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Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

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710 views

A list of verbs that take only accusative objects

Does anybody have a full list of german verbs that take akkusativ object? I have found a list fot dative but couldn't found for akkusativ.
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1answer
94 views

»sein« als Verb der Bewegung?

»Normale« Verben der Bewegung sind gehen, fahren, laufen, schwimmen, fliegen, robben, usw. Aber auch »müssen« und »mögen« werden manchmal als Verb der Bewegung verwendet: Da vorne musst du ...
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2answers
113 views

Person vs Thing for determining case?

In German, some verbs use the dative case for the object (e.g. Ich folge dir). In lists about these, I've seen mention of jemand and etwas. Does the case change depending on whether the object is a ...
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3answers
75 views

Authority for verbs that take dative direct objects

Does anyone know of an (online) authority that will indicate if a given verb takes dative direct objects? I've seen lists, but they don't seem to be exhaustive. If I learn a new (rare) verb, where ...
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1answer
57 views

Are there (many) weak verbs with ei or ie in the stem?

I have seen lists of stem-changing verbs, and a large group of those are verbs with ei or ie in the stem. Is the presence of those two-letter combinations an automatic indicator that the verb is stem-...
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2answers
108 views

Difference between an, ab aus and ein (schrauben, schalten, etc)

The mixed usage of these prefixes confuses me. For example, I tipically hear einschrauben to mean the opposite of abschrauben (say when screwin/unscrewing a nut). However the true opposite should be ...
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1answer
73 views

Passt hier “geltend machen”?

Der Auftragnehmer hat keinen Anspruch, Verluste, Schäden oder entgangenen Gewinn geltend zu machen. Ich habe mich daran orientiert, aber ich habe noch Zweifel.
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1answer
166 views

Understanding German language dictionares

I use a variety of online german dictionaries and I am curious about an aspect of the format. With entries that are verbs, the word in question typically has three conjugated examples next to it. It ...
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1answer
162 views

Verbs with a common root

I was wondering about verbs which share the same root. I would like to find a list/table/graphic/scheme/explanation where all those maybe "most known" verbs are described. Since I am not a German ...
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1answer
132 views

“One verb with different prefixes” Structure

I was wondering about a verb which has different prefixes. How should I properly search for grammar rules and became more familiar with their meanings, particularly in Deutsch Sprache? For instance, ...
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2answers
107 views

about the use of verb 'anfragen' : can it take object word?

I saw in the dictionary the verb anfragen is vi. (intransitive verb, verb that doesn't take object word.) Someone asked me A. Darf ich Sie anfragen? But I think it should be fixed to B. ...
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0answers
96 views

Wie soll ich Negation auf Deutsch gebrauchen? [closed]

Welche ist die richtige Option? Ich mache Wasser nicht trinken. Ich trinke Wasser nicht. Ich trinke kein Wasser. Und warum?
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2answers
214 views

Der Himmel hatte aufgeklart?

Ich hörte eben in einem Hörbuch Der Himmel hatte aufgeklart Im ersten Moment fand ich, es fehle ein „sich“: Der Himmel hatte sich aufgeklart Dann fand ich, man könne vielleicht ...
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2answers
116 views

~ machen die Goldbären zu einem ganz besonders

This is from the HARIBO jelly bag. sorgfältig ausgewählte Zutaten und eine seit mehr als 90 Jahren ständig verbesserte Rezeptur machen die Goldbären zu einem ganz besonders einzigartigen ...
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3answers
144 views

“zu verkaufen” signs

Isn't it supposed to be "zum Verkauf"? Any reason why a verb is used in these signs? As I understand it - Ich habe ein Haus zu verkaufen - house to sell Ich habe ein Haus zum Verkauf - house for ...
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4answers
159 views

An ambiguous pronoun

Ich lasse mir von schlechtem Wetter nicht die Laune verderben. So, I'm given to understand that die Laune verderben requires the dative case to show whose mood is being spoiled. Like - Das verdirbt ...
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1answer
782 views

Examples of Passiv Präteritum? [closed]

This will probably come too late to help me with my homework, but it might help someone else. Can someone provide a few examples of sentences using Passiv Präteritum? I'm going to keep searching ...
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3answers
453 views

How to say things like “I have heard him speaking German” naturally in German?

In English there's expressions like [to hear sb. saying sth.] or [to see sb. doing sth.], but when it comes to German, I found it difficult to form the sentences short and natural. Please also tell me ...
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1answer
76 views

Mix of Konjunctive II and Indikativ in a passage from “Asyl” by Kafka

This post is on certain verb forms (as marked) in this passage from chapter 'Ein Asyl' of Amerika (Der Verschollene) by Frankz Kafka. Karl Roßmann has lost his job as a liftboy at a hotel and is now ...
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2answers
111 views

Plusquamperfekt mit einem Nomen im Passiv

Ich lerne das Plusquamperfekt. Verstehe aber nicht folgendes (Beispiel): Die am Telefon sagten mir, dass der Vertrag abgelehnt wurde. Auf Englisch würde ich sagen they told me...it had been ...
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1answer
167 views

Can someone explain the verb vorstellen to me? When does it come with dative and other times with akkusativ? [closed]

Ich stelle euch der deutsche Gerichte vor. Euch here is dativ or akkusativ? Is there any list for the verb vorstellen and the grammatical case with ever meaning?
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1answer
152 views

Poetry; breaking the rules?

I'm currently attending a German B1 course and I've been listening to some "deutsche Volkslieder" by Brahms, and I'm noticing a lot of unusual syntax. For instance in the song "Es war ein Markgraf ...
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4answers
227 views

Are percentages treated as singular or plural in German?

For example, if I say "cirka 80% der Deutschen" do I say "ist" or "sind" after? P.S Please don't tell me to compare it to English because: 1) English and German are different languages 2) I don't ...
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2answers
118 views

“Nach einer halben Stunde . . . wurde haltgemacht”

The question is on the highlighted sentence in this excerpt from Der Verschollene (Amerika) by Franz Kafka. Aber fast alle Unzufriedenheit mit dem Reiten hörte auf, wenn Mack kam. Der lange Mann ...
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1answer
111 views

“möchten” im Sinne von “sollen”

Es scheint mir, als ob ich das Verb "möchten" im Sinne von "sollen" gehört habe. Kann das sein oder habe ich mich verhört? Sag bitte Claus, er möchte (bitte?) zu mir kommen. Sag bitte Claus, er ...
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1answer
147 views

gratulieren needs dative case, so why jmdn (accusatice)?

As I know we use gratulieren with dative case, but in dictionary it is written like this: ohne OBJ ▪ jmd. gratuliert jmdm. (zu etwas Dat.) jmdn. aus einem bestimmten Anlass beglückwünschen As ...
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2answers
1k views

What are Indikativ, Konjunktiv I, Konjunktiv II of any verb like unternehmen?

Could anyone explain them for me? Why does every verb has those three different conjugations?
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1answer
752 views

Unterschied zwischen sorgen, kümmern, (sich) beschäftigen, betreuen

Welchen Unterschied gibt es zwischen: sorgen für, sich kümmern um, betreuen, sich beschäftigen mit?
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2answers
58 views

How many different combinations of tense, mood and voice are there?

I'm attempting to list all of the different combinations of tenses, moods and aspects that can be derived from one verb. For example, you have all the indicatives then the indicatives with sein-...
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2answers
112 views

Verbstellung bei Infinitivphrase oder Nebensatz bei mehrteiligen Verbkonstruktionen

Es ist mir klar, welche Stellungen die Verben in den ersten zwei Beispielen nehmen. Kann jemand mir sagen, welcher Satz in dem dritten Beispiel korrekt ist? Ich habe das machen können. Er weiß, dass ...
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1answer
57 views

Subject , Predicat, Verbs and their objects [closed]

Can somebody please split the following sentances up into to their grammatical components ie Subjects, Predicates, Verbs with there objects and prepostions etc. Kann jemand mir bitte folgenden ...
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4answers
4k views

What does “die Augen aufschlugen” mean?

Native English speaker here, trying to learn more German by reading Harry Potter und der Stein der Weisen, and I came across this sentence: Als Mr. und Mrs. Dursley an dem trüben und grauen ...
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3answers
151 views

How to say “The path he is going along”

Is it Der Weg, er ist gehend entlang? or Der Weg, er ist entlang gehend? I want to use the present participle.
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3answers
159 views

Kann ein Relativsatz das Verb in zweiter Position haben?

Beim Lesen eines Märchens der Gebrüder Grimm habe ich den folgenden Satz gelesen: Es war einmal ein König, der hatte eine Tochter. Meine Frage ist, soll der Relativsatz nicht der eine Tochter hatte ...
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1answer
49 views

Infinitives after “mental processes”

According to my grammar book, verbs such as glauben, meinen, and behaupten can be followed by an infinitive clause. Does this apply to, for example, "er meint, es gut zu sein"? Something tells me this ...
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3answers
258 views

Gibt es Verben mit drei oder mehr Präfixen?

Existieren im Deutschen Verben mit drei oder mehr Präfixen? Es spielt keine Rolle, ob diese trennbar sind oder nicht. Ich habe mich schon an einigen Wortungetümen, etwa zwangsverabreichen, versucht, ...
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1answer
131 views

überlöten - exact meaning?

I am helping out a heritage craft charity and they wanted me to look at a manual written in German. I am having problems with one sentence. It says, “Spleißstellen dürfen nicht überlötet werden.” ...
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5answers
4k views

How to ask for a bank account “upgrade”?

I have an existing account with an Austrian bank that provides for a certain level of annual turnover and with a certain kind of payment card. The bank also offers a "higher level" type of account ...
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1answer
92 views

Miss- prefix verbs: which have infinitives that act like they are separable?

I've recently come across some verbs with 'miss' as a prefix, are inseparable, but act as if they are separable in an infinitive clause e.g. 'misszuverstehen'. I believe this is the most popular ...
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1answer
117 views

Why are verbs sometimes on the second position and sometimes not?

I know that verbs must always be on the second position in sentences but I had recently found some places where this isn't the case. For example, in one song I find Wär’ heut’ mein letzter Tag, ...
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5answers
2k views

German verb for 'binge-watch'

I'm preparing for a speaking assessment and an example question is about TV. I wanted to say how I like to binge-watch (watching multiple episodes in fast succession) a TV series. I've looked on the ...
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2answers
404 views

Function/meaning of verb prefixes

I am learning German, and I am interested to understand the grammatical function of the prefixes ein, be, ver, aus, ab, etc. that are used before a verb and what are they supposed to do with the verb. ...
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3answers
140 views

What is the difference between ‘einfangen’ and ‘erwischen’?

I translated the both verbs and the meaning is caught/catch Erwischen Ich habe dich erwischt (I caught you) jdn. kalt erwischen (to catch somebody on the wrong foot) den Bus erwischen (to catch ...
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2answers
289 views

“Noch nie hatte er ein totes Tier wieder lebendig werden sehen.” – why not “gesehen”?

This question also has an answer here (in German): http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/37840 Why no perfect participle? "Sie hat sich scheiden lassen" Noch nie hatte er ein ...
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1answer
103 views

Sinn und Verwendung von »hochbacken«

Neulich war auf der Verpackung einer Tiefkühlpizza Folgendes zu lesen: Backt Zuhause frisch hoch Ich kann mir nur schwer vorstellen, dass eine Fertig-Pizza in die Höhe gebacken wird oder ist das ...
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1answer
439 views

When should I use zum + infinitive?

I undersand the use of the infinitive as a noun in instances like "Beim Essen hat sie mir gesagt, dass wir kein Geld mehr haben" or "Nach Verlassen des Raumes geben Sie bitte den Schlüssel ab". But in ...
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3answers
272 views

Is it necessary to conjugate a verb after “sondern auch”?

Does "sondern auch" function without a verb at the end of a sentence? For example: Hanna ist nicht nur meine beste Freundin, sondern auch meine Nachbarin.
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3answers
148 views

How to interprete “machen ein bisschen Luft spüre” [closed]

I have been studying German in my spare time for 10 months, so I still have many things to learn. In a grammar book, I have seen a sentence from an excerpt: ..., laufe zum Fenster, mache ich ein ...
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3answers
809 views

Non-modal verbs as helping verbs (“I hear you coughing”)

How do you use non-modal verbs (hear, overhear, see etc.) to help another verb, as modal verbs do in German? For example, how do you translate these sentences to German: I hear you coughing. I ...
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1answer
88 views

Question on “wer weiß, ob es mir nicht gelang” from Fidelio

The question is on gelang as occurring in these lines from Beethoven's Fidelio. JAQUINO Es ward ihr im Ernste schon bang; wer weiß, ob es mir nicht gelang. Wenn ich diese Tür heute nicht ...