Questions tagged [prefix]

Präfix - A prefix is a part of a word which is placed before the root.

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Wortbildung for "standard" words

I have some newbie Wortbildung questions, which will probably make no sense for a native German speaker. I suppose that German words must have a root? Can root be empty? Let's take these words for ...
user37741's user avatar
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Can hin- and her- verb prefixes be not related to speaker?

While trying to understand the meaning and usage of hin- and her-, I came across explanations like the following several times (here and here): HIN describes movement away from the speaker and ...
Alexey's user avatar
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Warum ist "bevorstehen" trennbar?

Mir ist bekannt, dass Verben mit dem Präfix "be" untrennbar sind, auch wenn ein anderes trennbares Präfix nach dem "be" steht, zum Beispiel: beabsichtigen, beauftragen, ...
KeN SmilePachI's user avatar
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1 answer
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What are all the given variants, in German, of "moralisch"?

Studying Nietzsche, one of the German words that I feel is underappreciated, and I wanted to confirm the meaning of, is "außer/aussermoralisch". In comparison to "unmoralisch" or ...
Phil Physics's user avatar
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3 answers
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Wandern aus oder auswandern - Auslasse des Prefixes

Kann man so sagen: Er wanderte aus Europa in die Vereinigten Staaten. Oder soll man unbedingt auswandern benutzen Er wanderte aus Europa in die Vereinigten Staaten aus. Mir scheint, dass der ...
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speichern vs. abspeichern

The meaning of the words "speichern" and "abspeichern" seem pretty close to each other in my view. In my understanding, in the context of computerprograms/sofwares both of them ...
picibucor's user avatar
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What would be some similar "-gang pairs"... to "Aufgang" and "Niedergang", as well as "Übergang" and "Untergang"?

I'd like to frame this into a sort of fill-in-the-blank format, to best allude to the meanings I'm trying to ascribe to the above pairs. I will also, subsequently, put these pairs into a 3-axis matrix,...
Phil Physics's user avatar
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Infinite form of "meldet er Ernst gleich mit an"

In this sentence, Als Max einen Fallschirmsprung plant, meldet er Ernst gleich mit an. I am very confused regarding the position of mit. What role does mit play here? How would the infinitive of this ...
EvilRaceHorse's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
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Partizip 2 "ge" Infix oder Präfix

Frage Ich suche Verben deren Partizip 2 folgendermaßen aussieht: [Präfix]ge[Basis] Wobei kein Verb existiert dessen Partizip 2 ge[Basis] ist. Die Wortexistenz soll dabei einem Wörterbuch, vorzugsweise ...
Burdui's user avatar
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"BEschützt" vs. "GEschützt"

I am teaching my 7 year old German grandson chess. It is hard enough for him to learn the rules and tactics without his grandad's strange German confusing things so I would appreciate some help with ...
Steve's user avatar
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What is the difference between absteigen and aussteigen [closed]

Both verbs seems to mean 'getting off from a vehicle'
dafnahaktana's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
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Are there German paraprosdokians? [closed]

A paraprosdokian is a sentence that starts out leading the reader/listener to think it is heading one direction, but then it has a surprise ending. For instance, Groucho Marx, "I've had a wonderful ...
Barry's user avatar
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Was ist der Unterschied zwischen "verschicken" und "abschicken"? [closed]

In welchem Kontext gibt es dieser Unterschied? Danke!
Onorina Ciociola's user avatar
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2 answers
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Losgehen and Los geht's

I know that the verb losgehen means "to start going somewhere" in German. But when I was considering the sentence Los geht's (i.e. Los geht es) I was wondering why the separable prefix came ...
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Difference between “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken”; similar verbs?

Like many students of German, I guess, I'm having trouble distinguishing verbs with different prefixes. My teacher says “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken” are close synonyms with subtle ...
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Meaning of the prefix "verab"

What is the meaning of the prefix verab in the german word Verabredung? I assume it is a combination of ver and ab, but in this case, what does it express semantically?
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bessern vs verbessern

What's the difference between bessern and verbessern? Is the earlier used mainly for health improvements (judging by the expression Gute Besserung!) and the latter for skill improvements (judging by ...
swrutra's user avatar
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28 votes
5 answers
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German equivalents to the prefix "re"?

I was working with a translator and asked her to translate "Resend code", she gave me the translation of Code erneut senden I thought that was really long. I typed in "resend" into google translate ...
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Difference between an, ab aus and ein (schrauben, schalten, etc)

The mixed usage of these prefixes confuses me. For example, I tipically hear einschrauben to mean the opposite of abschrauben (say when screwin/unscrewing a nut). However the true opposite should be ...
calofr's user avatar
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"Disambiguieren" vs. "Desambiguieren"

Is desambiguieren a correct word form in German language (instead of disambiguieren)? Duden does not know this form but I'm pretty sure that I've seen it in scientific papers, long ago. I'm interested ...
colidyre's user avatar
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1 answer
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Verbs with a common root

I was wondering about verbs which share the same root. I would like to find a list/table/graphic/scheme/explanation where all those maybe "most known" verbs are described. Since I am not a German ...
Taras's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can the prefix "Liebling-" be paired with any noun whatsoever?

Whenever I want to express a "favorite thing" in German, I use the "Liebling-" prefix: Meine Lieblingsband ist XX Oh, du magst XX? Was ist denn dein Lieblingssong von ihnen? ...
H. Saleh's user avatar
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"One verb with different prefixes" Structure

I was wondering about a verb which has different prefixes. How should I properly search for grammar rules and became more familiar with their meanings, particularly in Deutsch Sprache? For instance, ...
Taras's user avatar
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ab|erkennen, aber|kennen, etc

I imagine that in an agglutinative language like German it often happens that a word can be plausibly parsed in multiple non-equivalent ways. For example, aberkennen could be plausibly parsed as ...
kjo's user avatar
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What comes last? Separable prefix or a dependent infinitive NOT related to that prefix?

I just had a small confusion regarding a simple phrase. If I want to say "It starts to smell" which one is correct? and why? Es fängt zu riechen an. Es fängt an zu riechen. I'm interested in a ...
EvilRaceHorse's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
578 views

Position of the separable prefix

In the sentence, "Why don't you come along to drink coffee?" Is it right to say "Warum kommst du nicht Kaffee trinken mit?" Or "Warum kommst du nicht mit Kaffee trinken?" Grammatically, I think it ...
EvilRaceHorse's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
805 views

Gibt es Verben mit drei oder mehr Präfixen?

Existieren im Deutschen Verben mit drei oder mehr Präfixen? Es spielt keine Rolle, ob diese trennbar sind oder nicht. Ich habe mich schon an einigen Wortungetümen, etwa zwangsverabreichen, versucht, ...
Dreikäsehoch's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
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Function/meaning of verb prefixes

I am learning German, and I am interested to understand the grammatical function of the prefixes ein, be, ver, aus, ab, etc. that are used before a verb and what are they supposed to do with the verb. ...
Δημήτρης Ο's user avatar
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hinterhergehen, hinterherlaufen vs. gehen, laufen

What role does the prefix "her-" play in sentences like "er ging neben mir her" or "er lief hinter mir her"? Can we omit "her-" here and if yes, will the meaning change? Thanks in advance.
Anton's user avatar
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Need help about usage of "von"

I got confused about the usage of the word. "Von" can be written "Von" if it started in front of the sentence or "v." if abbreviated accroding to The Duden. What about if you write it in sentences, "...
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3 answers
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How to write "von" as part of family names, especially at the beginning of a sentence [closed]

How do you write "von" properly? Do you write it with capitalised v if you write von in the beginning of sentence? Which one is correct, "von Brun" or "Von Brun" if you want to write it as name lets ...
Pravda Dandun Jadmiko's user avatar
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3 answers
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Ist es korrekt, mit der Vorsilbe „nicht“ Adjektive zu bilden?

Frage Ist es korrekt, mit der Vorsilbe nicht Adjektive zu bilden? Beispiel: Ich möchte das Wort literarisch verneinen. Wenn ich die Vorsilbe un verwende, entsteht das Wort unliterarisch. Wenn ich ...
Philipp's user avatar
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5 votes
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What's the preterite form of »wiederaufnehmen«: »nahm wieder auf« or »nahm wiederauf«?

I came across the following sentence in Der Spiegel: Seoul will die humanitäre Hilfe für das weithin abgeschottete und wirtschaftlich marode Land [North Korea] wiederaufnehmen. According to ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
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Pflanzen, einpflanzen, anpflanzen - Unterschied

Wo ist der Unterschied zwischen den drei Wörtern? Hängt es damit zusammen, was man pflanzt (z.B. einen Baum, Gemüse, Zimmerpflanzen) oder dem Ziel des Pflanzens? Ich habe auch gehört, dass man "eine ...
nika0222's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
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Unterschied zwischen senden / zusenden / versenden / absenden / übersenden [closed]

Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen diesen Verben? Besonders versenden und senden sind mir unerklärlich...
nika0222's user avatar
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Präfixbedeutungen [duplicate]

Ich weiß was die Suffixe (z.B. "-keit", "-ung", "-schaft") bedeuten, aber die Präfixe (z.B. "ver-", "be-", "er-", "ein-") haben mich etwas verwirrt. Gibt es irgendwo eine komplette Liste der ...
Rain's user avatar
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1 answer
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use of "ein" prefix? [closed]

What is the difference between the various use of schenken and einschenken. Mit dem Spielgerät hatte er nämlich dem FC Granada gerade fünf Tore eingeschenkt. Schenke Wein aus der Flasche ein! ...
Rashi Rathi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Das Fenster kippen/ankippen - Unterschied

Wenn ich mich nicht irre, man kann ein Fenster sowohl kippen als auch ankippen. Wo liegt aber der Unterschied?
nika0222's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
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Is the ordinal number "zuerst" only acceptable in colloquial speech and writing?

While practicing writing this sentence fragment (“First you must select a good cookbook, then ...”) in German using each of my two ‘silent tutors’(translate.yandex.ru and translate.google.com) to ...
К. Келлогг Смиф's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
271 views

Handwriting: Prefixes on German words

I am trying to read old German handwriting: Two words (pater and mutter) have the same prefix. It looks like "Sau" or "Gau"...the first letter looks like a German capital "S" with a large loop ...
cabmurphy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
153 views

Versions of the verb 'lehnen'

Could you please explain the meanings of: lehnen anlehnen auflehnen ablehnen
Matěj Kripner's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
4k views

Wie soll man eingedeutschte Verben richtig konjugieren?

Vor circa einem Jahr habe ich diese Frage gestellt, aber heute fällt mir auf, dass alle eingedeutschte Verben anders in Plusquamperfekt konjugiert werden. Ein paar Beispiele aus dem Internet: ...
Ad Infinitum's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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Wie erklären sich bairische Formen wie »gefreuen« oder »gestellen«?

Man stelle sich folgende Situation vor: Ein Hund hat eine Befehlskette fehlerfrei durchgezogen, zur Belohnung kriegt er seinen Stoffknochen und darf mit Herrchen Tauziehen spielen. Eine Beobachterin ...
Jan's user avatar
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5 votes
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Usage of the ur- prefix

From what I understand 'ur-' is used, roughly: to refer to origin, as in 'Urgroßmutter' to strengthen an adjective or adverb, as in 'urschön' (~very beautiful) or 'urplötzlich' (~very quickly) I've ...
G.J's user avatar
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Wie kann man die Bedeutung von Verben mit Vorsilben ableiten?

Es gibt richtig viele Verben, die Vorsilben haben. Z. B. das Verb sehen kann mit verschiedenen Vorsilben kombiniert werden: absehen ansehen aussehen besehen durchsehen einsehen versehen vorsehen Es ...
Abdulla hawara's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
122 views

Etymology of “gerinnen”

Here’s a word I’ve been wondering about for quite a while now: gerinnen (to clog, coagulate). Obviously this is related to rinnen (to flow, run), but surprisingly it has the opposite meaning: Das ...
Nico Schlömer's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
854 views

Two-component separable prefixes in German: What are they called in German?

There are names in German for separable prefixes (trennbare Präfixe) and inseparable prefixes (nicht trennbare Präfixe). Prefixes that can be either separable or inseparable are descriptively called ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
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7 votes
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»brennen« versus »verbrennen«

In English, I was taught a quote from Heinrich Heine as “Where they burn books, they will eventually burn people.” I searched for wo der Bücher brennen, and found this for the original German: ...
Douglas B. Staple's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
484 views

Why does the prefix “auf-” change the word “hören” (hearing) to mean stop?

A friend of mine who’s learning German asked me this and I couldn’t explain it to her. Is it just an example of how a word changes over time? Perhaps it used to me “hear me tell you to stop”, “hör ...
markus1985's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
402 views

Why are some verbs separable, and others inseparable, even though the prefixes are the same?

I learned that some verb prefixes are always separable from the main verb, e.g. anfangen, ankommen. I also learned that some verb prefixes are never separable, e.g. verbleiben, verbringen. But ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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