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Questions tagged [standard-german]

Standarddeutsch – questions relating EXPLICITLY to the supra-regional German used in written language. Please read the tag wiki before applying this tag.

0
votes
1answer
32 views

German sentence structures that don’t exist in english [on hold]

What are some sentence structures that exist in german that don’t exist in english? This one, for example: Die Explosion war auf zwei Kilometern [Entfernung] zu hören. If you could provide the ...
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

Native speakers using wrong prepositions [on hold]

How often do native german speakers use the wrong preposition in a given phrase? In english, it's fairly common, though the "wrongness" is usually less than- and less frequent than the usage of wrong ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Various Past Tenses in a Single Text

An answer to a question on Quora that I was reading used a variety of past tenses in quick succession. How do the tenses affect the meaning, and how would the meaning change if different tenses were ...
-3
votes
0answers
38 views

Multiple passive constructions? [on hold]

Are there multiple ways of constructing passive sentences in german, or just the one? (Even in fixed expressions or for special cases.) For example, in english, you might say “he got angry” or “the ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

Examples of mediopassive verb constructions

If you wanted to say "the clothes are drying" and the "the meat cooking," would you say "die Wäsche trocknet sich" and "das Fleisch kocht [sic] sich" respectively? I was reading a blog on ...
-2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the meaning of this text? [closed]

What is the meaning of this text? Der Nachmittag ist in diesem Café und in der Straße und daheim in den Wohnungen gefangen. Überall hält man ihn fest und versucht, in ihm zu lesen wie in einem Buch,...
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

Various sentence structures

Is there a website or other resource that contains examples of the various types of structures of german sentences? Resources with a similar purpose are welcomed as well.
1
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2answers
56 views

Verbal nouns instead of verbs

Could someone offer some guidance for using verbal nouns? In particular, those of the form “zu(m/r) or beim/bei der [the infinitive of the verb in noun form].” When should I replace verbs with these ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Perfect Auxiliary of Transitive Verbs

Can transitive verbs only taken “haben” as an auxiliary (ie, as opposed to “sein”)? I am not aware of a counter-example to this.
0
votes
2answers
64 views

“Zahlenmäßig” in the context of the sentence provided

What is the function of "zahlenmäßig" (numerical?) in the following sentence? Wer dabei zahlenmäßig den zweifelhaften Spitzenplatz einnimmt, ist wohl noch nie wissenschaftlich erfasst worden. As I ...
2
votes
5answers
152 views

“riechen” vs. “riechen an”

What's the difference between "riechen" and "riechen an"? The wikipedia article describes them as almost synonymous. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/riechen
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Ambiguous sentence with “bei”?

Is this sentence ambiguous? Er war bei den Demonstranten. Duden gives this as an example of "bei" meaning "unter, zwischen (einer Menge)" but to the best of my non-native understanding, it seems ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Duden definitions of “zu”

Duden gives "kennzeichnet den Ort, die Lage des Sichbefindens, Sichabspielens von etwas" and "drückt aus, dass etwas zu etwas anderem hinzukommt, hinzugefügt, -gegeben wird" as two definitions ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Difference between “in” and “zu” regarding time

Duden gives very similar definitions for "in" and "zu" regarding time. "Zu" - "kennzeichnet den Zeitpunkt einer Handlung, eines Geschehens, die Zeitspanne, in der sich etwas abspielt, ereignet" ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

“In” as a modal particle?

Duden offers "zur Angabe der Art und Weise, in der etwas geschieht, vorhanden ist" as a definition of "in," with "modal; mit Dativ" as its grammar. What is meant by "modal" here? Does it function as a ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Usage of the preposition “auf”

Duden lists "zur Angabe des Grundes, der Voraussetzung" as a definition of "auf." Can someone clarify what it means by this? I understand that the translation literally means "to specify the reasons, ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

“-bereich” in context

What do the various uses of "-bereich" mean in the text below? Are these words (and uses) restricted to any particular register or context? Neither Duden, nor Google Translate have provided any ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Prepositions, nouns, and compound nouns

Does the compounding of nouns affect the preposition which the root-noun takes? For example, “Stelle” takes “auf” and “Dienststelle” does as well. Does this hold for every root and every compound? ...
2
votes
3answers
112 views

Difference between “an” and “auf” in the example provided

Duden provides the folowing definition of auf: zur Angabe der Richtung; bezieht sich auf eine Stelle, Oberfläche, auf einen Erstreckungsbereich, einen Zielpunkt o. Ä., bezeichnet den Gang zu ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Kann man sagen: “Mein Leben dauert 17 Jahre an”? [closed]

Ich bin beim Übersetzen eines Textes und bin mir nicht sicher, ob ich den Satz richtig formuliert habe. Mein Leben dauert etwas länger als 17 Jahre an.
-3
votes
2answers
59 views

Patterns in Prefixing with “ver-” and “er-”

It seems that adjectives ending in "-lich" tend often to be prefixed (when possible) by "ver-" [EDIT: when forming verbs from the "er-" and "ver-" prefixes]. Is there a reason for this? Are there ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Grammatical Rules of Prefix “er-”

I've attached a link to a question asking about the ability of one to prefix "blöd" with "er-." An answer says that one can technically do this, as it conforms with the grammatical rules of the prefix....
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

Words with by “er-” and “ver-” as prefixes

What are some words that take both "er-" and "ver-" as prefixes? Are there qualities to these words that allow them to be prefixed by both?
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Does the prefix “er-” imply an action was successful? [duplicate]

Do verbs with an “er-“ prefix imply that the action is successful? (ie, do “ersuchen” and “erbitten,” for example, imply that the thing requested was given or gained?) If so, is that also the case for ...
5
votes
4answers
539 views

Is this nominative case or accusative case?

If I make a sentence like: Das ist meine Familie. Is the sentence correct at first place? Is it a nominative case for Familie or is it accusative? It looks confusing to me because here the subject ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Viel und wenig plus Adjektiv

Viel und wenig können vor unzählbaren Nomen stehen. Sie haben dann keine Endung. Wenn ein Adjektiv hinzugefügt wird, wie wird das Adjektiv dekliniert? So wie viel sauberes Wasser und viel leckere ...
0
votes
3answers
124 views

Difference in Meaning Between “be-,” “er-,” and “ver-”

Durrell's "Using German" states that a function of the "be-," "er-," and "ver-" prefixes is to give something a certain quality. How do the prefixes differ in this regard? Does it have something to do ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Trouble with Impersonal Passive Voice usage

When and why would you use the "impersonal passive voice" in a German sentence? One example given on Wikipedia is "Es wird gespielt," which apparently translates as "Someone is playing." Why wouldn't ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Replacing Various Prepositions with “Auf”

The Wikipedia page on “auf” states that you would use it in one context instead of the traditional “bei” or “in,” and separately, “in” and “zu.” Under what conditions would you make the substitution, ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Difference Between “Sich” and “Man” in Example Provided

How would the meaning of the sentence below change if you use "man" instead of "sich"? In der Presse wie auch im Fernsehen finden sich zunehmend Meldungen über die verheerenden Folgen des Spielens ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Difficulty with “Treiben”

I've found it very helpful to learn words by learning the "essence" of the individual words (ie, understanding the unifying "theme" of a given words across its various definitions) but I haven't been ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

“Nach” with “suchen”?

Should this sentence have a "nach" in it or is that not required (in this context) by "suchen"? Warum sucht die Bundeswehr händeringend Personal, obwohl man dort viele Vergünstigungen bekommt, die ...
4
votes
2answers
517 views

Words and Words with “ver-” Prefix

If a word and the same word with a "ver-" prefix mean "essentially" the same thing, are there any general differences between them? If so, what are they? Examples: Folgen / Verfolgen Prügeln / ...
2
votes
3answers
71 views

Usage of Articles and Demonstrative Pronouns

What are some guiding rules as to the use of articles and demonstrative pronouns (and other linguistic elements like these?) in German? Note: I'm not asking about the gender each takes or anything ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

“Diejenigen, die…” and phrases of this form — collocations?

Are phrases of the form "diejenigen, die..." (and "der," "das" with the according changes) inseparable? I was under the assumption that they were until I saw this sentence on Quora: "Und da ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Irregular Verbs Conjugations in Strutz’s “501 German Verbs”

In his book “501 German Verbs,” Strutz provides the conjugation of many (if not most) German irregular verbs. Some of the past participles of these irregular verbs are accompanied by an “ist” while ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

Duden Differences Between “an” and “in”

Duden lists "stellt unabhängig von räumlichen oder zeitlichen Vorstellungen eine Beziehung zu einem Objekt oder Attribut her" as a definition of "an" and "stellt eine Beziehung zu einem Objekt her ... ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Verschieden vs. Unterschiedlich [duplicate]

What is the difference between "Unterschiedlich" and "Verschieden"? From what I've gathered (from Stackexchange and Google more generally), there seems to be a subtle difference, but I've read no ...
4
votes
3answers
89 views

Present tense with indicators of other time frames

When do you use the present tense with indicators of other time frames and when do you just use those time frames? Present Tense examples: Ich gehe früher nach Deutschland. Ich habe nach ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Da-preposition Words Before Dependent Clauses

When do you put a da-(preposition) phrase in an (independent?) clause preceeding a dependent clause? The website I’ve attached made it seem as if you put one of the phrases before every instance of a ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Referring to Nouns by Gender Rather than by Article

When do you refer to nouns by articles and when can/should you refer to them by their gender (ie, “er,” “sie,” “es”)? Why should or shouldn’t you in a given situation? Does referring to a noun by its ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

“One in twenty” Translation Difference

Is "one in twenty" translated as "every twentieth" (ie, "Jeder zwanzigste"), as I saw in one text where I would have used the former? If so, this would apply for any "one in N" correct? Do people ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Lassen vs. Können

Under what circumstances would it be acceptable/normal to replace “Können” with “Lassen”? Example: “Das kann nachgebildet werden” and “Das läßt sich nachbilden.”
4
votes
3answers
103 views

When to use separable verbs and normal verbs to express an action?

I understand German has separable verbs and normal verbs for some actions For example: zumachen - schließen aufmachen - öffnen absagen - stornieren and lot more.. When to use the separable and ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

What is the concept expressed with the word 'quasi' in day to day conversation?

My German colleagues use the word 'quasi' . I wanted to use that word in my conversation but I am still confused about the usage of the word and grammar.
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Can anyone explain on when to use vielleicht and wahrscheinlich?

I often hear people saying this word wahrscheinlich. I generally use vielleicht. Is it correct? Could anyone explain some examples if there is any difference between the two?
2
votes
2answers
80 views

What is the difference between drin and darin?

What is the difference between drin and darin? I often hear people saying these two words, but I am not sure about situations on how to use them.
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Function of “was” in Phrases

What is the function of “was” in the phrase “in etwas das, was”? Are there other phrases where it functions similarly? More generally, how do you use “was” outside of questions? [Context: “Ich bin ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

When to use German Auxilary Verbs [duplicate]

I understand the meaning of each auxilary verb (and their grammatical usages) but when do you use each in practice. For example: “Sie ist gestern nicht mitgekommen.” I get that “mitkommen” is an ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Difference Between Das, Es, and Dieses [closed]

How do “das,” “es,” and “dieses” differ when refering to different “things”? When would you use each? (Ignore, for the moment, the differences between gender, and the fact that I’ve left “things” ...