30 votes
Accepted

geschafft or geschaffen? which one is past participle of schaffen?

"schaffen" has two meanings: to get something managed, to create, to produce something "geschafft" is the past of the 1st, "geschaffen" is the past of the 2nd
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  • 503
14 votes
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Using "um...zu" with past participle

They are both technically correct. Your answer, however, is the one that makes more sense in the context. The infinitive clause is final, i.e. it describes a purpose. Did you go to Paris in order to ...
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  • 22.2k
13 votes

"erlernt" vs "gelernt"

In this case the difference is not related to tenses. Erlernen and lernen are two different verbs. More often than not er can be identified with a (non-separable) prefix that implies to do the things ...
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12 votes
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Function of a past participle in a German sentence

gesucht is the past participle ("Partizip II") of suchen. It is the same construction as in english wanted, needed, or appreciated in the following sentences. I am wanted dead or alive. ...
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11 votes
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Why would you use the past participle in commands rather than the imperative?

German has the classic imperative like Pass auf! Bleib stehen! and a number of other forms that can be used as replacement forms to express the imperative: Infinitive Strict order, sounds very ...
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11 votes
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„Herein gekrabbelt!“ as a friendly request / instruction

"Hereingekrabbelt" is a variation on "Hereinspaziert", which is an informal way of saying, "Come in". (More formal alternatives include "Kommen Sie herein" and "Bitte treten Sie ein".) The ...
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  • 2,562
10 votes

Partizip II von "unterhalten" = "unterGEhalten"?

unterhalten These are two different verbs with different meaning but same spelling (see link to the DWDS dictionary) Only the more common meaning to entertain, chat is non-separable and hence does ...
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8 votes
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Das bisher erreichte – groß oder klein?

Kommt darauf, ob es noch ein zugehöriges Substantiv gibt oder nicht (welches direkt folgen kann, aber je nach Satzkonstruktion nicht muss, wie beispielsweise in Chirlus Kommentar). Das bisher ...
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8 votes

Durchgeschleift oder durchgeschliffen?

Beide Formen sind prinzipiell möglich. Die Vorsilbe »durch« ist dabei unerheblich. Das Verb »schleifen« kann sowohl zu »geschliffen« als auch zu »geschleift« werden: Ich habe das Messer geschliffen....
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8 votes
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Which is the correct past tense of ‘begleiten’?

Only the forms begleitete, begleitet are correct. There is however the verb gleiten (to slide). So one can imagine an ad hoc formation of a transitive verb begleiten in analogy to befahren or begehen,...
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  • 19.1k
8 votes

gegangen and gefahren

I hope your teacher said Ich bin schwimmen gegangen. That means you went to the pool. By any means of transport. In contrary Ich bin schwimmen gefahren. means you went by car, bus, tram etc. ...
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8 votes
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Past participle form "geschlossenen"

It is a mistake. "Geschlossen" = Partizip, "Geschlossenen" = Adjectiv, Genitiv Sing. or Pl., Dativ Sing. or Pl., Accusativ Sing. or Pl.
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8 votes
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What is the difference between attribute adjective of Partizip I and Partizip II?

"Partizip 1" and "Partizip 2" are relatively new names for what i learned in school as "Partizip Präsens" and "Partizip Perfekt". These names explain a lot more,...
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  • 2,213
7 votes

position of "vergessen" in this sentence

The word order in your first example puts an emphasis on what happened to your teeth: Ich habe meine Zähne zu putzen vergessen Ich habe meine Zähne zu Hause vergessen Ich habe meine Zähne ...
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7 votes

Wie ist die richtige Schreibweise – "geliket"? "geliked"?

Wenn jemand liket o. Ä. sagt, wird er mit ziemlicher Sicherheit die deutsche Konjugation im Kopf haben und nicht die aussprachegleiche englische. Deswegen ist es eigentlich ziemlich absurd, hier die ...
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7 votes
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When does ‘bekommen’ take ‘haben’ or ‘sein’ in the perfect?

Bekommen as a transitive verb (meaning to get) forms the perfect tense with haben, like almost all transitive verbs: Ich habe ganz schön Angst bekommen. Lisa hat eine Eins in Mathe bekommen. On ...
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  • 19.5k
7 votes

Position of past participle and extent of the Verbklammer

It doesn't. The second example is more 'correct' and sounds more professional, the first example is somewhat easier to parse.
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  • 2,331
7 votes

Position of past participle and extent of the Verbklammer

Typically, the conjugated verb (here: haben) and whatever parts of the verbal phrase remain (here: gelitten) form the Verbklammer (verb bracket) and are often considered including the entire sentence ...
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  • 38.1k
7 votes
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"Seinen Geburtsort besucht habe ich allerdings noch nicht."

Seinen Geburtsort besucht habe ich allerdings noch nicht. Für diejenigen, die an die Falschheit dieses Satzes glauben oder an seiner Richtigkeit zweifeln, habe ich ein Beispiel. Nehmen wir an, eine ...
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  • 15k
7 votes
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Past participle ending in -t versus -en

The difference between strong (past participle with ‑en) and weak (past participle with ‑t) verbs is that the former constitute a relatively small, closed class whereas the number of the latter is ...
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  • 22.2k
7 votes

Past time in german sentences

In colloquial German, there is not much of a difference. Many people confuse Präteritum and Perfekt and even use both tensen within the same sentence. In standard German, there is, basically, the ...
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7 votes

Unclear how the word “verantwortet” is used in a sentence

Hubert Schölnast has explained why the weird phrase "verantwortetes Hohnlachen" should be regarded as an idiosyncrasy of the author. Anyway, the verb veranworten also has another connotation ...
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  • 8,666
7 votes

Past participle form "geschlossenen"

It is just wrong. Maybe someone messed up when they made the book.
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  • 71
7 votes

Jmdn. sterben gesehen zu haben & vor den Augen jmds

You are right on first issue: genitive has to read seiner Kinder. You are wrong on the second issue, however; the construct is called Ersatzinfinitiv and we have already some questions covering that, ...
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  • 24.8k
6 votes

Das bisher erreichte – groß oder klein?

Laut Regel 72 werden als Substantive gebrauchte Adjektive und Partizipien in der Regel großgeschrieben. Hier ein Ausschnitt mit Beispielen: Regel 72: Als Substantive gebrauchte Adjektive ...
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  • 4,598
6 votes

sein or werden?

In your context "werden" is a passive operation (Vorgangspassiv), where something is happing and "sein" is a passive state (Zustandspassiv), where something just is. "Verabredet sein" is a state, you ...
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6 votes
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partizip 2 lassen usage

The sentence can be derived like this, by adding one verb at a time: Die Alarmglocken schrillen auf. Das läßt die Alarmglocken aufschrillen. (lassen + Infinitiv; "kausativ") Das muß die ...
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  • 22.2k
5 votes
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When to choose which participle? — “anstrengend” vs. “angestrengt”

Generally speaking: the "Partizip 1" forms "anstrengend" / "blondlockend" assume that the respective subject "Woche" / "Mädchen" causes a certain effect or exhibits a certain activity. But this is ...
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  • 13.2k
5 votes
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Exact meaning of present perfect in German

Usage of tenses in English and German is different, so while the English present perfect tense and the German Perfekt are formed in a very similar manner, you should not equate them. Generally, the ...
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  • 19.1k
5 votes

"erlernt" vs "gelernt"

erlernen is an interesting derivation of lernen - or better a "specification". While lernen can be used to express learning pretty much anything, erlernen is almost exclusively used with ...
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  • 424

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