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Questions tagged [tense]

Zeitformen (Tempus) – relating to the form of a verb that tells when the action takes place

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Imperfekt vs Perfekt with modal verbs

I understand that in narrative/non-spoken speech the Perfekt is much more common than the Präteritum. But I'm not sure to what extent this applies with dealing with modal verbs. For example: Leider ...
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"lebt seit X jahren in Y", why is this in present form, but the meaning is in the past perfect? [duplicate]

lebt seit X jahren in Y Why is this in the present form, but the meaning is in the past perfect? Why is it not: hat gelebt seit X jahren in Y ?
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confusion regarding 'werden'

Two sentences with 'werden': KFC bereitet gerade Deine Bestellung zu. Sie wird in ungefähr 29 Minuten bei Dir sein. Ich werde acht Jahre alt. In the first sentence there is a 'sein' whereas in the ...
Dennis's user avatar
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confusion regarding the past tense of 'lassen'

I just learnt that hat sich scheiden lassen is correct whereas hat sich scheiden gelassen is incorrect. But at the same time er hat mich in Ruhe gelassen is correct but er hat mich in Ruhe ...
Dennis's user avatar
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The Appropriate Usage of Each Tense

I'm having difficulty discerning the appropriate usage of each tense in different contexts. I'm particularly struggling with the following examples: Gestern bin ich nach Hause gekommen und habe eine ...
lail lifey's user avatar
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Can somebody explain tenses after "bevor/ehe" for me?

I have been taught at school that both sentences linked by "bevor/ehe" should be in the same tense. E.g. Bevor ich schlafen gehe, lese ich ein Buch. However, I have recently noticed that ...
Sofia's user avatar
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past participle + conditional

Just finished reading the following article: https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/asien/hamas-fuehrer-israel-hisbollah-102.html At one point, John Kirby, der Sprecher des Weißen Hauses, is quoted as ...
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If a verb is irregular in one tense, will it also be irregular in all other tenses?

For example, if a verb is irregular in the present tense, will it then necessarily be irregular in the present perfect (end in "-en" rather than in "-t" and/or have its root ...
Agustin G.'s user avatar
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Gleichzeitigkeit oder Nachzeitigkeit in diesem Satz?

Seitdem hat sich jedoch herumgesprochen, dass dieses Beispiel auf Stackexchange steht. Dieses Beispiel (aus Kopierschutzgründen leicht abgewandelt) steht in der Duden-Grammatik unter der Verwendung ...
EagleFliesBanana's user avatar
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Does the tense of the verb in a nachdem clause need to be different from the one in the Hauptsatz?

The way I learned nachdem (the conjunction) is that the action in a Nebensatz with it is happening before the action in the Hauptsatz; through which (and also because of the immediate examples showed ...
Srmuiel's user avatar
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"Hatte geschlafen gehabt" als Plusquamperfekt?

In diesem Ausschnitt aus Neue Vahr Süd, von Sven Regener, verwendet der Erzähler das Plusquamperfekt, um zu erzählen, was der Hauptfigur früher am Tag passiert war: ... er hatte sich morgens um fünf ...
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Verletzen with sein oder haben

When I look into a dictionary I see verletzen with haben coming in present and in perfekt but i see in book. Er ist am Knie und am Bein verletzt. Regards
Araz Täbris's user avatar
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What kind of German verb tense is this?

I found a weird verb tense in the following sentence: Am Ende hat fehlte nach 24 Stunden im Renntempo weniger als eine halbe Minute zum ganz großen Triumph........ What does hat fehlte mean here? As ...
Nariman Asgharian's user avatar
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What is the distinction between würde vs. wäre?

Both of these sentences translate as, “I would be happy”: Ich würde glücklich sein. Ich wäre glücklich. Could someone please explain, or direct me to an explanation, how these tenses differ and how,...
Mark Featherstone's user avatar
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Differential usage of Präsens and Perfekt [closed]

So I've been trying to make sense of the differential usage of Präsens and Perfekt for cases which correspond to the English Present Perfect tenses (the regular one and the progressive one). As per my ...
Dr.Doom's user avatar
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'Nachdem Inge das Fleisch in der Pfanne verbrannt ist, [ ... ].' Why do we use 'ist' instead of 'hat' here?

On this website of DW Deutsch Lernen I came across a sentence that really confused me: Nachdem Inge das Fleisch in der Pfanne verbrannt ist, landet sie mit Nico zum Mittagessen im Marek. Why do we ...
Dennis's user avatar
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Idiomatic informal writing to formal acquaintance? [closed]

With my limited knowledge of Deutsch, I'm attempting to write a "get well soon" greeting card to a native German speaker from Frankfurt. Below is what I wrote as a first draft, but I have ...
Henry DeYoung's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
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Präteritum oder Perfekt in Kinderbüchern?

Ich habe den Auftrag, eine Kindergeschichte ins Deutsche zu übersetzen. Der Originaltext ist voller Lautmalereien, die Sprache ist einfach, dem Verlag nach soll das Buch für 3- bis 7-jährige bestimmt ...
Lenon Perez Gonçalves's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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I have a table of Agency, Mood, Tenses with an example sentence. Are these examples a correct understanding of these grammar structures?

I have this chart I've been making to drill learning general Agency-Mood-Tense grammar. The primary issues I've been running into is that there are a significant amount of examples that somewhat ...
BlauKakaPOW's user avatar
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What is the difference in sense between wollen and wollten

I understand that one is the indicative and the other is the subjunctive, but I often hear that wollen is used when someone intends to do something while the subjunctive form is used when someone ...
changesquare's user avatar
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Gebrauch von Plusquamperfekt in einem Passivsatz mit "seit"

Warum benutzt der Autor dieses Artikels das Plusquamperfekt anstatt des Perfekts (oder Präteritums) im folgenden Satz? Seit Anfang August war aus dem deutsch-polnischen Grenzfluss tonnenweise toter ...
cruthers's user avatar
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Most Idiomatic German Equivalent of the English "going to" Construction (Future in the Past)

I am trying to translate the following sentence: He only bought one pizza, because he was going to fly to Berlin the next day But I am not entirely sure how to translate the future-in-the-past ...
Jacob Lee-Hart's user avatar
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Usage of simple past in stories

I have often heard that when explaining stories we must use simple past and not past perfect. Yet when I was reading this story of Henry Hünchen by fable cottage, I observe they use present as well to ...
Babu's user avatar
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Does active/passive voice distinction exist in imperative and subjunctive?

So, to my understanding a verb has three properties: Mood Tense Voice I know so far that certain moods have certain tenses but can moods have different voices? I mean, does the active vs passive ...
Babu's user avatar
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Sentence Structure Questions

Es ist nichts verborgen, was nicht offenbar werden wird, und nichts geheim, was man nicht wissen wird. 1.what is the name of the structure used in this sentence? 2.In order to use this structure what ...
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1 answer
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Haben vs Hatten / when using the past perfect

I am confused about when to use "Past perfect" vs "Pluperfect". I always compare these two tenses like "Präsens / Perfekt — facts" and "Präteritum / Plusquamperfekt —...
iamshimye's user avatar
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Basic Questions about Tense

What are the differences between these two examples? A) Er hat ihm den Wagen zu waschen geholfen. B) Er habe ihm den Wagen zu waschen geholfen. and also what are the differences between these two ...
iamshimye's user avatar
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Sentence Structure

What is the name of the structure in the sentence below? Alle von der Bewerberin oder vom Bewerber verfassten Dokumente müssen zudem klar strukturiert sein. What does the structure used in the ...
iamshimye's user avatar
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Basic Questions

In the sentence: Thomas ist froh, weil er sein Abitur mit 1,7 bestanden hat. Why don't we use (Präteritum) or (Plusquamperfekt) or Perfect(habe bestanden)? I am struggling with the differences ...
iamshimye's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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German tenses and equivalents of them

I am looking for the equivalents of these structure in English, i don't know when to combine these tenses and why. 1.Perfekt + Passiv + Konjunktiv 1 2.Perfekt + Konjunktiv 1 For example the sentence ...
iamshimye's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
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Why are there three verbs in a row?

»Wenn wir uns nur mit ihr hätten verstecken können, irgendwo im Ausland, unter falschem Namen, nur bis sie alt genug wäre...« aus Rubinrot von Kerstin Gier I don't get the "hätten verstecken ...
koko raari's user avatar
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201 views

Plusquamperfekt usage

Would someone please explain the differences in meaning of these three sentences: Wir mussten umdrehen und höher in Richtung unserer Plätze gehen, doch bevor wir unsere Reihe erreicht haben, gab es ...
Steve's user avatar
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Ich habe nie gesehen, dass ich diesen Weg gegangen bin

In https://de.quora.com/Warum-sollten-sich-Menschen-nicht-mit-schrecklichen-Berufen-abfinden , I have read the following: Ich wurde eher als ein Typ von Make-Love-nicht-Krieg geboren. Ich habe nie ...
Alan Evangelista's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

How is the verb "sollen" normally conjugated

I’m trying to understand the conjugation of the verb sollen, and also make sense of the phrase to the swimming pool in this Duolingo sentence: You should go to the swimming pool daily. Du solltest ...
Simba's user avatar
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Imperative mood tenses?

To my current understanding, German has three word moods and for each mood the following tenses: Present Present perfect Simple past Past perfect Futur I Futur II. Since imperative is a mood, does ...
Babu's user avatar
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solltest - Konjuktiv II or Präteritum?

Some modal verbs have different forms in Präteritum vs. Konjuktiv II, for example können, konnte, könnte So if I see something like Wenn Ich mehr Geld hätte, könnte Ich mehr reisen I think the ...
John Smith's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
103 views

determine the tense for "du unterrichtet worden bist"

I was reading a Bible here, and it contains the following sentence damit du die Gewißheit der Dinge erkennst, in denen du unterrichtet worden bist. I am trying to understand, which tense is here and ...
John Smith's user avatar
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3 answers
221 views

Gilt »Du bist schlafend« als Verlaufsform von »Du schläfst«?

In einer Antwort zu einer anderen Frage habe ich behauptet, dass es im Deutschen keine Konstruktion gibt, die dem englischen Satz You are sleeping. entspricht. Gemeint war, dass es in der deutschen ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
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How did präteritum come to be primarily used in writing and mostly unused in everyday speech?

As a native English speaker learning German, one thing that has caught my imagination is the Präteritum. The idea of a tense which you mostly don't really say (with a few exceptions such as sein, ...
rooms's user avatar
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jmd. etwas zukommen lassen (gewähren) - Konjugation

I play with the verbal form jmd. etw. zukommen lassen in the sense of gewähren and I am not sure about conjugation in the passive form: Er wird den Vorrang zukommen gelassen. Er wurde den Vorrang ...
kiriloff's user avatar
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1 answer
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Subjonktiv I oder Subjonktiv II - phrase with aufbauen auf

The first proposition contains the verb aufbauen, and I would like to figure out what is the right tense for the second proposition. One example would be Seine Vorhersage baut auf der Überzeugung auf, ...
kiriloff's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
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The Passive Voice

I have stumbled upon this sentence: Etwa zwei Kilometer überm Boden wird der Fallschirm abgeworfen und Landetriebwerke zünden. I am not learning German for that long and so I got a little confused ...
mellucy's user avatar
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"haben" und "sein" im Präteritum oder im Perfekt

Bei meinem letzten Unterricht mit einem Muttersprachler habe ich ihn gefragt, ob die Perfekt- oder die Imperfektformen von Verben "haben" und "sein" gebräuchlicher sind, natürlich ...
maciekotw's user avatar
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Difference between Indikativ Präteritum and Indikativ perfekt

Both "du hast weitergeleitet" (Indikativ Perfekt) and "du leitetest weiter" (Indikativ Präteritum) are translated by google as "You forwarded". What then is the ...
user17144's user avatar
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Ich muss eingeschlafen sein. Why is the sentence built this way?

It's a sentence I've encountered in a game. I'm quite sure the meaning is: I must have fallen asleep. (The character is found sleeping, wakes up and says: Hahaha, tut mir Leid! Ich war so aufgeregt, ...
Nelly Parker's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

What tense form is this? [duplicate]

Aber jemand hat Sascha aus der Finanzabteilung vorbeilaufen sehen. Should it not be gesehen instead? This way it would be the Perfekt tense.
Unrivalled confusion's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why do they use Präteritum as translation for English simple past? [duplicate]

In my book they give some German sentences with the respective English translations, this is to explain the use of als and wenn, but that is not what is bothering me. I am not sure why they are using ...
some_math_guy's user avatar
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1 answer
311 views

Konjunktiv II von Können

I read this and some sentences in the text book and I see often we use this form Konjunktiv II von Können for requesting. "Könntest du mir bitte helfen?" Könntest is actually the Präteritum ...
Noisha Studieren's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
208 views

Can we use "Plusquamperfekt" with "Perfekt" as main clause instead of "Präteritum"?

In different books, it is stated that "Plusquamperfekt" has to be used with "Präteritum" but I didn't find whether there is a possibility to use it with "Perfekt" as both ...
Yacine's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Difference between "Futur I + nachdem + Präsens" and "Futur I + nachdem + Perfekt"

When using the Futur 1 in the main clause and the conjunction nachdem, we have two options for the subordinate clause: the Perfekt and the Präsens. Thus, I would like to know if there is any ...
Hilder Vitor Lima Pereira's user avatar