65

It is because Main is masculine, while Oder is feminine. Then, an in this meaning is locative (where is it?), so one should use dative. Therefore: Frankfurt am Main = Frankfurt an dem Main (because der Main) Frankfurt an der Oder (because die Oder)


37

The confusion here comes from omitting a small word: Schau in der Schublade nach. Hence, in this example, the verb is nachschauen, in the other example it is schauen. These differ a bit in meaning and grammatical usage: Wohin soll ich schauen? Schau in die Schublade. (Akkusativ) Wo soll ich nachschauen? Schau in der Schublade nach. (Dativ) ...


30

As you correctly say, you are wishing a good day to someone. German "wünschen" (to wish) demands accusative case for the object of the wish, hence in Ich wünsche Ihnen einen guten Tag. said good day is accusative. The same is true for the shorter "Guten Tag", where the rest of the sentence is implied. "Viel Spaß" is also accusative. The reason there is ...


30

That ein at the end of the sentence corresponds to the ein contained in the separable verb einsetzen. There is no relation to articles whatsoever. Moreover, unlike other languages (Polish, French, Spanish, etc.), in German there is no masculine plural, every noun is collapsed, grammatically seen, to just plural.


26

This is related to the question about "dieses Jahr, diesen Sommer", with the difference that you are asking for an indefinite time. As Em1 already mentioned, it is an adverbial expression. You ask for such an expression using when (wann): Wann fand Peter die Schatzkarte? You want to answer: Ein Tag. But you answer with an indefinite time expression ...


26

Because in German river names have various genders. Some rivers a masculine, some are femine. So it is der Main but die Oder and thus "am Main" (= an dem Main) but "an der Oder".


24

In addition to the other answers I'd like to add that in the Duden Grammatik (the real, fat one) they say that new prepositions develop mainly from adverbs or other prepositional phrases. When a new preposition evolves the case it rules is often Genitive which then later changes to Dative or maybe even Accusative. Also, the prepositions tend to get shortened....


22

"Es tut mir leid" can be translated as "It does hurt TO me." Es is the the subject, tut is the verb, and mir is the INDIRECT object, while "hurt" is the direct object. German uses quite of few of these indirect object constructions. "Mich," of course, is the direct object form but the German construction is NOT "It hurts me," (Subject verb direct object), ...


22

Jeden Morgen tritt Jack Nicholson meinen kleinen Hund, der mich immer wütend macht. A relative pronoun must match the gender of its antecedent. In the given sentence, der is masculine and there are therefore two possible antecedents in the matrix clause: the subject Jack Nicholson and the object meinen kleinen Hund. However, the relative clause can only be ...


21

The German language has a variety of nouns that carry two plural forms. There is Land, Länder, Lande, Tuch, Tücher, Tuche, and Wort, Wörter, Worte. The first plural form collects several independent instances of the object the noun describes, whereas the second is used to form a collective plural. Worte is used in modern language (albeit often only to give ...


20

There is a slight difference between etwas ansehen and sich etwas ansehen. The difference is that the reflexive version (sich etwas ansehen) is used to emphasize on the activeness of the looking. There is looking, and there is looking with attention and care. To make an example: "Are you looking at the picture?" Siehst du das Bild an? Siehst du dir das ...


19

Ich bin ein wenig überrascht, dass bei dieser interessanten Frage als Quellen ausschließlich Bastian Sick und belleslettres herhalten müssen. Nichts gegen diese beiden Quellen, nur scheinen sie hier unterschiedlicher Meinung zu sein. Das kann vorkommen. Laut belleslettres gehört wegen zu den "echten Präpositionen" und wird daher mit Dativ verwendet. Ich ...


18

German is an indoeuropean language. The Proto-Indo-European language had 8 to 9 cases including the 4 cases still present in contemporary German. During the development of German out of Proto-Indo-European, the other 4 to 5 cases were dropped (cases merged, alternative constructions replaced case constructions, …)(Verweis). Old High German still had the "...


18

Das ist Nominativ, Deklination ohne Artikel. Das Deutsche verfügt über drei Deklinationstabellen für Adjektive: mit dem bestimmten Artikel, mit dem unbestimmten Artikel und mit dem Nullartikel. Das hier ist die Nullartikel-Form. Warum wurde diese gewählt? Der echte deutsche Honig würde nahelegen, dass es der einzige echte deutsche Honig, was falsch ist. ...


18

Maybe this becomes clearer when looking at the corresponding statements: Welcher Mantel sieht besser aus? / Der Mantel[Nom.] sieht besser aus. Welchen Rock trägst du zur Party? / Den Rock[Akk.] trägst du zur Party. So in the first sentence der Mantel is the subject of the sentence and has therefore to be in nominative case. In the second sentence ...


17

ein Berliner is in Nominativ since it is a Gleichsetzungsnominativ (predicate noun). You don’t ask Wen oder was bin ich? but instead you do ask Wer oder was bin ich? Have a look at Nominative on the German Wikipedia Gleichsetzungsnominativ can follow the verbs sein, werden, heißen, scheinen (zu sein), bleiben, gelten (als), (sich) fühlen (als), (...


17

The verb ist is 3rd person singular, which is the form that always occurs when the verb has no subject argument. Ist Ihnen heiß, schwindelig, schlecht? Are you hot, dizzy, sick? In the above example, heiß, schwindelig, schlecht are adjectives that occur together with a dative, i.e. Ihnen. Verbs never agree with a dative, so even if Ihnen is plural, the ...


16

Eines Tages is an adverbial qualification (Adverbiale Bestimmung). There do exist several of adverbial qualification, in that case it is a temporal adverb. Strictly speaking in that example it is an indefinite time determination and that is one of the cases where you use an Adverbialgenitiv, i.e. the adverbial qualification is given in genitive. That's why ...


16

The traditional order (in German grammar) is this one: nominative genitive dative accusative If cases are referred to by number, then this will be the basis (i.e. “4. Fall” = “Wenfall” = accusative). The other order that you mention (with genitive and accusative swapped) follows the frequency of the cases in modern German. One should hope that textbooks ...


16

In cases where the article is nominative and just there to define the gender of the noun: Yes, there would be very small effects to the language. But as stated in the comments: Some times the article is the only thing that can be used to identify the case, then sentences may be completely missunderstood. e.g. in German both sentences (though a little ...


16

Notice that in German, the subject that goes with the verb fehlen is the thing that is missing/ lacking/ absent/ not present, and the dative object refers to the thing that "feels" or is impaired by the absence. This is opposite to the English verbs to miss or to lack! Consider the following simple sentence, which contains only the subject and the verb: ...


15

Ich danke dir. is the only correct version. Danken takes the dative case. You will never hear otherwise. I would recommend to forget about the concept of direct and indirect object; or better, you should realize that the definitions of direct and indirect object in German and English are not identical. Neither is the use. So just because some verb takes a ...


15

In that sentence it is not possible to differentiate the meaning of Sie. You need either a context or the possibility to see if Sie is capitalized because of the punctuation, or because of its meaning as "formal you". For instance: — Haben Sie meine Brieftasche gesehen? Ich habe sie verloren. — Möglichkeit A: Ja, sie haben Ihre Brieftasche. (they-...


15

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - statisch), so verwendet man Dativ; Geht es um die Angabe einer Richtung ("wohin?"`- dynamisch), verwendet man Akkusativ. Im Beispiel geht es darum, dass man ...


15

The preposition in in German always governs two cases, meaning it can take both the accusative and the dative cases, but not all at once, of course. As a general rule, in + accusative is used when the whole construction expresses direction (equivalent to the English into), and in + dative is used when it expresses position (equivalent to the English in). ...


14

Akkusativ is used, because there is no preposition. Wann bist Du mit dem Buch fertig? Ich schreibe es diese Woche fertig. (Akkusativ without preposition) Ich schreibe es in dieser Woche fertig. (Dativ with preposition) Using a preposition or not, defines if Akkusativ or Dativ is correct. Be aware that also Genitiv can be used in some cases. Wann ...


14

Es steht der Fall des Substantivs, das näher erläutert wird: "Ein Staatsoberhaupt wie der Bundespräsident genießt natürlich ebenfalls parlamentarische Immunität" (Nominativ) "Der Verdauungstrakt eines Wiederkäuers wie einer Kuh ist kompliziert aufgebaut" (Genitiv) "Die unbekannten Größen des Dreiecks lassen sich mit trigonometrischen Formeln wie ...


14

Emanuel already mentioned that Ich danke dir is the correct way of saying I thank you. I just want to tell you how you can simply answer such a question with help of some online tools. Unfortunately, only a few sources mention the necessary information explicitly and, if they do, this information is sometimes a little hidden. Starting with Duden, you'll ...


14

The preposition zwischen governs dative, not accusative, when describing a position. It is accusative for a movement: Sie stellt sich zwischen die Autos. Jetzt steht sie zwischen den Autos. This is the same for similar prepositions such as in, auf, über.


14

"deiner Lehrer" is the genitive plural of "dein Lehrer". The construction "einer/eine/eines + genitive plural" corresponds to the English "one of ...", so it's "one of your teachers".


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