Questions tagged [umlaut]

relating to (a) the change of a vowel that is caused by partial assimilation to a succeeding sound or that occurs as a reflex of the former presence of a succeeding sound which has been lost or altered, or (b) the vowels (ä, ö, ü, or äu) resulting from such partial assimilation

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Morphological Processes involving loss of umlaut

"Nahrung" is presumably formed from "nähren" through an extremely productive verb-to-noun derivation, and there's plenty of information about this process. What I'm puzzling over ...
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2 votes
2 answers
246 views

No umlaut in some plural nouns

Some masculine and neuter nouns don’t umlaut the last vowel in the stem of the word in the plural when it would be possible. What’s the historical reason for this?
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Is it normal that the "ä" is pronounced this way in this word? (Swiss German)

I came across the Swiss German word Gitzitrichäli (I couldn't find the meaning of it anywhere). In my head I always the "ä" as a short vowel and thus thought of it as being either [ɛ] or [e]....
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5 votes
1 answer
161 views

Why is the feminine of Herzog Herzogin and not Herzögin

Why is the feminine of Herzog Herzogin and not Herzögin (like Gräfin)?
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7 votes
1 answer
125 views

Wann macht die Endung -in keinen Umlaut?

Die weibliche Endung -in erzeugt normalerweise einen Umlaut: Arzt → Ärztin Franzose → Französin Dies passiert jedoch nicht überall: Kunde → Kundin Matrose → Matrosin Verfasser → ...
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3 votes
1 answer
603 views

Do any German words contain "ae", "oe", or "ue"? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: When typing German, if umlaut letters are not available, it is usual to replace them with the underlying vowel followed by an ⟨e⟩. So, for example, "Schröder" becomes "Schroeder"...
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9 votes
1 answer
179 views

Why does “missmutig” lack an umlaut when every other “-mütig” adjective has one?

There are lots of nouns ending in ∙mut Schwermut, Wehmut, Langmut, Grossmut etc. and lots of adjectives ending in ∙mütig gutmütig, kleinmütig, wankelmütig, freimütig, reumütig. So far as I can ...
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5 answers
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How to write german Um-laut Ä ä Ö ö Ü ü and ß from a non German keyboard? [duplicate]

I am having a US-layout keyboard for my windows 8. As I don't see these Um-laut signs on my keyboard. Is there any way to input these symbols using non-German keyboards?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Should umlauts be used in names, even if the person with that name didn't use them? [duplicate]

I've recently come across a post (in English) speaking of Noether's theorem, where Noether's surname was consistently spelled as Nöther. But nowhere had I seen such a spelling of this name until this ...
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17 votes
3 answers
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Ordering German special characters and those from other languages when sorting

I want to sort strings (text) in a software project of mine. I'm planning to do this in the lexically best way. My set of possible characters consist of the full alphabet (a–z and A–Z) and of the ...
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0 answers
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How to properly pronounce ‚ür‘? [duplicate]

I‘ve been struggling with ö and ü but after practice I can eventually pronounce them. But I find myself unable to identify that ‚ü‘ sound in words such as ‚Bürger‘ ‚Mitbürger’ and sometimes even ‚für‘....
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3 votes
5 answers
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Why do some words that are not inflected have an umlaut?

Umlaut marks are usually used to show that an inflection has occurred, that is the umlaut is a synchronic change. But some words with an umlauted character, such as Ärger, Hälfte, Käse, Lärm, März, ...
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3 votes
6 answers
679 views

How to remember umlauts? (ö and ü) [closed]

[NB: In this question, I use some of the terminology given here.] I can hear (and produce) the difference between ö and o, and between ü and u, but whatever part of my brain is responsible for ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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What are the expectations for German search behavior in software?

I am making a German-language version of my iOS app, and I'm trying to make sure I have a great search experience for German-speakers, but I don't speak any German, so I'm having a hard time figuring ...
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2 votes
1 answer
170 views

Umlaut or not on "ihr" form of verb

The two different German teachers I have had have differing ideas about the correct conjugation of some verbs in the 2nd person plural, but I am not clear about which is "more correct" or when to use ...
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3 votes
2 answers
323 views

How do I know when a word is spelled with ä rather than an e when I hear the word

Often someone would say a German word then I would look it up with my dictionary based on how it is pronounced. I have the issue always I don't know whether to use ä or e since they are basically ...
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3 votes
2 answers
605 views

Warum gibt's keinen Umlaut für e und i?

Warum gibt's keinen Umlaut für e und i? Oder, anders gesagt: Warum gibt es ä, ö, ü in der deutschen Sprache, aber nicht ï und ë?
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5 votes
1 answer
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Umlaut over consonant preceding a vowel

In the photo below, the word "völliger" is spelled with the umlaut over the v: Is this a typo, a design choice, or is there a linguistic explanation?
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3 votes
2 answers
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How are vowel sounds changed by the diaeresis/trema?

When learning about plurals, I picked up on some vowels changing their pronunciation — I say "picked up on" here because there was no formal explanation or lesson about how the diaeresis/trema works ...
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17 votes
5 answers
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Can an umlaut be written as a line in handwriting?

My first German professor (a native German) told the class that an umlaut could be written as a line when writing by hand. However, my current German (a non native) professor strongly says otherwise. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Warum ersetzt man in manchen Fällen »ä« durch »ae«?

Laut meinem Assimil-Lehrbuch soll die Ersetzung von ä durch die Kombination ae stattgefunden haben, weil die früheren Schreibmaschinen nicht über den Buchstaben ä verfügten. Diese Erklärung scheint ...
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22 votes
3 answers
2k views

Gödel but Noether?

Kurt Gödel and Emmy Noether are both prominent mathematicians. And I’m wondering why so many people write Gödel with umlaut but not Nöther. I’ve searched and found here asserting that Only Noether ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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Can't find the difference between o, ö, u, und ü

Hey guys I'm having trouble finding the difference in pronunciation between o, u and the ö and ü. I don't feel like I can continue my German lessons until I can correct pronounce them. Any help?
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7 votes
5 answers
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Deutsche Wörter mit allen deutschen Sonderbuchstaben

Ich suche deutsche Wörter, welche alle der folgenden Buchstaben enthalten: ä, ö, ü, ß. Es geht um primäre oder zusammengesetzte, aber Sinn ergebende Wörter. Das einzige, worauf ich bis jetzt kam, ist ...
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6 votes
3 answers
764 views

Spelling of Grüß Gott

Someone I know spells it "Gruess Gott" and explained the "ue" is a way of indicating it is an umlauted "u" - Has anyone ever heard of this? Is it proper? (This is in a context where no special ...
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2 votes
1 answer
852 views

What is the historical origin of the German umlaut? [duplicate]

My nephew asked me what the historical origin of the German umlaut (like ü/ä/ö) is. I have no idea. How can I explain it to him?
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11 votes
1 answer
952 views

Evolution of the digraph “ae” in the German language during the centuries

I am German, but I thought I would ask this question in English so that everyone possessing knowledge about this specific subject could join in independently from the language it was asked in. In ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Do all verbs form the conjunctive II with an umlaut?

As far I know we normally form the conjunctive II with the preterite (past) form of the verb. Coming from the preterite, we replace a with ä, u with ü and o with ö and also add an extra e if possible. ...
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5 votes
6 answers
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What is the umbrella term for ä, ö and ü and the little dots on them?

In English, the sounds like a, e, i, o or u are called vowel sounds. I want to know, whether ä, ö, and ü have certain names in German language and what the dots used to produce them are called.
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1 answer
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Gibt es eine vollständige Liste von Adjektiven, die einen Umlaut im Komparativ und Superlativ haben?

Gibt es eine Liste mit allen Komparationen, die eine Umlaut im Komparativ und Superlativ kriegen? Ich habe nur diese gefunden: warm wärmer am wärmsten klug klüger am klügsten arm ...
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2 votes
1 answer
537 views

Which is the conjugated form for "müssen" in the present tense? Is it "ich muss" or "ich muß"?

I learned it from my German teacher as muß. But I'm reading a lot of notes on the Internet that say it's muss and others that it's muß. Has there been an official change in the German language ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Modal verbs: why those endings?

Ich muss - wir müssen Ich mag - wir mögen Ich kann - wir können Ich darf - wir dürfen Why are the singular persons so different from the infinitive form, for these verbs? It's clearly not umlaut, ...
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  • 347
7 votes
3 answers
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How to learn/explain to pronounce Ä,Ö,Ü,Z,CH?

How do I learn to pronounce Ä (at least 2 different: "Ärzte" + slightly different "Ärmel", "ätzend") Ö (at least 2 different: "Öl", "Öffnung" + slightly different "Löffel") Ü (at least 2 different:...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Umlaute in Namen ins lateinische Alphabet übertragen [closed]

Als Besitzer eines Umlauts (ü) im Namen lernt man recht schnell, dass dieses auf Dokumenten oder in Computersoftware oder auch nur im Kreuzworträtsel in ein ue gewandelt wird, gleichermaßen mit äund ö....
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5 votes
1 answer
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What's the difference between Umlaut and Ablaut?

This is a follow-up question of What is an “Ablaut”?, and I was going to answer this in a comment there, but thought asking a new question and answering that properly might be the better way to go: ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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How to invertibly transcript german umlauts in ASCII?

In a big set of files I need to transcript non-ASCII letters (especially umlauts and es-zed) as something easy to type and also easy to read. This precludes the usage of something like ü or \"...
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11 votes
2 answers
362 views

Warum hat »nächtlich« einen Umlaut und »weihnachtlich« keinen?

Weihnachtlich und nächtlich sind Adjektive, die vom gleichen Wort abgeleitet sind. Warum hat ein Wort einen Umlaut und das andere keinen?
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8 votes
3 answers
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How should an Umlaut be written?

This sounds like a silly question, but our teacher said it should be 2) in the image below: She said 1) is wrong! I almost fell off my chair. I've never seen it printed with the strokes. Not in ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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How to know if the adjective corresponding to a noun bears an umlaut?

Among the adjectives derived from nouns there some which do not bear Umlaut: die Kugel - kugelig, der Monat - monatlich, usw. But sometimes they do bear Umlaut: das Jahr - jährlich, die Woche - ...
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19 votes
5 answers
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Which German word contains the most ä, ö, ü, and ß in any variation?

I'm German and residing in France. When I was asked the following question the only word which came into my mind was Gesäß. Which German word contains the most ä, ö, ü, and ß in any variation? Are ...
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7 votes
4 answers
69k views

Conversion table for diacritics (e.g. "ü" → "ue")

I am looking for a table for converting German diacritics into their non-diacritic character combination equivalent. For instance that table would indicate that the umlaut ü may be converted to ue). ...
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13 votes
6 answers
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How to type umlaut over a dash as in many German dictionaries?

In the German-English dictionary that I have, it shows plural of nouns in suffix form. When it includes an umlaut also, it mentions it by having an umlaut over dash. For an example from dictionary, ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Noun-to-adjective: when does the vowel shift?

I recently noticed that I am unable to recognize when a vowel shift should occur in going from the noun to the adjective. I wrote vielzählig when I believe it should have been vielzahlig. On the other ...
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11 votes
4 answers
8k views

How to alphabetically sort a list of names?

How do you alphabetically sort German names when a list contains last names starting with "Von ...", "De ...", "Van ..." etc.? Also, how are words with umlauts (ä, ö, ü) and other diacritical ...
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15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Umlaute im Fraktursatz

Setzt man im Fraktursatz Umlaute auf Großbuchstaben, oder umschreibt man diese mit Ae o.ä.? Ich habe bei der Verwendung der yfonts in LaTeX festgestellt, dass diese fehlen. Wie ist hier die ...
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  • 2,738
36 votes
6 answers
16k views

Which letters does the German alphabet consist of?

I mean the “official” or “traditional” alphabet, such as the one taught in schools to children. Is the ordering the same as English? Does it include C, which I notice never seems to show up in native-...
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  • 561
24 votes
17 answers
70k views

Wie schreibt man Umlaute und scharfes S auf nichtdeutschen Tastaturen?

How do you write Umlauts and ß on non-German keyboards? Wie schreibt man Umlaute und ß auf einer US-Tastatur?
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27 votes
7 answers
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Is it acceptable to omit umlauts and put an extra 'e' instead?

It's a pain when you haven't got a German keyboard to figure these characters out. Is it acceptable from a style perspective?
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