33

Generally, I – as a German – would say that things that will happen in future are composed with ab. Ab morgen gehe ich arbeiten. Things that began in the past but span to the present are composed with seit. Seit gestern gehe ich arbeiten.


33

Both expressions generally mean the same, with a slight difference: Wir bauen diese Schule seit einem Jahr clearly states that the school was built from the ground up, that is, there was nothing there before. Wir bauen seit einem Jahr an dieser Schule can mean the very same, but it could also mean general construction work at an already existing building, ...


30

The sentence doesn't say, probably because people don't care as weather forecasts tend to be wrong anyhow ;) Like in most languages, bis in German expresses a time extent to a certain point in time. Because "Sonntag" has an extent of its own, this cannot be precise. If you want to be precise, add the precision using "einschließlich" or (...


29

Aus In a local sense, "aus" is the opposite of English "in/into". So it carries the idea of "out of". It is no problem to understand why it is used in context of buildings and stuff you can enter. Ich gehe aus dem Haus. However, it is not quite so obvious why it would be used for countries and cities. I think in German those are just considered "...


26

No, this isn't right. Einmal nach Tübingen, bitte. would be fine. You can think of it as a short form of Einen Fahrschein für die Fahrt nach Tübingen, bitte. But you could also say Einmal bis Tübingen, bitte. which would be short for Bitte ein Ticket, das bis Tübingen gültig ist.


26

In diesem Fall ist es nicht 15 mal, sondern die Altersangabe mit 15. Die folgende Formulierung macht es vielleicht klarer: Es ging offenbar darum, wie er mit fünfzehn einmal vor dem Klassenfiesling eingeknickt war oder so was. English: ... once at age of 15 ...


25

sich freuen auf is used when you are looking forward to something, i.e. in an anticipatory context: Ich freue mich auf die Sommerferien! / Ich freue mich auf deinen Besuch. (future event) sich freuen über is used when you are excited about something, e.g. a gift or present or a general event. Ich freue mich über die Beförderung! / Ich freue mich über ...


22

In this case, the aus is not a preposition, but a prefix to a trennbares Verb, a dividable/seperable verb. In your example, the english verb to look translates to aussehen which is the verb sehen with a prefix aus. In present tense, these verbs are conjugated like this ich sehe nett aus du siehst nett aus er/sie/es sieht nett aus wir sehen nett ...


21

You shouldn’t use Über by itself and probably not at all. In my opinion it’s an anglicism and sounds weird in German. Whenever I read this I always think that it was either translated literally from English by someone who doesn’t speak proper German or some hipster who wants his website to sound American and “cool” intentionally. In my opinion you have ...


20

Zu cannot be used with towns and cities. It can only be used with buildings Zum Rathaus Zum Hauptbahnhof squares and streets Zum Berliner Platz Zur Friedrich-Wilhelm-Straße To reference countries, towns, even boroughs or suburbs — in short, any political entity — you need to use nach Nach Tübingen Nach Berlin-Spandau Nach Dänemark Nach ...


19

Am 8 Uhr is wrong, um 8 Uhr is correct. The prepositions in use with times of the day are um = exactly that time gegen = approximately that time vor = before/in advance nach = after The preposition am is used instead of um for dates e.g. am 9. April. Note that um […] herum may also be used for expressing a loose time approximation (e.g. “Er wollte um den ...


19

Definitely "mit". "Aus" is appropriate if the thing is made from that material. A table is "aus Holz" and a window is "aus Glas". Beer is made "aus Hopfen, Malz, Hefe und Wasser". But all these things have been transformed to become what they're now. A sandwich made "aus Fisch" would mean that the bun is made from fish, the cheese is, too and there's fish ...


18

No, it is not necessary It does not sound bad or unusual if you use the short version. The longer version just puts more emphasis.


17

Bahn fahren benötigt keine Präposition, weil das Verb fahren das Transportmittel bereits als Akkusativobjekt zulässt. Kuchen essen, Zigarre rauchen, Mist bauen, Schlange stehen, Marathon laufen und die meisten weiteren Verben funktionieren ganz genauso. Und auch gehen ist da keine Ausnahme. Das Akkusativobjekt des Verbs gehen beschreibt jedoch den Weg, ...


15

The preposition zwischen governs dative, not accusative, when describing a position. It is accusative for a movement: Sie stellt sich zwischen die Autos. Jetzt steht sie zwischen den Autos. This is the same for similar prepositions such as in, auf, über.


15

Wow, this one is hard. A very good idea is distinguishing between topics and people (like Kilian did). Maybe some more examples will help. You usually talk about a topic and generalize it to some point. The German "über" does the same just like in "Übersicht". You ask somebody to tell you about something to get an impression. When I tell you something about ...


15

Nein. Die Präposition an steht je nach Verwendung entweder mit Dativ oder mit Akkusativ. Als Grundregel gilt bei solchen "Wechselpräpositionen": Antwortet die Phrase auf die Frage "wo?" (Ortsangabe - statisch), so verwendet man Dativ; Geht es um die Angabe einer Richtung ("wohin?"`- dynamisch), verwendet man Akkusativ. Im Beispiel geht es darum, dass man ...


14

Both "von" and "durch" indicate the "Täter" in passive. That is, the agent of the passive action. The Täter becomes the subject when you transform the passive into an active sentence. The difference between "von" and "durch" is that you use durch when the agent takes an instrumental role. So, in your two example sentences, Hans actively ate the apple, but ...


14

There is no doubt whatsoever that the sentence carries the meaning 1. This is because the phrase to be proud of something is translated as auf etwas{Akk} stolz sein thus the second sentence would instead be: Margaretha war auf diesen Abend sehr stolz. (Note that the case changes from dative to accusative, too.)


14

It should be zu Besuch, which is more of a fixed expression. Otherwise, yes it can be used with many nouns to express a purpose. Zum (zu dem) and zur (zu der) are contractions that are used in conjunction with words of their respective genus (zum: masculine, neutral; zur: feminine). Nominalized verbs (Putzen, Arbeiten) always have a neutral genus and are, ...


14

In fact this is an idiomatic phrase; it may communicate an elative, intensifying meaning, but usually, it simply expresses the speaker's firm opinion of a certain circumstance. It's commonly used, also in written language. It may also be used to create a elative/superlative meaning for characteristics you can't form a comparative for. This is true in your ...


14

Sentence 1 is wrong. 2. and 3. are correct. The preposition für must be used with sich interessieren: Ich interessiere mich für Geschichte. Alternatively one can say Geschichte interessiert mich. With interessiert sein and Interesse haben, an (with dative) must be used. Here, für would be incorrect. The meaning of all three is practically identical. But ...


14

In German, what number and type of objects a verb needs has to be learned. There are two relevant meanings of passen here, DWDS 1a and 1b. The first states that a piece of clothing fits somebody with regard to size and cut. The piece of clothing is the subject, the person is a dative object (which is optional and can be left out). Seit meiner Diät passen ...


13

There are two meanings of im: im as a contraction of in dem in dem Haus ist Licht > Im Haus ist Licht. There is light in the house im in the meaning of during or at a course of action Die Konferenz ist im Gang(e). The conference is in progress. Note that there are two meanings of Gang - in case we want to say that the conference was held in a ...


13

"Nach" is a very natural choice for the topic of inquiries. Why? Because it's the preposition that goes with "fragen", which is the default/generic verb for that action. Ich frage nach dem Weg. I ask for the way. The ideas of "nach" and "for" are not that far apart. "nach" means that something is behind something, "for" expresses that something is ...


13

No, they mean different things. gegenüber mir (I would prefer the reverse order mir gegenüber as in your example) means towards me (e.g. in the sense “They are well-disposed towards me”, in German: „Sie sind mir gegenüber wohlgesinnt.“). gegen mich, however, means against me (e.g. in the sense “He voted against me”, in German: „Er hat gegen mich gestimmt.“)...


13

"Ein" is a part of "ein paar" and "ein paar" is an unchangeable pronoun. That is why "ein" is not changed to "einem". Note that "Tagen" is dative. If you would use "einige" or "wenige" (synonyms of "ein paar") they would take their respective dative forms - "seit einigen/wenigen Tagen". PS. Don't confuse "ein paar" with "ein Paar". The latter is a ...


13

Gen Mekka beten mag eine feste Phrase sein, aber die Himmelsrichtungen werden auch heute noch gerne mit der Präposition gen verwendet. Blicken wir also gen Osten. Damit ist dann aber nicht die Himmelsrichtung gemeint, sondern irgendetwas, was grob in diese Richtung liegt. Also, z.B. Polen, Ukraine, Russland.


12

Die Präpositionen wider und gegen werden mit dem Akkusativ verwendet, weil sie eine Bewegung ausdrücken. wider wird im Deutschen übrigens nur noch selten verwendet, oft in Überschriften zu Pamphleten ("Wider die Gewalt") oder in festen Redewendungen, z. B. wider besseres Wissen. Anmerkung: Ich persönlich habe im Gegensatz zur Aussage in der Frage selten ...


12

Unnötigerweise hält sich der Duden hier mit der Floskel in der Regel ein Hintertürchen offen. In Richtiges und gutes Deutsch (Artikel Apostroph, 1.2) macht er eigentlich eine glasklare Ansage für Verschmelzungen aus Präposition und Artikel: Sind sie allgemein üblich (ins, übers, ums), enthalten sie keinen Apostroph. Sind sie mundartlich oder ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible