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38

The confusion here comes from omitting a small word: Schau in der Schublade nach. Hence, in this example, the verb is nachschauen, in the other example it is schauen. These differ a bit in meaning and grammatical usage: Wohin soll ich schauen? Schau in die Schublade. (Akkusativ) Wo soll ich nachschauen? Schau in der Schublade nach. (Dativ) ...


35

It is not an exception or irregularity at all! Different grammar (from English or any other language) doesn’t constitute an irregularity. If you were an Italian or Russian then English “I like it” would be an “irregularity” to you and German “es gefällt mir” would be the most natural grammar in the world. So the answer to your question is: there is no way. ...


24

In addition to the other answers I'd like to add that in the Duden Grammatik (the real, fat one) they say that new prepositions develop mainly from adverbs or other prepositional phrases. When a new preposition evolves the case it rules is often Genitive which then later changes to Dative or maybe even Accusative. Also, the prepositions tend to get shortened....


22

The second example is wrong. No one would ever use it. First example: This construct is called "Subjektloser Passivsatz". This occurs when there is no subject in the sentence and this non-existing subject can be replaced with "Es" like in Es wurde den Kindern geholfen "Es" is definitely singular and thus the predicate must be singular.


22

Most sentence plans follow a few general rules. If there are multiple actants involved, typically the actant with the most active role is in the nominative case (subject), the actant with the least active role is in the accusative case (~ accusative object) and a possible remaining actant is in the dative case (~ dative object). So typical plans would be ...


22

For the same reason you use to in an English dedication: To my father You wouldn't just put 'My father', since you're telling us who you are dedicating the book to, not what it is.


21

Blut im Auge (blood in the eye) Where is the blood? - In the eye. Mein Schlüssel ist im Auto. (My key is in the car.) Where is the key? - In the car. In both cases you are asking with "where" for a location. So the part of speech you ask for is describing a location, and many languages have a special grammatical case for locations which is called ...


19

I'm sure this is a misunderstanding. Two points: The "-e"-ending appears to be a relict from times when German still formed the Dative with a suffix. It's retained in phrases like "im Jahre xxxx", in quotations like "dem Manne kann geholfen werden". Perfectly correct, if not extremely common. Secondly: Where does it say feminine on the LEO page? Edit: ...


18

German is an indoeuropean language. The Proto-Indo-European language had 8 to 9 cases including the 4 cases still present in contemporary German. During the development of German out of Proto-Indo-European, the other 4 to 5 cases were dropped (cases merged, alternative constructions replaced case constructions, …)(Verweis). Old High German still had the "...


18

You’re right with your statement that den is the article and denen is the relative pronoun. That said, in your first example you need the relative pronoun, not an article. Note that an article always precedes the noun. In the following examples I marked the articles and pronouns. Ich kenne die[article] Frauen, denen[relative pronoun] man Bücher schenkt. ...


18

It's an ellipsis of „Dieses Parlament ist dem deutschen Volk gewidmet“ (This parliament is dedicated to the German people). Widmen requires a dativ object in German. See here for a detailed article about this inscription (unfortunately in German only). Similar typical inscriptions are "Dem Gedenken an ...", "Den Opfern von ..." usw.


17

You have to compare the matching verbs in German and English. Es gefällt ihm im Kindergarten sehr gut. "It likes him in kindergarten a lot!" "It pleases him in the kindergarten a lot." Der Kindergarten gefällt ihm sehr gut. Kindergarten pleases him a lot. Er mag den Kindergarten sehr. He likes kindergarten a lot. The verb gefallen means to ...


15

According to Wikipedia this is called "Dativ-e": Der Dativ Singular wurde früher bei Hauptwörtern, die im Genitiv Singular auf -es enden können, also bei stark gebeugten männlichen und sächlichen Hauptwörtern, mit der Endung -e gekennzeichnet. Diese Form ist heute veraltet und wird in der Gegenwartssprache üblicherweise nicht mehr gesetzt. ...


15

Ich danke dir. is the only correct version. Danken takes the dative case. You will never hear otherwise. I would recommend to forget about the concept of direct and indirect object; or better, you should realize that the definitions of direct and indirect object in German and English are not identical. Neither is the use. So just because some verb takes a ...


15

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - statisch), so verwendet man Dativ; Geht es um die Angabe einer Richtung ("wohin?"`- dynamisch), verwendet man Akkusativ. Im Beispiel geht es darum, dass man ...


15

The components of this sentence are: ich subject personal pronoun, first person, singular, nominative case spreche predicate verb (a form of "sprechen"), first person, singular, present tense mit meinem Bruder prepositional object The verb sprechen (to speak, to talk) can have these kinds of objects: accusative object What are you speaking? (What is ...


14

Emanuel already mentioned that Ich danke dir is the correct way of saying I thank you. I just want to tell you how you can simply answer such a question with help of some online tools. Unfortunately, only a few sources mention the necessary information explicitly and, if they do, this information is sometimes a little hidden. Starting with Duden, you'll ...


14

Your confusion is effected through the plural form: der Sinn, die Sinne. In diesem Sinne is only one Sinn, not many Sinne. The dative of der Sinn is built up with dem and not der as in feminine nouns. So it is correct to say In diesem Sinne. (Regarding the -e take notice of Mac's answer)


14

1. »Von« + dative case is a substitute for genitive case Very often it is possible to replace genitive case with »von« + dative case without changing the meaning: Der Griff des Messers ist schmutzig. Der Griff von dem Messer ist schmutzig. Der Sohn meines Bruders ist krank. Der Sohn von meinem Bruder ist krank. My observation is: People in ...


14

You are right, it should be aus gegebenem Anlass. However: If you listen to the actual interview in the video (at around 0:40), which was linked in the article you mentioned, you can hear, that Merkel said aus gegebenem Anlass. This case just shows, that also journalists are not faultless.


14

Leider gibt es auf keinem [Exemplar] keinen Sticker. means that there is no exemplar without a sticker on it. So it is actually the opposite of what you want to express. The correct way of saying there is no exemplar with a sticker on it is: Leider gibt es auf keinem [Exemplar] einen Sticker. If what you are referring to is clear from the context, you ...


14

This is what's called a dativus finalis It tends to denote purpose and thus means "this is for [the benefit of] the German people". Latin knew the same notion, an example would be "tibi laetitiae", meaning something along the lines of "for your enjoyment". A simple nominative wouldn't transport this meaning (rather, it wouldn't transport much meaning on a ...


14

Those are two very different meanings of the verb vorstellen. sich[reflexive, dat] etwas[acc] vorstellen - to imagine/picture something; This use always requires both a dative reflexive pronoun and an accusative object. Ich stelle mir[reflexive, dat] einen rosa Elefanten[acc] vor. - I am imagining a pink elephant. Du kannst dir[reflexive, dat] nicht ...


13

Wie schon anderswo erklärt, kann „danken“ ein Dativ- und ein Akkusativobjekt haben, um auszudrücken, wem und wofür gedankt wird. Dort wo wir heute den Akkusativ benutzen, wurde laut Grimm (Punkt 3) im Mittelhochdeutschen und noch darüber hinaus bis ins 16. Jahrhundert der Genitiv verwandt. Dies scheint sich in der Wendung „Danke der Nachfrage“ erhalten zu ...


13

Bei Reisen handelt es sich in diesem Fall um eine alte Dativform von Reise. In moderner Sprache würde es also zu meiner Reise heißen. In älterer Literatur sind derartige Formen nicht besonders selten, etwa gleich im ersten Vers von Schillers Glocke: Fest gemauert in der Erden steht die Form, aus Lehm gebrannt. In der heutigen Standardsprache hat sich ...


13

"Nach" is a very natural choice for the topic of inquiries. Why? Because it's the preposition that goes with "fragen", which is the default/generic verb for that action. Ich frage nach dem Weg. I ask for the way. The ideas of "nach" and "for" are not that far apart. "nach" means that something is behind something, "for" expresses that something is ...


13

"Ein" is a part of "ein paar" and "ein paar" is an unchangeable pronoun. That is why "ein" is not changed to "einem". Note that "Tagen" is dative. If you would use "einige" or "wenige" (synonyms of "ein paar") they would take their respective dative forms - "seit einigen/wenigen Tagen". PS. Don't confuse "ein paar" with "ein Paar". The latter is a ...


13

There is no such thing as direct and indirect object in German. That's a concept from French which got shipped across The Channel. German instead has accusative, dative, genitive, and prepositional objects, and object clauses. There's a small group of verbs which can take two accusative objects: fragen nennen, taufen, rufen, schimpfen, schelten lehren, ...


12

Man findet durchaus nicht selten eine wechselnde starke und schwache Flexion von artikellosen Adjektiven im Dativ Singular. Einen Whatsapp-Account zu missbrauchen, sich einzuhacken, das sei dann doch ziemlich kompliziert und mit großem technischen Aufwand verbunden.Rhein-Zeitung 2014 Da sich die Grammatikregeln an den Sprachgebrauch halten (und nicht ...


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