Questions tagged [verbs]

Verben – Questions on the grammar and usage of verbs IN GENERAL. Do not use this for questions on the meaning, etymology, translation or similar of specific verbs.

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38
votes
6answers
41k views

Difference between “antworten” and “beantworten”

Is there any difference between "antworten" and "beantworten"? In which situations should I use one and in which another?
36
votes
3answers
9k views

Wieso sprengt man Rasenflächen?

Googles Resultate bezüglich der Herkunft waren mittelprächtig. Es scheint mir, dass es sich mit in die Luft jagen (dem anderen sprengen, das sehr bekannt ist) die Herkunft teilt. Aber wie die genau ...
34
votes
4answers
33k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “reden” und “sprechen”?

Ich denke, sie sind Synonyme; aber sind sie es wirklich? "Reden" scheint mehr umgangssprachlich zu sein, während "sprechen" ganz viele verschiedene Bedeutungen hat. Warum gibt es das Wort "reden"? ...
33
votes
6answers
29k views

Wie ist die richtige Schreibweise – “geliket”? “geliked”?

Offen gestanden denke ich, dass es eher geliket sein müsste, da deutsche Partizipien gewöhnlich auf t enden, wie z. B. gemacht, getanzt, etc. Dagegen spricht meine Beobachtung, ich habe geliket fast ...
29
votes
3answers
3k views

How do synchronous interpreters handle long German split verb sentences?

One of the points where German differs from other languages are the split verb sentences where the two parts of a verb form can be placed quite some distance apart, for example: Ich habe nach ...
29
votes
4answers
8k views

Does the verb “möchten” exist?

I have often encountered the forms möchte, möchtest.... Does the verb möchten exist? Is it some special form of mögen or an independent verb?
25
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8answers
3k views

Can I use ‘fahren’ when the mode of transport is not decided?

Suppose I am in London, and I am going to Paris. If I am just mentioning to someone the fact that I’ll soon go to Paris, can I use fahren as a generic translation of to travel? I might go by ...
22
votes
6answers
7k views

How would you translate “to judge someone” to German?

In English, "to judge someone" often implies a negative opinion, as in "Don't judge me!". Is there a German equivalent for this? How would you translate the example? My dictionary gives "jmdn. ...
22
votes
4answers
17k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
22
votes
1answer
18k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “authentifizieren” und “authentisieren”?

Es gibt die beiden Verben authentifizieren und authentisieren, die beide mit dem Begriff "authentisch" verwandt sind. In Dokumenten bestimmter Fachbereiche, zum Beispiel in der EDV, findet man beide ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

New German irregular verbs. Are there any?

New verbs in English are invariably regular. Sneak, an old verb in English dating from the 16th century, is one of the very few that have, at least in some parts of the world, become irregular (with ...
20
votes
3answers
6k views

“Gedownloadet” oder “downgeloadet”?

Windows gibt gerade Ersteres aus nach einem Update. Gibts hier eine grammatikalische Regel, die Windows kennt, aber ich nicht? Intuitiv habe ich bisher immer downgeloadet verwendet, wahrscheinlich ...
20
votes
1answer
816 views

“Ja, verb ich.” - which verbs work?

In spoken German, it is very common to answer basic mundane yes-or-no question with an elliptical construction like this: »Willst du noch ein Bier?« »Ja, will ich.« This works for haben, sein, the ...
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a “Verb to Noun process”

Do you know any example of German noun that is Feminine Ends on ung Is not the result of taking the word stem of a verb and adding the suffix ung Or can you prove that such a word does not exist? ...
19
votes
10answers
11k views

Wann benutzt man “laufen” und wann “rennen”?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Is there any difference between “laufen” and “rennen”? Ein Mann geht auf einer Straße. Er muss den Bus nehmen, um zur Arbeit zu kommen. Er ...
19
votes
5answers
10k views

What's the difference between “öffnen” and “aufmachen”?

Meagan opens her car door and gets in. Meagan macht die Wagentür auf und steigt ein. Can I also use öffnen in this context? What's the difference between aufmachen and öffnen?
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Are sentences such as “wir waren essen” grammatically correct?

German supposedly has no equivalent of the progressive/continuous tense in English (e.g. “we are going”). However, I sometimes hear sentences such as: Wir waren essen. Er ist telefonieren. Are such ...
19
votes
1answer
808 views

Verwendung des umgangssprachlichen Verbs “bongen”

Mir ist die Redewendung Ist gebongt! geläufig. Sie ist eine umgangssprachliche Form von "ist ausgemacht!". Anscheinend ist gebongt das Partizip Perfekt von bongen. Ist dieses Verb – außerhalb des ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Kehren und fegen

I'm currently learning the verb Kehren with the meaning to sweep. But I recently realized that I've already learnt fegen as meaning to sweep. Is this correct, are fegen and kehren totally ...
18
votes
1answer
75k views

“Sich freuen auf” oder “über”?

Wann benutzt man auf oder über mit freuen? Zum Beispiel: Meine Tochter freut sich schon _ die Sommerferien.
18
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3answers
17k views

Difference between “bieten” and “anbieten” [closed]

Is there a difference between the verbs "bieten" and "anbieten" in sense "to offer"?
17
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2answers
3k views

“To tell” in German

I’ve come across the following verbs: erzählen, verraten, and sagen, which all mean ‘to tell’. What’s the difference between them?
17
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4answers
4k views

Does “sollen” imply an external agent?

I spent three weeks at a German high school right after I graduated from my own high school. One day I said to my host (a student at the school): "Ich soll mehr Deutsch sprechen." His response? (He ...
17
votes
4answers
901 views

Is there an explanation why the verb “aufhören” is derived from the verb “hören”?

Is there an explanation why the verb "aufhören" which means "to stop" is derived from the verb "hören" (to hear)? Or, is it just a pure coincidence?
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Schwache Verben und starke Verben

Im Deutschen gibt es bei Verben eine Unterteilung zwischen starken und schwachen Verben. Je nachdem zu welcher Gruppe ein Wort gehört, wird das Partizip II unterschiedlich gebildet. Schwaches Verb: ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Verb “geeitet” in an old scientific text

I am looking for the modern version of this verb and its root "geeitet" from a text written in 1863. This came up while searching for an etymology of the name of an acid by a chemist called Adolf ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

geschafft or geschaffen? which one is past participle of schaffen?

Accordding to Langenscheidt, Oxford, Duden the verb has two past participles, but those have not mentioned when we shall use each one! because the meanings are also the same.
16
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3answers
3k views

What is the etymology of “Es gibt” in the sense of “There is”?

What is the etymology of "Es gibt" in the sense of the English "There is/There are"? In English, "There is" is used to indicate the existence of something abstract of physical, though as I understand ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

<schwitz>, <zwinker> etc. Does German always use 2nd Person Singular Imperative verbs for emoticons? If so, why?

In an IM, I just wrote: Ich hab ihr halt eine unverfängliche Frage gestellt. Das ist alles! <schwitz> I sometimes use "schwitz" like this -- in place of its corresponding emoticons: 😅, 💦, ^^; ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is “kennenlernen” written as compound word?

According to Duden online the suggested spelling of the verb is kennenlernen. Why is it written as composite and not as separate words like every other combination of verbs with lernen? lesen ...
16
votes
3answers
20k views

Wann verwendet man „zu“ mit dem Infinitiv?

Wie kann man wissen, ob man den Infinitiv mit oder ohne „zu“ schreibt? Das darf ich nicht probieren. Das wage ich nicht zu probieren. Ich gehe spazieren. Ich mag es zu spazieren. Bonusfrage: Was für ...
16
votes
2answers
554 views

Meaning of “Lars kam sich unendlich verlassen vor”

I'm reading Kleiner Eisbär, wohin fährst du? von Hans de Beer but I'm puzzled by this sentence: Lars kam sich unendlich verlassen vor. If verlassen is a reflexive verb as the word sich suggests, ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

“Bäckt” or “backt”?

In Dreyer/Schmitt, "bäckt" is given as the primary third-person form of "backen". Since I never used this and have not heard it often where I live (Northern Germany), I was very surprised by this and ...
15
votes
5answers
5k views

Ist “rauf voten” und “runter voten” eine akzeptable Übersetzung für “upvote” und “downvote”?

Was ist eine angemessene deutsche Übersetzung von upvote und downvote? Das deutsche Verb voten findet man in Duden Online. Zur englischen Orthografie siehe EL&U.
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Why isn't “gehen” in the sentence?

Sie müssen durch den Eingang, dann die Treppe hoch und sofort rechts. [You must go through the entrance, then up stairs and immediately to the right]. In English, we have the verb to go. Why isn't ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

“Bild” zu “visualisiert” ist wie “Ton” zu…?

Ich bin gerade auf der Suche nach einem schönen Wort um zu sagen, dass etwas per Audio-Wiedergabe vermittelt wurde. Wenn es um ein Video oder eine Graphik ginge, würde ich visualisiert verwenden. Was ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

„A oder B? Beide geht“

Ich habe oft „beide geht“ als eine Antwort auf eine Frage wie „soll man A oder B machen?“ gehört. „Beide“ ist aber Plural, also wurde ich „beide gehen“ sagen. Soll man HTML mit Regex oder mit ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with a dative object and when with accusative one?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with a dative object and when with an accusative one, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces *accusative or dative? If ...
15
votes
4answers
20k views

Verb inversion with adverbs used at the beginning

I know that when adverbs are used in the first position, at the beginning of the sentence, the verb and subject position in German is inverted, such as in these examples with adverbs of place and time:...
14
votes
5answers
7k views

“Bis der Tod euch scheide” or “bis der Tod euch scheidet”?

In one of Rammstein’s most famous songs, Du hast, the lyrics go like this: Willst du bis der Tod euch scheide Treu ihr sein für alle Tage? Nein! Now, I am a bit puzzled why there is no t in the end ...
14
votes
4answers
7k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende? Zum Beispiel: „Geh(e) weiter!“ „Hab(e) Geduld!“ Bedeutet „Geh“ etwas anderes als „Gehe“? Darf man „e“ am ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Zweite und dritte Person im gleichen Satz - wonach richtet sich das Verb?

This question also has an answer here (in English): "Paula und ich bin..." or "Paula und ich sind..." Wenn man zwei verschiedene Personen im gleichen Satzteil beschreibt, von ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Online resources for German verbs classes: strong, weak, mixed.

I've been searching for a nice complete list showing all the different verb classes (strong, weak, mixed) but couldn't find anything. Can someone point me to a good online resource? They should be ...
14
votes
2answers
596 views

Using verbs with same root but different prefixes in same sentence

Can I say something like Er kommt bei mir vorbei und um. to mean "he comes by my house and dies", thus expressing the verbs vorbeikommen and umkommen by using kommen only once?
14
votes
5answers
5k views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
13
votes
3answers
789 views

How come there are two ways to conjugate the same verb? (e.g. erschrecken)

Take, for sake of concreteness, the verb erschrecken: Du erschrickst vor Kakerlaken (du gerätst in Panik, wenn du Kakerlaken siehst) to be compared with Du erschreckst sie, wenn du trinkst. ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

Usage of “Hab” during conversations

In school, we learn the conjugations of "haben", but "hab" is not one of them. When is "hab" used and is it colloqial?
13
votes
5answers
6k views

How to translate “add” as in “add me on Skype”?

How to translate the "add" when talking about social networks? Please add me on Skype. I'll add you on Facebook.
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Tense and Aspect

Most linguists recognize two tenses in English, present and past, although other verb forms are often mistakenly described as tenses. I walk is present tense and I walked is past tense. A form such as ...

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