Questions tagged [pronouns]

Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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50 views

Is 'sich' being used for emphasis in this sentence?

The article I am reading has the following sentence: Fast zwei Jahre lang hat er sich da schon durch die Wildnis Lateinamerikas geschlagen. I can't quite work out what is going on with the 'sich' ...
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1answer
90 views

“Troja hat es wirklich gegeben” – Can I leave “es” out?

I am trying to understand more and more how the particle es works. I know that sometimes when the subject is not completely explicit, or when there is none, then I am supposed to use es. I am not ...
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1answer
94 views

Using “dies” instead of the form of the pronoun that matches the gender and number of the referent

This post is on dies as used in these excerpts from chapter 'Weg nach Ramses' of Amerika (Der Verschollene) by Frankz Kafka. Beim Hervorsuchen einiger Gegenstände, die zuunterst lagen – es waren ...
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2answers
288 views

Darüber/darauf etc for plurals?

Can words like "darüber" or "darauf" etc. be used to refer back to a plural noun, or do you have to use constructions like über sie, auf sie etc? In the case of replacing nouns with pronouns. "Wir ...
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1answer
1k views

Welche Wortart ist »wie« in »wie folgt«?

Was ist die allgemein anerkannte grammatische Analysis von »wie« wie in »wie folgt« oder im folgenden Auszug aus Das Schloß von Kafka: Aus einer großen Luke, der einzigen in der Stubenrückwand, kam ...
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3answers
451 views

“Ich habe eine Hausaufgabe und ich muss die/sie machen.”

Which of the following sentences is correct in German? Ich habe eine Hausaufgabe und ich muss die machen. Ich habe eine Hausaufgabe und ich muss sie machen. In this sentence, die/sie refers ...
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1answer
252 views

How can I use personal pronouns?

I’m kinda confused about using pronouns in dative and accusative. For example: Hat Max’ Freundin den Ring schon? - Ja er hat __ schon gegeben. Which pronoun fits this case is it ihm because we ...
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1answer
271 views

Sätze, welche »die« als eindeutiges Personalpronomen enthalten

Auf Wiktionary ist zu lesen, dass das Wort »die« auch als Personalpronomen Verwendung findet, wenn auch nur mündlich und regional, und - wie ich finde - auch ein wenig abwertend: http://de.wiktionary....
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1answer
53 views

Welchem Zweck dient “sie” in “sie die Resultate aufheben”

Kontext Auch die Art und Weise, wie die Gleichungen dieses Modells Vorhersagen über die Welt machen, ist absurd kompliziert. Direkt angewandt, führen sie zu unsinnigen Vorhersagen, bei denen ...
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1answer
125 views

“All der Wein” vs. “Aller Wein”

As a determiner "all" All der Wein... but as a pronoun "all" (of it = the wine) is it "Aller Wein"? I think the headline captures the essence of my confusion. And I do have a good grammar book! ...
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1answer
754 views

When to use dative/accusative case with reflexive pronouns?

What’s the rule for when a reflexive pronoun should be in accusative case and when in dative case? Compare the two cases: Sie wäscht sich. Sie putzt sich die Nase. Can one say that if there ...
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2answers
3k views

“beide” vs. “beides” and “alle” vs. “alles”

I was asked when to use beide and when to use beides as well as alle vs. alles. Here are two examples: Tee oder Kaffee? Ich mag beide Getränke. Egal, ich trinke beides. Ich habe alle ...
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3answers
801 views

How to identify accusative and dative with personal pronouns?

How to identify accusative and dative cases with personal pronouns? For example: Fährst du wirklich im Juli mit ihm nach Griechenland? In this case I find it easy because mit goes always with ...
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1answer
82 views

“Ich schreibe mir” vs “Ich schreibe”

I had the following sentence: Ich schreibe mir das Wort aus. I was thinking this sentence meant I'm writing the word out myself. But I was thinking about the use of the pronoun "mir" which is ...
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1answer
45 views

Das versus Es as a direct object

How to choose between es and das? Are they interchangeable? Ich gebe ihm das versus Ich gebe es ihm Another example: Ich weiss es versus Ich weiss das
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1answer
224 views

The reflexive and non-reflexive forms of ‘wünschen’

What is the difference between the reflexive and non-reflexive forms of the verb wünschen? For example take the sentence: I wish you a very pleasant evening How would I say that in German? Ich ...
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2answers
161 views

What is the right relative pronoun in the following sentence?

Ich möchte wieder in dem Gasthaus einen Kaffee trinken, in _____ wir samstags immer gegangen sind. I think it is das because the antecedent is dem Gasthaus which original form is das Gasthaus. So it ...
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1answer
101 views

Case use and translation of ‘Welche Liebe ist dir wichtiger?’

Welche Liebe ist dir wichtiger? About the above question; why is dir in the dative case and what would be the translation of this question?
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1answer
1k views

How to use pronominal adverbs [closed]

How does one determine what da-compound to use if there is no fixed preposition in a sentence? For example: Sie konnte ihre Brille nicht finden, denn sie saß darauf. How can I know what pronominal ...
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1answer
72 views

Translation of “seine Persönlichkeit zu kennen, hilft dir dabei, diesen Schlüssel zu finden”

Jeder Mensch hat einen Schlüssel zu seinem Herzen, und seine Persönlichkeit zu kennen, hilft dir dabei, diesen Schlüssel zu finden. can be translated as: Every man has to know a key to his heart ...
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2answers
151 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
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0answers
78 views

Why is “eines” genitive in “eines frühen Abends”? [duplicate]

This is a line from "Der Vorleser" by Bernhard Schlink: Eines frühen Abends im Februar hörte ich eine Amsel singen. One early evening in February I heard a blackbird singing. eines (masc+...
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1answer
362 views

How “euch” makes a difference? [duplicate]

What is the difference between the sentences below? How does euch modify the meaning? Seht euch mal eure Liste an! Seht mal eure Liste an!
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0answers
196 views

What does “Sich” mean and how is it used in a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to use “sich” I realize this is a pretty basic question, but I can't wrap my head around "Sich". I know it technically means "self", but how is it used in ...
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3answers
178 views

Hauptsätze mit welche

Sätze mit "welche": Beispiel L-Citrullin wird im Körper zu L-Arginin umgewandelt, welches über weitere Stationen zu Stickstoffmonooxid (NO) umgewandelt wird, was uns geweitete Gefäße und damit ...
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3answers
324 views

“Ich kenne dich” not “Ich kenne du” - why?

I was reading a sentence a friend said: David, ich kenne dich, sei bitte pünktlich. Now, I know kennen is to know someone i.e. to be familiar with someone, but why do we use the pronoun "dich" ...
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5answers
313 views

Doubt about a sentence translation and word order

I wanted to say I read your profile and I see that you are in America. So in German, I wrongly translated as Ich lese dein Profil und ich kann du bist in Amerika sehen. Someone corrected to ...
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3answers
1k views

When to decline welche?

I am studying welche and Diese and I don't know how to decline to the nominative and accusative forms. I only know that nominative is related to direct object (C.O.D in French) and that accusative is ...
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2answers
952 views

Which is better - with which or with whom?

In German, is there a preferred way of saying with whom or with which? For example, Die jungen Kinder, mit wem ich arbeite, sind schikaniert worden. The young children, with whom I work, ...
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2answers
98 views

What is the case of “einem” in this context? [duplicate]

Man hat so Dinge im Kopf, die einem wichtig vorkommen. Aber was im Endeffekt das Wichtigste ist, finde ich interessant zu sehen. I can't analyze the case of "einem wichtig" in the above sentence. I ...
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2answers
91 views

Which pronoun to use in a relative clause?

What is the correct way to refer to the object in a subordinate clause? Haben sie mehr von der blauen Farbe, das/die/der Sie genutzt haben, um die Tür zu malen?
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2answers
97 views

Why is the article “die” used before “neben”. Are there instances where other articles are used?

In the explanation: Es gibt aber auch einige Verben, die neben dem Subjekt (im Nominativ) auch ein Dativobjekt verlangen. I am not sure why die is used.
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1answer
51 views

Is akkusativ or Dative Object pronoun used in this sentence?

The sentence is : What does my name sound like to you? the expression "to you" what do you think it is. If we convert into german, what would be the translation. Will it be: Was hört mein Name ...
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2answers
1k views

“Das sind” instead of “die sind”? [duplicate]

I have seen sentences like these that really confuses me such as: "Das sind unsere." "Das sind Katzen." As far my as understanding allows the definite articles (der, die, das, die) can also be ...
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1answer
711 views

Dativ von “alles”?

I am afraid that I would expose her to everything, Wäre es richtig, so zu übersetzen? Ich habe Angst, dass ich sie alles aussetzen würde. Das Verb "aussetzen" braucht einen Dativ, aber wenn es um ...
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3answers
159 views

How does jemands decline in genitive form? [closed]

Ich habe jemands Mütze im Schuppen gefunden. How does jemands decline in genitive form?
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1answer
99 views

this, these, that, those, diese, das relationship

I haven't seen any corresponding translation in German for this, these, that, those. Instead, there are both diese and das being used as pronoun and both seem to be used for both plural and singular ...
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1answer
1k views

Use of »den« and »der«

I'm doing my German homework and there's a topic I don't fully understand. I have to use »den« or »der« depending on the sentence, but I don't know the difference of each one. The book puts as ...
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1answer
90 views

Nominalized adjective and inflection form to pronoun irgendwer and irgendwas

Does the pronoun irgendwer precedes Nominalized adjective like pronoun irgendwas (Süßes) and which is the adjective inflection form after these pronouns?
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65 views

Dative prepositions and reflexive pronoun

Bitte melden Sie sich bis zum 10. Juni per Mail oder telefonisch an. In this sentence there are 2 prepositions together bis and zum, there is a reflexive pronoun and an is at the last of the ...
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1answer
79 views

using 'es' for subjective masculine pronoun

A : Ist dein Tisch neu? B : (1) Ja, er ist neu. (2) Ja, es ist neu. (3) Ja, der ist neu. Tisch is masculine. So I know B-(1) is correct. But can we say B-(2) also? I think 'es' is for ...
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1answer
65 views

How do I determine the gender of adjectives that are used as pronouns (e.g. viel)

Words like viel, wenig, manch, all, and jeder can be used as pronouns, but how do they decline? Do they decline differently if they are referring to animate/inanimate things? E.g., "Many will die ...
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0answers
65 views

Using the neutral pronoun to refer to other genders? [duplicate]

I’m rather confused by this. When referring to objects/people, which demonstrative pronoun are you supposed to use? The one that corresponds to the gender, or the neutral pronoun? Example: Wessen ...
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0answers
84 views

Using “Ihr” as a formal singular “you” [duplicate]

I set the video game "Torchlight II" to the German language, and I noticed that the characters use "Ihr" as the singular second-person pronoun (for example, "Ihr habt eine neue Quest"). I read ...
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2answers
129 views

“Der Käse ist gut, obwohl er alt ist.”: Why “er”? [duplicate]

I am learning German with our lord and savior Duolingo and came across this sentence: The cheese is good although it is old. ... which I translated as... Der Käse ist gut, obwohl es alt ist. .....
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1answer
1k views

Use of 'der' and 'des'

I was wondering, do people still use 'der' and 'des' much in sentences? The reason I ask this is, is that in Dutch, this does not get used in everyday speech, only in idioms and titles. Since German ...
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1answer
194 views

Der Lehrer erklärt den Studenten die Grammatik [closed]

Der Lehrer erklärt ihnen die Brief. Der Lehrer erklärt sie den Studenten. Der Lehrer erklärt sie ihnen. Why do Germans use sie to indicate die Grammatik? I would definitely use it to indicate ...
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3answers
112 views

How to use possessive relative pronoun combined with case(nominative, dative,..) and gender(male,female)? [closed]

Forgive my ignorance, I didn't study through a serious German Grammar book yet but I will someday. I have a sample statement below for which I have a question. Das ist der Freund, dessen Foto ...