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7 votes
Accepted

On the absence of the definite article in genitival noun phrases

This is a German grammar characteristic called "Nullartikel". It basically means that, in some cases, you can leave out the (definite or indefinite) Article. Examples of when this rule is ...
Johannes Büttner's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Etymologie der Wortbildung mit -er

Nhd. -er hat verschiedene Quellen, die bis auf die ahd. Zeit oder weiter zurückreichen. Lehnwörter: Kaiser (ahd. keisur) von lat. caesar, Butter (mhd. buter) von gr.-lat. butyrum Lehnsuffix lat. -...
David Vogt's user avatar
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5 votes

Wortbildung rules

No, sadly the rules are somewhat less predictable. For verbs, the infinitive ending does get omitted most of the time. But nouns may use either the singular or the plural or even a form that the ...
Kilian Foth's user avatar
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4 votes
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Er baut Radio Rebelde mit auf

The verb is mitaufbauen. It's English translation is to collaborate in building sth. MyDict has some example usages: Sie werden das Dorf mitaufbauen. ( Quelle: Frankfurter Rundschau vom ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
4 votes

Reduktion von Personalpronomen zu Flexionsmorphemen

Darüber hatte ich schon öfter nachgedacht, aber ich bin schon lange nicht mehr auf dem aktuellen Forschungsstand. Das Phänomen zieht sich in meiner Dialekt-Region durch die gesamte Konjugation: ...
Ralf Joerres's user avatar
  • 4,783
4 votes
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Why did Heidegger say that, "German speaks being?"

As you said and as it is often the case with any of Heidegger's statements, I can only guess, and maybe the answer is just as simple as: Heidegger's creative and, must often puzzling or sometimes ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 65k
4 votes
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Unterschiedliche Flexionen im Possessivum

Pronomen (einschließlich Possessive) und Adjektive werden im Deutschen unterschiedlich flektiert. Pronomen werden nicht wie Adjektive mal stark, mal schwach dekliniert abhängig von der Präsenz eines ...
RHa's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

First names indistinguishable from family names

Many German first names also exist as a last name. See for example the Wikipedia pages of the names Ulrich, Christian and Peter that list lots of persons with the first names and the last names. There ...
HalvarF's user avatar
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3 votes
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ab|erkennen, aber|kennen, etc

There is a general rule in German that composites have to be broken down in the opposite direction they have been constructed (e.g. for hyphenation). German grammar rules simply state (§108) ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 65k
3 votes

sg. and pl. "Busen" - dual number?

»... what looks like an inherent plural ending ...« You think -en is a plural ending? No, it's not: Leben, Norden, Osten, Süden, Westen, Rahmen, Wagen, Zeichen, Morgen, Schaden, Garten, ... Nor is -...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Warum nicht frühlinglich?

Deutsche (eigentlich germanische) Wortbildung: Das Suffix "-ling" wird in vielen germanischen Sprachen verwendet, um aus einem Adjektiv ein maskulines Substantiv mit der Bedeutung "...
tofro's user avatar
  • 65k
3 votes

Wortbildung for "standard" words

Gefahr This word was indeed built from the prefix »ge-« and something else, but this was many centuries ago. Now this prefix is glued so strong to »-fahr« that »Fahr« without this prefix makes no ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
3 votes

On the word formation of »beschweren«

Among other features, Canoo.net offers the analysis of the word formation (Wortbildung). You can find the analysis of the verb beschweren here: It is your first version: be + schwer + en Looking at ...
Arsak's user avatar
  • 4,353
3 votes
Accepted

gehören’s past participle

Duden says that gehören is a weak verb. Therefore its past participle should be formed by adding “ge” to the onset. NO. Someone taught you a wrong rule. Forget it immediately. The correct rule is ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 61.2k
3 votes

Familie in Dative case?

There are meanings of "gehören" as a prepositional verb, but there are other meanings where it's not. In general "prepositional" is a property of the meaning rather than the word, ...
RDBury's user avatar
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3 votes
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German adjectives used as nouns; their gender?

Only in attributive use, adjectives get an ending: frischer Tee When the adjective is used predicatively, it gets no ending: Der Tee ist frisch. Same if it is used to qualify a verb: Er brüht den ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 61.2k
2 votes

About a kind of "split" genitive

This is in no way specific to the genitive. The definite article to a substantive is placed before any adjectives or other constructs that further qualify the substantive. das dicke Buch das neu ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 65k
2 votes

On the word formation of »beschweren«

The root of the term (sich zu) "beschweren" is the noun: Beschwer, die (article feminine). The noun Beschwer is a jurisdictional term which colloquial meaning in German is: Last, Beschwerung, Nachteil ...
Diana's user avatar
  • 79
2 votes

Umkehroperation zum Substantivieren

Wenn ein Wort, das kein Nomen ist, durch Nominalisierung und ohne formale Veränderung die Wortart wechselt, redet man von Konversion. Beispiele: warten (Verb) -> Warten (Substantiv) gegenüber (...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 2,572
2 votes

Reference work on prefixes, suffixes, etc

You could go to TES Resources, author Lenz, where you will find "Ab und Zu: an A-to-Z Guide to Prefixes and Modifiers". You can download it for free and can print it off all 107 pages if you ...
Bernhard's user avatar
  • 144
2 votes

Meaning of the prefix "verab"

Since Verabredung is a noun derived from the verb verabreden, let's look at verbs that begin with verab-. The first thing to note is that the group is very small. The pattern is not productive (in the ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.5k
2 votes

Anzahl Morpheme im Deutschen

My own guess is about 10000. That because the information density is about the same per time in all natural languages, languages with mostly ideal syllables are spoken about twice as fast per syllable ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 61.2k
2 votes

gehören’s past participle

Let's assume a rule like the following. Past participles of weak verbs are formed with ge- and -(e)t. The thing that is specific to weak verbs is the ending -(e)t. Strong verbs also get the prefix ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.5k
2 votes
Accepted

Familie in Dative case?

"gehören zu etwas" is a verb that binds two substantives with a fixed preposition (so, it is, in fact, a prepositional verb as you rightly assume) - "x belongs to y" -- "x ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 65k
1 vote

Development of umlaut to mark plural nouns

Summarizing Zwischen Konservierung, Eliminierung und Funktionalisierung: der Umlaut in den germanischen Sprachen, Chapter 2.3: For masculine and neuter nouns, there were the i class (Umlaut and -e) ...
Dodezv's user avatar
  • 3,218
1 vote

Development of umlaut to mark plural nouns

Da Sie Deutsch sprechen, wähle ich den bequemen Weg. Zwei Gegenbeispiele zu 1. (weibliche Substantive): Kuh (sg) / Kühe (pl), Tochter (sg)/ Töchter (pl) Ich denke, es ist schwer etwas weiblicheres zu ...
Theodor's user avatar
  • 19
1 vote

Is there a feminine form of submissive?

If I understand correctly, you're looking for a noun, not an adjective, right? Because in German, adjectives get there "gender" through the object they belong to - it's a addon. It's as in ...
apekid's user avatar
  • 11

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