Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

7
votes
3answers
12k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Help thinking about lassen vs. gehen?

Da dieses Thema sehr kompliziert ist, muss ich Englisch benutzen. I originally wanted to say the sentence "The soul leaves last" as in the soul being the last thing to leave the body when you die: "...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Is this a noun constructed from a verb?

Can someone kindly explain the structure of this sentence to me (in general terms)? I am most confused about the following: The verb looks like it is in position 3 What is 'Trainierte' in this ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

kontextbezogenes Problem

Neulich las ich ein Gedicht von Andreas Kley und stieß dabei auf eine merkwürdige Zeile: Ärzte. Sie kommen und retten dein Leben. Oft bleibt nicht mehr als ein Windhauch an Zeit. Oft aber ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Verb at the end of the sentence

Why the word "gehört" is at end of the sentence? Solche Unreinheiten erwartet man niemals von jemandem, der zur zivilisierten Klasse der Menschen, den Āryas, gehört.
1
vote
5answers
342 views

Forming a German sentence with/without the verb at the end

I am new to German and this site. I am trying to learn to utter my first phrases in German, and I have learned that the verb is actually placed at the end. Currently, being a beginner the way I am ...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

Question regarding the general use of Präteritum/Perfekt in German

I have seen people write like this: Bist du der Junge, der meine Tasche gestohlen hat? but also Warst du der Junge, der meine Tasche gestohlen hat? Das war mein Vortrag, vielen Dank ...
8
votes
3answers
14k views

Wie kann man die Bedeutung von Verben mit Vorsilben ableiten?

Es gibt richtig viele Verben, die Vorsilben haben. Z. B. das Verb sehen kann mit verschiedenen Vorsilben kombiniert werden: absehen ansehen aussehen besehen durchsehen einsehen versehen vorsehen Es ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Is it possible to use verbs after verbs with prepositions or only nouns?

Is it possible to use verbs after verbs with prepositions? For example: Ich denke an essen. Or does this kind of sentence has to be made with nouns? For example: Ich denke an das Essen.
4
votes
5answers
5k views

Der Unterschied zwischen “borgen” und “ausleihen”

Du kannst das Fahrrad von meinem Bruder borgen. Du kannst das Fahrrad von meinem Bruder ausleihen. Kann man die beiden Verben wahlweise verwenden?
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Unterschied zwischen rufen und anrufen?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen rufen und anrufen? Both rufen and anrufen mean to call, so what is the difference between the two apart from anrufen being a trennbar verb?
5
votes
2answers
126 views

dürfen vs sich dürfen

I am now watching a movie series by DW called Nicos Weg. Here at 1:44:01 there is a line: Sie darf sich nicht mit mir treffen. Then I looked it up in the dictionary and found that for most of the ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Verbstellung bei Infinitivphrase oder Nebensatz bei mehrteiligen Verbkonstruktionen

Es ist mir klar, welche Stellungen die Verben in den ersten zwei Beispielen nehmen. Kann jemand mir sagen, welcher Satz in dem dritten Beispiel korrekt ist? Ich habe das machen können. Er weiß, dass ...
5
votes
2answers
177 views

3 verbs in one sentence - correct order

Es habe eine Zeit gedauert, bis sie selbst ihr Glück habe fassen können. Why is this not Es habe eine Zeit gedauert, bis sie selbst ihr Glück fassen können habe.
2
votes
3answers
72 views

Sein versus werden

Feen können nur von Kindern gesehen werden. Why is werden used here instead of sein as in Feen können nur von Kindern gesehen sein.
3
votes
3answers
169 views

Would every verb with be- become transitive?

We know, that by adding be-, we can make intransitive verbs transitive. Can we conclude, that all be- verbs are transitive?
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Verb “geeitet” in an old scientific text

I am looking for the modern version of this verb and its root "geeitet" from a text written in 1863. This came up while searching for an etymology of the name of an acid by a chemist called Adolf ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Verb personal endings in present tense where stem ends in m or n

Most grammar references that I have seen state that if a verb stem ends with m or n, and is not preceded with the consonants l or r, then in the Present Tense the 2nd person singular ending becomes -...
6
votes
1answer
909 views

Wie sagt man »butt dial« auf Deutsch?

Ich habe Dich zufällig angerufen. Gibt es ein deutsches Verb für butt call bzw. butt dial ("im Sitzen unabsichtlich die Ruftaste seines Telefons mit dem Gesäß aktivieren" laut dict.cc)? Ich habe eins ...
14
votes
5answers
5k views

“Bis der Tod euch scheide” or “bis der Tod euch scheidet”?

In one of Rammstein’s most famous songs, Du hast, the lyrics go like this: Willst du bis der Tod euch scheide Treu ihr sein für alle Tage? Nein! Now, I am a bit puzzled why there is no ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

1 Verb, 2 past participles. Is there a difference between the participles?

Some German verbes seem to have two different past participles. e.g. hängen -> gehangen/gehängt Can you choose whichever you want or is there any difference in meaning, application or regional use?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Help with “schmecken” verb + dative

I'm a German newbie and I'm trying to translate "Der Wein schmeckt dem Mann" Der Wein = the wine, subject schmeckt = ? tastes ? dem Mann = to the Mann I can't give this sentence a meaningful ...
4
votes
2answers
50 views

Kongruenz im Numerus bei “Prädikat Subjekt Prädikativ und Subjekt Prädikativ …”

Betrachten wir den Satz Sind a eine ganze Zahl und y ein Vektor, so bezeichnen wir mit ay das Produkt von a und y, das ebenso ein Vektor ist. Ein Korrektor ersetzte Sind durch Ist. Laut http://www....
3
votes
3answers
120 views

Examples of mediopassive verb constructions

If you wanted to say "the clothes are drying" and the "the meat cooking," would you say "die Wäsche trocknet sich" and "das Fleisch kocht [sic] sich" respectively? I was reading a blog on ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Is “sein” the only verb where the infinitive is different from the 3rd person plural? [duplicate]

Is sein the only verb where the infinitive is different from the 3rd person plural conjugation? (obviously excluding separable and reflexive verbs)
0
votes
3answers
99 views

Structure of sentence and position of verb in the end. How to train?

Now, I learn Deutsch intensive last 8 month. I have a problem with the right structure of sentence. I know that is very important. It's very difficult to place the verb in the end of the sentence. I ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Apart from “berlinern”, do any other German dialects have a corresponding verb?

Das Verb berlinern heißt: Deutsch mit berlinischem Akzent oder in Berliner Dialekt sprechen Gibt es andere Dialekte, wobei es in Standardhochdeutsch einen Verb gibt, das bedeutet, diesen Dialekt ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Was ist Unterschied zwischen sehen, ansehen, gucken und schauen?

Ich möchte wissen, was das Unterschied zwischen sehen, ansehen, gucken und schauen ist. Sind all diese Verben equivalent? Kann man das irgendwann und in jeder Situation benutzen? Geben Sie mir bitte ...
-1
votes
3answers
136 views

German verb classification

I tried to understand the classification of German verbs into accusative, dative, transitive, and intransitive ones, however, not I am not getting a clarity in their analogy. My question is: What is ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Two non-modal verbs in a single sentence

Abends gehen wir alle spazieren. or Abends spazieren wir alle. Which one is correct? I think second one is correct because in the first sentence gehen, is used like a modal verb due to which the ...
1
vote
3answers
177 views

What verbs should I know for A2 exam degree?

Is there Any page or list or link, etc. where there are all the German verbs for A2/A1 exam?
-4
votes
3answers
98 views

Understanding the placement of the verbs [closed]

Hunde schwimmen wirklich gerne. Why does the verb "schwimmen" come before "wirklich gerne"? I've written this sentence in google translate with the verb at the end of the sentence, but it translates ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Warum ist in diesem Satz “Es” von einem Prädikat in Plural (hervor-rufen) gefolgt?

Ich brauche eine grammatische Erklärung. In einem Satz aus dem Roman "Pfaueninsel" von Thomas Hettche nutzt der Autor das Pronomen "Es" als Subjekt, gefolgt vom Verb "(hervor)rufen" in Plural. "Es ...
7
votes
3answers
88 views

verb “zugehen” in sentence definition

I was reading a news article about Sandro Wagner, a German footballer: Bei Wagners neuem Klub geht es ganz schön zu. I can roughly translate this as: At Wagner's new club, things are going ...
8
votes
1answer
113 views

Use of the verb “sich auseinandersetzen”

Is the sentence correct? Es wurde empfohlen, dass sich frühzeitig mit dem Thema auseinandergesetzt wird. Is "sich auseinandergesetzt wird" a correct usage of the verb? I would rather use Es ...
4
votes
2answers
677 views

Under which circumstances can »werden« stand at the end of a sentence?

My listening understanding is poor, but I frequently and clearly hear the word werden used at the end of sentences. What grammatical structure allows this and what is its function in this position?
9
votes
5answers
3k views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Why the Duden Mentor grammar proofing tool doesn't highlight verb forms mistakes? [closed]

Recently I've encountered an interesting tool by Duden. This thing helps you with grammar and fixes lots of mistakes with articles and endings of the words. However, sometimes it ignores incorrect (in ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

bessern vs verbessern

What's the difference between bessern and verbessern? Is the earlier used mainly for health improvements (judging by the expression Gute Besserung!) and the latter for skill improvements (judging by ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

When to use 'angeboten' and when to use 'bot'?

When the following sentence (in English) is translated to German: The man offered the actor the car. It becomes: Der Mann bot dem Schauspieler das Auto an. "Offered" in German is "angeboten". ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

“wegnehmen” Conjugation

I was watching the movie X-Men first class and I was watching the scene where Fassbender's character was in Argentina. Here is the script that I was able to extract from youtube slow play and ...
4
votes
1answer
21k views

Konjunktiv II, du “wärst” or “wärest”?

My german teacher taught us to use "du wärest", but I found some examples in my book in which "du wärst" is used as well. (like this one: Wärst du so nett,..) What do you think about it? Are they ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

The departing: Gerunds and more

How would I translate "the Departing" in German? As in "You all, the Departing, give up all hope!" I doubt "Departing" in this context is a gerund, so how would I translate this verb-turned-into-a-...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

purpose of “wird” from “werden” in the present tense for “teuer”

I know that werden is needed to form the future tense, and in the present tense, it means roughly "to become." However, in the following sentence: Herr Maier möchte eine Weltreise machen, obwohl ...
6
votes
3answers
138 views

Gebrauch von »worden« statt »geworden«

Ich unterrichte Deutsch als Fremdsprache für Philosophen und bin kein Deutschmuttersprachler. Ich bin neuerlich auf einen Gebrauch von worden gestoßen, den ich mehrmals gelesen habe aber worüber ich ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

3rd person plural for “geschehen”?

A book of mine says that geschehen is only used in the 3rd person singular, thus es geschieht, es geschah or es ist geschehen. But, since this verb translates as "to happen" or "to occur", can't it ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Nuance of “behelligen”

I am trying to grasp the nuances of behelligen, which I understand to mean something along the lines of "bother". For example, when trying to express I am very sorry to bother you once more with ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Why is the verb “haben” placed before the subject in the first clause and in the second is not?

Jetzt haben wir hier keinen Computer, aber wir hatten ein letztes Jahr.
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Kehren und fegen

I'm currently learning the verb Kehren with the meaning to sweep. But I recently realized that I've already learnt fegen as meaning to sweep. Is this correct, are fegen and kehren totally ...
16
votes
4answers
310 views

Is there an explanation why the verb “aufhören” is derived from the verb “hören”?

Is there an explanation why the verb "aufhören" which means "to stop" is derived from the verb "hören" (to hear)? Or, is it just a pure coincidence?