ˈlæt.n̩/ vs. /ˈlæ.ʔn̩/ or kitten /ˈkɪtən/ vs. /ˈkɪ.ʔn̩/) to my ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Phonetischer Unterschied zwischen “sosehr” and “so sehr”

In einer anderen Frage habe ich nach dem Bedeutungsunterschied zwischen sosehr und so sehr gefragt. Ergänzend dazu interessiert mich, inwiefern die beiden phonetisch einen Unterschied aufweisen. Wäre ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

How are the rules of phonetics/pronunciation named in standard german?

I am searching a scientific term for the pronunciation rules covering the following: The vocal in Stamm is short, but the vocal in Wal is long. In German, pronunciation is Aussprache, but I am ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

Can Germans distinguish “iSelf” from “iShelf” by pronunciation?

Would German-speaking people notice the difference of pronunciation between iShelf and iSelf?
29
votes
6answers
9k views

What makes the German language sound so harsh?

When international friends hear me talking German, they always think I must be really angry and having an argument with somebody. What are the phonetical explanations for making the German language ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Ear-training with Minimal Pairs?

I came across this article on Minimal Pairs that seemed to perfectly describe the issues I have been having: not being able to clearly differentiate between the different sounds and vowels. The ...
7
votes
3answers
933 views

Resources for learning how to pronounce German phonemes?

In reading Fluent Forever. The author makes a point of something I had begun to suspect on my own: Learning to hear and correctly pronounce a language will help you learn much faster, because your ...
14
votes
4answers
996 views

The loanwords of which languages are to be faithfully pronounced when speaking German?

I have the impression that – unlike English (where you say Euler as Yuler, or better yet, bruschetta as [/brʊˈʃɛtə/]), European Spanish (where one pronounces Wi-Fi as guifi) or French (Bounty as buntý)...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Sometimes “s” is pronounced [z] Why?

I have seen that many times, a German word is spelled with an s, but it is read like an English z. Moreover, every time this happens, the Dutch cognate word is spelled with a z. (But not the English ...
5
votes
1answer
415 views

“Standard” German pronunciation of Spar: [ʃpʰaːɐ] or [ʃpaːɐ]?

I'm reading Modern German Pronunciation, 2nd edition by Christopher Hall and I have a question regarding the /p/. I hold piece of paper directly in front of my lips and first I say the word Paar. I ...
1
vote
2answers
154 views

Why do dictionaries give me different pronunciations?

I'm looking up in various dictionaries for IPA phonetics of words, but some dictionaries give me different pronunciations for "ei". For example, lets look up for breit: Hueber and adaba say it is ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Different meanings from different accentuation rules

On this site I recently read that it was possible, that the meaning of a word could change if you change the stressed syllable. The example was: [trotz-'dem] meaning altough (as obwohl colloquial ...
6
votes
4answers
894 views

Which common mistakes do Spanish native speakers studying German make?

Although the title might sounds subjective, let me prove firstly that it isn't so: If the title would be Question. Which common grammar mistakes do Russian native speakers studying German as a ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Spelling to pronunciation

It is said that German spelling is largely phonetic (unlike English spelling), and that there is a fairly reliable set of rules to convert spelling to pronunciation. (Sure, there are some exceptions, ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Wann wird das stimmhafte “s” gesprochen?

Da ich mit schwäbischem Dialekt aufgewachsen bin (in dem es das stimmhafte "s" [s̬] nicht gibt), bin ich immer unsicher, wann das "s" stimmhaft gesprochen wird, und wann nicht. Beispiel: See [s̬eː]...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there a German sound that is similarly difficult for English speakers as th is for German speakers? [closed]

Is there a sound in the German language that is similarly difficult for English speakers as th is for German speakers?