My answer consists of two parts:
1 - Deutsche Bühnensprache
In German the sounds
[r] = Voiced alveolar trill
[ʀ] = Voiced uvular trill
[ʁ] = Voiced uvular fricative
are free allophones. This means, that at any time each of these sounds can be replaced by any of the others without changing the meaning of any word. (Note that these sounds are not allophones ...
In standard German, a short "ä" is indeed pronounced /ɛ/.
In standard German, a long "ä" is pronounced [ɛː], but the pronunciation differs in some dialects. For instance, it is pronounced [eː] in northern Germany. As the media usually follows a northern dialect, it is common to hear a long "ä" pronounced as [e:] in German movies,...