34 votes
Accepted

“Ab” vs “seit” for time periods

Generally, I – as a German – would say that things that will happen in future are composed with ab. Ab morgen gehe ich arbeiten. Things that began in the past but span to the present are composed ...
MrOnkelChiller's user avatar
33 votes
Accepted

Use of the verb "bauen" without the preposition "an"

Both expressions generally mean the same, with a slight difference: Wir bauen diese Schule seit einem Jahr clearly states that the school was built from the ground up, that is, there was nothing ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.1k
30 votes

„bis Sonntag“: is Sunday included or excluded?

The sentence doesn't say, probably because people don't care as weather forecasts tend to be wrong anyhow ;) Like in most languages, bis in German expresses a time extent to a certain point in time. ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.1k
26 votes
Accepted

What does the expression "mit x mal" mean?

In diesem Fall ist es nicht 15 mal, sondern die Altersangabe mit 15. Die folgende Formulierung macht es vielleicht klarer: Es ging offenbar darum, wie er mit fünfzehn einmal vor dem ...
πάντα ῥεῖ's user avatar
21 votes
Accepted

Why is ‘aus’ needed at the end of a sentence? - More generally: why does a seemingly unnecessary preposition appear at the end of a sentence?

In this case, the aus is not a preposition, but a prefix to a trennbares Verb, a dividable/seperable verb. In your example, the english verb to look translates to aussehen which is the verb sehen ...
jera's user avatar
  • 1,837
21 votes
Accepted

Is leaving out prefixes like "rauf", "rüber", "rein" when describing movement considered a big mistake in spoken German?

No, it is not necessary It does not sound bad or unusual if you use the short version. The longer version just puts more emphasis.
infinitezero's user avatar
  • 18.4k
20 votes
Accepted

"Wir ziehen aus der Wohnung aus." What is the function of the first "aus" in this sentence?

The latter "aus" is, as you correctly recognized, part of the verb "ausziehen". The former "aus" is a preposition that denotes what the speakers are moving out of. Let's ...
Henning Kockerbeck's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

Wurde der Ausdruck "Schlange stehen" vom Türkischen beeinflusst?

Bahn fahren benötigt keine Präposition, weil das Verb fahren das Transportmittel bereits als Akkusativobjekt zulässt. Kuchen essen, Zigarre rauchen, Mist bauen, Schlange stehen, Marathon laufen und ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 59.2k
17 votes

weird usage of "dran"

The phrase spät dran sein means to be running late. It is a fixed word combination. Update: As Arsak comments, spät dran sein has früh dran sein as a counterpart.
Paul Frost's user avatar
  • 10.6k
17 votes
Accepted

What controls the meaning of "auf" in a sentence?

To expand a bit on the answer given by infinitezero, many common words, especially prepositions, are impossible to translate directly without taking a number of factors into account. Instead, it's ...
RDBury's user avatar
  • 11.3k
16 votes
Accepted

Interessieren (für / an)

Sentence 1 is wrong. 2. and 3. are correct. The preposition für must be used with sich interessieren: Ich interessiere mich für Geschichte. Alternatively one can say Geschichte interessiert mich. ...
RHa's user avatar
  • 15.6k
15 votes
Accepted

Präposition "an": Dativ oder Akkusativ?

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - ...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
  • 13.6k
15 votes
Accepted

The definition of "so was von"

In fact this is an idiomatic phrase; it may communicate an elative, intensifying meaning, but usually, it simply expresses the speaker's firm opinion of a certain circumstance. It's commonly used, ...
tohuwawohu's user avatar
  • 13.6k
15 votes
Accepted

Why do I see a reflexive pronoun at the end of the sentence?

Is the verb here "sich annehmen"? No, here it is etwas an sich nehmen. It means to take something to oneself or literally to one's body. It's a form of "nehmen" that focuses on ...
puck's user avatar
  • 2,177
14 votes

Context-specific translation of German word "an"

There is no doubt whatsoever that the sentence carries the meaning 1. This is because the phrase to be proud of something is translated as auf etwas{Akk} stolz sein thus the second sentence would ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 38.6k
14 votes
Accepted

Is "zu" used to describe purpose?

It should be zu Besuch, which is more of a fixed expression. Otherwise, yes it can be used with many nouns to express a purpose. Zum (zu dem) and zur (zu der) are contractions that are used in ...
Chieron's user avatar
  • 3,562
14 votes
Accepted

Why do people say "Ich gehe auf die Toilette" instead of "Ich gehe in die Toilette"?

Because Toilette means in everyday language toilet and not bathroom, so in die Toilette gehen means to step into the toilet bowl. Auf die Toilette gehen comes from auf die Toilette setzen (to sit on ...
Iris's user avatar
  • 8,537
14 votes
Accepted

Warum wird »Richtung« auch großgeschrieben, wenn es als Präposition genutzt wird?

Es ist eine Präposition Erst einmal: Es ist keine Apposition, sondern tatsächliche eine Präposition. Grund? Erweiterungsprobe. Wenn Richtung Hannover eine Apposition wäre wie Farbe Lila oder Kaiser ...
mach's user avatar
  • 7,243
14 votes

What is the difference between "ins" and "im" in German?

im is short for in dem and is used with dative case for masculine and neuter singular nouns. (The feminine singular equivalent would be "in der", plural would be "in den".) im is often (but not only) ...
user1583209's user avatar
  • 3,178
14 votes
Accepted

Why does "zu" come at the beginning of the sentence?

In German, what number and type of objects a verb needs has to be learned. There are two relevant meanings of passen here, DWDS 1a and 1b. The first states that a piece of clothing fits somebody with ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
14 votes

What is the difference between "Zu" and "Auf" in these sentences?

Zu Boden simply means that your head was was tilted towards the floor, e.g. due to shyness. Auf den Boden (the article can't be omitted here) would be used for looking at the carpet, searching for ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 28.2k
13 votes
Accepted

What is difference between "mir gegenüber" and "gegen mich"?

No, they mean different things. gegenüber mir (I would prefer the reverse order mir gegenüber as in your example) means towards me (e.g. in the sense “They are well-disposed towards me”, in German: „...
Janek Bevendorff's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

Is it "seit ein paar Tagen" or "seit einen paar Tagen"?

"Ein" is a part of "ein paar" and "ein paar" is an unchangeable pronoun. That is why "ein" is not changed to "einem". Note that "Tagen" is dative. If you would use "einige" or "wenige" (synonyms of "...
Eller's user avatar
  • 4,648
13 votes
Accepted

»gen Mekka beten«

Gen Mekka beten mag eine feste Phrase sein, aber die Himmelsrichtungen werden auch heute noch gerne mit der Präposition gen verwendet. Blicken wir also gen Osten. Damit ist dann aber nicht die ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 59.2k
12 votes
Accepted

Question regarding "vor"

Your sentence seems to be meant as a shortened version of Die Delfine haben ihn umzingelt, aber sie haben nicht vor, ihn zu fressen. The repeated verb haben has been omitted. This is a common ...
Matthias's user avatar
  • 19k
12 votes
Accepted

Is »für« or »vor« redundant in this sentence from »Der Spiegel«?

Yes, it seems like they could not decide whether they wanted to use the sentence as Die drohende Einnahme der Stadt stellt damit auch die US-Armee vor ein Dilemma. or Die drohende Einnahme der ...
TheAbelian's user avatar
12 votes

„bis Sonntag“: is Sunday included or excluded?

It is inclusive, until and including Sunday. See, for instance, https://www.hofer.at/de/infos-und-services/hofer-a-z/o/oeffnungszeiten/ Öffnungszeiten Die Hauptöffnungszeiten der Hofer-Filialen ...
Mawg says reinstate Monica's user avatar
12 votes

Can weil and wegen interchangeably be used?

Weil is because, wegen is because of. Example for because; Warum ist der Boden nass? (Why is the floor wet?) Weil es geregnet hat. (because it rained.) Example for because of Warum bleiben Sie zu ...
Ad Infinitum's user avatar
  • 3,697
12 votes

"Die Berge" or "Den Bergen"?

in + Dativ bedeutet wo etwas stattfindet. in + Akkusativ bedeutet wohin eine Handlung stattfindet. Ich wandere in den Bergen. (= ich bin bereits in den Bergen und wandere dort) Ich wandere ...
adjan's user avatar
  • 2,482
12 votes
Accepted

Usage of “von” and “aus” when denoting “Herkunft” (origin)

The difference in meaning mirrors the difference between provenance and travel origin. 'Aus' would typically mean that the denoted location is the place of birth or long-time residency, regardless of ...
collapsar's user avatar
  • 1,953

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