9 votes
Accepted

How common is Imperfect Subjunctive in modern German?

It's commonly called Konjunktiv II. Another name is Konjunktiv Präteritum but forget about that one as it's confusing. Imperfect Subjunctive is technically the same but an even more confusing name ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
9 votes
Accepted

Konjunktiv-II fill in the blank exercise: würden vs wären

It depends on the exercise, and the intended meaning. Verlaufen can both be an infinitive (as in soll or wird verlaufen) and a past participle (as in ist verlaufen). Looking at the other verbs in the ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
8 votes
Accepted

What's the difference "Ich käme" and "Ich würde kommen"?

From a pure viewpoint of notion, they are exactly the same. From a viewpoint of register, Konjunktiv occupies the higher position. From a viewpoint of day-to-day use, most native speakers tend to use ...
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.7k
7 votes

Am I to understand that

Am I to understand that... Your translations are very literal. How about: Bedeutet das, dass... Verstehe ich es richtig, dass... You cannot always translate something with every word matching and ...
nvoigt's user avatar
  • 592
6 votes

What's the difference "Ich käme" and "Ich würde kommen"?

Ich käme is first person singular Konjunktiv II while ich würde kommen is first person singular Konjunktiv II Futur I. They mean exactly the same thing in German. So you could indeed never use the ...
Janka's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

“Seltsam sei es…”: Indirekte Rede?

Ja, das ist indirekte Rede, aber hier werden keine wörtlichen Zitate realer Personen wiedergegeben. Hier ist ein etwas längerer Ausschnitt, so wie ihn Kehlmann geschrieben hat: Eugen wiegte zweifelnd ...
Hubert Schölnast's user avatar
6 votes

How common is Imperfect Subjunctive in modern German?

Dem Satz Leicht hätte es sein können, dass wir heute nicht auf unsern Kästen säßen, es war verdammt nahe daran. sieht man sein Alter nicht an. Diese Art der Formulierung ist heute nach wie vor ...
user unknown's user avatar
  • 23.3k
5 votes

zum Schweigen gebracht werden

For context, here is the full sentence from the article: Er hatte die Vorwürfe als frei erfunden zurückgewiesen und erklärt, er solle zum Schweigen gebracht werden. And now, your concrete question: ...
O. R. Mapper's user avatar
  • 8,697
4 votes

Why is "betreffen würde" used instead of "betreffen" in this sentence?

It is one alternative to using the Konjunktiv II of the "main" verb itself using "würde" + Infinitive. Konjunktiv II was chosen in this news report for indirect speech. (It was ...
EagleFliesBanana's user avatar
4 votes

How common is Imperfect Subjunctive in modern German?

The use of subjunctive in such a subordinate clause is indeed fairly uncommon today. Even würden would usually not be used, because the irreality is already expressed by the subjunctive II in the main ...
RHa's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Future tense to describe past events

It's a bit difficult to judge your examples out of context, but I assume that a Konjunktiv is not intended, because of the "später". Then the meaning is that, at the time currently talked ...
Alazon's user avatar
  • 3,181
3 votes

How common is Imperfect Subjunctive in modern German?

To gibe an answer from somebody who studied literature not linguistics: The novel is unusual in itself because it is written past tense but in historical present. This means it uses present tense for ...
fhossfel's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes

Confusing Konjunktiv I conjugation

That es is the same kind of it as in the English phrase It rains. You need it for grammar reasons but it's not the subject of that clause. The real subject is die Hinübergehenden, which is plural. ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
3 votes

Confusing Konjunktiv I conjugation

Es sei denn is a fixed phrase that does not influence what follows; especially, there is no need for it to be followed by the present subjunctive. Note that sind isn't present subjunctive, but ...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
3 votes

Use of "hätte" in an indicative sentence

The sentence first contains reported speech (in Konjunktiv), and then continues in indicative mood as if talking about facts. The whole sentence is a mix of Mrs. Dursley's and the narrator's truth, ...
HalvarF's user avatar
  • 26.9k
2 votes

What is the distinction between würde vs. wäre?

"Würde" is the conditional form of "werden" and can also be used as an auxiliary verb to form a conditional without having to use the actual conditional form. "Wäre" is ...
wonderbear's user avatar
  • 2,176
2 votes
Accepted

Triple "en" verb ending in a conditional with a modal verb

The sentence is quite bad from the perspective of euphony, but quite correct from a grammatical perspective. Grammar is fundamentally reductive: whatever emerges from the repeated application of a ...
Kilian Foth's user avatar
  • 14.8k
2 votes

zum Schweigen gebracht werden

Solle is Konjunktiv I, so this is hearsay or indirect speech. Er hatte ... erklärt, er solle zum Schweigen gebracht werden. So what Nawalny does here is telling the audience that someone said: Er ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
2 votes

Warum benutzt man hier die Konjunktiv II Gegenwart aus dem Präteritumstamm?

Es liegt an der Konjunktion wenn. Diese schließt das Präteritum aus, denn dann würde man stattdessen als oder falls verwenden müssen. Also muss redete als Konjunktiv II gedeutet werden. Die ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
2 votes
Accepted

Warum benutzt man hier die Konjunktiv II Gegenwart aus dem Präteritumstamm?

Vermutlich stilistische Gründe: Voraus geht der Nebensatz "dass es nicht gut ankommen würde" - dann möchte man nicht den nächsten Teilsatz mit "...reden würde" genauso enden lassen....
Alazon's user avatar
  • 3,181
2 votes

Future tense to describe past events

The construction is definitely correct German and doesn't sound weird at all. I don't think it is adopted from English, it's just that two related languages underwent parallel developments. In English,...
David Vogt's user avatar
  • 26.4k
2 votes

“Seltsam sei es…”: Indirekte Rede?

Bei einem Satz wie deinem spricht man von einer Übergangsform zwischen indirekter und berichteter Rede. Solchen Sätzen fehlt der Einleitungssatz bzw. kann der Sprecher eingeschoben sein wie bei dir. ...
EagleFliesBanana's user avatar
2 votes

Konjunktiv I after laut, nach, zufolge etc

Generally, Konjunktiv I is necessary when there is no other marker that the following is a quote or reported speech. Constructs that contain "laut", "zufolge", "gemäß",......
tofro's user avatar
  • 64.7k
1 vote

past participle + conditional

The relevant phrase is jemandem zur Seite springen — to support someone The picture is quite literal. Someone fights, and you support them by jumping by their side, fighting the same opponent as ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
1 vote

past participle + conditional

This is Perfekt, Konjunktiv 2. The Konjunktiv is used here to describe something that didn't happen. This is to make clear that "we didn't see that X happened" here doesn't mean "X ...
Carsten S's user avatar
  • 20.9k
1 vote

Welcher Modus nach "Angenommen, …" im mathematischen Kontext?

In älteren Mathe-Lehrbüchern finde ich "angenommen, ... sei". In neueren Texten findet man auch "angenommen, ... ist". Sei √2 eine rationale Zahl. Diese Formulierung habe ich so ...
JeLuF's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote

Express uncertainty mood, using modal verbs

Er darf den Apfel essen. He is allowed to eat the apple. Er darf den Apfel gegessen haben. This usually makes no sense as essen happens before dürfen. You can use it in some corner cases when you ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
1 vote
Accepted

Is Indikativ or Konjunktiv II used to introduce a Konjunktiv I sentence

Du sagtest, du lernest! The initial clause Du sagtest isn't Konjunktiv II but Präteritum. Those share the same forms. Präteritum is for storytelling. Only Northerners use it sometimes in place of ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k
1 vote

konjunktiv II. + sollen/dürfen

In german, there are two ways to express this: Ich hätte das machen sollen. Ich hätte das machen dürfen. This is already a false premise. "dürfen" means "to may ..." or "to ...
bakunin's user avatar
  • 8,303
1 vote

What is the distinction between würde vs. wäre?

Ich wäre glücklich. That's Konjunktiv II. Ich würde glücklich sein. That's Konjunktiv II Futur I. The meaning is exactly the same. You mark non-facts in the non-past that way. The reason why German ...
Janka's user avatar
  • 60.3k

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