Questions tagged [standard-german]

Standarddeutsch – questions relating EXPLICITLY to the supra-regional German used in written language. Please read the tag wiki before applying this tag.

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9
votes
1answer
3k views

How is the gender of new words established?

When words are borrowed into German, how is it decided what gender that word should be? I can think of examples with all three genders: der Latte, die Jeans, das Internet. Are there ever ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Wer bestimmt, welche Regeln in der deutschen Sprache gelten?

Wie der Titel schon sagt: Wer (oder was) hat das letzte Wort, wenn es um Regelfragen in der deutschen Sprache geht? Die angesprochenen Regelfragen können sowohl die Grammatik als auch die ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of “lernst” there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) uvular ...
29
votes
1answer
5k views

Pronunciation of “China” in German

In German there is some confusion on how to pronounce the letters 'ch' in "China". I heard all of following variants: [ˈçiːnaː] - as in "ich" [ˈkçiːnaː] - as in "Bäckchen" [ˈkiːnaː] - as in "...
0
votes
3answers
276 views

Difference in Meaning Between “be-,” “er-,” and “ver-”

Durrell's "Using German" states that a function of the "be-," "er-," and "ver-" prefixes is to give something a certain quality. How do the prefixes differ in this regard? Does it have something to do ...
6
votes
3answers
976 views

Prepare for the German examination

Ich will mich für die Prüfung für das Große Deutsche Sprachdiplom vorbereiten. Wisst ihr wo ich online Prüfungsmodulare finden kann? Kennt jemand das Buch: "Fromme/Guess, Fit fürs Goethe-Zertifikat ...
3
votes
1answer
694 views

Why do some dictionaries have Rad fahren and others radfahren? Is Rad a separable prefix?

In Collin's dictionary, when I search for Rad fahren, it comes up with: http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/german-english/radfahren However, radfahren is not on http://de.wiktionary.org . ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Gibt es eine genormte Aussprache für Standard-Deutsch?

In letzter Zeit erschienen hier mehrere Fragen, die erkennen ließen, dass die Fragesteller von einer bestimmten Annahme ausgingen. Sie gingen davon aus, dass es für jedes Wort der deutschen Sprache ...
19
votes
8answers
14k views

“Nein” vs “nee”, is there any difference?

The only time I've ever seen Germans say nein is in the movies or in textbooks. I've also heard a politician say nein when she wanted to make a strong stand again a comment. I'm guessing nein is more ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Hochdeutsch und Luthers Bibelübersetzung

Ein Deutscher hat mir einen Grund dafür genannt, warum man in Hannover (und in dessen Nähe) Hochdeutsch spricht. Es habe damit zu tun, dass Luther in diesem geographischen Gebiet die Bibel übersetzt ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

How to say web addresses and version numbers in German?

In English, for example, "http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/ask" and "Windows 8.1" are read aloud as: H T T P COLON DOUBLE SLASH german DOT stackexchange DOT com SLASH questions SLASH ...
5
votes
3answers
705 views

Why is “Zeile” but not “Zeiger” differently pronounced in the south?

For both nouns there is a similar pronunciation of "-ei-" in standard German: Zeile: [ˈʦaɪ̯lə] Zeiger: [ˈʦaɪ̯ɡɐ] When people in some southern German regions try to speak non-dialect German the ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Correct way to write out a date range in German

What is the best way to write out a date range in German? For example, something takes place on 05. September 2015 which is how I've come accustomed to seeing it in Germany. I'm not sure as to why ...
7
votes
4answers
945 views

When should you use “du” instead of “Sie”?

When should you speak to people using "du" instead of "Sie" if you want to be polite but not seem snobby? My parents were German but I was born and raised in Canada. My German is fairly limited but I ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Was ist “Umgangssprache”?

Immer wieder verwende ich beim Schreiben Ausdrücke aus der Umgangssprache. Auch hier bei uns wurden "Umgangssprache" und "umgangssprachlich" schon mehrfach genannt. Eine klare Definition dessen, was ...
2
votes
1answer
368 views

Fixed prepositions (sich freuen auf/über) [duplicate]

Where do we use sich freuen auf and sich freuen über
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Difference between `in der Stadt` and `in die Stadt` [duplicate]

Taking the following example: Ich gehe in der Stadt. Ich gehe in die Stadt. I couldn't understand when to say in die Stadt and when to say in der Stadt.
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Difference Between “Sich” and “Man” in Example Provided

How would the meaning of the sentence below change if you use "man" instead of "sich"? In der Presse wie auch im Fernsehen finden sich zunehmend Meldungen über die verheerenden Folgen des Spielens ...