Questions tagged [verb-usage]

Questions about how to use verbs, from a grammatical, syntactical and stylistic point of view.

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2
votes
2answers
88 views

stellen vs hinstellen

according to wiktionary: stellen: senkrecht, mit den Füßen den Boden, einen bestimmten Platz oder Gegenstand berührend, in eine bestimmte oder übliche Position bringen example: Er stellte die Vase ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Object-Experiencer verbs and the *Es juckt mich* ~ *Ich jucke mich* alternation

[CW: Kinda technical question] I was researching object-experiencer verbs across languages (i.e., verbs like bore, worry, etc., in which the nominative subject causes an emotional state in the ...
3
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2answers
129 views

Difference between “aufschreiben” and “mitschreiben”?

In my book I have come across both the verbs "aufschreiben" and "mitschreiben". A simple google translate tells that both of the verbs mean "To write down". My question is/are: - When to use which ...
1
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1answer
50 views

„jmd. sehr mögen“ vs „jmd. gern leiden mögen"

To express that I like someone, it seems that I can use both “jmd. mögen” and “jmd. gern leiden mögen”. i.e. 1. Ich mag sie sehr. 2. Ich mag sie gern leiden. Could someone please advise on when ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Konjunktiv II – “liefe“ versus „würde laufen“

To form the Konjunktiv II in the present tense, I have come across a “first rule” as: Verbs such as sein, haben, werden and the modal verbs take irregular single word forms (wäre, hätte, dürfte etc) ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Kann das Wort “implementieren” auch für physische Objekte benutzt werden?

Das Wort implementieren wird in der Regel im Zusammenhang mit Prozessen oder logischen Strukturen wie z.B. in Software oder Hardware benutzt. Die Definition und Herkunft entsprechend dem Duden nennt ...
3
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1answer
83 views

lernen as a modal verb

Ich lerne schwimmen. I have learned that one can use sein as a modal verb like in that sentence but when I was writing a text in the class I wrote this: Man lernt für sich selbst verantwortlich ...
3
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1answer
91 views

Trennbarkeit von »geringschätzen«

Ich habe bisweilen Probleme mit Worten wie geringschätzen. Ich würde immer schreiben/sagen: Ich schätze dieses und jenes gering. Meine Eltern schätzten dieses und jenes gering. Heutzutage treffe ...
6
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2answers
298 views

'Ich esse einen Apfel' OR 'Ich bin einen Apfel essen'

Which of the above two sentences is correct or if both are correct then what is more appropriate to say? Please answer. I am used to continuous tense in English which makes me start the sentence ...
2
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1answer
110 views

What is the difference between `reinige` and `bereinige`? [closed]

I can say Ich möchte mein Zimmer reinigen but I can also say Ich möchte mein Zimmer bereinigen What is the difference?
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1answer
83 views

Constructions of the form “zum + Infinitival noun + bringen / kommen”

Under the topic of infinitives, my grammar book[1] notes the construction “zum + infinitival noun + bringen / kommen” is used as a phrasal verb to express the completion of an action. Two examples ...
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3answers
106 views

Correct usage of übergeben (separable verb) to mean “to cover up”

From de.wiktionary, the separable form of übergeben is said to mean "to cover up, to spread over" and two examples are given: …und sie gab die Decke über unsere Körper. Eine dicke Obstlaubschicht ...
6
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2answers
107 views

Folgen mit haben/sein

Ich mache gerade Übungsgrammatik für die Oberstufe und ehrlich gesagt, für mich stimmt etwas nicht. Im Lösungsschlüssel steht: Die Besucher sind den Anweisungen der Platzanweiser gefolgt. Ich ...
5
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3answers
369 views

Verb in third position not followed by adverb

I was studying some Bach's chorals and I came across this title: "Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh' darein" According to the grammar rule after the name follows the verb and then everything else. "Ach Gott,...
6
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3answers
860 views

Can I use the verb “schaffen” in a sentence “They accomplish their goals”?

Recently I've learned a new verb: schaffen. As the dictionary says, the verb means to accomplish, but also to create. So I thought that in the sentence They accomplish their goals I can use this verb ...
5
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1answer
138 views

What is the verb placement after a prepositional phrase at the beginning of a sentence? [closed]

What is the position of the conjugated verb after a prepositional phrase? For example, is it In meinem Haus, muss ich... Or In meinem Haus, ich muss...
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0answers
43 views

Verb auf der ersten Stelle im Hauptsatz [duplicate]

Ich sehe sehr oft in Erzählungen bzw. Witzen, dass ein Verb auf der ersten Stelle im Hauptsatz steht. Dabei handelt es sich um keine Frage Hier ist ein Beispiel: Treffen sich zwei Freunde. Sagt ...
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1answer
64 views

Using of ‘’jmdn. an etwas hindern’’

I am trying to write I didn’t think to prevent him from killing Jim in German Ich habe nicht gedacht ihn zu hindern an Jim zu töten I know this sounds odd, but is it true to use ...
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2answers
132 views

Reflexive Verben. Example: ich streite **mich** mit dir?

Consider the following example: Er streitet sich schon seit Jahren mit seinem Nachbarn. (1.) Here sich is singular. I would accept it (i.e. I would get the use of the reflexive form) if it were ...
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2answers
64 views

verbs with preposition construction with object and sentence as object?

when it comes to verbs with prepositions I get confused. for example hoffen comes with auf. which combinations are correct? 1- ich hoffe ein gutes Jahr. 2- ich hoffe auf ein gutes Jahr. 3- ich ...
3
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1answer
118 views

A plural verb with a singular subject: Is this like the royal “we”?

Quoting from a novel: Sie haben Glück, mein Sohn. Seine Magnifizenz der Hochsekretär geruhen, Ihnen ein Paar Minuten seiner kostbaren Zeit zu widmen. This seems to be a singular subject with a ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Is a ''zu'' missing in this sentence?

I read a tweet which is a comment about some news about taxing tampons and I couldn't understand the last part because there are 2 verbs (not modal and not connected with zu or something). Ja ...
3
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2answers
77 views

Why use the plural conjugate of the verb in this case?

A German text contains the following sentence. Und das Beste an den Alpen sind ihre Hütten. Clearly das Beste must be a singular quantity given the article. So why is sind used and not ist?
2
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2answers
65 views

position of “auf” in sentence with conjugated verb aufhören

As far as I know conjugated separable verbs standing by themselves place the separable particle at the end of the sentence. I got the following sentences from my textbook: Hört sofort mit eurem ...
3
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1answer
289 views

'In Berlin sind es 30 Grad.' or 'In Berlin ist es 30 Grad.'

Google translates "In Berlin it is 30 degrees." as "In Berlin sind es 30 Grad." Is 'sind' correct here? If so, why is the plural used? And why, if the adverb 'in Berlin' is omitted or moved to the ...
2
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1answer
150 views

The role of “sein” with a verb in “infinitive”

I’ve recently come across a sentence: Einmal war ich nach einer Party um zwei Uhr morgens Döner essen mit Jamaal, einem syrischen Freund. What I didn’t understand is what war is doing here? When I ...
5
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2answers
106 views

“verlieren” mit Dativ-Valenz

In einem Skatklub in Thüringen habe ich mehrmals den Satz Jetzt verlierstes dir. also in Schriftdeutsch Jetzt verlierst du es dir [das Spiel]. gehört. Der Satz drückt aus, dass der Spieler ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Questioning about “Flughafen erreichen” [closed]

So we have two steps, like "come to the airport (from home/hotel)" and "come to the destination airport (from the flight)." Can we use erreichen (reach) in both cases?
7
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2answers
382 views

“Da endlich sieht sie der Kapitän.” – Why “sieht” instead of “sehen”?

I am reading a book about Sinbad in German and I came across a sentence which I cannot figure why it is using sieht instead of sehen: Sinbad und seine Leute haben grosse Angst. Sie schwimmen an den ...
5
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3answers
240 views

I am trying to say “I was listening to the Lord of the Rings audiobook …”

I am at a loss as to how to write "I was listening to the ..." because the translation keeps coming up as "Ich habe mir das Hörbuch Herr der Ringe angehört" however this loses doesn't seem correct ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Question regarding Präsens (repeated condtions)

In German and also in English people use Präsens to express something that happens regularly right? I have seen something like: "Wir helfen anderen Menschen, die alles verloren haben." but I ...
0
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1answer
275 views

Modalverb im Präsens mit zwei Verben im Infinitiv

Einige Männer wollen die Welt einfach brennen sehen. Ich muss einkaufen gehen. Er will nachher einkaufen gehen. Sie möchten Musik spielen lernen. All this sentences are constructed the ...
5
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between fragen and nachfragen?

What is the difference between fragen and nachfragen? The question was to translate: I would ask. I translated that as: Ich würde fragen, but it was marked wrong. The correct answer was: Ich würde ...
7
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2answers
444 views

Clauses with 3 infinitives at the end

So I know that in a clause such as "ich hätte es machen können" where there is a subordinating conjunction, the conjugated verb - hätte - comes before the two infinitive verbs, e.g: "was du hättest ...
3
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1answer
464 views

Difference between “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken”; similar verbs?

Like many students of German, I guess, I'm having trouble distinguishing verbs with different prefixes. My teacher says “schicken”, “abschicken” and “zuschicken” are close synonyms with subtle ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Unable to distinguish the meaning of two sentences which have words placed in different positions

What is the difference between the following two sentences. Google translate is showing different meaning for them. Sent 1: Sie ist letzten Monat schon drei geworden Sent 2: Sie ist letzten schon ...
6
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1answer
127 views

Unterschied zwischen “etw ziehen” und “an etw ziehen”

I've been trying to figure this out through examples, but can't get confident about it. What is the difference between "etw ziehen" and "an etw (Dat) ziehen"? PONS provides examples of "etw (Akk) ...
2
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2answers
215 views

Two non-modal verbs in a single sentence

Abends gehen wir alle spazieren. or Abends spazieren wir alle. Which one is correct? I think second one is correct because in the first sentence gehen, is used like a modal verb due to which the ...
4
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2answers
135 views

scheiden oder trennen?

Wie würdet ihr den entscheidenden Unterschied zwischen scheiden und trennen erklären? Sie sind Synonyme, ich weiß das, aber gibt es Regeln (oder sowas) dazu, wenn und in welchen Kontexten, Phrasen, ...
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2answers
153 views

How to know whether the verb takes both accusative and dative objects or only an accusative object?

Ich gebe meinem Vater das Zeugnis ab. oder Ich gebe das Zeugnis bei meinem Vater ab. It seems both are correct. Which one is correct and why?
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1answer
78 views

The departing: Gerunds and more

How would I translate "the Departing" in German? As in "You all, the Departing, give up all hope!" I doubt "Departing" in this context is a gerund, so how would I translate this verb-turned-into-a-...
5
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4answers
154 views

What does sollen imply when used alone?

When sollen verb is used alone in sentence, how is one supposed to know the meaning? Examples: 1) Was soll ich damit? Google translates as: What should I do with that? So in reality: Was soll ich ...
2
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1answer
2k views

“Ich sehe fern” vs “Ich schaue fern”

What is the difference between Ich sehe fern. Ich schaue fern. ? Also can we formulate the following sentence with the verb fern/sehen instead? Ich schaue Fußball nur im Fernsehen.
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2answers
68 views

Is this correct “Aber mit ihren Sohn, John, konnte er aber nicht.”? [closed]

Is the following correct?: Voldemort, ein gefährlicher Mörder und ein dunkler Magier, hat erfolgreich die Potters, aus irgendeinem Grund, getötet. Aber mit ihren Sohn, Harry, konnte er aber nicht und ...
2
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between ‘anschauen’ and ‘ansehen’?

Those two words anschauen and ansehen both mean to look at and are synonyms in English but what's the difference? Are there cases where only one would be used?
1
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1answer
88 views

Counterpart response for “übergeben”?

I am writing to a company that will hand over the apartment to me on day X (dass wir uns freuen, Ihnen die Wohnung am 30.12 übergeben zu können) . How to say ' Can I receive/take over the apartment on ...
3
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1answer
684 views

Difference between “sich ärgern über”, “wütend sein auf”, and “genervt sein von”? [closed]

What is the difference between "sich ärgern über", "wütend sein auf", and "genervt sein von", when all of them mean "be angry about"? Could you please give some examples?
2
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1answer
104 views

Using a double verb construction when describing someone doing something

If I say I went to watch my team play football. do I say Ich bin gegangen, meine Mannschaft Fussball spielen ansehen. or Ich bin gegangen meine Mannschaft beim Fussballspiel ansehen.
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2answers
124 views

Gönnen, reflexive or dativ [closed]

Can somebody explain to me, which of the following expressions is correct gönn dir gönn dich
3
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1answer
146 views

Kasus mit “befehlen”

jmdm. befehlen, etw.akk. zu tun What appears above is reported by dict(dot)leo(dot)org. Nothing in that entry suggests that an accusative object might be used. In Starman Jones, by Robert Heinlein, ...