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3

As you mentioned, "Spielzeug" in singular can be used as a Stoffname (a mass noun). Those are uncountable and are used without an article. Therefore, in Sie spielen während der Arbeit mit Spielzeug? "Spielzeug" refers not as much to a specific toys, but more to the concept, the category of toys in general. In this context it might be ...


3

Spielzeug can be an uncountable term referring to the general category of toys. Spielzeug can also be as a generic term for one specific toy without telling any details about the toy. The plural form Spielzeuge is the generic term for a specific set of toys without telling further details. Your example Einige meiner alten Jungs mögen ihre Spielzeuge. may ...


1

The difference shows best between those are documents - das sind Dokumente those are the documents - das sind die Dokumente


26

The das in the first example is not an article since an article would have to come just before a noun. It's a demonstrative pronoun roughly translatable as "that", although "this/these" is more appropriate much of the time. Coincidentally, it has the same spelling and pronunciation as the article das for neuter nouns, but you should ...


10

The das in the first sentence is not the article going with Unterlagen, it’s actually the subject, like for example in Das ist schön. The Unterlagen shows no article because the indefinite article “disappears” for plural nouns, similar to the English language, it’s a “zero article”. The grammar structure of Unterlagen is called Gleichsetzungsnominativ or ...


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