Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

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7
votes
2answers
520 views

Verb im Singular oder Plural in Verbindung mit “Eine Reihe/Menge/… von …”

Welcher der beiden Sätze ist korrekt: Eine Reihe von Aufgaben, die erledigt werden muss. und / oder Eine Reihe von Aufgaben, die erledigt werden müssen. Erster Satz klingt korrekt, wenn man ...
3
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2answers
2k views

gegangen and gefahren

Is gefahren "I went (by car)" and gegangen "I went (by foot)"? My teacher said "ich habe schwimmen gegangen". Would you be able to say "ich habe schwimmen gefahren" if you went by car? Does that work ...
3
votes
2answers
290 views

Wo soll er denn hin?

In the sentence Wo soll er denn hin? what is the main verb? "Soll" is an auxiliary verb and "hin" is the verb meaning "go" in English. (My book explains it that "hin" is an adverb here which ...
9
votes
1answer
249 views

Wie erklären sich bairische Formen wie »gefreuen« oder »gestellen«?

Man stelle sich folgende Situation vor: Ein Hund hat eine Befehlskette fehlerfrei durchgezogen, zur Belohnung kriegt er seinen Stoffknochen und darf mit Herrchen Tauziehen spielen. Eine Beobachterin ...
3
votes
3answers
140 views

Why is this verb written as “zeige” rather than “zeigt”? Konjunktiv I maybe?

So, I was listening to the Langsam gesprochene Nachrichten Podcast by DW, and the following was said (my own transcription): Außenminister Frank Walter Steinmeier hat sich betroffen über die ...
6
votes
1answer
518 views

Welche defektiven Verben gibt es in der deutschen Sprache?

Ich bin neugierig, welche defektiven Verben (auch: unvollständige Verben; engl.: defective verb) es in der deutschen Sprache gibt und konnte im Internet keine erschöpfenden Listen finden. Andererseits ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Is it possible that there is no verb in a sentence? [duplicate]

Is it possible that there is no verb in a sentence? Take the following sentence as example: Morgen muss ich zum Arzt. Does this sentence make sense?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Intransitive “überlegen” or Transitive “überlegen”

Schon mal überlegt, Lehrerin zu werden? I wonder exactly what phrase is omitted from the beginning of this sentence. (Hast du) schon mal überlegt, Lehrerin zu werden? {Intransitive "überlegen"} ...
2
votes
4answers
665 views

How to make question sentences in modal verbs

How can I turn the sentence Ich habe das nicht machen können. to a question? And In which situations would I use Ich habe machen gewollt?
1
vote
1answer
146 views

In “Ich möchte Frau Lohmann sprechen”, Is Frau Lohmann the objective of sprechen? or suject of sprechen?

My German textbook doesn't provide enough grammar explanation. Is the above sentence translate in English to "I want to speak to Frau Lohmann" or "I want Frau Lohmann to speak"? When I look up '...
0
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2answers
142 views

How to say one of every five people properly

How can I say one of every five people? Ein von jede fünf Menschen.
-7
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2answers
254 views

Why can't gerne be used like 'like'

In English we say I like Coffee. But I've never seen anyone saying Ich gerne Coffee. Why is this incorrect? Google translator gives translation as above English version. Here am just ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

Does ‘erstellen’ take dative or accusative in the meaning of ‘to create’?

Which one is correct? Die Prozedur wurde auf der Datenbank erstellt/implementiert. (Dativ) or Die Prozedur wurde auf die Datenbank erstellt/implementiert. (Akk)
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Is it correct to use “Entschuldigen mich” instead of “Entschuldigen Sie”?

Entschuldigen Sie means excuse me, but Sie means in English you in English and me in German means mich or mir. So why is it Entschuldigen Sie instead of Entschuldigen mich/mir?
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Does every transitive verb need to actually take an object in “zu tun” construction?

If I want to say: "He deserves to live", the proper translation would be: Er verdient es zu leben. On the other hand, I'm allowed to say:"Ich habe versucht zu erklaeren.", with no es. My question ...
5
votes
2answers
511 views

What's the exact meaning of »bepöbeln«?

The below paragraph comes from the article “Trump über Demonstranten: ‘Warum haben diese Leute nicht gewählt?’” in Der Spiegel: Nur einen Tag nach seiner Amtseinführung waren Hunderttausende in ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

1 Verb, 2 past participles. Is there a difference between the participles?

Some German verbes seem to have two different past participles. e.g. hängen -> gehangen/gehängt Can you choose whichever you want or is there any difference in meaning, application or regional use?
4
votes
2answers
438 views

Why is the use of simple past tense (Präteritum) uncommon for some of the German verbs?

According to the Duden and dict.cc, the use of the verb zwangsversteigern in the simple past tense is uncommon: zwangsversteigern | -, zwangsversteigert [nur als Infinitiv und Partizip Perfekt ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Schreibt man „gut stehen“ oder „gutstehen“, wenn es um Chancen geht?

Ich bin mir bei diesem Satz nicht sicher, wie man ihn schreibt: Darum besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Chance für Neues gut steht. oder Darum besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Chance für Neues ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Justification of “werf” in spoken German instead of “wirf” (correct imperative)?

I’m a native speaker and the above problem is not very important, but interesting to me. Also I’m almost sure that you can, but want to hear other opinions on it. I think that it is correct because ...
2
votes
4answers
345 views

Should it be ‘kennt’ or ‘kennen’ in the sentence below?

In working through a wissen vs kennen exercise, I was asked to translate the following phrase: His son knows the people well. I put: Seinen Sohn kennt die Leute gut. I was then told I was ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Difference between “spüren”, “verspüren”, “empfinden”, “(sich) fühlen” und “sich anfühlen”

I’ve already looked over a few different examples that explained the preferred usage of one of these verbs in context. And to be honest, I already have somewhat of a clue as to when to use which. ...
9
votes
4answers
15k views

Wie kann man die Bedeutung von Verben mit Vorsilben ableiten?

Es gibt richtig viele Verben, die Vorsilben haben. Z. B. das Verb sehen kann mit verschiedenen Vorsilben kombiniert werden: absehen ansehen aussehen besehen durchsehen einsehen versehen vorsehen Es ...
2
votes
3answers
154 views

The meanings of 'auflegen' and 'anlegen' and the difference between them

Could anyone please help me understand the use of verbs 'auflegen' and 'anlegen' in the following context? I've met the verbs in an article in FAZ about elections. Here's a part from it: ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Is the second verb REALLY always in the end?

I listened to the latest Angela Merkel's Speech, and she said: "Unsere Werte werden stärker sein als der Terrorismus". Why isn't it something like: "Unsere Werte werden stärker als der Terrorismus ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Personform des Verbes bei mehreren möglichen Subjekten

Ich werde nicht schlau darüber, ob es, wenn es mehrere Subjekte in einem Satz gibt, die mit "oder" getrennt sind und wenn sie verschiedene Personen haben, das Verb wiederholt sein muss oder ob man ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Woher kommt »auseinanderklamüsern«?

In meiner Familie (insbesondere jenem Teil, der nicht aus dem Gebiet ist, das mein Avatar nahelegt) wird öfters davon gesprochen, dass etwas auseinanderklamüsert werden müsste. Zum Beispiel: Oh ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any other German verbs besides »sein« that take the nominative case?

Most German verbs take accusative object (e.g.: etw. Akk. schreiben). Some take dative object (e.g.: etw. Dat. entsprechen). A small number of verbs require genitive object (e.g.: etw. Gen. bedürfen, ...
3
votes
1answer
929 views

A list of verbs that take only dative objects

It appears that there must be dozens of verbs in German that take dative objects but never take accusative objects. "Helfen" and "folgen" are frequently seen examples. I just came across "nachgehen". ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the least amount of info needed about a verb to deduce everything about a verb?

As I understand it, if a verb is a weak verb, I can extrapolate every form of that verb using basic grammar rules. All I need to know is the verb's infinitive form. But for non-weak verbs, I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Wie bildet man “etwas sein wollen”

Jemand hat zu mir gesagt […], weil ich will sein eine Übersetzerin. In dem Versuch zu erklären, dass das „weil ich eine Übersetzerin sein will“ heißen würde, ist mir aufgefallen, dass ich ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the difference between “gesonnen” and “gesinnt”?

Dictionaries give gesonnen and gesinnt similar translations: 'minded'. Is there a difference in meaning? Are they both past participles of the verb sinnen?
2
votes
1answer
136 views

„hergesehen wird“ vs „her gesehen wird“

Ich hab vor kurzeum dies hier in einem deutschen Wörterbuch gesehen: Passiv |Pạssiv|, das Plural selten Substantiv, Neutrum Sprachwissenschaft das Passiv; Genitiv: des Passivs, Plural: die ...
3
votes
2answers
392 views

verbal tense (“ermordet worden waren”)

Can you please help me understand if my translation is correct: ... ich vermutete infolge einiger seiner Äußerungen, daß sie bei einem Überfalle ermordet worden waren I guess: I suspected due ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

What is this 'verb first' construction?

I've listened to the song 'Oh Love' by Mark Forster for quite a while now and everytime I've heard it, this has always nibbled at me: Geht's um nächste Schritte gehen, Bin ich wie ein altes ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Why should I use preterite in the past tense of “wollen”?

My boyfriend who is native German explained to me that “ich habe gewollt” just sounds wrong to him, he can’t explain why because he doesn’t know the rules he is just a native speaker. I am curious if ...
3
votes
1answer
525 views

German modal verbs in perfect tense - two ways?

So when using a modal verb in the perfect tense, I've notice two different types of constructions: 1) Ich habe arbeiten müssen. 2) Ich muss gearbeitet haben. It seems like the first means "I ...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

How to translate this sentence with three verbs to Deutsch?

I will try to persuade your parents. My translation is Ich werde mich bemühen von deinen Eltern zu überreden. Is the grammar right? Because there are three verbs I’m a little confused.
2
votes
3answers
240 views

Difference between “rahmen” and “einrahmen”

What is the difference between the verbs rahmen and einrahmen in the context of framing a picture? Ich habe das Bild gerahmt. Ich habe das Bild eingerahmt. Do those sentences have the same ...
4
votes
5answers
735 views

What are the differences in meaning among ‘mögen’, ‘stehen auf’, ‘liebhaben’, and ‘lieben’?

I’m trying to sort out the differences among the following ways to say that I have an affection for somebody: Ich mag dich. Ich stehe auf dich. Ich habe dich lieb. Ich liebe dich. I’ve ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of ‘was arbeitest du’?

Was arbeitest du? I came across this in a udemy course I am doing but the explanation is unclear. Does it mean ‘what do you work at?’ or ‘what are you working on?’, or something else?
1
vote
4answers
330 views

What is the difference between the verbs “bewerten” and “einschätzen”?

Is there a difference between the meaning of bewerten and einschätzen when used? I cannot tell the difference between both and the dictionary definitions for both are practically identical. It would ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Which auxiliary verb to use to make perfect tense of ‘erfahren’?

I have found contradicting suggestions for the auxiliary verb to use make the perfect tense of erfahren. Collins Dictionary (Online) suggests sein while de.wiktionary.org suggests haben Which ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Which is the correct past tense of ‘begleiten’?

I have found begleiten (to accompany) conjugated two different ways. Verbformen.net suggests: begleiten, begleitete, begleitet While Collins Dictionary (Online) suggests: begleiten, beglitt, ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

When does “haben” push “nicht” to the end of the sentence?

I am doing German grammar exercises about haben with nicht and the book says the following is correct: Wir haben nicht am Freitag das Examen But isn’t Freitag das Examen the object of the verb ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Should I use ‘praktizieren’ or ‘üben’?

Ich möchte meinem Deutsch praktizieren This sentence is apparently wrong because it’s practice like a doctor. So do I need to use üben? Is it correct to say the following? Ich möchte mein Deutsch ...
10
votes
1answer
176 views

Triefen als starkes oder schwaches Verb

Er troff vor Nässe Er triefte vor Nässe Was ist der Bedeutungsunterschied zwischen den zwei Beugungen und was ist am angemessensten?
1
vote
1answer
326 views

Why does the prefix “auf-” change the word “hören” (hearing) to mean stop?

A friend of mine who’s learning German asked me this and I couldn’t explain it to her. Is it just an example of how a word changes over time? Perhaps it used to me “hear me tell you to stop”, “hör ...
3
votes
2answers
292 views

Is “flirten” used like “to flirt”?

In English, to flirt clearly describes an activity that can be performed both between strangers, but just as well between long-term partners. My impression with flirten in German has been that it is ...
4
votes
2answers
289 views

What is the dict.cc entry : etw. hätte gemacht worden sein müssen?

Here is this dict.cc entry that i stumbled across, it appears to be wrong, to my knowledge that should be: 1) Das hätte gemacht werden müssen – That would have had to have been done (but it wasn’t) ...