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Satzbau – Questions relating to the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences.

4
votes
This is known as Nominalstil. The noun phrase* in front of the verb zählt can be compared to a sentence like the following, where 1 is an object (wen?), 2 is an adverbial of manner (wie?) and 3 is an …
answered Jan 23 by David Vogt
3
votes
You have discovered a basic difference between English and German. In English declarative sentences, the verb is always preceded by the subject. It snows often in the winter. I can answer that …
answered Dec 4 '18 by David Vogt
1
vote
Betrachten wir die zwei scheinbar sehr ähnlichen Sätze: [Wir haben drinnen gegessen], denn [draußen war es zu kalt]. [Wir haben drinnen gegessen, [weil es draußen zu kalt war]]. Man sieht sofo …
answered Jan 25 by David Vogt
3
votes
The following variants share the same meaning but differ stylistically. [...] | sollte | auf Distanz zu Trump | gehen | [...] | sollte | zu Trump auf Distanz | gehen | [...] | sollte | auf …
answered Nov 10 '18 by David Vogt
3
votes
German does not have fixed positions for subjects and objects. Nevertheless, there are some regularities that can be observed as far as neutral word order is concerned. An overview is given by canoo h …
answered Apr 13 by David Vogt
2
votes
That's quite a sentence you found there! First of, was an (plus dative). It's a construction that can sometimes be paraphrased by was für, sometimes by welche. Weißt du, was der Anbieter an Gebüh …
answered Feb 10 by David Vogt
0
votes
Wenn ich es richtig verstehe, soll sinnvoll hier adverbial sein. Sonst müßte das Verb im Singular stehen. Die richtige Paraphrase ist also nicht A), mit der Infinitivkonstruktion als Subjekt und sein …
answered Feb 1 by David Vogt
3
votes
German has three sentence types, distinguished by the position of the finite verb. The finite verb can occur in the first, second or final position. Each sentence type has multiple functions, but let' …
answered Dec 15 '18 by David Vogt
4
votes
Both orders are possible and there is no hard rule for when one is preferred over the other. Different adjectives might behave differently. A quick corpus search showed that: ist dafür zuständig …
answered Dec 29 '18 by David Vogt
3
votes
As far as I can tell, you are looking at pairs of sentences where present and past might seem to be interchangeable. A scenario: Yesterday, your colleague told you a story about a person called Weini …
answered Jun 1 by David Vogt
1
vote
Janka's answer is fine, but let's examine the terminology a bit closer. Let's take care of Ergänzungssatz first. Ergänzung is the German term for complement, i.e. subjects and objects; the complement …
answered Jun 9 by David Vogt