Questions tagged [word-usage]

Wortgebrauch - Questions on usages in German language.

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7
votes
2answers
132 views

“Ärgerlich” vs “verärgert”

Im Heft Deutsch Perfekt steht folgender Satz: Auch die Armeechefs sind sehr ärgerlich über das "unerlaubte Fraternisieren". Ich habe das Adjektiv ärgerlich immer in der Struktur etwas ist ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Welcher, welche, welches als Relativpronomen

Also das ist jetzt vielleicht eine etwas komische Frage, aber ich bin inzwischen wirklich unschlüssig, ob welcher, welche, welches als Alternativen zu der, die, das komplett richtig sind bzw. ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

“Hast du auch alles?”—Do you have everything?

What role "auch" plays in the sentence here?
2
votes
3answers
173 views

Is there any significant difference between “Flugzeug” and “Maschine”?

Until now, the only word I knew for airplane was "das Flugzeug", but today I saw this example in Duden: Seine Maschine fliegt noch in der Nacht Richtung Berlin ab. I was surprised at the use of ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Difference between “anlegen” and “erstellen”

What is the difference between anlegen and erstellen? I have read the statement unser Gehirn ist dafür angelegt Would it be wrong to say the following? unser Gehirn ist dafür erstellt
1
vote
1answer
62 views

I'd like to use “Rick Roll” on a German test [closed]

as in the title of the post. I saw it used as "rick rollst" and "gerick rolled" in a Reddit post. Would it be considered a mistake if I used it on a test? And how should I do it? (Screenshot of the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

To “have something in mind”, in German

Recently I was having a conversation which made me question how one expresses, "to have something in mind", as in, "to think something would be a good suggestion". I was always under the assumption ...
5
votes
3answers
97 views

zuerst, zunächst: difference?

I am really not catching the difference between the two. For zuerst I found the definition of "(als Erstes) vor allen anderen Tätigkeiten". For zunächst: "als Erstes" I have a feeling that the ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

Question about this sentence 'Der Katechismus der römisch-katholischen Kirche'

Der Katechismus der römisch-katholischen Kirche Why is 'der' used and not 'von'? Der Katechismus der römisch-katholischen Kirche grenzt die lässliche Sünde (lateinisch peccatum veniale) als ...
2
votes
4answers
175 views

Verben: was machen wir mit unserer Nase?

Ich bin auf der Suche nach diversen Verben, die eine Aktion bezeichnen, die wir mit unserer Nase machen, wie z.B. das Verb riechen. Ich habe bereits Folgendes (www.duden.de) gefunden: schnüffeln (...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

zu Weihnachten vs. an Weihnachten [closed]

Ich beobachte dieses Jahr, dass die deutsche Sprache plötzlich kippt, "an Weihnachten" anstatt "zu Weihnachten" zu verwenden (Radio, Zeitung, Kommentare in sozialen Netzwerken). Hat jemand dafür eine ...
2
votes
3answers
143 views

Lass dich nicht vom Bösen besiegen. Is it correct?

This is a Bible verse (Romans 12:21). A) Lass dich nicht vom Bösen besiegen, sondern besiege das Böse durch das Gute. Römer 12,21 In this sentence, I can't understand why it's besiegen. Shouldn'...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Wird “gnädige Frau” noch verwendet?

In Bücher und Filme aus der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts siehe oder höre ich manchmal die Anrede "gnädige Frau". Ich dachte, dass sei ganz verschwunden, aber laut Google Ngram scheint es noch ...
0
votes
4answers
155 views

“Es kostet 500 Euro” or “Er kostet 500 Euro”? [closed]

Which is correct? Es kostet 500 Euro. Er kostet 500 Euro. I understand if der is used like der Laptop, we use er kostet and if das is used like in das Buch, we will use es kostet for its cost. ...
9
votes
3answers
472 views

Enumeration with direct and indirect properties

I have an enumeration where two of the things (technology and size) refer directly to the energy plant and the third (duration) only indirectly: Die Höhe der Förderung ist abhängig von der ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

Is “montäglich” commonly used?

Both Duden Universalwörterbuch and Wahrig Deutsches Wörterbuch contain the word "montäglich", meaning "happening regularly on Mondays". But my German professor says he has never heard of this word. ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

“Vitamin B” = Beziehungen

Im Netz habe ich folgende Beispielsätze gefunden: Ohne Vitamin B kann man beruflich sowieso nichts erreichen. Vitamin B schadet doch nicht. Dass er es so weit gebracht hat, verdankt er zu ...
-1
votes
2answers
140 views

“Der Käse ist gut, obwohl er alt ist.”: Why “er”? [duplicate]

I am learning German with our lord and savior Duolingo and came across this sentence: The cheese is good although it is old. ... which I translated as... Der Käse ist gut, obwohl es alt ist. .....
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Was bedeutet “nun” in diesem Satz?

Guten Tag, ich verstehe nicht, warum "nun" im folgenden Satz verwendet wurde. "Neuere Ergebnisse haben nun ergeben, dass Handysucht körperliche Symptome hat." Das Verb bezieht sich auf die ...
7
votes
4answers
709 views

“that” for emphasis

In English, the word that can be used as emphasis for adjectives (with some prior context). For example: I’m not that rich. She’s not that dumb. Is he that mad? How can we use the same kind ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

In welchem Kontext wird das Wort „dies“ benutzt?

Ich habe gelesen, dass dies ein Synonym von dieser, dieses, diese ist. In welchem Kontext sollte man dies, und in welchem die anderen Pronomen benutzen?
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Bratkartoffeln schälen

Natürlich schält man zuerst die Kartoffeln und brät sie dann. Ich würde dennoch nie sagen: Ich schäle Kartoffeln für Bratkartoffeln. oder Ich schäle Kartoffeln, um aus den geschälten Kartoffeln ...
3
votes
8answers
250 views

Passt “Herzlichen Glückwunsch” zu einer erbrachten Leistung?

Vielleicht denke ich gerade zu viel über Sprache nach, aber mir kommt zur Zeit folgende Situation komisch vor. Ich habe meine Thesis abgegeben und von meinem Vater anschließend eine Nachricht ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Wo er nur bleibt

Frankie unsichtbar (book by Zoran Drvenkar and Martin Baltscheit): Als Frankie wieder wach wird, ist es schon dunkel. Er bekommt jetzt doch ein wenig Angst. Es ist spät, seine Mutter und seine Oma ...
3
votes
3answers
228 views

Role of “einfach” in a certain context

I recently saw this on someone's post on social media: Ich bin einfach nur unglaublich dankbar. Google translates it to: I'm just incredibly thankful. If I simply remove unglaublich then it ...
5
votes
4answers
356 views

Ich hätte gerne mal eine Frage

The phrase "Ich hätte gerne ein Glas Wasser." is nothing remarkable. "Ich hätte gerne" can be used to politely ask for something. But how about this, which I recently heard on German talk radio: ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Vielen Dank! - Gerne! [duplicate]

I grew up in Germany and although I moved to another country 18 years ago, I still speak German every day. I did not have much contact with German talk radio for these 18 years. Recently I've started ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Warum gibt es hier ein “an”?

Ich finde es verwirrend, wenn ich diesen Satz lese: Der Rohbau war fertig, als der Zweite Weltkrieg begann. Danach wurde nicht weiter an der Nazi-Anlage gebaut. Warum sagt man nicht Danach ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Leaving out pronouns in informal conversation

I've seen a few simple sentences leave out an "ich" and go straight to the verb, particularly in very informal conversation or for stylistic reasons. Here are some examples that come to mind: In the ...
3
votes
5answers
148 views

Mit oder ohne “es”?

I’m struggling with an exercise where I need to decide if I should or shouldn’t use es when rewriting a sentence. Es hat die ganze Nacht heftig geschneit. Die ganze Nacht hat es heftig geschneit. ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Correctly expressing “provisions” in German

I have a question as to how to appropriately express the word "provisions" in German. By provisions, I mean the following definition in English: Provision: a measure taken beforehand to deal with a ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Questioning about “Flughafen erreichen” [closed]

So we have two steps, like "come to the airport (from home/hotel)" and "come to the destination airport (from the flight)." Can we use erreichen (reach) in both cases?
7
votes
1answer
541 views

Phrase request for “work in” in the context of gyms

In gyms, it's common that someone wants to use the equipment that you are using and you're okay with them using the equipment while you are resting. In English, you could ask "Would you like to work ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

'spazieren' - walking in a silly and affected manner?

In this question, a difference between spazieren and spazieren gehen was discussed. The top answer was, that the difference is slight, the same as walk vs taking a walk in English. My question is: ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “Grippe” and “Männergrippe”?

Sometimes people say "Er hat Grippe." and sometimes they say "Er hat Männergrippe." When to use which? Where is the difference?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How to use "Du hast/ Du hattest'?

What is difference between Du hast mich verlassen, ohne mir ein Wort zu sagen. and Du hattest mich verlassen, ohne mir ein Wort zu sagen.
5
votes
8answers
4k views

To “hit home” in German

I was wondering what the correct way of expressing "to hit home" with somebody in German is. To hit home in English means: Suppose you have had a bad experience in the past, maybe a family member died ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Use of vor in this sentence

On the blurb of the book "Der Schwarm" the first sentence reads as "Vor Peru verschwindet ein Fischer." I only know "vor" to mean "before", "in front of" or "prior", but in this sentence it seems to ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

Two second-person pronouns in the first sentence of the dedication from “Faust”

The first sentence of the Zueignung in the beginning of Goethe's Faust, Eine Tragödie reads thus: Ihr naht euch wieder, schwankende Gestalten! I am interpreting this as something along the lines ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Is there common pairing of different English and German prepositions in the same sentences? [closed]

German and English use different prepositions in the same sentence. Some of these seem to me to be more often than others. For example, "in" in the following German sentence and "on" in the English ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Expressing “feed off of” in German

Quick question: I am looking for the best way to express "feed off of" in a figurative sense in German. Here are some examples: The soldiers feed off of the courage of the general. The band feeds off ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

Unterschied zwischen “künftig” und “in der Zukunft”

Sicher können diese beide Ausdrücke als Synonyme verwendet werden. Ich überlege aber, ob es eine bestimmte unterschiedliche Nuance zwischen beiden gibt. (1) Man sagt, dass in der Zukunft das ...
1
vote
3answers
167 views

z.Hd. (unbekanntes Ge­schlecht) Mustermann

Ich habe einen Brief vom Finanzamt bekommen, der ist von einem Beamten (einer Beamtin) unterschrieben. Wie es sehr oft passiert, ist der Nachname in Klammern geschrieben. Mit freundlichem Gruß(...
12
votes
6answers
6k views

Using “Kollege” as “university friend”?

I've heard that many people use "Kollege" to call their friends in college/university (instead of colleagues), even when they don't have jobs. It seems to mean something like "university-mate". I was ...
-1
votes
1answer
166 views

When should I use “das neue Buch” and “das neues Buch”?

When should I use "das neue Buch" and "das neues Buch"? Can you make a sentence using both?
-2
votes
1answer
51 views

“Mean”: Asking for definition and intention [closed]

What are German equivalents of the English mean, as in "What does this word mean?" or "What do you mean by that?"? How would you translate the 2 sentences? "What does this word mean?" --> "Was _ ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What does “Fotze” really mean?

First of all please do not be offended by any swearing in this question, I didn't mean it. As stated in this youtube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmLBk4cYP4s&t=275s (4:36) Fot(...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Difference of “zu X” and “nach X”

I'm having trouble with the difference between those two words ... I read a related topic here that asked the same thing, and the answer was: "Nach Hause gehen" means "to go home" and "zu Hause" ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

How do you say “there's a lot of X involved with Y” in German?

Let me give some example sentences: There's a lot of strategy involved with tennis. There's too much politics involved with a promotion here. There's always some risk involved in an operation....
1
vote
2answers
96 views

What does “dafür” in this sentence refer to?

Could anyone tell me what does dafür in this sentence refer to? It's a bit confusing. Wenn du kleine Lampe benutzt, sorgst du nachts bei Toilettengängen dafür, dass du nicht das Deckenlicht ...