Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [separable-verbs]

relating to a verb with a prefix that can be separated from it in some tenses

1
vote
1answer
61 views

Difference between “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken”; similar verbs?

Like many students of German, I guess, I'm having trouble distinguishing verbs with different prefixes. My teacher says “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken” are close synonyms with subtle ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

separable verbs “aus” for which word in two different clauses

I received a message about moving offices from a German colleague: Das wird ca. eine Woche dauern und wir arbeiten alle von zu Hause aus. Now, the "aus" part is confusing me. Is the "aus" prefix ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

“Ich sehe fern” vs “Ich schaue fern”

What is the difference between Ich sehe fern. Ich schaue fern. ? Also can we formulate the following sentence with the verb fern/sehen instead? Ich schaue Fußball nur im Fernsehen.
16
votes
4answers
285 views

Is there an explanation why the verb “aufhören” is derived from the verb “hören”?

Is there an explanation why the verb "aufhören" which means "to stop" is derived from the verb "hören" (to hear)? Or, is it just a pure coincidence?
6
votes
2answers
118 views

Zusammengesetzte Verben - Satzglieder?

Bei trennbaren Verben, z.B. »ansehen« oder »ausziehen«, besteht das Prädikat aus zwei Teilen, der trennbare wandert ans Satzende: Ich sehe das Haus an. Ich ziehe das Hemd aus. Welches Satzglied ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Word order in sentence and separable verbs [closed]

Which of these two sentences are correct? Wissen Sie, um wieviel Uhr wir kommen an? Wissen Sie, um wieviel Uhr wir ankommen?
5
votes
3answers
114 views

Trennbare Verben: er sieht aus wie… oder er sieht wie… aus

Today in a German course I read: Er sieht aus wie ein Monster. Shouldn't it always be with the separable part in the end? i.e.: Er sieht wie ein Monster aus. In spoken German I hear it quite ...
1
vote
3answers
107 views

Durchfahren sein VS. Durchfahren haben

This week I am facing doubts specially with trennbare vs untrennbare Verben - as in my previous post (durchbrechen VS brechen durch). I am trying to use these kinds of verbs correctly. From a ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

“Durchbrechen” vs. “brechen durch”

I have a doubt with the usage of 'durchbrechen'. It is one of those verbs that can be either trennbar or untrennbar. I believe it has the same meaning, but has mainly a nuance between the literal vs. ...
2
votes
2answers
457 views

How to use “um … zu” with separable verbs? [closed]

I know the purpose of using "um ... zu" in a sentence, but the problem arises when there is a separable verb. For example: um an zu ziehen or um zu anziehen?
1
vote
3answers
342 views

Welches Verb muss man benutzen? “Kommen nach” oder “Kommen”?

I want to ask a person: "Why are you coming to Berlin? As a tourist or for job?" Is it right to ask: Kommen Sie Berlin als Tourist oder beruflich? Kommen Sie als Tourist nach Berlin oder beruflich? ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Which affix appends to the verb in this sentence?

Looking at this sentence, from a Schopenhauer's "Über die Weiber", I'm not able to identify which of the affixes belongs to the separable verb. See: Besser, als Schiller's wohlüberlegtes, mittelst ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Präposition + trennbares Verb

Während ich eine andere Frage beantwortete, fiel mir auf, dass mir bei der Verwendung des Verbs unterhalten etwas nicht ganz klar ist. Dabei geht es um jene Bedeutung des Verbs, die im folgenden ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does mit not come at the end of a sentence when the verb “mitkommen” is used

"Mitkommen" is a trennbares Verb but often when it is used in a German sentence, mit does not get placed at the end of a sentence but rather in the middle, specifically before a location / destination ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

What does the word “ab” mean?

I'm reading a text in which the following sentence appears: "Es trägt die Schuld des Lebens nicht durch Thun, sondern durch Leiden ab." I also have the English version for this text, in which the ...
3
votes
2answers
797 views

»wohin« oder »wo … hin«?

Once again I return to Gestrandet im Sternenreich, the translation by Kurt Seibt and Rainer Schumacher of Robert Heinlein’s story Starman Jones. Max, the protagonist says: […] wo fährt das Schiff ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Warum ist das Prefix eines trennbares Verbes nicht am Satzende?

Warum ist im folgenden Satz, der heute in einer Zeitung geschrieben wurde, mit nicht am Ende des Satzes? Ich denke, dass der Autor das Verb mitreißen hier benützt. "Mit Ja haben gestimmt 605 ...
12
votes
2answers
261 views

Separable verbs: “hängt von … ab” or “hängt ab von …”

For best of my knowledge, in the case of separable verbs (trennbare Verben), the verb should be divided onto two parts where the prefix should be placed at the end of the clause: Es hängt von … ab. ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Man kennt „zu handhaben“. Ist „handhaben” trotzdem trennbar?

Man kennt den Ausdruck: leicht zu handhaben In Wörterbüchern lautet es auch, dass handgehabt das Partizip von handhaben ist Irgendwo hatte ich handgehabt gesehen, wo genau, weiß ich nicht mehr. ...
7
votes
4answers
552 views

Are there any separable German loan verbs (from English)?

A comment to another question of mine asked me "Do you know any separable loan word?". I can't think of any, off-hand. Are there any? One would be enough to answer the question.
-1
votes
1answer
270 views

Imperative/perfect tense of inserperable verbs (maybe only loan words?)

A discussion with Wrzlprmft here, referred me to the question “Gedownloadet” oder “downgeloadet”. It asked whether the perfect tense of the loanword downloaden is downgeloadet or gedownloadet. As I ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

„hergesehen wird“ vs „her gesehen wird“

Ich hab vor kurzeum dies hier in einem deutschen Wörterbuch gesehen: Passiv |Pạssiv|, das Plural selten Substantiv, Neutrum Sprachwissenschaft das Passiv; Genitiv: des Passivs, Plural: die ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

nouns derived from separable verbs [closed]

I am looking for a list of German nouns derived from separable verbs. For example: abholen: Abholung anfangen: Anfang abnehmen: Abnahme Does anything like this exist? Do these nouns have a specific ...
1
vote
2answers
491 views

What is the function of the »mit« in this sentence?

Ich wollte, ich könnte mit. According to the translation I could find on tatoeba.org, it means I wanted to do it, but could not. but I can't work out what the mit is for.
0
votes
1answer
223 views

What's the meaning of “an” in this sentence?

Ein Polizist hält das Auto an. Firstly, I didn't understand why there is "an". My translation to this sentence is A Policeman stops his car. After I read this question below, What is the meaning ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

“Biegen” or “Abbiegen”?

I know there are similar questions (e.g. this), but they're written in German. I've come across this text: Langsam biegt ein Lastwagen um die Ecke. Why isn't it: Langsam biegt ein Lastwagen um ...
7
votes
2answers
257 views

Why are some verbs separable, and others inseparable, even though the prefixes are the same?

I learned that some verb prefixes are always separable from the main verb, e.g. anfangen, ankommen. I also learned that some verb prefixes are never separable, e.g. verbleiben, verbringen. But ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

»mit nach Hause nehmen« – grammatikalische Analyse

Als Muttersprachler habe ich kein Problem mit dem Satz Das will ich mit nach Hause nehmen. Eine Bekannte, die Deutsch lernt, hat mich nun gefragt, warum dieser Satz richtig ist, und nicht etwa ...
1
vote
2answers
273 views

What does zu…werden exactly mean? [closed]

I came across this sentence: Er ist mein zu Hause geworden. First off, what does the preposition zu add to the meaning of the verb werden? Secondly, Why is mein left by itself here? Can it be ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Wie oft wird eine trennbare Vorsilbe von einem Deutschen am Ende vergessen?

Wie oft wird eine trennbare Vorsilbe von einem Deutschen am Ende vergessen? Wie wirkt dies?
11
votes
4answers
223 views

Únterlegen vs. unterlégen

I have a question about these two verbs with different stress and meaning. I thought, that stress determines, wether the prefix is separable or inseparable. But in the Duden, both verbs are ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

„Zusammen geführt“ oder „zusammengeführt“?

Ich bin in einem Artikel über diesen Satz gestoplert: Er hat Programm X mit Programm Y zusammen geführt. Es ging darum, dass die Funktionen von beiden Programmen (Software) in einem Programm ...
14
votes
2answers
227 views

Kann das Präfix eines trennbaren Verbs zusammen mit einem weiteren Satzglied ins Vorfeld gezogen werden?

In der Süddeutschen Zeitung vom 3. Juni heißt es im Artikel Auch wenn es weh tut zur Armenien-Resolution des Bundestages: Den Ton vor gibt wie so oft und so gerne Norbert Lammert. (Auszeichnung ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Imperatives with separable verbs

When forming the imperative of a separable verb, is the prefix sent to the end of the sentence (as in declarative sentences) or next to the verb? I looked at the grammar exercise book Practice Makes ...
4
votes
2answers
586 views

Is the verb umfassen separable?

I just read the following sentence in a document at my office: Das Listing umfasst pro Artikel folgende Informationen: Is this correct? Wouldn't it be better this? Das Listing fasst pro Artikel ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Why don't we separate the verb “weggehen” when we use it in a sentence? [closed]

I'm learning about the "Trennbare Verben" now. So far, I have learned that some prefixes are separated from the main verb, and that it should be put at the very end of the sentence. I have come across ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is ‘aus’ needed at the end of a sentence? - More generally: why does a seemingly unnecessary preposition appear at the end of a sentence? [duplicate]

I am new to German and have searched for my question but couldn’t find any similar questions that explained why aus would appear at the end of a sentence. Anyway, I’m learning German on Duolingo and ...
6
votes
2answers
123 views

What is the correct usage of the Verb “abängsten” in German?

Canoo.net has given a list of phrasal verbs, but I cannot really find the correct usage of most of these verbs
5
votes
1answer
340 views

Where does the prefix go in a command for a separable prefix verb?

I was wondering which was correct: Hör auf damit! or Hör damit auf! The Wikipedia page about German sentence structure says: The separable prefix, if there is one, remains at its old place, ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

What is the frequency of separable prefix verbs (vs. inseparable) in German?

I am just a beginning student of German and recently read about separable and inseparable verb prefixes. It made me curious about the frequency of each in the German language. Does anyone know the ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Verbs with separable prefixes in colloquial speech

Are separable prefixes sometimes not separated from verbs in colloquial speech by native German speakers, when grammar actually calls for such a separation? Example: Die Blumen sehen sehr schön ...
0
votes
1answer
376 views

Exhaustive list of particles that generate separable verbs

I was given the following particle in phrasal verbs said to be separables: ab-, an-, auf-, aus-, bei-, ein-, fest-, her-, herein-, hin-, los-, mit-, nach-, vor-, weg-, weiter-, zu-, zurück-, zusammen-...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Complex sentence structure with seperable verbs and ‘whether’

Ich rufe jetzt zu fragen, ob das Motorrad fertig ist, an. What would be a correct formulation for this sentence in order to include all elements, but still not to sound silly?
0
votes
2answers
959 views

Modal and separable verb [closed]

Suppose I am building a modal sentence with a separable/trenbare verb. Does the verb at the end of the sentence still get separated ? Is it "Ich muss gehen zurück" Or "Ich muss zurückgehen" ?
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Separating separable verbs

A similar post has been put out on this before but I didn’t feel that it gave me a solid understanding of the answer here. I am wondering how you can know when a separable verb like aufbauen or ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Wortstellung mit Partikelverben [duplicate]

Warum stellt man das Präfix ein nicht ans Ende? Sie tritt ein für die aus wirtschaftlichen Ursachen zwingend gewordene Schaffung der europäischen Wirtschaftseinheit, für die Bildung der Vereinigten ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

“Ich gehe abends oft aus.” – where to put “nicht” for negating? [duplicate]

I want to answer the question “Gehen Sie abends oft aus ?” and say that I don’t like to go out at evenings. I am confused where to put nicht in my answer. I know that nicht has to negate oft so it ...
1
vote
3answers
387 views

“Ich gehe oft ins Kino aus.” – Where to best place “abends”?

I want to answer the question “Gehen Sie abends oft aus?” saying that I go to the movies (“ins Kino”). Which of the following would I say? Abends gehe ich oft ins Kino aus. Ich gehe abends ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Separable-Prefix verbs positions in an answer

When answering Wann fangen Ihre Vorlesungen jeden Tag an? Should I still put the an at the end of my answer like the following Meine Vorlesungen fangen meistens um zehn Uhr jeden Tag an. Is ...
11
votes
1answer
436 views

Should it be “mit in den Park kommen” or “in den Park mitkommen”?

I would like to know which ones of these sentences are grammatically correct in German: Ich darf meinen Hund in den Park mitnehmen. oder Ich darf meinen Hund mit in den Park nehmen. Also ...