31 votes
Accepted

geschafft or geschaffen? which one is past participle of schaffen?

"schaffen" has three meanings: to get something managed, to create, to produce something to work (in some regions colloquial or dialect) "geschafft" is the past participle ("...
Nick's user avatar
  • 513
14 votes
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Using "um...zu" with past participle

They are both technically correct. Your answer, however, is the one that makes more sense in the context. The infinitive clause is final, i.e. it describes a purpose. Did you go to Paris in order to ...
David Vogt's user avatar
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12 votes
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Function of a past participle in a German sentence

gesucht is the past participle ("Partizip II") of suchen. It is the same construction as in english wanted, needed, or appreciated in the following sentences. I am wanted dead or alive. ...
Jonathan Scholbach's user avatar
11 votes
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Why would you use the past participle in commands rather than the imperative?

German has the classic imperative like Pass auf! Bleib stehen! and a number of other forms that can be used as replacement forms to express the imperative: Infinitive Strict order, sounds very ...
tofro's user avatar
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11 votes
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„Herein gekrabbelt!“ as a friendly request / instruction

"Hereingekrabbelt" is a variation on "Hereinspaziert", which is an informal way of saying, "Come in". (More formal alternatives include "Kommen Sie herein" and "Bitte treten Sie ein".) The ...
Tsundoku's user avatar
  • 2,572
10 votes

Partizip II von "unterhalten" = "unterGEhalten"?

unterhalten These are two different verbs with different meaning but same spelling (see link to the DWDS dictionary) Only the more common meaning to entertain, chat is non-separable and hence does ...
Takkat's user avatar
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9 votes
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What is the difference between attribute adjective of Partizip I and Partizip II?

"Partizip 1" and "Partizip 2" are relatively new names for what i learned in school as "Partizip Präsens" and "Partizip Perfekt". These names explain a lot more,...
bakunin's user avatar
  • 8,300
9 votes

Kommata mit Partizipien

Steht das Partizip nach dem Beschriebenen, stehen Kommas um die gesamte Phrase (Regel D112): Das Geld, von mir gefunden, wurde gestohlen. Das Geld, gefunden von mir, wurde gestohlen. Steht es vor ...
Dodezv's user avatar
  • 2,638
9 votes
Accepted

Why no Auxiliary Verb in Famous Quote from David Hilbert: "Aus dem Paradies, das Cantor uns geschaffen, soll uns niemand vertreiben können"

This is called afinite Konstruktion or Auxiliar- Ellipse (Auxiliary ellipsis)1. The auxiliary verb is left out in Perfekt or Plusquamperfekt. This can be found in older (especially prose) texts and is ...
Olafant's user avatar
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8 votes
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Das bisher erreichte – groß oder klein?

Kommt darauf, ob es noch ein zugehöriges Substantiv gibt oder nicht (welches direkt folgen kann, aber je nach Satzkonstruktion nicht muss, wie beispielsweise in Chirlus Kommentar). Das bisher ...
Thorsten Dittmar's user avatar
8 votes

Durchgeschleift oder durchgeschliffen?

Beide Formen sind prinzipiell möglich. Die Vorsilbe »durch« ist dabei unerheblich. Das Verb »schleifen« kann sowohl zu »geschliffen« als auch zu »geschleift« werden: Ich habe das Messer geschliffen....
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
8 votes
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Which is the correct past tense of ‘begleiten’?

Only the forms begleitete, begleitet are correct. There is however the verb gleiten (to slide). So one can imagine an ad hoc formation of a transitive verb begleiten in analogy to befahren or begehen,...
Carsten S's user avatar
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8 votes

gegangen and gefahren

I hope your teacher said Ich bin schwimmen gegangen. That means you went to the pool. By any means of transport. In contrary Ich bin schwimmen gefahren. means you went by car, bus, tram etc. ...
Janka's user avatar
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8 votes
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Past participle ending in -t versus -en

The difference between strong (past participle with ‑en) and weak (past participle with ‑t) verbs is that strong verbs constitute a relatively small, closed class, whereas the number of the weak verbs ...
David Vogt's user avatar
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8 votes
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Past participle form "geschlossenen"

It is a mistake. "Geschlossen" = Partizip, "Geschlossenen" = Adjectiv, Genitiv Sing. or Pl., Dativ Sing. or Pl., Accusativ Sing. or Pl.
Jabadabadu's user avatar
7 votes

Position of past participle and extent of the Verbklammer

It doesn't. The second example is more 'correct' and sounds more professional, the first example is somewhat easier to parse.
sgf's user avatar
  • 2,341
7 votes

Position of past participle and extent of the Verbklammer

Typically, the conjugated verb (here: haben) and whatever parts of the verbal phrase remain (here: gelitten) form the Verbklammer (verb bracket) and are often considered including the entire sentence ...
Jan's user avatar
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7 votes
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"Seinen Geburtsort besucht habe ich allerdings noch nicht."

Seinen Geburtsort besucht habe ich allerdings noch nicht. Für diejenigen, die an die Falschheit dieses Satzes glauben oder an seiner Richtigkeit zweifeln, habe ich ein Beispiel. Nehmen wir an, eine ...
Pollitzer's user avatar
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7 votes

Past time in german sentences

In colloquial German, there is not much of a difference. Many people confuse Präteritum and Perfekt and even use both tensen within the same sentence. In standard German, there is, basically, the ...
Björn Friedrich's user avatar
7 votes

Unclear how the word “verantwortet” is used in a sentence

Hubert Schölnast has explained why the weird phrase "verantwortetes Hohnlachen" should be regarded as an idiosyncrasy of the author. Anyway, the verb veranworten also has another connotation ...
Paul Frost's user avatar
  • 10.6k
7 votes

Past participle form "geschlossenen"

It is just wrong. Maybe someone messed up when they made the book.
tianen's user avatar
  • 71
7 votes

Jmdn. sterben gesehen zu haben & vor den Augen jmds

You are right on first issue: genitive has to read seiner Kinder. You are wrong on the second issue, however; the construct is called Ersatzinfinitiv and we have already some questions covering that, ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 28.2k
6 votes

Das bisher erreichte – groß oder klein?

Laut Regel 72 werden als Substantive gebrauchte Adjektive und Partizipien in der Regel großgeschrieben. Hier ein Ausschnitt mit Beispielen: Regel 72: Als Substantive gebrauchte Adjektive ...
Eller's user avatar
  • 4,648
6 votes

sein or werden?

In your context "werden" is a passive operation (Vorgangspassiv), where something is happing and "sein" is a passive state (Zustandspassiv), where something just is. "Verabredet sein" is a state, you ...
Nanogamer7's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

partizip 2 lassen usage

The sentence can be derived like this, by adding one verb at a time: Die Alarmglocken schrillen auf. Das läßt die Alarmglocken aufschrillen. (lassen + Infinitiv; "kausativ") Das muß die ...
David Vogt's user avatar
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6 votes

"am meisten + Partizip 2" vs. "superlative of Partizip 2"

Using "am meisten" to elevate a participle to the superlative (as it is done in English) would be an Anglicism - the superlative of "das gefürchtete" is, indeed, "das ...
tofro's user avatar
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5 votes
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When to choose which participle? — “anstrengend” vs. “angestrengt”

Generally speaking: the "Partizip 1" forms "anstrengend" / "blondlockend" assume that the respective subject "Woche" / "Mädchen" causes a certain effect or exhibits a certain activity. But this is ...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
  • 13.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Why does this sentence use an infinitive rather than a past participle?

There is actually a difference in meaning between the similar-looking phrases: Im Gürtel hatte er ein Messer und zwei Pistolen stecken. In den Gürtel hatte er ein Messer und zwei Pistolen gesteckt. ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 38.6k
5 votes
Accepted

Partizip 2 als Attribut bei passiv-unfähigen Verben

In solchen Fällen darf man das Hilfsverb einfach weglassen, das Partizip steht dann alleine da (im Prinzip als Adjektiv): Ein Unfall hat stattgefunden -> Der stattgefundene Unfall hat uns ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.7k
5 votes
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Darf "mahlen" ein regelmäßiges Verb genannt werden?

Früher (bis ins 17. Jahrhundert hinein) wurde das Verb mahlen stark (unregelmäßig) konjugiert (ähnlich wie fahren oder tragen): Ich mahle Weizen zu Mehl. Du mählst Weizen zu Mehl. Der Müller mählt ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar

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