Questions tagged [verb-usage]

Questions about how to use verbs, from a grammatical, syntactical and stylistic point of view.

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0
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3answers
107 views

How to use “sich freuen”?

In the first sentence, it is me being happy and in other sentence, she is happy. "freuen" is self-reflexive verb. So using "mich" in first sentence is understandable. Why don't we ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Choice of verb in statements of existence

The following sentences, which I have taken from some simple texts, appear be about the existence (or non-existence) of something: Heute ist viel Verkehr. In meinem Kurs sind acht Schülerinnen und ...
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1answer
161 views

Cancelled abgesägt abgesagt or storniert

I am not keeping well that's why, I cancelled classes. Mir geht es nicht gut, deshalb habe ich den Unterricht abgesagt. When typed in Google translate, it is recorrecting as abgesägt. I cancelled my ...
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3answers
1k views

Having trouble with “wird” and “ist”

I'm having trouble understanding why the verb "wird" is used in this sentence and not "ist" EX: (Wie wird "eu" in Feuer ausgesprochen?). As I understand it, it translates ...
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1answer
178 views

What's the difference between (du) “aß” and (du) “aßest”

For Präteritum of essen Duden shows to forms: aß and aßest. Are they interchangeable? And if not what's the difference between them?
3
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1answer
122 views

Hin/her-Verben und ihre Grundverben

Ich finde es besonders schwierig, den Unterschied zwischen dem Grundverb und dem einschlägigen 'hin/her-' Verb zu begreifen, und deshalb wäre es für mich super, wenn ihr mir helfen könntet! :) Ich ...
7
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2answers
181 views

Nuancen der regionalen und stilistischen Verteilung von “put-Verben”

Inspiriert durch die Kommentare hier würde mich interessieren, wie es mit der regionalen Verteilung von unspezifischen Verben für "setzen/legen/stellen" aussieht, unter Berücksichtigung von ...
2
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2answers
167 views

What is the word “dem” doing in this sentence?

Part of a sentence from a novel: … zum erstenmal kam sein Ton dem nahe, wie er wohl normalerweise sprach. Could someone please explain what the grammatical status and purpose of the "dem" ...
3
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3answers
125 views

What is the effect on a personal pronoun due to a verb requiring a dative direct object? [duplicate]

I recently came across a German sentence: - "Gefallen Ihnen die Rosen nicht?" I know that Gefallen is a Dativ verb, but shouldn't the sentence be : - "Gefallen Sie die Rosen nicht?&...
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4answers
4k views

What is the difference between “downloaden”, “runterladen” and “herunterladen”?

In the context of downloading something from the Internet, e.g. Films, there are at least the three different verbs. What could be the difference between them? I once used downloaden in my writing ...
7
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1answer
121 views

Why is it »aus führen« and not »ausführen«?

The transcript of DW Langsam gesprochene Nachrichten from today has the sentence Sie werde die Regierungsgeschäfte von zu Hause aus führen. I might have thought that the space between aus and führen ...
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2answers
180 views

stellen vs hinstellen

according to wiktionary: stellen: senkrecht, mit den Füßen den Boden, einen bestimmten Platz oder Gegenstand berührend, in eine bestimmte oder übliche Position bringen example: Er stellte die Vase ...
4
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2answers
208 views

Object-Experiencer verbs and the *Es juckt mich* ~ *Ich jucke mich* alternation

[CW: Kinda technical question] I was researching object-experiencer verbs across languages (i.e., verbs like bore, worry, etc., in which the nominative subject causes an emotional state in the ...
3
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2answers
178 views

Difference between “aufschreiben” and “mitschreiben”?

In my book I have come across both the verbs "aufschreiben" and "mitschreiben". A simple google translate tells that both of the verbs mean "To write down". My question is/are: - When to use which ...
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1answer
61 views

„jmd. sehr mögen“ vs „jmd. gern leiden mögen"

To express that I like someone, it seems that I can use both “jmd. mögen” and “jmd. gern leiden mögen”. i.e. 1. Ich mag sie sehr. 2. Ich mag sie gern leiden. Could someone please advise on when ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Konjunktiv II – “liefe“ versus „würde laufen“

To form the Konjunktiv II in the present tense, I have come across a “first rule” as: Verbs such as sein, haben, werden and the modal verbs take irregular single word forms (wäre, hätte, dürfte etc) ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Kann das Wort “implementieren” auch für physische Objekte benutzt werden?

Das Wort implementieren wird in der Regel im Zusammenhang mit Prozessen oder logischen Strukturen wie z.B. in Software oder Hardware benutzt. Die Definition und Herkunft entsprechend dem Duden nennt ...
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1answer
88 views

lernen as a modal verb

Ich lerne schwimmen. I have learned that one can use sein as a modal verb like in that sentence but when I was writing a text in the class I wrote this: Man lernt für sich selbst verantwortlich ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Trennbarkeit von »geringschätzen«

Ich habe bisweilen Probleme mit Worten wie geringschätzen. Ich würde immer schreiben/sagen: Ich schätze dieses und jenes gering. Meine Eltern schätzten dieses und jenes gering. Heutzutage treffe ...
6
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2answers
391 views

'Ich esse einen Apfel' OR 'Ich bin einen Apfel essen'

Which of the above two sentences is correct or if both are correct then what is more appropriate to say? Please answer. I am used to continuous tense in English which makes me start the sentence ...
2
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1answer
124 views

What is the difference between `reinige` and `bereinige`? [closed]

I can say Ich möchte mein Zimmer reinigen but I can also say Ich möchte mein Zimmer bereinigen What is the difference?
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1answer
91 views

Constructions of the form “zum + Infinitival noun + bringen / kommen”

Under the topic of infinitives, my grammar book[1] notes the construction “zum + infinitival noun + bringen / kommen” is used as a phrasal verb to express the completion of an action. Two examples ...
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3answers
109 views

Correct usage of übergeben (separable verb) to mean “to cover up”

From de.wiktionary, the separable form of übergeben is said to mean "to cover up, to spread over" and two examples are given: …und sie gab die Decke über unsere Körper. Eine dicke Obstlaubschicht ...
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2answers
162 views

Folgen mit haben/sein

Ich mache gerade Übungsgrammatik für die Oberstufe und ehrlich gesagt, für mich stimmt etwas nicht. Im Lösungsschlüssel steht: Die Besucher sind den Anweisungen der Platzanweiser gefolgt. Ich ...
5
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3answers
374 views

Verb in third position not followed by adverb

I was studying some Bach's chorals and I came across this title: "Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh' darein" According to the grammar rule after the name follows the verb and then everything else. "Ach Gott,...
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3answers
877 views

Can I use the verb “schaffen” in a sentence “They accomplish their goals”?

Recently I've learned a new verb: schaffen. As the dictionary says, the verb means to accomplish, but also to create. So I thought that in the sentence They accomplish their goals I can use this verb ...
5
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1answer
140 views

What is the verb placement after a prepositional phrase at the beginning of a sentence? [closed]

What is the position of the conjugated verb after a prepositional phrase? For example, is it In meinem Haus, muss ich... Or In meinem Haus, ich muss...
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0answers
43 views

Verb auf der ersten Stelle im Hauptsatz [duplicate]

Ich sehe sehr oft in Erzählungen bzw. Witzen, dass ein Verb auf der ersten Stelle im Hauptsatz steht. Dabei handelt es sich um keine Frage Hier ist ein Beispiel: Treffen sich zwei Freunde. Sagt ...
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1answer
65 views

Using of ‘’jmdn. an etwas hindern’’

I am trying to write I didn’t think to prevent him from killing Jim in German Ich habe nicht gedacht ihn zu hindern an Jim zu töten I know this sounds odd, but is it true to use ...
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2answers
153 views

Reflexive Verben. Example: ich streite **mich** mit dir?

Consider the following example: Er streitet sich schon seit Jahren mit seinem Nachbarn. (1.) Here sich is singular. I would accept it (i.e. I would get the use of the reflexive form) if it were ...
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3answers
86 views

verbs with preposition construction with object and sentence as object?

when it comes to verbs with prepositions I get confused. for example hoffen comes with auf. which combinations are correct? 1- ich hoffe ein gutes Jahr. 2- ich hoffe auf ein gutes Jahr. 3- ich ...
3
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1answer
129 views

A plural verb with a singular subject: Is this like the royal “we”?

Quoting from a novel: Sie haben Glück, mein Sohn. Seine Magnifizenz der Hochsekretär geruhen, Ihnen ein Paar Minuten seiner kostbaren Zeit zu widmen. This seems to be a singular subject with a ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Is a ''zu'' missing in this sentence?

I read a tweet which is a comment about some news about taxing tampons and I couldn't understand the last part because there are 2 verbs (not modal and not connected with zu or something). Ja ...
3
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2answers
78 views

Why use the plural conjugate of the verb in this case?

A German text contains the following sentence. Und das Beste an den Alpen sind ihre Hütten. Clearly das Beste must be a singular quantity given the article. So why is sind used and not ist?
2
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2answers
68 views

position of “auf” in sentence with conjugated verb aufhören

As far as I know conjugated separable verbs standing by themselves place the separable particle at the end of the sentence. I got the following sentences from my textbook: Hört sofort mit eurem ...
4
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2answers
795 views

Differences between “schaden”, “schädigen” and “beschädigen”

I am wondering about the difference between the verbs schaden, schädigen and beschädigen. In which conditions would we use these verbs? Below I have some examples. I don't know whether they are true. ...
3
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1answer
433 views

'In Berlin sind es 30 Grad.' or 'In Berlin ist es 30 Grad.'

Google translates "In Berlin it is 30 degrees." as "In Berlin sind es 30 Grad." Is 'sind' correct here? If so, why is the plural used? And why, if the adverb 'in Berlin' is omitted or moved to the ...
2
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1answer
206 views

The role of “sein” with a verb in “infinitive”

I’ve recently come across a sentence: Einmal war ich nach einer Party um zwei Uhr morgens Döner essen mit Jamaal, einem syrischen Freund. What I didn’t understand is what war is doing here? When I ...
5
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2answers
114 views

“verlieren” mit Dativ-Valenz

In einem Skatklub in Thüringen habe ich mehrmals den Satz Jetzt verlierstes dir. also in Schriftdeutsch Jetzt verlierst du es dir [das Spiel]. gehört. Der Satz drückt aus, dass der Spieler ...
2
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2answers
95 views

Questioning about “Flughafen erreichen” [closed]

In two scenarios: "reach the airport" (from home/hotel) and "reach the destination airport" (from the flight). Can we use erreichen in both cases?
7
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2answers
383 views

“Da endlich sieht sie der Kapitän.” – Why “sieht” instead of “sehen”?

I am reading a book about Sinbad in German and I came across a sentence which I cannot figure why it is using sieht instead of sehen: Sinbad und seine Leute haben grosse Angst. Sie schwimmen an den ...
5
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3answers
245 views

I am trying to say “I was listening to the Lord of the Rings audiobook …”

I am at a loss as to how to write "I was listening to the ..." because the translation keeps coming up as "Ich habe mir das Hörbuch Herr der Ringe angehört" however this loses doesn't seem correct ...
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1answer
80 views

Question regarding Präsens (repeated condtions)

In German and also in English people use Präsens to express something that happens regularly right? I have seen something like: "Wir helfen anderen Menschen, die alles verloren haben." but I ...
0
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1answer
349 views

Modalverb im Präsens mit zwei Verben im Infinitiv

Einige Männer wollen die Welt einfach brennen sehen. Ich muss einkaufen gehen. Er will nachher einkaufen gehen. Sie möchten Musik spielen lernen. All this sentences are constructed the ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between fragen and nachfragen?

What is the difference between fragen and nachfragen? The question was to translate: I would ask. I translated that as: Ich würde fragen, but it was marked wrong. The correct answer was: Ich würde ...
7
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2answers
455 views

Clauses with 3 infinitives at the end

So I know that in a clause such as "ich hätte es machen können" where there is a subordinating conjunction, the conjugated verb - hätte - comes before the two infinitive verbs, e.g: "was du hättest ...
3
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1answer
618 views

Difference between “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken”; similar verbs?

Like many students of German, I guess, I'm having trouble distinguishing verbs with different prefixes. My teacher says “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken” are close synonyms with subtle ...
0
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1answer
117 views

Unable to distinguish the meaning of two sentences which have words placed in different positions

What is the difference between the following two sentences. Google translate is showing different meaning for them. Sent 1: Sie ist letzten Monat schon drei geworden Sent 2: Sie ist letzten schon ...
6
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1answer
135 views

Unterschied zwischen “etw ziehen” und “an etw ziehen”

I've been trying to figure this out through examples, but can't get confident about it. What is the difference between "etw ziehen" and "an etw (Dat) ziehen"? PONS provides examples of "etw (Akk) ...
2
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2answers
305 views

Two non-modal verbs in a single sentence

Abends gehen wir alle spazieren. or Abends spazieren wir alle. Which one is correct? I think second one is correct because in the first sentence gehen, is used like a modal verb due to which the ...