36 votes
Accepted

Why do we have to make "peinlich" start with a capital letter and also end with -s in this sentence?

What you see here is what is called Substantivierung - An adjective is elevated to a noun (dt: Substantiv) das Peinliche ("the embarrassing") is used as a noun in the sentence (after all, it is ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.1k
32 votes
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What is the difference between "alleinerziehend" and "ledig"?

These are two totally different words. Ledig - an official marital status Every man or woman who has never been married is ledig (unmarried/single) You may have a partner, but as long as you are ...
mtwde's user avatar
  • 14.2k
20 votes
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What is the difference between “bereit” and “fertig”?

Bereit has the implication of being prepared (to do something). For example, you could have prepared yourself for a marathon (training etc.) so you can then say: Ich bin bereit für den Marathon. You ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 38.6k
19 votes
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What is the difference between "dünn", "schlank" and "mager"?

dünn: anything that has a small diameter, i.e. is thin; antonym: dick; if in doubt use this word schlank: mostly restricted to slim humans and other slender living beings, and parts thereof like Bein ‘...
Crissov's user avatar
  • 9,157
19 votes
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Why does “Schweiz” form the corresponding adjective like a city?

The origin of the name "Schweiz" is indeed the name of the town "Schwyz" and the canton with the same name. In the 14th century the Swiss people were actually called "Eidgenossen". After a battle (...
IQV's user avatar
  • 11.5k
19 votes

"Ihr kleinen Monster?" How come?

This is an area where German grammar shows some instability. First, note that ihr is a second person plural pronoun in the nominative (accusative and dative would be euch). The appositive noun phrase ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
18 votes

Why "Integrieren bis Unendlich" but not "bis Unendlichkeit"?

Unendlich is used as a "number word" in mathematics like five or ninetynine You also say Die Zahlen von eins bis fünf, so you can also say Die Summe von fünf bis unendlich. The mathematical symbol ∞ ...
Thorsten Dittmar's user avatar
18 votes
Accepted

Why is the superlative of "nah" not "am nähsten" but "am nächsten"?

(Ich antworte der Einfachheit halber auf Deutsch und nehme aufgrund des Namens und der Herkunftsangabe des Fragestellers an, dass er den Beitrag verstehen wird.) Ich denke die Antwort ist im Grunde ...
johnl's user avatar
  • 7,718
18 votes
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Hatte die Deutsche Sprache einst Adverbien wie im Englischen?

Wie fast immer ist es irreführend, vom Englischen auszugehen; außerdem ist die Darstellung der Situation im Englischen zu sehr vereinfacht. Das Phänomen, daß im heutigen Englisch die meisten Adverbien ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
16 votes
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Is "Guten Morgen" in the accusative? Are all greetings so?

You are correct. "Guten Morgen" is short for "Ich wünsche dir/Ihnen einen guten Morgen". Likewise, "Guten Tag" is short for "Ich wünsche dir/Ihnen einen guten Tag". Same with "Guten Abend". As you ...
RHa's user avatar
  • 15.6k
15 votes
Accepted

Is this sentence by Angela Merkel grammatically correct?

You are right, it should be aus gegebenem Anlass. However: If you listen to the actual interview in the video (at around 0:40), which was linked in the article you mentioned, you can hear, that ...
tallistroan's user avatar
  • 1,094
14 votes
Accepted

Articles with professions

This isn't about professions but special magic of the verb werden. It's a so-called copula, a coupler-verb. You know these already: Sie ist unsere Lehrerin. (sein) Es wird Nacht. (werden) Wir bleiben ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 59.2k
13 votes

When and why to use a double negative by negating an adjective with ‘un-’

This is not exactly the ‘double negative’ one mainly refers to when using that word. Grammatically, it is a single negative that merely applies to an adjective whose meaning was reversed by a prefix. ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 38.6k
13 votes
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Warum heißt der Film "Das radikal Böse" anstatt "Das radikale Böse"?

Kommt darauf an, was man qualifizieren will - es kann beides richtig sein. Nehmen wir ein anderes Beispiel: Die furchtbare Alte (1) vs. Die furchtbar Alte (2) In (1) bezieht sich das "...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.1k
13 votes

Why "Integrieren bis Unendlich" but not "bis Unendlichkeit"?

Actually I see no reason for a substantive there. The word unendlich is the appropriate number word on the same level as zero, one, pi and four (which are no substantives either). In German ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 28.2k
13 votes
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The differences between “je”, “jeder”, “jegliche”, and “jeweilig”

Maybe these examples can help you: je (1) (Adverb) Only in questions: at any time? Gibt es Bigfoot wirklich? Hat man ihn wirklich je gesehen? Is Bigfoot real? Has anybody ever seen him? ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

Warum wird „furchtbar“ als Verstärker genutzt?

Es ist eine normale Entwicklung, dass negativ besetzte Wörter gewissermassen als Kraftaftausdruck zur Verstärkung verwendet werden, und zwar auch im positiven Sinn. Am Anfang mag ein schockierender ...
mach's user avatar
  • 7,183
13 votes
Accepted

zero-ending attributive adjective before a language name

It's not used attributively here, langsam is an adverb in this sentence. Not his German is slow, his speaking is. He is so tired that he can only speak German slowly. You're completely correct that ...
HalvarF's user avatar
  • 26.8k
12 votes
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Superlative form with “meist”?

The sentence is almost 1:1 same in English: I am one of the most wanted hackers in the world. Ich bin einer der meistgesuchten Hacker der Welt. Please notice, that this word is written together (...
Liglo App's user avatar
  • 8,736
12 votes
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Why is it “gut” not “gutes” in “Ich spreche sehr gut Englisch”?

Gut is an adjective, but it's also an adverb. Adverbs are not declined, adjectives are. The difference lies in gutes Englisch sprechen (~to have a good command of English) and Englisch gut sprechen (...
c.p.'s user avatar
  • 30.7k
12 votes
Accepted

Sie hat braune Haare

You could say either Sie hat braune Haare. or Sie hat braunes Haar. In the former, "Haare" is plural (which seems fitting, given that she has about 100000 single hairs on her head), ...
Hagen von Eitzen's user avatar
11 votes

Mit gutem roten Wein?

Die Vermutung mit der „umgangssprachlichen Sonderregel“ trifft es eigentlich genau, es gibt nur eine weitere Einschränkung: Die Sonderregel gilt nur für den Dativ, und da in erster Linie für ...
chirlu's user avatar
  • 19.7k
11 votes
Accepted

Would I really say "schön Abend"?

You are right, "schön Abend"/"schön'n Abend" (as suggested by user unkown) is grammatically incorrect and a shorted version of "schönen Abend". But slipping the final en in a word quite common, ...
NashVio's user avatar
  • 1,357
11 votes
Accepted

Grammatical case with "drücken in"

You are facing the problem of differentiating between strong, weak, and mixed declension of adjectives. I will illustrate the three forms with the adjective kalt and the plural noun Venen in ...
Björn Friedrich's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

"nach unwiederbringlich Verlorenem"

Das hängt von der Bedeutung ab. 1) ein stark Schwitzender ~ eine Person, die stark schwitzt 2) ein starker Schwitzender ~ eine starke Person, die schwitzt Die Umschreibungen geben den ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
11 votes

"Sehr viel" + Komparativ - Grammatisch korrekt?

Das ist eine gängige Art der besonderen Betonung und grammatikalisch vollkommen richtig. Manchmal hört man auch Varianten mit verdoppeltem Adjektiv (viel viel schlechter), aber hier bin ich nicht ...
Tode's user avatar
  • 9,588
11 votes
Accepted

Adjectives written right before their nouns

These words are a special type of compound nouns, but they're more than just a different way to affix an adjective to a noun. They are new words with their own life, and they can have acquired ...
HalvarF's user avatar
  • 26.8k
11 votes

"guter gesundheitlicher Versorgung" why 'er'?

You're missing the preposition "dank" which requires Genitive (or Dative, i personally prefer Genitive). Thus, "Gesundheitsversorgung" / "Versorgung" isn't Nominative but ...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
  • 13.6k
11 votes
Accepted

Comparing using a noun vs comparing using an adjective

You base assumption that "productive" or "produktiv" respectively is a noun in either English or German is faulty. In both languages the form of the sentence you use requires the ...
planetmaker's user avatar
  • 10.5k

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