Questions tagged [vocabulary]

Wortschatz – Questions on vocabulary; do not use for questions about specific words or synonym groups.

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7
votes
1answer
2k views

German words database

I'm searching any good database about German words (substantives currently, but a more comprehensible database will go down well also), with, almost, the following information: Word name: in nomative ...
49
votes
7answers
30k views

Where can I find a parsable list of German words?

I'm looking for a list of German words in a digital format that is simple and easy to parse by a computer. It should encompass almost all words, but it doesn't matter whether inflections are included. ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Deutschkenntnisse verbessern (nach C2, verhandlungssicher, fließend) [closed]

Ich spreche seit über 20 Jahren Deutsch, und würde behaupten, dass ich fließend spreche. Ab und zu mal lese/höre ich Redewendungen oder Wörter, die ich nicht kenne, und die selten genutzt werden, aber ...
9
votes
5answers
4k views

How to say “have a good vacation” in German?

I'm 100% sure that it's right and fine to use: "Gute Reise" which means "Have a nice trip". But is it also fine to use "Gute" for vacations? "Gute Urlaub" - is that wrong?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

When can ‘dus’ be used in place of ‘du’?

Here are two usage examples of dus from dictionary.reverso.net: Wenn dus nicht besser machen kannst, dann mach es genauso. → If you can't beat them, join them. Wie hältst dus mit der Religion?...
5
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2answers
2k views

Ist „abonnierbar“ ein gültiges Wort?

Im Zusammenhang mit der Benennung einiger Programmteile ist uns aufgefallen, dass es weder im Deutschen noch im Englischen das Wort „abonnierbar“ (bzw. “subscribable”) zu geben scheint. Auf der ...
3
votes
3answers
232 views

How many words in “zuzulegen” or “zuzuschreiben”?

I am a native speaker born in Germany and still living here, but I have trouble with words as described in the topic. Do the words zuzulegen and zuzuschreiben consists of 1, 2 or 3 words? Let ...
5
votes
5answers
139 views

Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen nachschlagen und nachlesen?

Ich würde gerne wissen, ob es einen Unterschied zwischen nachschlagen und nachlesen gibt. Beide übersetzen auf Englisch zu : "to look up" Oder sind sie Synonyme? Oder können wir sie in Sätzen ...
8
votes
5answers
238 views

Bezeichnung für Übertreibung ins Gegenteil

Ich beobachte in Diskussionen in letzter Zeit oft eine Herabsetzung des Gegenübers durch Übertreiben seines Standpunkts ins Extreme. Beispiel 1: A: Ich finde, man sollte über ein Tempolimit ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Vertrauen und trauen im Perfekt

Ich habe gefunden, dass „vertrauen“ und „trauen“ das Gleiche sein können. Und ich habe einen Deutschmuttersprachler gefragt, ob ich „ich vertraue dir“ und „ich traue dir“ sagen kann. Er hat ‚ja‘ ...
3
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3answers
425 views

What is the difference between Anführer and Führer?

I recently heard of Angela Merkel being referred to as a great "Anführerin". So, maybe this is a silly question, but my current understanding is that "Anführer / Anführerin" and "Führer / Führerin" ...
-1
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2answers
89 views

Novel authors known for advanced vocabulary [closed]

I'd like to expand my German vocabulary also while relaxing and reading and not only studying. However, most of the novels I've seen use very basic vocabulary and rarely any idioms or phrases. So, I ...
3
votes
3answers
163 views

Mit welchem Verb kann man beschreiben, wie Erwachsene mit einem Baby sprechen?

Ich habe zu dem Thema diese Frage gefunden: Die Verwendung des Tätigkeitswortes "brabbeln" zur Beschreibung eines Erwachsenen, der ein Baby nachahmt? Aber, ganz ehrlich, Brabbeln kenne ...
2
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3answers
175 views

How do I better retain more advanced German words? [closed]

I am finding it hard to remember my vocabulary words for a longer period of time and wanted to know if there are any tips on retention in relations to German.
1
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4answers
141 views

Difference between Wortschatz and Lexikon? [closed]

What's the main difference between Wortschatz and Lexikon?
4
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2answers
115 views

Akkusativ oder Nominativ und Formulierung bei einer Bestellung

Als ich in einem Hotel war, hat mich die Kellnerin gefragt, ob ich etwas trinken möchte. Ich habe auf Englisch geantwortet: "A cappuccino, please" und ich war mir nicht sicher, wie ich das auf ...
3
votes
3answers
171 views

What is the difference between Verleger and Herausgeber?

I have tried reading wiki carefully and translating these to a couple of languages, but it still eludes me. Is one editing, doing the technical stuff, while the other is the entity or person who ...
0
votes
2answers
402 views

Do English and German languages share 60 % of their vocabulary?

The German language is different from the English language. Each language has its own words, sentences and grammar. However, I discovered from a website that the German and English languages share 60% ...
3
votes
2answers
573 views

Difference between “statt” and “anstelle”

What the difference of usage between the words statt and anstelle? Are they just synonyms?
0
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the German Novels for Beginners? [closed]

After completing A2, I wish to go ahead and read interesting novels from different genres to learn new words and getting to know the slang. Is there any recommended novels for beginners? Thanks in ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

latinate or other words of foreign origin as opposed to Germanic words

In the following video (https://youtu.be/tNZXy6hfvhM?t=1062), the speaker feels the need to add after the adjective of Latin origin she first uses its equivalent based on purely German elements : Es ...
21
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5answers
5k views

Do native speakers use ZVE or CPU?

"Central Processing Unit" or CPU is sometimes listed as "Zentrale Verarbeitungs-einheit" or ZVE in dictionaries, but I know in the computing world many English words and abbreviations are used. To a ...
2
votes
4answers
703 views

How to remember words which are extremely similar but have totally different meaning?

I would like to know if someone has any suggestion regarding how to remember words which are extremely similar but have totally different meanings. Any advice? Tricks? I am thinking of words like: ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Meaning of vorbei in this sentence

On the book Emil und die Detektive, by Erich Kästner, I found the following Da hielt die Straßenbahn zum ersten Mal. Es stieg niemand aus. Es drängten nur viele neue Fahrgäste in die Bahn. Auch an ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Verbwahl: Modalität - “besitzen” oder “versprachlichen”?

Könntet Ihr mir bitte bei der Wortwahl helfen? Kann der Modus (z.B. der Indikativ) Modalität besitzen? Oder wird Modalität durch einen Modus eher versprachlicht?
3
votes
7answers
207 views

Schön Trocken - Bedeutung

Wenn "schön" "nice(ly)" oder umgangsprachlich "really" bedeuten kann, wie kann ich wissen, welche Bedeutung im folgenden Beispiel gemeint ist? Möchtest du auch ein Glas Rotwein? Ja, gerne. Is deiner ...
28
votes
6answers
20k views

What is the best free word frequency list in German?

I'm looking for a very high quality word frequency list in German. This is a list of how often words are used in the German language. The best one I have found so far is here: 10,000 words. ...
-4
votes
1answer
107 views

Was bedeutet binden? [closed]

Ich habe gerade den 3. Aufzug von Friedrich Schillers Drama "Wilhelm Tell" gelesen. In Vers 2068 wird Tell gebunden. Was bedeutet dies (und warum)? Quelle: https://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Tell/...
0
votes
1answer
382 views

Unterschied zwischen rufen und anrufen?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen rufen und anrufen? Both rufen and anrufen mean to call, so what is the difference between the two apart from anrufen being a trennbar verb?
1
vote
4answers
216 views

Gibt es im Deutschen ein Nomen, das im Plural unverändert bleibt?

Also wie bei den englischen "fish", "sheep", "hair", usw. Bitte antwortet auf Deutsch.
9
votes
9answers
4k views

Word-reminder software – how do you remember the words?

I can understand German when I read it. So, I started watching the Mad Man TV series with German subtitles and the show on mute. I write new words in a two-column Word document. I then try to learn ...
11
votes
2answers
523 views

How does the German superpower of word chaining really work?

Germans are known for their craftsmanship for words other languages require whole sentences for. We can express literally anything with one word by just connecting multiple words with our superpower. ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there some relative to Dutch word “kijken” in German?

Inspired by this question, I wonder if there is also some German relative (dialect or general) of Dutch word "kijken" for to watch or look at something. I think for example I saw or heard somewhere ...
10
votes
2answers
9k views

“anders” vs “unterschiedlich” vs “verschieden”

What exactly is the difference between these three? They all seem to mean 'different' although in different ways, and I can't quite work out what the difference is. My understanding at the moment is ...
0
votes
2answers
677 views

Vokabel, Vokabular, Wortschatz [closed]

What is the difference between these three concepts? I think understand that der Wortschatz can refer to one's personal vocabulary (the set of words that one knows). What of das Vokabel / das ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Difference between “der Berg” and “das Gebirge”, is there any?

Is there any difference in meaning or usage of this two words? In case, what is it? der Berg and das Gebirge They both mean "mountain".
19
votes
5answers
23k views

Which German word contains the most ä, ö, ü, and ß in any variation?

I'm German and residing in France. When I was asked the following question the only word which came into my mind was Gesäß. Which German word contains the most ä, ö, ü, and ß in any variation? Are ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Acquiring vocabulary [closed]

I've been learning german on my own for around five months. In the beginning, I thought the most difficult thing to learn was the verbal conjugations. Okay, I still think it's difficult. But forming a ...
24
votes
6answers
1k views

Why do Germans invent English words for themselves?

I've known about Handy (= mobile phone) for quite some time; I was quite surprised when I first met it but with time I’ve simply gotten used to it. A few days ago however I’ve met another one: ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

Ist Ganerburg eine historische, mögliche Form von Ganerbenburg?

Eine Ganerbenburg ist eine meist größere Burganlage, die gleichzeitig von mehreren Familien oder Familienzweigen bewohnt und verwaltet wurde. Der Duden kennt nur diese Schreibweise. Sucht man ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

“Hohe” as horizontal distance?

I'm reading a letter by Kleist in which he describes a visit to a panorama. At one point he says: Nächst diesem Vordergrunde, folgt eine ohngefähr 3 Fuß hohe im Kreise senkrecht umhergestellte ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Wer kennt die Möhle, möhlen und möhlig?

Ich habe soeben völlig erstaunt festgestellt, dass eine bestimmte Wortgruppe, die meine Familie und ich seit jeher benutzen, in keinem Wörterbuch zu finden ist. Da wir aus dem norddeutschen Raum ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen vermelden und melden?

z.B. Von der Autoindostrie ist Positives zu vermelden: BMW legte um 3 Prozent zu und auch VW meldet ein leichtes Plus. Dagegen ein schlechter Tag für die Banken: Deutsche Bank minus 5 Prozent ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

Difference between anhören, lauschen, hinhören and hinhorchen

Are there any subtle differences in meaning between anhören, lauschen, hinhören and hinhorchen, all of which has got something to do with listening?
7
votes
3answers
211 views

What are the services to get a simple sentence with an specific word?

I am new in German, and I need to learn lots of words. The easiest way is to learn a word in a sentence. I am looking for an online service, which provides a simple sentence for a given word. For ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

Do the words “Schlacht” und “schlecht” share the same root?

I am new to German. I came across these two words. I am curious to know if these two share same roots.
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Zwinkern vs Blinzeln

In English, we have blink and wink where wink is a voluntary action. In German, which one is the voluntary one and which one is not? When should I use one over another? Or are both of them is a ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Nod and Shake Head

I live in a place where there are a lot of cultural differences. So, I assume German may also have cultures or habit that may differ from mine and some that are the same. So, here are some questions ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

“Bedeutung geben an” geht nicht auf Deutsch, aber wie kann ich das beschreiben/nennen?

Ich bin gerade an einer Studie und muss sie auf Deutsch schreiben. Ich habe da folgendes Problem: Die Schüler nennen am Ende einer Unterrichtsstunde Sätze (die sie selber bilden) zu einer bestimmten ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Alibiaktion vs. Tokenismus (Difference/Unterschied)

Ich weiß und verstehe was "Tokenismus" bedeutet. Dies Wort stammt vom englischen Wort "Token(ism)". Es ist gut beschrieben in Englisch-Wörterbüchern: Tokenism: The practice of making only a ...