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Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

2
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1answer
168 views

Is it possible that there is no verb in a sentence? [duplicate]

Is it possible that there is no verb in a sentence? Take the following sentence as example: Morgen muss ich zum Arzt. Does this sentence make sense?
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Intransitive “überlegen” or Transitive “überlegen”

Schon mal überlegt, Lehrerin zu werden? I wonder exactly what phrase is omitted from the beginning of this sentence. (Hast du) schon mal überlegt, Lehrerin zu werden? {Intransitive "überlegen"} ...
2
votes
4answers
654 views

How to make question sentences in modal verbs

How can I turn the sentence Ich habe das nicht machen können. to a question? And In which situations would I use Ich habe machen gewollt?
1
vote
1answer
145 views

In “Ich möchte Frau Lohmann sprechen”, Is Frau Lohmann the objective of sprechen? or suject of sprechen?

My German textbook doesn't provide enough grammar explanation. Is the above sentence translate in English to "I want to speak to Frau Lohmann" or "I want Frau Lohmann to speak"? When I look up '...
0
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2answers
140 views

How to say one of every five people properly

How can I say one of every five people? Ein von jede fünf Menschen.
-7
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2answers
245 views

Why can't gerne be used like 'like'

In English we say I like Coffee. But I've never seen anyone saying Ich gerne Coffee. Why is this incorrect? Google translator gives translation as above English version. Here am just ...
1
vote
2answers
315 views

Does ‘erstellen’ take dative or accusative in the meaning of ‘to create’?

Which one is correct? Die Prozedur wurde auf der Datenbank erstellt/implementiert. (Dativ) or Die Prozedur wurde auf die Datenbank erstellt/implementiert. (Akk)
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Is it correct to use “Entschuldigen mich” instead of “Entschuldigen Sie”?

Entschuldigen Sie means excuse me, but Sie means in English you in English and me in German means mich or mir. So why is it Entschuldigen Sie instead of Entschuldigen mich/mir?
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Does every transitive verb need to actually take an object in “zu tun” construction?

If I want to say: "He deserves to live", the proper translation would be: Er verdient es zu leben. On the other hand, I'm allowed to say:"Ich habe versucht zu erklaeren.", with no es. My question ...
5
votes
2answers
485 views

What's the exact meaning of »bepöbeln«?

The below paragraph comes from the article “Trump über Demonstranten: ‘Warum haben diese Leute nicht gewählt?’” in Der Spiegel: Nur einen Tag nach seiner Amtseinführung waren Hunderttausende in ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

1 Verb, 2 past participles. Is there a difference between the participles?

Some German verbes seem to have two different past participles. e.g. hängen -> gehangen/gehängt Can you choose whichever you want or is there any difference in meaning, application or regional use?
4
votes
2answers
404 views

Why is the use of simple past tense (Präteritum) uncommon for some of the German verbs?

According to the Duden and dict.cc, the use of the verb zwangsversteigern in the simple past tense is uncommon: zwangsversteigern | -, zwangsversteigert [nur als Infinitiv und Partizip Perfekt ...
5
votes
2answers
216 views

Schreibt man „gut stehen“ oder „gutstehen“, wenn es um Chancen geht?

Ich bin mir bei diesem Satz nicht sicher, wie man ihn schreibt: Darum besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Chance für Neues gut steht. oder Darum besteht die Möglichkeit, dass die Chance für Neues ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Justification of “werf” in spoken German instead of “wirf” (correct imperative)?

I’m a native speaker and the above problem is not very important, but interesting to me. Also I’m almost sure that you can, but want to hear other opinions on it. I think that it is correct because ...
2
votes
4answers
306 views

Should it be ‘kennt’ or ‘kennen’ in the sentence below?

In working through a wissen vs kennen exercise, I was asked to translate the following phrase: His son knows the people well. I put: Seinen Sohn kennt die Leute gut. I was then told I was ...
3
votes
2answers
987 views

Difference between “spüren”, “verspüren”, “empfinden”, “(sich) fühlen” und “sich anfühlen”

I’ve already looked over a few different examples that explained the preferred usage of one of these verbs in context. And to be honest, I already have somewhat of a clue as to when to use which. ...
8
votes
3answers
14k views

Wie kann man die Bedeutung von Verben mit Vorsilben ableiten?

Es gibt richtig viele Verben, die Vorsilben haben. Z. B. das Verb sehen kann mit verschiedenen Vorsilben kombiniert werden: absehen ansehen aussehen besehen durchsehen einsehen versehen vorsehen Es ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

The meanings of 'auflegen' and 'anlegen' and the difference between them

Could anyone please help me understand the use of verbs 'auflegen' and 'anlegen' in the following context? I've met the verbs in an article in FAZ about elections. Here's a part from it: ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Is the second verb REALLY always in the end?

I listened to the latest Angela Merkel's Speech, and she said: "Unsere Werte werden stärker sein als der Terrorismus". Why isn't it something like: "Unsere Werte werden stärker als der Terrorismus ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Personform des Verbes bei mehreren möglichen Subjekten

Ich werde nicht schlau darüber, ob es, wenn es mehrere Subjekte in einem Satz gibt, die mit "oder" getrennt sind und wenn sie verschiedene Personen haben, das Verb wiederholt sein muss oder ob man ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Woher kommt »auseinanderklamüsern«?

In meiner Familie (insbesondere jenem Teil, der nicht aus dem Gebiet ist, das mein Avatar nahelegt) wird öfters davon gesprochen, dass etwas auseinanderklamüsert werden müsste. Zum Beispiel: Oh ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Are there any other German verbs besides »sein« that take the nominative case?

Most German verbs take accusative object (e.g.: etw. Akk. schreiben). Some take dative object (e.g.: etw. Dat. entsprechen). A small number of verbs require genitive object (e.g.: etw. Gen. bedürfen, ...
3
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1answer
883 views

A list of verbs that take only dative objects

It appears that there must be dozens of verbs in German that take dative objects but never take accusative objects. "Helfen" and "folgen" are frequently seen examples. I just came across "nachgehen". ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the least amount of info needed about a verb to deduce everything about a verb?

As I understand it, if a verb is a weak verb, I can extrapolate every form of that verb using basic grammar rules. All I need to know is the verb's infinitive form. But for non-weak verbs, I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Wie bildet man “etwas sein wollen”

Jemand hat zu mir gesagt […], weil ich will sein eine Übersetzerin. In dem Versuch zu erklären, dass das „weil ich eine Übersetzerin sein will“ heißen würde, ist mir aufgefallen, dass ich ...
4
votes
2answers
121 views

What is the difference between “gesonnen” and “gesinnt”?

Dictionaries give gesonnen and gesinnt similar translations: 'minded'. Is there a difference in meaning? Are they both past participles of the verb sinnen?
2
votes
1answer
127 views

„hergesehen wird“ vs „her gesehen wird“

Ich hab vor kurzeum dies hier in einem deutschen Wörterbuch gesehen: Passiv |Pạssiv|, das Plural selten Substantiv, Neutrum Sprachwissenschaft das Passiv; Genitiv: des Passivs, Plural: die ...
3
votes
2answers
370 views

verbal tense (“ermordet worden waren”)

Can you please help me understand if my translation is correct: ... ich vermutete infolge einiger seiner Äußerungen, daß sie bei einem Überfalle ermordet worden waren I guess: I suspected due ...
3
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1answer
127 views

What is this 'verb first' construction?

I've listened to the song 'Oh Love' by Mark Forster for quite a while now and everytime I've heard it, this has always nibbled at me: Geht's um nächste Schritte gehen, Bin ich wie ein altes ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Why should I use preterite in the past tense of “wollen”?

My boyfriend who is native German explained to me that “ich habe gewollt” just sounds wrong to him, he can’t explain why because he doesn’t know the rules he is just a native speaker. I am curious if ...
3
votes
1answer
488 views

German modal verbs in perfect tense - two ways?

So when using a modal verb in the perfect tense, I've notice two different types of constructions: 1) Ich habe arbeiten müssen. 2) Ich muss gearbeitet haben. It seems like the first means "I ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

How to translate this sentence with three verbs to Deutsch?

I will try to persuade your parents. My translation is Ich werde mich bemühen von deinen Eltern zu überreden. Is the grammar right? Because there are three verbs I’m a little confused.
2
votes
3answers
235 views

Difference between “rahmen” and “einrahmen”

What is the difference between the verbs rahmen and einrahmen in the context of framing a picture? Ich habe das Bild gerahmt. Ich habe das Bild eingerahmt. Do those sentences have the same ...
4
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5answers
707 views

What are the differences in meaning among ‘mögen’, ‘stehen auf’, ‘liebhaben’, and ‘lieben’?

I’m trying to sort out the differences among the following ways to say that I have an affection for somebody: Ich mag dich. Ich stehe auf dich. Ich habe dich lieb. Ich liebe dich. I’ve ...
0
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3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of ‘was arbeitest du’?

Was arbeitest du? I came across this in a udemy course I am doing but the explanation is unclear. Does it mean ‘what do you work at?’ or ‘what are you working on?’, or something else?
1
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4answers
317 views

What is the difference between the verbs “bewerten” and “einschätzen”?

Is there a difference between the meaning of bewerten and einschätzen when used? I cannot tell the difference between both and the dictionary definitions for both are practically identical. It would ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Which auxiliary verb to use to make perfect tense of ‘erfahren’?

I have found contradicting suggestions for the auxiliary verb to use make the perfect tense of erfahren. Collins Dictionary (Online) suggests sein while de.wiktionary.org suggests haben Which ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Which is the correct past tense of ‘begleiten’?

I have found begleiten (to accompany) conjugated two different ways. Verbformen.net suggests: begleiten, begleitete, begleitet While Collins Dictionary (Online) suggests: begleiten, beglitt, ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

When does “haben” push “nicht” to the end of the sentence?

I am doing German grammar exercises about haben with nicht and the book says the following is correct: Wir haben nicht am Freitag das Examen But isn’t Freitag das Examen the object of the verb ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Should I use ‘praktizieren’ or ‘üben’?

Ich möchte meinem Deutsch praktizieren This sentence is apparently wrong because it’s practice like a doctor. So do I need to use üben? Is it correct to say the following? Ich möchte mein Deutsch ...
10
votes
1answer
174 views

Triefen als starkes oder schwaches Verb

Er troff vor Nässe Er triefte vor Nässe Was ist der Bedeutungsunterschied zwischen den zwei Beugungen und was ist am angemessensten?
1
vote
1answer
314 views

Why does the prefix “auf-” change the word “hören” (hearing) to mean stop?

A friend of mine who’s learning German asked me this and I couldn’t explain it to her. Is it just an example of how a word changes over time? Perhaps it used to me “hear me tell you to stop”, “hör ...
3
votes
2answers
284 views

Is “flirten” used like “to flirt”?

In English, to flirt clearly describes an activity that can be performed both between strangers, but just as well between long-term partners. My impression with flirten in German has been that it is ...
4
votes
2answers
284 views

What is the dict.cc entry : etw. hätte gemacht worden sein müssen?

Here is this dict.cc entry that i stumbled across, it appears to be wrong, to my knowledge that should be: 1) Das hätte gemacht werden müssen – That would have had to have been done (but it wasn’t) ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

What is the difference between “ist” und “wurde” [closed]

What is the difference between the two sentences: Das Buch wurde geschrieben. Das Buch ist geschrieben. Hinweis: Die Frage wurde hier auf Deutsch beantwortet.
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Unterschied zwischen “sichern” und “sicherstellen”

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen sichern und sicherstellen? Auf diese Weise ist es leichter zu sichern, dass die Reise für die Kinder ihren Zweck erfüllt und zur Entfaltung ihres Kindes beiträgt....
1
vote
0answers
157 views

What does “kennen gelernt” mean in following context? [closed]

Dort hat sie ihren deutschen Freund kennen gelernt. Is it like what Google said "she got to know her friend there" ? So, can we always use this phrasal verb as "got to know"? Is there any other ...
6
votes
5answers
458 views

Can “möchten” be used with future tense?

I’ve learnt from grammar books that möchten is mögen in subjunctive 2. I would like to use it but together with werden. Is it possible? Ich möchte es lesen. Ich werde es lesen möchten.
0
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2answers
52 views

Do we use the word “bedrücken” more than “betrüben” for the verb “distress”?

Do we use the word bedrücken more than betrüben for the verb to distress nowadays and has betrüben been abolished?
7
votes
1answer
471 views

German verb categories and classes: Is there a complete taxonomy out there?

So, to my understanding, the categories of German verbs are: Weak: no irregularities in the formation of präteritum, past participles etc. Strong: all verbs fall in one of the seven strong verb ...