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Questions tagged [pronoun]

Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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33 votes
10 answers
32k views

Welche Eselsbrücken gibt es, um „dass“ und „das“ auseinander zu halten?

Die Wörter das und dass klingen gleich, haben aber völlig unterschiedliche Bedeutungen. Welche Tricks/Eselsbrücken gibt es, um im Schreibfluss rauszufinden, ob man das oder dass verwenden sollte?
oers's user avatar
  • 441
27 votes
3 answers
8k views

Spricht man über ein Mädchen/eine Frau mittels „sie“ oder „es“?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Can ‘sie’ be used to refer to ‘Mädchen’? Wenn man über ein Mädchen oder über eine Frau spricht, spricht man dann von ihm oder von ihr? ...
kiritsuku's user avatar
  • 765
20 votes
3 answers
7k views

Using gender specific pronouns for inanimate objects

I realise that German words have specific genders, but does that apply to pronouns as well? For example, if I wished to say: I searched for my bag, but I didn't find it Would I say: Ich habe ...
Prestidigitator's user avatar
19 votes
2 answers
489 views

Why is “alle” used in “Diese Busse fahren *alle* fünfzehn Minuten” instead of “jede”?

I think in the following sentence, alle should be replaced with jede: Diese Busse fahren alle fünfzehn Minuten vom Hauptbahnhof ab. It means that the buses leave every fifteen minutes, doesn't it? ...
user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
7k views

Woher kommt die Redewendung „Hast du sie noch alle“?

Die Bedeutung ist hier „Bist du verrückt?“, aber worauf bezieht sich das Pronomen sie in diesem Satz? Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ob das Pronomen etwas mit dem Satz „Du hast wohl einen Vogel“ zu tun ...
Bahgat Nassour's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why isn't plural ihr used for Formal instead of Sie?

In most of the Indo-European languages that I know of, The T-V distinction applies, that the second plural form (referring to many people, vous, Bы, and you in English) is used in the singular as a ...
Yordan Grigorov's user avatar
16 votes
7 answers
13k views

Ist das Reflexivpronomen in »sich schwer tun« im Dativ oder im Akkusativ?

Er tut sich schwer. Dieser Satz ist grammatikalisch eindeutig. Aber: Du tust dich schwer. – Ich tue mich schwer. Oder doch lieber: Du tust dir schwer. – Ich tue mir schwer. Mein ...
mic's user avatar
  • 1,442
15 votes
4 answers
4k views

"es" ("it") for a woman

As "user unknown" stated in the comments of another question, there should exist German dialects, where "es" is a common pronoun (instead or beneath "sie") for a woman. (&...
Allerleirauh's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
11k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
mihirjoshi's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
587 views

„Alles aussteigen bitte“: Warum „alles“?

Endstation, alles aussteigen bitte. Endstation, alle aussteigen bitte. Beides klingt vertraut, aber wieso alles? Ich interpretiere alle hier als alle Leute, aber ich finde kein akzeptables Bezugswort ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 5,822
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

Mit oder ohne »es«?

Gestern habe ich eine Diskussion gehabt, ob man das Pronomen es in folgendem Satz verwendet oder nicht: Im Vertrag wird [es] stehen, dass ... Wahrscheinlich wird kein Deutscher es in dem Satz ...
Mur Votema's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
24k views

Which grammatical gender would I use for a masculine noun with reference to a woman?

Given that "Schatz" is a masculine word, I would use masculine modifiers with it, such as "der". But suppose I were using "Schatz" to refer to a woman I was dating. Would I then refer to "mein ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 12.8k
13 votes
4 answers
10k views

Difference in pronunciation of "Er" vs. "Ihr"

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
CraigTP's user avatar
  • 1,141
13 votes
1 answer
7k views

When is jen- used?

I've learned that dies- can mean this or that, whereas jen- can also mean that. When should jen- be used in preference to dies-?
Matt Fenwick's user avatar
  • 2,338
13 votes
1 answer
992 views

Etymology of the two pronouns “ihr”

The pronoun ihr has some meanings in German: It is the dative and possesive for the personal pronoun sie (third person singular, female). It is a personal pronoun itself (second person plural). Is ...
Антон Бугаев's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
373 views

SPD-Slogan „Das WIR entscheidet“

Ich versuche zu verstehen, was der Slogan der SPD bedeutet, aber es scheint, dass es sprachlich nicht so einfach ist. Ich zitiere aus dem Regierungsprogramm der SPD 2013–2017: Wir wollen ein Land, ...
Bahgat Nassour's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
5k views

Difference between "ihr" and "dessen"

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
fluffy's user avatar
  • 607
12 votes
2 answers
14k views

Usage of dabei and wobei

What do the words wobei and dabei mean? And what is the difference in their usage? Sie gab mir das Buch, wobei sie vermied, mich anzusehen. Sie gab mir das Buch, dabei vermied sie, mich anzusehen....
DerPolyglott33's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
24k views

Verwendung von »dieser« und »jener«

Ich habe bisher nicht oft dieser und jener sinnvoll verwendet, aber oft gelesen, dass dieser auf zeitlich und räumlich Näheres verweist als jener. Dies gilt auch für zeitlich näher Erwähntes in einem ...
k.stm's user avatar
  • 1,515
11 votes
2 answers
411 views

"Ihr kleinen Monster?" How come?

So, this is a scene from a German series. Two women are fighting and it is broken up by the third one saying: "Es reicht, ihr kleinen Monster!" The question is, why is there an "n" at the end of "...
Unrivalled confusion's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the particle “irgend” used for, or what concept/sentiment does it convey?

I wonder what irgend means? I’ve seen so many words with it as a prefix, like irgendein, irgendwas and irgendwo. What do they have in common that irgend expresses? The explanations in the Duden ...
Zach's user avatar
  • 509
11 votes
6 answers
5k views

»Es braucht« statt »man braucht«

In den letzten Wochen fällt mir immer öfter auf, dass in Sätzen, in denen früher »man braucht« gesagt wurde, seit neuestem »es braucht« verwendet wird. früher: »Wenn das so ist, dann braucht man ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Warum benutzt man „es“?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Is it correct to say “Das ist meine Schwester” and not “Sie ist meine Schwester”? Warum benutzt man in folgendem Satz es für die Zeitung? ...
K. Thakur's user avatar
  • 635
11 votes
3 answers
600 views

Is "ich" a subject or not

I am working on grammar-related exercises in a book from PONS. In one assignment, I must find the subject in some piece of text. I think that in the following sentence, the subject is ich: Was ...
depecheSoul's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
9k views

Gender-neutral singular third-person pronoun

I’m writing a German locale for a project/game I’m developing, and some messages require a gender-neutral pronoun to refer to a person. For example, one of the messages is: They were a detective. ...
caseif's user avatar
  • 211
11 votes
1 answer
16k views

das ist vs. es ist [closed]

When do you use "das ist" instead of "es ist"? In questions is "das ist" more commonly used? I don't understand when to use "es ist" and when to use "das ist" in sentences and questions.
all's user avatar
  • 111
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can ‘sie’ be used to refer to ‘Mädchen’? [duplicate]

This question also has an answer here (in German): Spricht man über ein Mädchen/eine Frau mittels „sie“ oder „es“? I’ve come across this text: Ein Mädchen sitzt am Fenster. Sie hat ...
user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
3k views

When would you use "er" or "sie" instead of "es", specifically with the meaning of "it"? [closed]

I answered the translation of "Is it not your jacket", as "Sie ist nicht deine Jacke". Duolingo marked this wrong. Am I indeed wrong, or is this an error in the accepted answer? I know that I have ...
Ryan Mortensen's user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
4k views

Does using the pronouns "sie" and "er" when refering to objects sound odd to native German speakers?

I was going to write the following sentence in an e-mail, but the "sie" sounds odd to me: Diese Datei ist nicht im Excel-Format, sondern im XML-Format. Bitte schauen Sie sie an. so I changed it ...
Edward Tanguay's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
876 views

Construction I need help clarifying in Otfried Preußler's "Krabat"

I was reading the novel "Krabat" and came across the following sentences: »Ja«, sagte Lobosch, »heuer zum letzten Mal. Denn nun bin ich hier Lehrjunge auf der Mühle.« Das sagte er voller ...
gast's user avatar
  • 155
10 votes
1 answer
666 views

"Wessen erinnert er sich noch?" vs. Woran oder an wen erinnert er sich noch?"

Ich lese hier und hier den Satz Wessen erinnert er sich noch? es war eine Überraschung für mich, weil ich gelernt habe, dass das Verb "erinnern" ein Verb mit der Präpositionalergänzung "an+AKK" ...
mle's user avatar
  • 1,787
10 votes
4 answers
10k views

Welches Pronomen bei Firmennamen?

Gibt es eine Regel für die Verwendung des richtigen Pronomens bei Firmennamen? Ein Beispielsatz, den ich übersetzen möchte und bei dem ich auf diese Frage gestoßen bin: With business growing ...
nelly's user avatar
  • 164
10 votes
1 answer
946 views

When is ‘er’ replaceable with ‘der’?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Artikel anstelle von Personalpronomen Why is der used in the following example sentences (from online dictionaries) in place of simply er? Would ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
  • 6,042
9 votes
5 answers
20k views

keiner/jeder vs niemand/alle

When I speak or write in German and need to say something with either no one/nobody or everyone/everybody I always translate it to niemand- or alle- respectively, but I spent 4 weeks in Germany this ...
thekeyofgb's user avatar
  • 5,350
9 votes
2 answers
772 views

In German, is a company plural or singular?

In American English, I would say "the company...it said" but I know in British English they use the plural as in "the company...they said". How is this handled in German? Which of these sentences is ...
Edward Tanguay's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
931 views

Book Title Capitalization

At my work we are working on some software involving the capitalization of book titles. Under pronouns it is set to not capitalize, yet "Sie" is always capitalized. I thought pronouns were not ...
user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
741 views

'Jemand hat seinen' or 'jemand hat ihren'?

Which is right? Or both? Gestern war ich in der Schlange. Jemand hat mir ihren Platz gegeben. Gestern war ich in der Schlange. Jemand hat mir seinen Platz gegeben. Is jemand masculine or feminine or ...
Colonel Panic's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
5k views

How to say “one of them” in German?

I think I am right in saying that denen would be used to mean them, but what ending would be used for the one, because there is no obvious gender? Einer von denen Eines von denen Eine von denen ...
Jacob Lee-Hart's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
326 views

Use of “es” to anticipate a following clause

I’m working my way through Hammer’s Practicing German grammar workbook (second edition) using the German grammar and usage textbook (fourth edition). I’m in chapter three and everything is going great,...
Matt's user avatar
  • 429
8 votes
3 answers
383 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
rena's user avatar
  • 600
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why did they look stupid? And who are »they«?

The below paragraph appears in the article "USA nach Trump-Sieg. Gespenstische Tage" from Der Spiegel (my questions refers to the italicized portion of the sentence at the end of the paragraph): ...
Eugene Str.'s user avatar
  • 6,042
8 votes
2 answers
13k views

Groß- oder Kleinschreibung von »er/Er« in der direkten Anrede

In Antworten und Kommentaren zur Frage über die Bezeichnung für die direkte Anrede in der dritten Person wurden Beispiele gepostet, in denen das Anredepronomen er/Er großgeschrieben wurde. Ich möchte ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
4k views

The order of dative and accusative in a sentence

Ich kann dir das nicht verraten. I'm given to understand that if the subject in the accusative case is a pronoun, (as in the sentence above?) it precedes the dative case. Otherwise, the dative comes ...
Unrivalled confusion's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

When to use the pronoun "es"?

I am not a German native speaker. I know that in certain situations the pronoun "es" has a different usage than the English "it", but I am not sure when it should be used and when it shouldn't. Here ...
Giorgio's user avatar
  • 433
8 votes
3 answers
632 views

Natürliches vs. grammatikalisches Geschlecht: wechselndes Pronomen?

Aus dem Deutschbuch1 meines Sohnes: [… kurze Beschreibung des Unterschieds zwischen natürlichem und grammatikalischem Geschlecht anhand des Begriffs Mädchen …] Das kann zu Schwierigkeiten beim ...
Stephie's user avatar
  • 24.1k
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der |...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 30.8k
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

When do I use Der/Die/Das instead of Er/Sie/Es?

I know this has been asked earlier, but in the cases I read through, the answer didn’t, in my opinion, be quite about what I was after, as the discussion was mostly about relative pronouns, although ...
yuho's user avatar
  • 83
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

"Es ist" instead of "der/sie ist"

I am new to German so would would be grateful if someone could help with this trivial question. When doing some exercises from my course book I saw such example Der Computer ist nicht neu. Es ist ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 83
8 votes
2 answers
808 views

Abgrenzung zwischen "was" als Relativ- und als Fragepronomen

In einer anderen Frage ging es kürzlich darum, ob sich an ein Pronominaladverb (davon, darauf, dafür) ein Relativsatz anschließen kann. Daraus ergab sich schließlich für mich diese Frage: Was kann ...
Emanuel's user avatar
  • 29.7k
7 votes
5 answers
4k views

Appropriate pronoun for “you” and “someone else who’s not here right now.”

What would be the appropriate pronoun to use when addressing someone (say, one person who you’d normally address with du), but also including someone else who is not present at the moment? A contrived ...
Phil's user avatar
  • 259

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