57

First of all, please mind your spelling: The noun describing the time of the day or the future is capitalized: Der Morgen / das Morgen. The adverb describing that something is happening the next day is written in lower case: morgen Now obviously something can happen in the morning of the next day and morgen technically stretches until midnight of the ...


25

Short answer: Take a look at MySQL and different character-collations. Choose one and follow its rules. Or as @RHa and @cbeleites suggest find a library that provides locale-dependent sorting. Long answer: There are 3 different solutions for your problem (actually there are 4, but believe me, you don't want to realize the 4th ;) ) Rewrite every Umlaut to ...


23

Your guess about the cases is correct. "Jemandem" and "jemanden" are different inflections of "jemand". "Jemandem" is dative, "jemanden" is accusative. You find this with verbs because many verbs take objects, which have to be in a certain case -- depending on the verb in question. "Jemand" means ...


18

There are around 200 irregular verbs in German (unregelmäßige Verben or starke Verben) and they usually have changes within their roots only for personal pronouns du and er/sie/es. That's probably the reason why you normally find the conjugation for 2nd- and 3rd-person pronouns only. Now, whether an exact rule exists or not, there are actually 5 "categories" ...


14

Probably for the same reason it is in English. "Morrow" is a way of saying morning as is morgen, "tomorrow" is "the morrow" or the morning, and "the morrow" and "der morgen" are pretty much the same idiom. Old English (and other Germanic) measurements of days centred around when the sun rose and set (and they weren't unique in this, obviously). I don't ...


14

These are pronunciation hints: In the word "Genitiv", the letter "v" is pronounced as /f/, due to Auslautverhärtung; in the plural "Genitive", it's pronounced as /v/, though (like in most words of non-Germanic origin).


13

"eine gefühlte Offenheit" ist in Anführungszeichen, weil es ein Zitat ist. Zitiert wird jemand namens Schellenberg. Die relativ offen gestalteten Zaunelemente ... schaffen "eine gefühlte Offenheit", sagt Schellenberg,


12

"Nicht steig." ist die Abkürzung für Nicht steigerbar. Bei den betreffenden Adjektiven oder Adverbien ist eine Steigerung üblicherweise nicht sinnvoll. Beispielsweise gibt es keinen Komparativ oder Superlativ zu dreieckig: "dreieckiger" oder "am dreieckigsten" ergibt keinen Sinn. EDIT: Wie im Kommentar genannt ist der Duden übrigens der Ansicht, dass "...


11

Canoonet offers quite a nice clickable word formation tree for many word stems including stimmen. A click on Wordformation will lead to the following tree (only shown in part): One level above would be for the stem Stimme with even more derivations. Also see this related question (in German): Lemma, Grundform-Lexikon deutscher Sprache


11

It gives you complete information about the verb's conjugations. Planen is not a good example, because it's regular. Let's take laufen (to run): Laufen: läufst, lief, ist gelaufen. Based on these three forms you know now all irregularities of the verb: in 2nd and 3rd singular present "-au-" changes to "-äu-" (du läufst, er läuft) in Präteritum (und ...


10

One is a noun "der Morgen", and one is an adverb (morgen=tomorrow). If you want to say "tomorrow morning" you need to say something like morgen Vormittag or possibly (if you mean early) morgen früh Although technically Morgen is the time between midnight and midday, it's usually used to mean early morning


9

The genitive singular ending, together with gender and plural ending, provide strong, often definite information about all inflections of the noun. Although there are four cases and two numbers, German nouns have at most four different forms. For masculine and neuter nouns, genitive singular (“strong” -(e)s or “weak” -(e)n) is almost always different from ...


9

It's not just German. The Spanish word mañana means exactly the same thing. One way to think of Morgen is to say it means in the morning. If today’s morning has already passed, why then, obviously it refers to the next day. Of course, you can always use Vormittag which means before noon.


9

Das steht ganz sicher im Wörterbuch. Jedes Wörterbuch hat am Beginn ein Kapitel, in dem genau solche Dinge erklärt werden. Aber diese Darstellung von Substantiven ist ein Quasistandard und wird in eigentlich allen gängigen Wörterbüchern verwendet: Zuerst steht im Fettdruck das Wort im Nominativ singular. Ausgenommen sind Pluraliatantum, also Wörter, die ...


9

Dictionaries often provide example sentences for a given word. amongst these my favourite tool is the Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache which is maintained and provided for free from the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Amongst many tremendously helpful tools they provide a well maintained body of texts from contemporary or ...


8

I recommend you to use at least two web pages: one for translation and one for example sentences. Translation: dict.cc pons.eu dict.leo.org ... you name it Example sentences: linguee.de Furthermore it's possible to search for words with the aid of google. Just type site:bla.de word. For instance, use news sites such as focus.de or faz.net. In addition ...


8

I recommend "Langenscheidt Power Wörterbuch Deutsch" (ISBN: 3468131100, 978-3468131103), simply based on the fact that I bought it for a friend and she likes it. However, there are many other dictionaries available. In general, the German term for the kind of dictionary you are looking for is "Bedeutungswörterbuch", "einsprachiges Wörterbuch", or also "...


8

I believe it's a way to indicate where the emphasis in pronunciation is, and therefore whether it's the separable or inseparable version of the verb. It should only appear for words which have two different meanings depending on whether the prefix is separable or inseparable. Some, but perhaps not all, of the prefixes which have this property: durch über ...


8

Die minimale Häufigkeit mit der ein Wort benutzt werden kann ist 1. Wörter mit dieser Frequenz werden Hapax Legomena genannt, und in einem beliebigen Text wird in etwa die Hälfte aller Wörter diese Frequenz haben (laut Zipf's Gesetz). Mit anderen Worten, ein Großteil der Wörter kommt sehr selten vor. Und besonders 'nutzlose' werden oft als Kuriositäten ...


8

As a general rule German dialects have no established written form. For example das Gergele or das Girgale is obviously an ablauted, diminutive form of die Gurgel, which is throat in Hochdeutsch. If you browse through such collections of dialect expressions, you will find at least half of it are simply ablauted forms. The other common pattern of such ...


8

Naja, sammeln wir halt Dies ist ein Community Wiki, jeder kann beitragen. Anagramme mit drei oder mehr Lösungen Länge 12: ansteigender, eingesandter, eintragendes, gastierenden, stagnierende, tangierendes entscheidern, entsichernde, scheiternden, schneiderten, schreitenden, streichenden Länge 11: absuchender, ausbrechend, bauschender, berauschend, ...


7

Weyl says he cannot answer the epistemological questions which may come up, because he feels unable to justify them with the knowledge he has. The reason why he choses Erkenntnisgewissen instead of Erkenntnis is he wants to use the phrase …, die ich vor meinem Gewissen voll verantworten könnte. That's a testimony. He cannot testify for or against the ...


6

"Langenscheidt" refers to a well-known German publisher of foreign language dictionaries and is sometimes used as a generic term for "dictionary". A bit more information about the company: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langenscheidt


6

It actually means "gehoben" as you have assumed, so practically posh. Caution: In everyday life, using this kind of vocabulary might make you leave the appearance of a snob.


6

Too add to the answer that Stephie provided, this pattern is seen in several languages for this same word. In English morning was derived from morrow which has both (archaic) meanings of tomorrow and morning, and is itself related to morgen. morrow (plural morrows) (archaic or poetic) The next or following day. (archaic) Morning. The same ...


6

Such a dicitonary does not exist to my knowledge but you can easily get there with the wordformation browser offered from Canoo.net. If you search for Wörterbuch click on the Wordformation button there. Then you are presented with an analysis as follows: The blue entries are clickable, which means you can click on Wort and on Buch there. You will then not ...


6

There are a few German dictionaries for learners that use a more restricted vocabulary than dictionaries for (adult) native speakers: Duden - Basiswörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache: according to the description on the Duden website, the definitions in this dictionary use only words that are defined in the dictionary, apparently 7.000 words. It contains ...


6

The dict.cc entries for adjectives are set up as follows (explained in the tooltip): First line: positive, comparative, superlative Second line: strong declension, for male, female and neuter Third line (not always present): Superlatives for male, female and neuter


6

If it's not names you are dealing with, it would be best to ignore all diacritics when sorting (and count ß as ss). The only reason to deviate from this simple system lies in the unfortunate fact that German names show unpredictable variation between ä, ö, ü and ae, oe, ue. This has lead to phone books and library catalogues sorting e.g. Räder as Raeder, ...


5

dict.cc supports fuzzy search. Try *iater to search words ending on "iater" or "b??t" to search words of four letters with the first a b and the last a t (like boot/boat). Search is case-insensitive and always searches German and English.


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