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34 votes

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

I wrote a little Python script (see below) to find candidate words. It takes a dictionary and yields all uppercase words that end on ung unless: there exists a corresponding lowercase word ending on ...
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30 votes
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Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

I think that die Zeitung fulfills the criteria.
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25 votes
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What does the “l” in “Christkindl” mean?

It is a diminutive suffix used in Bavarian and perhaps some other south-German dialects. Christkind (without the -l) is perfectly fine German.
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  • 3,138
24 votes
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Konfirmandenblase vs. Konfirmantenblase

Die Schreibweise mit d ist richtig. Die falsche Variante mit t kommt vermutlich daher, dass Personen, die das Wort Konfirmand nicht kennen, aufgrund des Klanges eine Ähnlichkeit zu ...
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21 votes
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Meaning of the suffix -weilig

The german noun Weile is cognate to while and means "while"[Noun], "spell"[period of time] "duration", "span of time". Adding the suffix -ig is a way to create ...
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16 votes

Adjective endings: -isch, -lich or -ig?

There is no clear-cut rule. Any rule I am about to lay out now has a dozen exceptions to it. But a few similarities do stike me once I try to think about the suffixes. First, -isch is the only element ...
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14 votes
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Suffix "-halber" in "sicherheitshalber"

"Sicherheitshalber" is a composition of the noun "Sicherheit" with the preposition "halber", which means "for reasons of ..." or "due to ...". According to the Duden it is derived from an old word for ...
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12 votes
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-mäßig vs. -artig

The suffix -mäßig refers to something being done in a certain way, very much like an adverb, whereas -artig refers to something simply being that way. gleichmäßig = evenly, equally gleichartig = ...
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12 votes
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The use of "-en" in a specific phrase

First of all: to figure out the meaning by using translation apps, you need to take care of right spelling. In German there is a big difference between befehlen and Befehlen. The former is a verb. The ...
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  • 7,395
11 votes

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

Another, less common, word that might fit your criteria (and that was not found by the script) is die Innung (the guild). Although it seems that originally there was the verb innen in middle-high ...
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  • 211
10 votes

Warum gibt es keinen "Trompetisten"?

Trompeter ist von trompeten abgeleitet, nicht von Trompete. Die von Uwe im Kommentar genannten Trommler und Pfeifer haben ihre Herkunft auch in den Verben. Das gilt weiterhin auch für den Geiger, der ...
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  • 38.4k
10 votes
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spielen-Spieler, sprechen-Sprecher but not müllen-Müller!

Müll as a general term for "trash" or "garbage" is actually a relatively new word in the German language. It only shows up in this meaning around the 18th century. Before that time it was mainly used ...
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10 votes
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Das Zeugnis, das Ereignis, das Ergebnis aber... die Erlaubnis?

Wikipedia zitiert eine nicht mehr existierende Duden-Webseite: Verb-Ableitungen auf -nis sind nie maskulin. Ob sie im Einzelfall feminin oder neutral sind, folgt keiner festen Regel. Es gibt jedoch ...
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  • 226
9 votes

spielen-Spieler, sprechen-Sprecher but not müllen-Müller!

So you're trying to explore the limits, User? ;-) Du willst wissen, wo die Grenzen sind? Could we call you a Grenzenwissenwoller therefore? Yes, we, the native speakers, could, as a joke expressing ...
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  • 91
8 votes
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Does the ending "-a(c)ke" lead to a pejorative?

No. This is a coincidence. Polacke is derived from the actual Polish word for a Polish person (probably a common Slawish suffix, cf. Slowake, Bosniake) Kanacke was derived by 19th century sailors ...
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8 votes

Feminine noun with suffix -ung that is not the result of a "Verb to Noun process"

I have found another one: die Waldung. Regarding its etymology, Wiktionary and Grimm's dictionary claim that Waldung is a collective formation of Wald before the 17th century, which, however, cannot ...
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8 votes

What's the status of "Doktorin" (female doctor)?

The main reason seems to me that, differently from other languages, there are very few contexts in which we would refer to a person as "der Doktor" or "die Doktorin" in German. In ...
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8 votes
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Nomen + (s) + Suffix

Das sogenannte "Fugen-s" ist ein Phänomen, bei dem ein Sprecher zur Vereinfachung der Aussprache einen Fugenlaut zwischen die Elemente eines Kompositums einsetzt.Es ist besonders schwierig ...
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  • 57.3k
7 votes

Warum kriegt z.B. "Student" die Endung "-en" in dem casus obliquus?

Für die obliquus-Bildungen im Deutschen gilt die Unterscheidung in starke und schwache/gemischte Deklination. Der Genitiv "des Studenten" ist ein klassisches Beispiel für die schwache Deklination. ...
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  • 692
7 votes

Meaning of -berg suffix in German city names

English hill translates into German Hügel but unlike in English speaking countries there are no cities, not even even villages but two named -hügel (Birkenhügel and Königshügel) and none … am … Hügel. ...
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  • 46.4k
7 votes
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Meaning of -berg suffix in German city names

According to german Wiktionary the word Berg has it origin in the proto-germanic word *bergaz which means Höhe (elevation). So in the beginning (9th century) an elevation in the terrain could be named ...
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  • 11.4k
7 votes

"des Bit" vs "des Bits", "die Bit" vs "die Bits"

Betrachtet oder verwendet man ein Bit als eine Maßeinheit, dann darf es nicht im Plural stehen (Maß- und Währungseinheiten bekommen keinen Plural). Der Commodore Amiga arbeitete mit einer Busbreite ...
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  • 57.3k
6 votes

Why are there differences in endings of nouns derived from verbs? How do I know which ending to use?

There is no gerundium in German. A gerundium is a verb form, while these words you gave are nouns made from verbs or share the same root as a verb. I've answered a similar question recently.
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6 votes
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Suffix in toponyms / inconsistency

Im Wahrig stehen dazu folgende Regeln: Einwohnerbezeichnungen auf -er zu Ortsnamen auf -en Bei der Bildung von Einwohnerbezeichnungen auf -er zu Ortsnamen auf -en bleibt die Endung -en des ...
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  • 57.3k
5 votes

Do these -tion words come from English or French?

I'm having a hard time finding good etymological resources, but it seems like Latin loans have been going on for a long time. To tell which ones came via French or English requires you to check the ...
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  • 101
5 votes

Der Artikel der -nis Substantive

Ich kenne dazu keine Regel. Ich weiß nur, dass die weiblichen -nis-Wörter zur Flexionsklasse »-/e« und die sächlichen zur Flexionsklasse »(e)s/e« gehören. Da hilft aber nicht, das Geschlecht zu ...
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5 votes

What does the “l” in “Christkindl” mean?

»Christkindl« is a diminutive of »Christkind«. German has lots of regional differences (it is a pluricentric language), and the grammar of diminutives is one aspect of German language, that varies ...
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5 votes

Das Zeugnis, das Ereignis, das Ergebnis aber... die Erlaubnis?

Wikipedia cites from a Duden website, that no longer exists: verb productions ending on -nis are never male. Whether they are female or neuter, does not follow a strict rule. Yet there is a ...
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