Questions tagged [vocabulary]

Wortschatz – Questions on vocabulary; do not use for questions about specific words or synonym groups.

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24
votes
6answers
1k views

Why do Germans invent English words for themselves?

I've known about Handy (= mobile phone) for quite some time; I was quite surprised when I first met it but with time I’ve simply gotten used to it. A few days ago however I’ve met another one: ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Begriffsherleitung: “ermuntern” und “entmutigen”

Ich habe mich letzter Zeit gefragt, wie kommt es, dass das Wort »ermuntern« vor dem t ein n besitzt (ermuntern) während das Wort »entmutigen«, wie auch das Substantiv Mut kein n enthält. Die sind ...
2
votes
3answers
201 views

'Die Benutztere'. What is this? Does it really exist?

I was trying to translate my English documentation into my own, wonderfully terrible, German when I noticed that this sentence: Der Benutzter muss nur einige Informationen über ... geben was being ...
-3
votes
1answer
99 views

Gab es früher gravierende Veränderungen des Vokabulars der deutschen Sprache? [closed]

Wie Sie bereits festgestellt haben, hat sich der deutsche Wortschatz wegen der Digitalisierung um mehrere hundert Wörter bereichert, z. B. liken, surfen, posten, usw. Gab es jedoch auch in der ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Wer kennt die Möhle, möhlen und möhlig?

Ich habe soeben völlig erstaunt festgestellt, dass eine bestimmte Wortgruppe, die meine Familie und ich seit jeher benutzen, in keinem Wörterbuch zu finden ist. Da wir aus dem norddeutschen Raum ...
6
votes
1answer
173 views

Is »Alterssuffkis« a correct German word or a misspelled one?

The article “Generationsfrage Alkoholkonsum. Auf dem Weg zum Olymp.” from taz.de talks about alcohol consumption among older people. In the below paragraph the author describes his visit to the family ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Is there such an adjective as “neugiererzeugend”?

is there an adjective that describes something that arouses curiosity, like for example, when you see an ad that gets you curious about the product? I instinctively thought it could be "...
1
vote
2answers
917 views

Was/welche understanding the difference? [duplicate]

I am starting with German and my English isn't fluent; anyway, here goes the question: Is it "the same" to say: Was für Sprachen sprichst du? Or do you say: Welche ... when trying to say: What ...
4
votes
2answers
18k views

How to say: 'to you, too' or 'you as well'

Example: Person A: 'Have a nice weekend!' Person B: 'You too!'
2
votes
1answer
90 views

LaTex hierarchy levels

there is this tool LaTex for writing paper. It has a couple of hierarchy levels namely: part chapter section subsection subsubsection paragraph subparagraph ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

About the word “hernach”

Immanuel Kant uses hernach quite a lot in his writings. However, here the word is said to be used only regionally; but I doubt that Kant would have used such words in his works. Is it perhaps an ...
0
votes
3answers
219 views

Word like »Schadenfreude« that also conveys a hint of empathy

I'm trying to find a German word that is the same as »Schadenfreude« but also has a tinge of empathy in it. Is there such a word?
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Good children author for learning German

I would like to read some good German children's stories with simple German where I can improve my German. Can you please tell me whom I should read.
3
votes
5answers
4k views

How can I memorize German vocabulary easier? [closed]

I am having a hard time with German vocabulary. I am looking for methods to memorize better. It took me about 1 hour to memorize 10 words.
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Use of 'der' and 'des'

I was wondering, do people still use 'der' and 'des' much in sentences? The reason I ask this is, is that in Dutch, this does not get used in everyday speech, only in idioms and titles. Since German ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “Butterschmalz” and “Butterreinfett”?

Both "Butterschmalz" and "Butterreinfett", have similar meaning in Leo. I can't identify the difference.
1
vote
1answer
232 views

The use of “dementsprechend”

I'm a bit confused by the word dementsprechend in the following sentence. Infolge von hohen Kosten kann man leider nicht dementsprechend viel herstellen. I found out that it means accordingly and ...
7
votes
4answers
265 views

Was ist das deutsche Wort für “stub”?

Ein "Stub" ist in diesem Zusammenhang ein kurzer, angefangener Artikel, wie er z.B. auf Wikipedia erstellt wird. Er ist aber noch unvollständig und enthält nur die wichtigsten Daten!
1
vote
2answers
460 views

How to say “No, me!” in German?

I try to use German instead of English sometimes when I write a caption of my photo. I want to type something funny. Is the following caption right? In English: Very tasty! ー The food? ー No, me! ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

What is the difference between “Rücksichtnahme” and “Rücksicht”?

I want to understand the difference between those two, I think "Rücksicht" means hindsight. When I look HERE for "Rücksichtnahme" they refer me to "Rücksicht".
3
votes
1answer
687 views

Vollständige Liste aller deutschen Erbwörter

Erbwörter sind deutsche Wörter, die schon von Anbeginn an Bestandteil der deutschen Sprache sind. Das sind also Wörter, die sich, natürlich oft in einer anderen Form, schon im althochdeutschen ...
23
votes
2answers
859 views

Why does German have so many modal particles in comparison to other languages?

Fluent spoken German is often interspersed with lots of modal particles (e.g. "eben", "halt", "wohl") while other languages seem to lack these particles entirely, thus confusing learners and ...
0
votes
1answer
866 views

What is the difference between “nächste” and “nächsten”? [closed]

As I checked in the the dictionary, both "nächste" and "nächsten" means "next" in English. So what is their difference? If I want to say "See you next time", should I use "Bis zum nächste Mal" or "Bis ...
0
votes
1answer
760 views

Worin liegt der Unterschied zwischen “drehen”, “umdrehen”, “zudrehen”, “kehren” und “wenden” in Sinne von “to turn”? [closed]

Worin liegt der Unterschied zwischen "drehen", "umdrehen", "zudrehen", "kehren" und "wenden" in Sinne von "to turn"?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between “ändern” and “verändern”

I am aware that this same question has been asked here: What is the difference between “ändern” and “verändern”?, however the issue remains at large for me. Basically, from this post ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

German online comprehension sites?

I am practicing my German for a trip to Germany next month and I'm trying to get as much practice as I can. Can anybody recommend any online sites (or YouTube channels, or whatever) that offer quality ...
-3
votes
1answer
185 views

teacher in German: Lehrer, Master, Pädagog, Lehrmeister, Professor [closed]

I have translated teacher into German. There is: Lehrer, Master, Pädagog, Lehrmeister, Professor. I am studying the diffeence between them. Which one of them is a kindergarden teacher? Which one of ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Etwaige vs. Irgendwelche [closed]

Gibt's da überhaupt einen Unterschied? Ist es nur einfach so, dass "etwaige" die formale Form von "irgendwelche" ist?
6
votes
1answer
710 views

Haarschnitt Begriffe (Haircut terms)

How would one say that ones hair needs a trim? "Mein Haar braucht einen Schnitt?" I think this is "My hair needs a cut." But how would one say " a trim," as in walking into the Hair Salon and saying:...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

lake shore, sea coast, river side

What do you call these three things in German? lake shore, sea coast, river side Here are my suggestions: lake shore = Seeufer sea coast = Meeresküste river side = Flussseite Am I right?
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Great grandmother's gravestone [closed]

Any help deciphering the words would be appreciated. Here is my attempt: Hier ruhet der leib von elizabeth steckel Eine geboren Suse sie ward Geboren den 29 Junius 1807 Gestorben den 28 Junius ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

winner in German: Überwinder m, Besieger m, Bezwinger m, Sieger m, Gewinner , Erster m [closed]

I have translated winner into German. I have more translations: Überwinder m, Besieger m, Bezwinger m, Sieger m, Gewinner , Erster m. I am studying the difference between them. Überwinder m = (no ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Wie man “You'll never make me (talk/do something/work/etc)” auf Deutsch sagt

Zum Beispiel, würde man "Du wirst mich nie dazu bringen, zu reden" sagen, oder eher "Du wirst mich nie zum Reden bringen" ? Oder würde man eher das Verb "zwingen" benutzen? "Du ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Usages of “Gedenkveranstaltung” [closed]

In an article in Die Welt about the recent sad death of Leonard Cohen I came across the phrase: "Eine Gedenkveranstaltung werde zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt in Los Angeles..." I assume eine ...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

“sich behaben”?

The Oxford English Dictionary says the reflexive verb "behave oneself" is akin to what it calls the "modern" German verb "sich behaben". As far as I can tell, "sich benehmen" is a current locution and ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

When does “haben” push “nicht” to the end of the sentence?

I am doing German grammar exercises about haben with nicht and the book says the following is correct: Wir haben nicht am Freitag das Examen But isn’t Freitag das Examen the object of the verb ...
3
votes
6answers
4k views

Books to improve German vocabulary

I am looking for a book like English Vocabulary in Use Advanced für Deutsch. I have already checked Da fehlen mir die Worte but seems too much theoretic and it is not divided in themes as the first ...
1
vote
3answers
179 views

mist in German: Dunst, Nebel [closed]

I have translated mist into German. There are two translations there: "Dunst m, Nebel m". I am studying the differences between them. Dunst = "durch Wasserdampf oder Verunreinigungen getrübte ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

deer in German: Hirsch, Reh

I have translated "deer" into German. I have found two translations there: der Hirsch das Reh I am studying the difference between them. Hypothesis: Hirsch is a male deer, Reh is a female deer.
1
vote
3answers
112 views

present (adj): anwesend, da, präsent

I have translated "present" (adj: being present) into German. There are three translations there: »anwesend«, »da« and »präsent«. I am studying the difference between them. anwesend zugegen, da ...
-1
votes
2answers
273 views

customer in German: Kunde, Klient, Auftraggeber, Abnehmer, Käufer [closed]

I have translated customer into German. I have five translations: "Kunde m, Klient m, Auftraggeber m, Abnehmer m, Käufer m" I am studying the difference between them. Kunde = "jmd., der in einem ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

unemployed: arbeitslos, beschäftigungslos, erwerbslos, unbeschäftigt

I have translated "unemployed" into German. There are four translations for that: "arbeitslos, beschäftigungslos, erwerbslos, unbeschäftigt". I am studying the difference between them. arbeitslos =...
5
votes
1answer
446 views

machine in German: Maschine, Gerät, Apparat

I have translated machine into German. There are three translations for that: »die Maschine«, »das Gerät«, »der Apparat«. I am studying the difference between them. Maschine mechanische, aus ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Differences between translations of ‘divorce’

I have translated divorce into German. There are three translations there: Scheidung f, Ehescheidung f, Trennung f I am studying the difference between them. Scheidung = gesetzliche, gerichtliche ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between Flagge and Fahne? [duplicate]

What is the difference between Flagge and Fahne? I think that both can be used for a flag of a country. Here are some examples where I think that they cannot be used interchangeably: Truppenfahne, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between “Krankheit”, “Erkrankung” und “Erkranken”?

I have translated disease into German. There are three translations for that. I am studying the difference between them: Krankheit = "zeitweilige Störung der normalen Funktion eines Organismus, ...
2
votes
1answer
448 views

What are some noticeable differences between Standard German and Bavarian dialects? [closed]

Like noticeable grammatical, vocabulary, or pronunciation differences for example
5
votes
2answers
315 views

prisoner in German, four translations

I have translated prisoner into German in more dictionaries. I have four translations in total: Häftling (m) Gefangener (m) Strafgefangener (m) Sträfling (m) Are they all synonyms?
2
votes
3answers
420 views

“Enemy” in German

I have translated enemy into German. There are more translations for that: Feind m, Erzrivale m, Erzfeind m, Todfeind m I am studying a difference between them. From DWDS: Feind = jmd., dessen ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Words for car fuel types in German

I am studying the ways to call different type of fuel for a car. In English the main words are: fuel (general word) gasoline (BrE: petrol) diesel In German I have found: (das) Benzin (der) ...