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38 votes
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Accusative vs Dative: "Schau in der/die Schublade!"

The confusion here comes from omitting a small word: Schau in der Schublade nach. Hence, in this example, the verb is nachschauen, in the other example it is schauen. These differ a bit in ...
RoyPJ's user avatar
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36 votes
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"Es gefällt ihm." How to identify similar exceptions?

It is not an exception or irregularity at all! Different grammar (from English or any other language) doesn’t constitute an irregularity. If you were an Italian or Russian then English “I like it” ...
Eller's user avatar
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25 votes
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Why does "fragen" take two accusatives?

Most sentence plans follow a few general rules. If there are multiple actants involved, typically the actant with the most active role is in the nominative case (subject), the actant with the least ...
johnl's user avatar
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23 votes
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Why do we use the dative case even when the object isn't receiving anything?

Blut im Auge (blood in the eye) Where is the blood? - In the eye. Mein Schlüssel ist im Auto. (My key is in the car.) Where is the key? - In the car. In both cases you are asking with "where" ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
22 votes

Dative taking verbs in the passive?

The second example is wrong. No one would ever use it. First example: This construct is called "Subjektloser Passivsatz". This occurs when there is no subject in the sentence and this non-existing ...
tofro's user avatar
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21 votes

Use of the dative on inscriptions

For the same reason you use to in an English dedication: To my father You wouldn't just put 'My father', since you're telling us who you are dedicating the book to, not what it is.
sgf's user avatar
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19 votes

Use of the dative on inscriptions

It's an ellipsis of „Dieses Parlament ist dem deutschen Volk gewidmet“ (This parliament is dedicated to the German people). Widmen requires a dativ object in German. See here for a detailed ...
Stef's user avatar
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17 votes

"Es gefällt ihm." How to identify similar exceptions?

You have to compare the matching verbs in German and English. Es gefällt ihm im Kindergarten sehr gut. "It likes him in kindergarten a lot!" "It pleases him in the kindergarten a lot." Der ...
Janka's user avatar
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16 votes
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Dative vs Accusative

The components of this sentence are: ich subject personal pronoun, first person, singular, nominative case spreche predicate verb (a form of "sprechen"), first person, singular, present tense mit ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
15 votes
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Präposition "an": Dativ oder Akkusativ?

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - ...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
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15 votes
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“Belange von Minderheiten” – why “von” and not a genitive?

1. »Von« + dative case is a substitute for genitive case Very often it is possible to replace genitive case with »von« + dative case without changing the meaning: Der Griff des Messers ist ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
15 votes

Why does "fragen" take two accusatives?

There is no such thing as direct and indirect object in German. That's a concept from French which got shipped across The Channel. German instead has accusative, dative, genitive, and prepositional ...
Janka's user avatar
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15 votes
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Is this sentence by Angela Merkel grammatically correct?

You are right, it should be aus gegebenem Anlass. However: If you listen to the actual interview in the video (at around 0:40), which was linked in the article you mentioned, you can hear, that ...
tallistroan's user avatar
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15 votes
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Warum ist es "du kannst dir nicht vorstellen" und nicht "du kannst dich nicht vorstellen"?

Those are two very different meanings of the verb vorstellen. sich[reflexive, dat] etwas[acc] vorstellen - to imagine/picture something; This use always requires both a dative reflexive pronoun and ...
GrottenOlm's user avatar
15 votes
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Why do these sentences have different case despite being otherwise identical?

German has four cases (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive). Which case an object receives depends on the verb and has to be learned. We have an excellent list of verbs with a dative object. ...
David Vogt's user avatar
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14 votes
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"Leider gibt es auf keinem keinen..." Ist das richtig geschrieben?

Leider gibt es auf keinem [Exemplar] keinen Sticker. means that there is no exemplar without a sticker on it. So it is actually the opposite of what you want to express. The correct way of saying ...
fragezeichen's user avatar
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14 votes

Use of the dative on inscriptions

This is what's called a dativus finalis It tends to denote purpose and thus means "this is for [the benefit of] the German people". Latin knew the same notion, an example would be "tibi laetitiae", ...
tofro's user avatar
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14 votes
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Lyrics translation: "Dalai Lama" by Rammstein

But I believe that the verb gehört requires the dativ … Ordinarily you would be correct. In this case, however, we are not talking about simply gehören in the sense of belong to, but the collocation ...
Ingmar's user avatar
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13 votes
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Is it "seit ein paar Tagen" or "seit einen paar Tagen"?

"Ein" is a part of "ein paar" and "ein paar" is an unchangeable pronoun. That is why "ein" is not changed to "einem". Note that "Tagen" is dative. If you would use "einige" or "wenige" (synonyms of "...
Eller's user avatar
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13 votes

„e“ am Ende eines Wortes einfügen

Das "e" wird nicht eingefügt, sondern noch nicht weggelassen. Der Dativ Singular vieler (maskuliner) Nomen lautet paradigmatisch auf -e: "auf dem Tische", "vor dem Hause" ...
Kilian Foth's user avatar
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13 votes
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Why does the dative case of "Kunde" have an "n"?

This is a special class of masculine nouns. There are actually two subtypes depending on the genitive singular. (Many grammars identify these classes using "strong/mixed/weak" labels, but I'...
RDBury's user avatar
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13 votes

Why does the dative case of "Kunde" have an "n"?

These nouns are, according to current terminology, referred to as belonging to the n-Deklination; searching for this term will get you many lists and explanations. Historically, they were referred to ...
David Vogt's user avatar
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12 votes
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Wechselpräpositionen

There are exactly nine Wechselpräpositionen, an, auf, hinter, neben, in, über, unter, vor and zwischen. These mean a different thing when used either with dative or accusative. What's right is ...
Janka's user avatar
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12 votes
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Hat dir der Film gefallen? oder Hat du der Film gefallen?

The verb "gefallen" is used with dative. You can roughly think of it as "to be pleasant to somebody": Dieses Buch gefällt mir - this book is pleasant to me Der Schauspieler hat ...
Eller's user avatar
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12 votes
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Accusative or dative?

The first one gives a description about the location of the chair. That is why we need the dative (position). "Der Stuhl steht am (an dem) Tisch". "Er setzt sich auf einen Stuhl am Tisch" This ...
infinitezero's user avatar
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11 votes

Mit gutem roten Wein?

Die Vermutung mit der „umgangssprachlichen Sonderregel“ trifft es eigentlich genau, es gibt nur eine weitere Einschränkung: Die Sonderregel gilt nur für den Dativ, und da in erster Linie für ...
chirlu's user avatar
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11 votes
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Declension of "Kinder" in "nicht nur für, sondern auch von Kinder(n)"

Du kannst schreiben: Es stellte sich heraus, dass die Spielzeuge nicht nur für, sondern auch von Kindern produziert werden. Erklärt wird das zum Beispiel bei canoo.net: Wenn zwei Attribute oder ...
Matthias's user avatar
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11 votes
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Dativ oder Akkusativ?

To start with your first example, both of the following are correct; but they mean different things. (i) Der Maler zeichnet ein Bild auf der Straße. (ii) Der Maler zeichnet ein Bild auf die Straße. ...
MarkOxford's user avatar
11 votes

"Warten Sie auf mich?"

"Auf ... warten" (meaning "to wait for ...") takes always the accusative case in German. The dative case would indicate that you stand or sit somewhere while waiting, say, "Ich warte auf der Bank (dat....
Jimi Jackson's user avatar
11 votes

What is "einem neugierigen Journalisten" in the dativ plural form?

Einem is singular, because it means one. German has no indefinite plural article. Indefinite article: Wem haben Sie das gesagt? – Einem neugierigen Journalisten. (Singular männlich) Wem haben Sie das ...
Janka's user avatar
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