Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

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0answers
43 views

Does german differentiate from 'is eating' and eats? [duplicate]

I was reading this https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/3088733/When-does-Ihr-go-from-her-to-your-or-their and found the Dog example: Mein Hund isst ihr Brot And people translate it as is eating instead ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the verb in this sentence?

Ein Held, der sich heute bei euch die Ehre gibt It's a line from song "Prinz Ali" ,and when I translated it I got A hero who pays his respects to you today The dictionary tells me that ...
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1answer
59 views

Kann man das Präfix eines trennbaren Verbes als Adjektiv sehen?

Ich möchte erklären was ich meine: Zum Beispiel, bei dem Satz: Ich schätze sie hoch. Wenn man das jetzt noch mehr hervorheben möchte, kann man ein "sehr" vor dem "hoch" stellen, ...
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2answers
96 views

What is the difference between “hinzufügen” and “dazugeben”

I have looked at various sources, both verbs have the general meaning of "to add to something" but they do not seem to be used in the same context. "dazugeben" seems to be used ...
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1answer
92 views

When did it become necessary to place verbs at the end of a subordinate clause?

In Middle High German, the position of verbs after conjunctions did not follow the present rules. In which historical period were these laid down?
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3answers
140 views

Can you say “Ich wurde (etwas) gegeben”?

I wrote a quick email to my doctor yesterday and hastily wrote the sentence below. "Nach der Untersuchung wurde ich eine CD mit den Befunden gegeben" Then I was wondering, When you use ...
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1answer
48 views

Bedeutung des Satzes: Richten Sie sich doch nur selbst aus dem Parlament

I am an advanced german speaker but i cannot understand a phrase uttered from Herbert Wehner to Josef Strauß: Which is (in german): Wenn Sie das Theater so weiter führen, richten Sie sich doch nur ...
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26 views

What's the difference with these 2 sentences in dative and accusative? [duplicate]

I'm kinda confused which one to choose or in what situation or question you can answer this question. My teacher told us that if you use motion verbs then you need to use accusative case, but what ...
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2answers
43 views

Using a preposition with the verb “passen”

What is the difference between using "in" and "zu" with the verb "passen". For example: Es kommt mir vor, als würde ich nicht in dieses Team passen. Es kommt mir vor, ...
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3answers
217 views

“Wir wären bereit, die Küche zu übernehmen / überzunehmen.”

Wir wären bereit, die Küche zu übernehmen. Wir wären bereit, die Küche überzunehmen. My head tells me it should be the first version, but is the second correct?
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3answers
88 views

Suchbegriffe zum Verständnis der Verwendungsregeln möchten

Ich lerne Deutsch und ich weiß nur wenig. Ich verstehe die Bedeutung von "Ich möchte einen Kaffee" und "Ich möchte wandern gehen" aber wonach kann ich suchen, um die Regeln für den ...
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3answers
197 views

“ich” and “mich” in same sentence

I am new to German and came across the phrase: "Darauf würde ich mich nicht verlassen" I wouldn't count on that! I don't understand why "mich" is used instead of just: "...
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4answers
115 views

sich verbunden sein

I have come across the sentence Sie waren sich eng verbunden. where the word verbinden is used in combination with sich. The sentence describes a relation between two brothers. I know the most common ...
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2answers
204 views

What is the difference between “wird” und “ist”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between "wird" and "ist"? I have read some articles and according to it, I use "ist" in the below sentence: "The keyboard is used for typing&...
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4answers
197 views

Are there any defective verbs in German? Are there any that lack an infinitive?

German is my work language. I was trying to think today of any verbs that lack an infinitive, like "can", "shall" ... and other modal verbs in English. "zu können" is ...
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4answers
8k views

Herkunft von »vermöbeln«

Vermöbeln ist – zumindest in Deutschland – eine umgangssprachliche Umschreibung von zusammenschlagen, krankenhausreif schlagen, usw. Ich frage mich, woher das Wort kommt. Ähnlich gebildete Verben wie ...
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2answers
361 views

How can these apparent grave grammar mistakes in one of the most known German military marches be explained?

I'm an undergraduate student learning German as the third foreign language. Yesterday I came across Fridericus-Rex-Grenadiermarsch, which contains the following lines: Die Kais’rin hat sich mit dem ...
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2answers
1k views

What's the difference between 'war' and 'wars'?

I know 'war' is the Präteritum tense of 'sein', but what's happening when an 's' is added here? Ich wars It was me Over Ich war It was This is in the Oxford - German dictionary.
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6answers
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Bedeutung von “menscheln”

Seit ungefähr 15 Jahren kenne ich das Wort menscheln und ich dachte immer, es hieße, dass in einer Umgebung (wie zum Beispiel einem Meeting oder einem Parteitag), wo sonst eher Objektivität und Kühle ...
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1answer
53 views

Construction of kriegen + etwas + Partizip II

For the various use cases of kriegen, DWDS shows a specific usage and construction of kriegen + Noun + Partizip II (Bedeutung 1.g). For example: Wir haben Geld ausgezahlt gekriegt. Wir haben ein ...
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1answer
103 views

Parallel als Nomen oder Adjektiv

ich wollte einen Satz schreiben, aber kam ein Problem. Normalerweise schreibt man „die Widerstände sind in Reihe" aber „die Widerstände sind in parallel" Reihe ist ein Nomen, weil parallel ...
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1answer
84 views

The Konjunktiv II as a replacement with regular verbs

The Konjunktiv I is being created by using the stem of the present tense (adding e), while the Konjunktiv II is being created using the stem of the past tense (adding t). In the course of that, that ...
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1answer
98 views

Why do they use Präteritum as translation for English simple past? [duplicate]

In my book they give some German sentences with the respective English translations, this is to explain the use of als and wenn, but that is not what is bothering me. I am not sure why they are using ...
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2answers
81 views

dauert oder dauern? [closed]

I'm having trouble translating this English sentence: "The train ride can last between two and three hours" Die Bahnfahrt kann zwei bis drei Studen dauern Die Bahnfahrt kann zwei bis drei ...
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2answers
77 views

Add verb to the noun and create a new noun

Can we in German add the infinitive of a verb to the end of any noun and create new noun? I searched in a dictionary for examples. Some of the words I checked do exist, but some of them do not. I want ...
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4answers
3k views

What verbs should I know for level A2 exam?

Is there any page, list or link, etc. where there are all the German verbs for the A2/A1 exam? Update : I asked the question for the Goethe Institut.
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4answers
1k views

Why is the word order in this sentence other than expected?

Why is the word order in this sentence is this way: Wir bringen den Stuhl zur Schwester. I was learning on duolingo and I came across this sentence which has a word order different than all the ...
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3answers
182 views

Difference between hingehen and herkommen

I have heard the following line in the German TV series "How to Sell Online Drugs (Fast)": Immerhin sind wir hier ungestört. Keiner geht hier hin. Doesn't "hingehen" mean "...
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2answers
375 views

Importance of “gerade” to express “just about to”

To express the aspect of “just about to” in German, I have come across two possibilities: (gerade) wollen + infinitive Ich wollte dich gerade anrufen.a Er ist gekommen, als wir gehen wollten.a (...
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2answers
73 views

Wenn das Produkt Schuhe (sind/ist),

Sagt man, Wenn das Produkt Schuhe sind, ... oder Wenn das Produkt Schuhe ist, ... ? Für mich klingt es logisch, wenn ich sage Wenn das Produkt Schuhe sind aber ich denke, dass sich das Verb auf ...
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1answer
80 views

difference between sie and ihr [duplicate]

I am a total beginner in German language, sorry about that. I noticed "sie sagen" AND "ihr sagt" both mean "you say". May I ask what is the actual difference between them?...
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3answers
1k views

Is beeilen always a reflexive verb?

Sich beeilen = to hurry up Is it always a refliexive verb? I have come across this sentence too: Sie eilten herbei. (They hurried up.) Here eilten can also be used for "to hurry" and it ...
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4answers
7k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende? Zum Beispiel: „Geh(e) weiter!“ „Hab(e) Geduld!“ Bedeutet „Geh“ etwas anderes als „Gehe“? Darf man „e“ am ...
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1answer
91 views

What to use “sein” or “haben” for heilen in Perfekt? [duplicate]

Guten Tag. I faced a new word - "heilen". Nice one and it looks really familiar (to heal). Usually I look for simple sentences with the word to add them into my memory-program. But with this ...
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1answer
136 views

Das hat er dir geglaubt?

I have heard the following sentence in the TV series "How to Sell Drugs Online (Fast)": Das hat er dir geglaubt? Does that mean "Did he believe that (which you said)?" / "...
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2answers
623 views

Conjunction of separable verbs?

One can use a conjunction like und to link two (or more) verbs, as in Ich lese und schreibe, but what happens when one or more of the verbs is separable? For the sake of concreteness, here's an ...
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4answers
137 views

When to use “kaufen” vs “ankaufen”

I'm confused as to when you should use the word "ankaufen" in the context of buying something. Can someone explain the distinction?
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2answers
143 views

A universal verb, just like “get” in English

Is there such a universal verb in German as in English - "Get"? If during a conversation with an English-speaking person I do not know the required verb, then I can replace it with "Get&...
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3answers
3k views

New German irregular verbs. Are there any?

New verbs in English are invariably regular. Sneak, an old verb in English dating from the 16th century, is one of the very few that have, at least in some parts of the world, become irregular (with ...
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3answers
187 views

Wie formuliert man die Besessenheit von einem Geist aktiv?

Folgendes sollte ein gramatikalisch korrekter Satz sein: Ich bin von Antons Geist besessen. Wie kann man das aktiv ausdrücken? Also etwas wie Antons Geist _____ mich. besetzt? besitzt? besesst? ...
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5answers
728 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
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2answers
185 views

„Es besteht _kein_ Zweifel“ / „Es gibt _keinen_ Zweifel“ - why Nom. with bestehen?

I'm trying to work out why Nom. is used in „Es besteht kein Zweifel“ but Akk. is used in „Es gibt keinen Zweifel“? I would have expected things to be identical for geben and bestehen, i.e. keinen ...
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4answers
166 views

messen vs ausmessen

Is there any difference in meaning or usage between "ausmessen" and "messen" when they mean "to measure"? I can't see none from DWDS's definition of "ausmessen" ...
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1answer
214 views

Difference between 'Partikelverb' and 'trennbares Verb'

According to this answer the closest thing that German has to a phrasal verb is a Partikelverb. But it also mentions separable verbs/trennbare Verben without explaining the difference between a ...
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1answer
139 views

Hin/her-Verben und ihre Grundverben

Ich finde es besonders schwierig, den Unterschied zwischen dem Grundverb und dem einschlägigen 'hin/her-' Verb zu begreifen, und deshalb wäre es für mich super, wenn ihr mir helfen könntet! :) Ich ...
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2answers
157 views

Bedarf vs das Bedürfnis vs die Anforderung

I want to write as: One should buy as per the needs. (Here, by needs I mean useful and necessary things for personal, family, house or office things) Man sollte nur nach Bedarf kaufen. Is the ...
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5answers
4k views

“Sich befassen mit” vs. “sich beschäftigen mit”

Ich befasse mich in letzter Zeit mit Deutsch lernen. Ich beschäftige mich in letzter Zeit mit Deutsch lernen. Kann man diese Verben untereinander austauschen? Was ist der Unterschied?
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1answer
213 views

What is the difference between “umsteigen”, “verändern”, “ändern”, “umtauschen” and “wechseln”? [closed]

I haven't found a concise/clear-cut explanation regarding the difference between those verbs. The dictionary is again less helpful whenever involving the subtle difference in meaning. The answers in ...
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2answers
139 views

Is “hineintun” a commonly used verb?

I was wondering if this word is in common usage. I've tried creating English sentences that would translate using it, but the translator always comes back with "stecken", "legen", ...
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2answers
102 views

If I encounter a verb in the Duden, how can I tell which grammatical cases and prepositions to use with that verb?

If I encounter a verb in the Duden, how can I tell which grammatical cases and prepositions to use with that verb? For instance, I know the following verb usages are correct: Ich erreiche dich. (Use ...

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