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Questions tagged [standard-german]

Standarddeutsch – questions relating EXPLICITLY to the supra-regional German used in written language. Please read the tag wiki before applying this tag.

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-4
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0answers
15 views

Learning resources [duplicate]

Please give me online learning resources for German language.
0
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1answer
52 views

“Den” oder “an den”?

Welcher Satz ist richtig? Die Produkte, die Sie an den Organisationen anbieten oder Die Produkte, die Sie den Organisationen anbieten Und wieso? Further context: there is a company I want to ...
-1
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2answers
201 views

Is this modern, standard German?

I bought an ebook titled "Five Great German Short Stories" for the purpose of improving my German reading comprehension and vocabulary. It's a collection of historical short stories. I'd like to know ...
1
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2answers
97 views

Antwort auf “was ist neues bei dir?”

Ich habe mal eine deutsche Frau gefragt, "was ist neues bei dir?". Ich habe erwartet, dass sie mit "nichts" antwortet, weil es nichts Neues bei ihr gab, aber sie hat mit "Nein" geantwortet, ich war ...
0
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2answers
221 views

Do English and German languages share 60 % of their vocabulary?

The German language is different from the English language. Each language has its own words, sentences and grammar. However, I discovered from a website that the German and English languages share 60% ...
1
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1answer
201 views

How to use “zuerst”, “später”, “danach” and “dann” as Zeitadverbien?

I have the following sentence. I would like to know do we have any time stating what should come when among the options: danach, dann and später . Zuerst hat Holger Pietsch als Berater gearbeitet. ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Indirekte Rede im Indikativ

Wie ich im Internet und im Buch gelesen habe, benutzt man den Konjunktiv 1 und 2, wenn man das Gesagte wiedergeben will. Ich habe auch gelesen, dass man zum selben Zweck in der gesprochenen Sprache ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Warum wird hier “sich” verwendet?

Nach 20 Jahren hätte sich die Natur die Städte größenteils zurückerobert. Wofür steht sich hier? Ist das für das Verb oder es geht auf die Natur zurück? Und macht das einen Unterschied in der ...
3
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1answer
206 views

Was bedeutet der Ausdruck “Brot und Butter”?

Arbeiten mit HTML, CSS und JavaScript sind dein Brot und Butter Was ist die Bedeutung von Brot und Butter. Ist es eine Redewendung? Auch im Internet konnte ich nichts darüber finden.
0
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2answers
91 views

Von … bis oder von … auf?

In der Nacht vom 31. Dezember auf den 1. Januar Können wir auch von ... bis benutzen? Gibt es einen Unterschied dazwischen oder Regeln?
-1
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1answer
108 views

Why is the German name for Pineapple, “die Ananas”? [closed]

Pineapple is called as Ananas in many languages including Russian and Hindi. How did it get its name as Ananas in German?
1
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2answers
85 views

Is there any rule related to the position of 'nicht' in a sentence?

In my german book, there are two sentences that have nicht in last and second last position. I was wondering on what basis do we decide their position. Sentence 1: "Nein, abends esse ich nicht warm ."...
8
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3answers
790 views

In der Zukunft oder in die Zukunft?

Ich habe einen Satz gelesen, in dem "in die Zukunft" benutzt worden ist. Ich wollte wissen, warum nicht "in der Zukunft"? ... geht es darum, kreativ neue Wege in die Zukunft zu erschließen
2
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1answer
108 views

Bedienen oder arbeiten?

Can I use both or there is some rule behind using this verbs separately? Ich arbeite mit dem Computer Ich bediene mich des Computers Welche ist richtig?
6
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4answers
694 views

Why is ‘eines’ used in the sentence ‘Eines gleich vorweg’?

In the sentence: Eines gleich vorweg: Wir sind kein Speisepilz-Verein! Why isn't it: Ein gleich vorweg: … What’s the reason to use genitive here? Is there any grammar that I don’t know? Can ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Two or more prepositional phrases in one clause

How often do you see two or more prepositional phrases in one clause? For example, I was reading the LA Times and was curious how a sentence would translate in German. Google translated it like this: ...
3
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1answer
297 views

Past Perfect Tense

When should one use the past perfect? ("war... ge-[verb]t/en") I understand that the simple past is (roughly) for stories and the present perfect is (roughly) for the typical-past tense. (Feel free to ...
4
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2answers
396 views

Double-nominative constructions and “von”

When do you use von and when do you use a double-nominative construction, such as discussed at this linked question, when talking about the amount of something? Compare, for example, ein Glas ...
5
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1answer
288 views

Long vowel quality before R

I study in Berlin and I've noticed that long vowels preceding an R have a very different quality. In specific, they are consistently more open, sometimes mixing with their "short vowel" equivalent. ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Various Past Tenses in a Single Text

An answer to a question on Quora that I was reading used a variety of past tenses in quick succession. How do the tenses affect the meaning, and how would the meaning change if different tenses were ...
3
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3answers
126 views

Examples of mediopassive verb constructions

If you wanted to say "the clothes are drying" and the "the meat cooking," would you say "die Wäsche trocknet sich" and "das Fleisch kocht [sic] sich" respectively? I was reading a blog on ...
-2
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1answer
72 views

What is the meaning of this text? [closed]

What is the meaning of this text? Der Nachmittag ist in diesem Café und in der Straße und daheim in den Wohnungen gefangen. Überall hält man ihn fest und versucht, in ihm zu lesen wie in einem Buch,...
-2
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1answer
53 views

Various sentence structures

Is there a website or other resource that contains examples of the various types of structures of german sentences? Resources with a similar purpose are welcomed as well.
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2answers
110 views

Verbal nouns instead of verbs

Could someone offer some guidance for using verbal nouns? In particular, those of the form “zu(m/r) or beim/bei der [the infinitive of the verb in noun form].” When should I replace verbs with these ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Perfect Auxiliary of Transitive Verbs

Can transitive verbs only taken “haben” as an auxiliary (ie, as opposed to “sein”)? I am not aware of a counter-example to this.
0
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2answers
68 views

“Zahlenmäßig” in the context of the sentence provided

What is the function of "zahlenmäßig" (numerical?) in the following sentence? Wer dabei zahlenmäßig den zweifelhaften Spitzenplatz einnimmt, ist wohl noch nie wissenschaftlich erfasst worden. As I ...
2
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5answers
170 views

“riechen” vs. “riechen an”

What's the difference between "riechen" and "riechen an"? The wikipedia article describes them as almost synonymous. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/riechen
4
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1answer
111 views

Ambiguous sentence with “bei”?

Is this sentence ambiguous? Er war bei den Demonstranten. Duden gives this as an example of "bei" meaning "unter, zwischen (einer Menge)" but to the best of my non-native understanding, it seems ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Duden definitions of “zu”

Duden gives "kennzeichnet den Ort, die Lage des Sichbefindens, Sichabspielens von etwas" and "drückt aus, dass etwas zu etwas anderem hinzukommt, hinzugefügt, -gegeben wird" as two definitions ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Difference between “in” and “zu” regarding time

Duden gives very similar definitions for "in" and "zu" regarding time. "Zu" - "kennzeichnet den Zeitpunkt einer Handlung, eines Geschehens, die Zeitspanne, in der sich etwas abspielt, ereignet" ...
0
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1answer
33 views

“In” as a modal particle?

Duden offers "zur Angabe der Art und Weise, in der etwas geschieht, vorhanden ist" as a definition of "in," with "modal; mit Dativ" as its grammar. What is meant by "modal" here? Does it function as a ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Usage of the preposition “auf”

Duden lists "zur Angabe des Grundes, der Voraussetzung" as a definition of "auf." Can someone clarify what it means by this? I understand that the translation literally means "to specify the reasons, ...
0
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1answer
61 views

“-bereich” in context

What do the various uses of "-bereich" mean in the text below? Are these words (and uses) restricted to any particular register or context? Neither Duden, nor Google Translate have provided any ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Prepositions, nouns, and compound nouns

Does the compounding of nouns affect the preposition which the root-noun takes? For example, “Stelle” takes “auf” and “Dienststelle” does as well. Does this hold for every root and every compound? ...
2
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3answers
155 views

Difference between “an” and “auf” in the example provided

Duden provides the folowing definition of auf: zur Angabe der Richtung; bezieht sich auf eine Stelle, Oberfläche, auf einen Erstreckungsbereich, einen Zielpunkt o. Ä., bezeichnet den Gang zu ...
0
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2answers
109 views

Kann man sagen: “Mein Leben dauert 17 Jahre an”? [closed]

Ich bin beim Übersetzen eines Textes und bin mir nicht sicher, ob ich den Satz richtig formuliert habe. Mein Leben dauert etwas länger als 17 Jahre an.
-3
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2answers
66 views

Patterns in Prefixing with “ver-” and “er-”

It seems that adjectives ending in "-lich" tend often to be prefixed (when possible) by "ver-" [EDIT: when forming verbs from the "er-" and "ver-" prefixes]. Is there a reason for this? Are there ...
1
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2answers
116 views

Grammatical Rules of Prefix “er-”

I've attached a link to a question asking about the ability of one to prefix "blöd" with "er-." An answer says that one can technically do this, as it conforms with the grammatical rules of the prefix....
-1
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1answer
86 views

Words with by “er-” and “ver-” as prefixes

What are some words that take both "er-" and "ver-" as prefixes? Are there qualities to these words that allow them to be prefixed by both?
3
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2answers
97 views

Does the prefix “er-” imply an action was successful? [duplicate]

Do verbs with an “er-“ prefix imply that the action is successful? (ie, do “ersuchen” and “erbitten,” for example, imply that the thing requested was given or gained?) If so, is that also the case for ...
6
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4answers
577 views

Is this nominative case or accusative case?

If I make a sentence like: Das ist meine Familie. Is the sentence correct at first place? Is it a nominative case for Familie or is it accusative? It looks confusing to me because here the subject ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Viel und wenig plus Adjektiv

Viel und wenig können vor unzählbaren Nomen stehen. Sie haben dann keine Endung. Wenn ein Adjektiv hinzugefügt wird, wie wird das Adjektiv dekliniert? So wie viel sauberes Wasser und viel leckere ...
0
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3answers
160 views

Difference in Meaning Between “be-,” “er-,” and “ver-”

Durrell's "Using German" states that a function of the "be-," "er-," and "ver-" prefixes is to give something a certain quality. How do the prefixes differ in this regard? Does it have something to do ...
3
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2answers
197 views

Trouble with Impersonal Passive Voice usage

When and why would you use the "impersonal passive voice" in a German sentence? One example given on Wikipedia is "Es wird gespielt," which apparently translates as "Someone is playing." Why wouldn't ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Replacing Various Prepositions with “Auf”

The Wikipedia page on “auf” states that you would use it in one context instead of the traditional “bei” or “in,” and separately, “in” and “zu.” Under what conditions would you make the substitution, ...
1
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1answer
103 views

Difference Between “Sich” and “Man” in Example Provided

How would the meaning of the sentence below change if you use "man" instead of "sich"? In der Presse wie auch im Fernsehen finden sich zunehmend Meldungen über die verheerenden Folgen des Spielens ...
1
vote
3answers
102 views

Difficulty with “Treiben”

I've found it very helpful to learn words by learning the "essence" of the individual words (ie, understanding the unifying "theme" of a given words across its various definitions) but I haven't been ...
1
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3answers
83 views

“Nach” with “suchen”?

Should this sentence have a "nach" in it or is that not required (in this context) by "suchen"? Warum sucht die Bundeswehr händeringend Personal, obwohl man dort viele Vergünstigungen bekommt, die ...
4
votes
2answers
638 views

Words and Words with “ver-” Prefix

If a word and the same word with a "ver-" prefix mean "essentially" the same thing, are there any general differences between them? If so, what are they? Examples: Folgen / Verfolgen Prügeln / ...
2
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3answers
87 views

Usage of Articles and Demonstrative Pronouns

What are some guiding rules as to the use of articles and demonstrative pronouns (and other linguistic elements like these?) in German? Note: I'm not asking about the gender each takes or anything ...